Woe to the Obstinate Nation

30 “Woe(A) to the obstinate children,”(B)
    declares the Lord,
“to those who carry out plans that are not mine,
    forming an alliance,(C) but not by my Spirit,
    heaping sin upon sin;
who go down to Egypt(D)
    without consulting(E) me;
who look for help to Pharaoh’s protection,(F)
    to Egypt’s shade for refuge.(G)
But Pharaoh’s protection will be to your shame,
    Egypt’s shade(H) will bring you disgrace.(I)
Though they have officials in Zoan(J)
    and their envoys have arrived in Hanes,
everyone will be put to shame
    because of a people(K) useless(L) to them,
who bring neither help(M) nor advantage,
    but only shame and disgrace.(N)

A prophecy(O) concerning the animals of the Negev:(P)

Through a land of hardship and distress,(Q)
    of lions(R) and lionesses,
    of adders and darting snakes,(S)
the envoys carry their riches on donkeys’(T) backs,
    their treasures(U) on the humps of camels,
to that unprofitable nation,
    to Egypt, whose help is utterly useless.(V)
Therefore I call her
    Rahab(W) the Do-Nothing.

Go now, write it on a tablet(X) for them,
    inscribe it on a scroll,(Y)
that for the days to come
    it may be an everlasting witness.(Z)
For these are rebellious(AA) people, deceitful(AB) children,
    children unwilling to listen to the Lord’s instruction.(AC)
10 They say to the seers,(AD)
    “See no more visions(AE)!”
and to the prophets,
    “Give us no more visions of what is right!
Tell us pleasant things,(AF)
    prophesy illusions.(AG)
11 Leave this way,(AH)
    get off this path,
and stop confronting(AI) us
    with the Holy One(AJ) of Israel!”

12 Therefore this is what the Holy One(AK) of Israel says:

“Because you have rejected this message,(AL)
    relied on oppression(AM)
    and depended on deceit,
13 this sin will become for you
    like a high wall,(AN) cracked and bulging,
    that collapses(AO) suddenly,(AP) in an instant.
14 It will break in pieces like pottery,(AQ)
    shattered so mercilessly
that among its pieces not a fragment will be found
    for taking coals from a hearth
    or scooping water out of a cistern.”

15 This is what the Sovereign(AR) Lord, the Holy One(AS) of Israel, says:

“In repentance and rest(AT) is your salvation,
    in quietness and trust(AU) is your strength,
    but you would have none of it.(AV)
16 You said, ‘No, we will flee(AW) on horses.’(AX)
    Therefore you will flee!
You said, ‘We will ride off on swift horses.’
    Therefore your pursuers will be swift!
17 A thousand will flee
    at the threat of one;
at the threat of five(AY)
    you will all flee(AZ) away,
till you are left(BA)
    like a flagstaff on a mountaintop,
    like a banner(BB) on a hill.”

18 Yet the Lord longs(BC) to be gracious to you;
    therefore he will rise up to show you compassion.(BD)
For the Lord is a God of justice.(BE)
    Blessed are all who wait for him!(BF)

19 People of Zion, who live in Jerusalem, you will weep no more.(BG) How gracious he will be when you cry for help!(BH) As soon as he hears, he will answer(BI) you. 20 Although the Lord gives you the bread(BJ) of adversity and the water of affliction, your teachers(BK) will be hidden(BL) no more; with your own eyes you will see them. 21 Whether you turn to the right or to the left, your ears will hear a voice(BM) behind you, saying, “This is the way;(BN) walk in it.” 22 Then you will desecrate your idols(BO) overlaid with silver and your images covered with gold;(BP) you will throw them away like a menstrual(BQ) cloth and say to them, “Away with you!(BR)

23 He will also send you rain(BS) for the seed you sow in the ground, and the food that comes from the land will be rich(BT) and plentiful.(BU) In that day(BV) your cattle will graze in broad meadows.(BW) 24 The oxen(BX) and donkeys that work the soil will eat fodder(BY) and mash, spread out with fork(BZ) and shovel. 25 In the day of great slaughter,(CA) when the towers(CB) fall, streams of water will flow(CC) on every high mountain and every lofty hill. 26 The moon will shine like the sun,(CD) and the sunlight will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven full days, when the Lord binds up the bruises of his people and heals(CE) the wounds he inflicted.

