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Restoration of Judah

14 The Lord Yahweh will most certainly

    show tender mercy to the Israelites.[a]
    He will choose them again and settle them in their own land.[b]
    Even foreigners will accompany them
    and join with the Jewish people.[c]
Nations will take them back to their own place,[d]
    and the Jews[e] will own their enemies[f] as their inheritance
    in the land Yahweh gave them.
    They will take their captors captive[g]
    and rule over those who once oppressed them.[h]

Downfall of the King of Babylon

In that day, when the Lord Yahweh has given you rest from your pain, trouble, and cruel bondage,[i] you will jeer at the king of Babylon and recite this proverb:[j]

    “Your oppressor has been stilled and your onslaught is over![k]
The Lord Yahweh has shattered the staff of the wicked,
    the brutal rod[l] of the rulers.
With their unceasing blows they used it cruelly
    to strike down nations.
    They subdued nations in anger with unrelenting persecution.
But now the whole earth rests and is at peace.
    It bursts out with singing;[m]
even the cypresses and cedars[n] of Lebanon join in,
    rejoicing over your demise, saying,
    ‘Now that you were laid low,
    no woodsman comes to cut us down.’”

The Underworld

The underworld[o] is all astir in preparation,
    ready to meet you when you show up.
    It rouses the spirits of the dead to greet you!
    All the former tyrants[p] and despots[q]
    rise from their thrones!
10 One and all will say to you:
    “Look at you! You’ve become as weak as we are.
    Now you’re just like us!
11 Your pompous pride brought you down to the underworld
    with the hum of harps.[r]
    But you will lie on a bed of maggots,
    and a blanket of worms will cover you!

The Son of the Dawn

12 “Look how you have fallen from your heavenly place,
    O shining one,[s] son of the dawn!
    You have been cut down to the ground,
    you who conquered nations.[t]
13 You said in your heart,
    ‘I will ascend into heaven
    and exalt my throne above the stars of God.[u]
    I will rule on the mountain of the congregation,
    on the highest place of the sacred mountain.[v]
14 I will rise past the tops of the clouds
    and rival the Most High God!’
15 Yet down to the underworld you go—
    into the depths of the pit![w]
16 Everyone will stare at you and ponder your fate,[x] saying,
    ‘Is this the man who shook the earth
    and made the kingdoms tremble?
17 Is this the man who made the world a desert
    and overthrew its cities and refused to free his prisoners
    and let them return home?’
18     Every king at death lies in state,
    each in his crypt of splendor,
19 but you are an unburied, trampled corpse,
    thrown out of your grave like a rotten stick
    and wrapped in the bloody clothing
    of those slain by the sword.
20 You will not have a burial like them,
    because you destroyed both your land and your people.
    May your wicked descendants never be mentioned again!
21 Prepare to execute his sons because of the sins of their father.[y]
    May they never rise to conquer the earth
    and cover the world with their cities.”

Utter Extermination of Babylon

22 “I will rise up against them,”
    declares the Lord Yahweh, Commander of Angel Armies.
    “I will blot out the name Babylon and her survivors,
    her offspring and descendants,” declares the Lord Yahweh.
23 “I will turn it into a swampland and a place for wild animals.[z]
    Like dirt on the floor I will sweep it away
    with the broom of destruction,”
    declares the Lord Yahweh, Commander of Angel Armies.

The Lord’s Plan for Assyria

24 The Lord Yahweh, Commander of Angel Armies,
    makes this solemn decree:
    “Be sure of this: Just as I have planned,[aa] so it will be.
    Every purpose of my heart will surely come to pass.
25 I will crush the Assyrians who invade my land.
    I will trample them on my mountains.
    Their yoke of slavery will be removed from my people
    and their heavy burden from their shoulders.
26 This is the plan that I have determined for the entire world.
    I will accomplish it by the demonstration of my mighty power[ab]
    throughout the earth!”
27 For the Lord Yahweh, the Commander of Angel Armies,
    has an amazing strategy, and who can thwart him?
    When he moves in power,[ac] who can stop him?