27 See, the Name(CF) of the Lord comes from afar,
    with burning anger(CG) and dense clouds of smoke;
his lips are full of wrath,(CH)
    and his tongue is a consuming fire.(CI)
28 His breath(CJ) is like a rushing torrent,(CK)
    rising up to the neck.(CL)
He shakes the nations in the sieve(CM) of destruction;
    he places in the jaws of the peoples
    a bit(CN) that leads them astray.
29 And you will sing
    as on the night you celebrate a holy festival;(CO)
your hearts will rejoice(CP)
    as when people playing pipes(CQ) go up
to the mountain(CR) of the Lord,
    to the Rock(CS) of Israel.
30 The Lord will cause people to hear his majestic voice(CT)
    and will make them see his arm(CU) coming down
with raging anger(CV) and consuming fire,(CW)
    with cloudburst, thunderstorm(CX) and hail.(CY)
31 The voice of the Lord will shatter Assyria;(CZ)
    with his rod he will strike(DA) them down.
32 Every stroke the Lord lays on them
    with his punishing club(DB)
will be to the music of timbrels(DC) and harps,
    as he fights them in battle with the blows of his arm.(DD)
33 Topheth(DE) has long been prepared;
    it has been made ready for the king.
Its fire pit has been made deep and wide,
    with an abundance of fire and wood;
the breath(DF) of the Lord,
    like a stream of burning sulfur,(DG)
    sets it ablaze.(DH)

Woe to Those Who Rely on Egypt

31 Woe(DI) to those who go down to Egypt(DJ) for help,
    who rely on horses,(DK)
who trust in the multitude of their chariots(DL)
    and in the great strength of their horsemen,
but do not look to the Holy One(DM) of Israel,
    or seek help from the Lord.(DN)
Yet he too is wise(DO) and can bring disaster;(DP)
    he does not take back his words.(DQ)
He will rise up against that wicked nation,(DR)
    against those who help evildoers.
But the Egyptians(DS) are mere mortals and not God;(DT)
    their horses(DU) are flesh and not spirit.
When the Lord stretches out his hand,(DV)
    those who help will stumble,
    those who are helped(DW) will fall;
    all will perish together.(DX)

This is what the Lord says to me:

“As a lion(DY) growls,
    a great lion over its prey—
and though a whole band of shepherds(DZ)
    is called together against it,
it is not frightened by their shouts
    or disturbed by their clamor(EA)
so the Lord Almighty will come down(EB)
    to do battle on Mount Zion and on its heights.
Like birds hovering(EC) overhead,
    the Lord Almighty will shield(ED) Jerusalem;
he will shield it and deliver(EE) it,
    he will ‘pass over’(EF) it and will rescue it.”

Return,(EG) you Israelites, to the One you have so greatly revolted(EH) against. For in that day(EI) every one of you will reject the idols of silver and gold(EJ) your sinful hands have made.(EK)

“Assyria(EL) will fall by no human sword;
    a sword, not of mortals, will devour(EM) them.
They will flee before the sword
    and their young men will be put to forced labor.(EN)
Their stronghold(EO) will fall because of terror;
    at the sight of the battle standard(EP) their commanders will panic,(EQ)
declares the Lord,
    whose fire(ER) is in Zion,
    whose furnace(ES) is in Jerusalem.

The Kingdom of Righteousness

32 See, a king(ET) will reign in righteousness
    and rulers will rule with justice.(EU)
Each one will be like a shelter(EV) from the wind
    and a refuge from the storm,(EW)
like streams of water(EX) in the desert(EY)
    and the shadow of a great rock in a thirsty land.

Then the eyes of those who see will no longer be closed,(EZ)
    and the ears(FA) of those who hear will listen.
The fearful heart will know and understand,(FB)
    and the stammering tongue(FC) will be fluent and clear.
No longer will the fool(FD) be called noble
    nor the scoundrel be highly respected.
For fools speak folly,(FE)
    their hearts are bent on evil:(FF)
They practice ungodliness(FG)
    and spread error(FH) concerning the Lord;
the hungry they leave empty(FI)
    and from the thirsty they withhold water.
Scoundrels use wicked methods,(FJ)
    they make up evil schemes(FK)
to destroy the poor with lies,
    even when the plea of the needy(FL) is just.(FM)
But the noble make noble plans,
    and by noble deeds(FN) they stand.(FO)

The Women of Jerusalem

You women(FP) who are so complacent,
    rise up and listen(FQ) to me;
you daughters who feel secure,(FR)
    hear what I have to say!
10 In little more than a year(FS)
    you who feel secure will tremble;
the grape harvest will fail,(FT)
    and the harvest of fruit will not come.
11 Tremble,(FU) you complacent women;
    shudder, you daughters who feel secure!(FV)
Strip off your fine clothes(FW)
    and wrap yourselves in rags.(FX)
12 Beat your breasts(FY) for the pleasant fields,
    for the fruitful vines(FZ)
13 and for the land of my people,
    a land overgrown with thorns and briers(GA)
yes, mourn(GB) for all houses of merriment
    and for this city of revelry.(GC)
14 The fortress(GD) will be abandoned,
    the noisy city deserted;(GE)
citadel and watchtower(GF) will become a wasteland forever,
    the delight of donkeys,(GG) a pasture for flocks,(GH)
15 till the Spirit(GI) is poured on us from on high,
    and the desert becomes a fertile field,(GJ)
    and the fertile field seems like a forest.(GK)
16 The Lord’s justice(GL) will dwell in the desert,(GM)
    his righteousness(GN) live in the fertile field.
17 The fruit of that righteousness(GO) will be peace;(GP)
    its effect will be quietness and confidence(GQ) forever.
18 My people will live in peaceful(GR) dwelling places,
    in secure homes,(GS)
    in undisturbed places of rest.(GT)
19 Though hail(GU) flattens the forest(GV)
    and the city is leveled(GW) completely,
20 how blessed you will be,
    sowing(GX) your seed by every stream,(GY)
    and letting your cattle and donkeys range free.(GZ)

Distress and Help

33 Woe(HA) to you, destroyer,
    you who have not been destroyed!
Woe to you, betrayer,
    you who have not been betrayed!
When you stop destroying,
    you will be destroyed;(HB)
when you stop betraying,
    you will be betrayed.(HC)

Lord, be gracious(HD) to us;
    we long for you.
Be our strength(HE) every morning,
    our salvation(HF) in time of distress.(HG)
At the uproar of your army,(HH) the peoples flee;(HI)
    when you rise up,(HJ) the nations scatter.
Your plunder,(HK) O nations, is harvested(HL) as by young locusts;(HM)
    like a swarm of locusts people pounce on it.

The Lord is exalted,(HN) for he dwells on high;(HO)
    he will fill Zion with his justice(HP) and righteousness.(HQ)
He will be the sure foundation for your times,
    a rich store of salvation(HR) and wisdom and knowledge;
    the fear(HS) of the Lord is the key to this treasure.[a](HT)

Look, their brave men(HU) cry aloud in the streets;
    the envoys(HV) of peace weep bitterly.
The highways are deserted,
    no travelers(HW) are on the roads.(HX)
The treaty is broken,(HY)
    its witnesses[b] are despised,
    no one is respected.
The land dries up(HZ) and wastes away,
    Lebanon(IA) is ashamed and withers;(IB)
Sharon(IC) is like the Arabah,
    and Bashan(ID) and Carmel(IE) drop their leaves.

10 “Now will I arise,(IF)” says the Lord.
    “Now will I be exalted;(IG)
    now will I be lifted up.
11 You conceive(IH) chaff,
    you give birth(II) to straw;
    your breath is a fire(IJ) that consumes you.
12 The peoples will be burned to ashes;(IK)
    like cut thornbushes(IL) they will be set ablaze.(IM)

13 You who are far away,(IN) hear(IO) what I have done;
    you who are near, acknowledge my power!
14 The sinners(IP) in Zion are terrified;
    trembling(IQ) grips the godless:
“Who of us can dwell with the consuming fire?(IR)
    Who of us can dwell with everlasting burning?”
15 Those who walk righteously(IS)
    and speak what is right,(IT)
who reject gain from extortion(IU)
    and keep their hands from accepting bribes,(IV)
who stop their ears against plots of murder
    and shut their eyes(IW) against contemplating evil—
16 they are the ones who will dwell on the heights,(IX)
    whose refuge(IY) will be the mountain fortress.(IZ)
Their bread will be supplied,
    and water will not fail(JA) them.

17 Your eyes will see the king(JB) in his beauty(JC)
    and view a land that stretches afar.(JD)
18 In your thoughts you will ponder the former terror:(JE)
    “Where is that chief officer?
Where is the one who took the revenue?
    Where is the officer in charge of the towers?(JF)
19 You will see those arrogant people(JG) no more,
    people whose speech is obscure,
    whose language is strange and incomprehensible.(JH)

20 Look on Zion,(JI) the city of our festivals;
    your eyes will see Jerusalem,
    a peaceful abode,(JJ) a tent(JK) that will not be moved;(JL)
its stakes will never be pulled up,
    nor any of its ropes broken.
21 There the Lord will be our Mighty(JM) One.
    It will be like a place of broad rivers and streams.(JN)
No galley with oars will ride them,
    no mighty ship(JO) will sail them.
22 For the Lord is our judge,(JP)
    the Lord is our lawgiver,(JQ)
the Lord is our king;(JR)
    it is he who will save(JS) us.

23 Your rigging hangs loose:
    The mast is not held secure,
    the sail is not spread.
Then an abundance of spoils will be divided
    and even the lame(JT) will carry off plunder.(JU)
24 No one living in Zion will say, “I am ill”;(JV)
    and the sins of those who dwell there will be forgiven.(JW)


  1. Isaiah 33:6 Or is a treasure from him
  2. Isaiah 33:8 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text / the cities

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