God’s Judgment of the Philistines

28 This prophecy came to Isaiah in the year King Ahaz died:[ad]
    Don’t rejoice too soon, you Philistines,[ae]
    just because the rod[af] that beat you is broken!
29 A snake[ag] will sprout from the root of that serpent,
    and his descendant[ah] will be like a flying, fiery burning one.[ai]
30 And through him the poorest of the poor will find pasture[aj]
    and the needy will lie down in peace.
    The Lord will starve the root of the Philistines with a famine
    that will annihilate your survivors.
31 Wail, O gate! Cry out, O city! Melt with fear, Philistia!
    For a cloud of smoke[ak] comes out of the north,
    and there is no straggler among them.[al]
32 And what will be the answer of the messengers of the nations?
    That the Lord has laid the foundation of Zion,[am]
    and in her his needy ones will find shelter.[an]


  1. Isaiah 14:1 Or “to Jacob.” See Rom. 9–11.
  2. Isaiah 14:1 See 1 Kings 8:56; Isa. 32:18.
  3. Isaiah 14:1 Or “house of Jacob.” “Foreigners” (gentiles) and Jews make up “the one new race of humanity.” See Eph. 2:11-22.
  4. Isaiah 14:2 See Isa. 49:22; 60:9; 66:20. They will bring them to their own place; that is, into the body of Christ (John 14:1-3; 1 Cor. 12:18; Eph. 4:16).
  5. Isaiah 14:2 Or “house of Israel.”
  6. Isaiah 14:2 Or “possess them as menservants and maidservants.”
  7. Isaiah 14:2 See Ps. 126.
  8. Isaiah 14:2 See Isa. 60:14. The oppressors today are Satan (Rom. 16:20) and the mind of man (2 Cor. 10:3-5).
  9. Isaiah 14:3 See Matt. 11:28-30; Rom. 6:1-14; Heb. 3–4.
  10. Isaiah 14:4 “Proverb” is the Hebrew word mashal, a homonym for both “proverb” (Prov.1:1) and “to rule (as king),” “to triumph,” or “to take dominion.” The life and power of “Babylon” (confusion) is conquered by the indwelling life of Christ.
  11. Isaiah 14:4 Or “The golden city has ceased.”
  12. Isaiah 14:5 A “brutal rod,” a metonymy, represents the authority of wicked rulers.
  13. Isaiah 14:7 With the oppressive tyranny of the systems of Babylon destroyed, the prophet now sees the people break out with rejoicing and singing. See Isa. 44:23; 49:13; 52:9; 54:1; 55:12.
  14. Isaiah 14:8 In the Christian tradition, the cypress is a symbol of death, life, and resurrection. The cypress supplied boards and timber for doors (1 Kings 6:15-23) and beams for roofing the temple (2 Chron. 3:5). The towering cedars of Lebanon speak of God’s anointed servants standing tall and upright, bringing favor to the world (Ps. 92:12).
  15. Isaiah 14:9 Or “Sheol,” which represents both the underworld and the personification of the evil it represents.
  16. Isaiah 14:9 Or “great goats,” a likely symbol of tyrants, or “It roused all the giants that ruled the earth” (LXX).
  17. Isaiah 14:9 Or “kings.” These former rulers are depicted in the underworld (Sheol) as sitting on thrones of darkness.
  18. Isaiah 14:11 Or “the sound of your harps.” The Hebrew word for “harp” can also be translated “jars” and “pitchers,” with an implication of the noise of clashing jars being broken.
  19. Isaiah 14:12 Or “daystar” or “morning star.” Many scholars and expositors view this passage (vv. 12–21) as not only the fall of Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar but also the fall of Satan from heaven (Luke 10:18). Lucifer, a name for Satan, is the Latin word for the morning star or Venus. Some view this passage as referring to Adam and the sin of man (2 Thess. 2:3-8).
  20. Isaiah 14:12 Or “laid low the people.”
  21. Isaiah 14:13 This is the Hebrew word El (“God, Mighty One”). It is possible that the “stars of El” is a reference to angels (Rev. 1:20).
  22. Isaiah 14:13 Or “the summit of Zaphon” or “the far reaches of the north” (Ps. 48:1-2).
  23. Isaiah 14:15 Or “cistern,” a metaphor for the underworld.
  24. Isaiah 14:16 Or “peer at you closely.”
  25. Isaiah 14:21 As translated from the Syriac and LXX. Hebrew is “fathers (ancestors).” See also Ezek. 18:20.
  26. Isaiah 14:23 The meaning of the Hebrew word qippod is uncertain. Some translate it as “hedgehog,” “porcupine,” or “owl.”
  27. Isaiah 14:24 Or “imagined it.”
  28. Isaiah 14:26 Or “the hand stretched out,” a metaphor for God accomplishing by his power.
  29. Isaiah 14:27 Or “When his hand is stretched out, who will turn it back?”
  30. Isaiah 14:28 This prophecy was one of three that are dated in the book. See Isa. 6; 20:1–2.
  31. Isaiah 14:28 The Hebrew meaning of Philistines is “those who roll in the dust.” This becomes a picture of believers who are walking in the flesh (Gal. 5:16) and not living by the dynamic power of the Holy Spirit (Rom. 8:4).
  32. Isaiah 14:28 The rod is a likely figure of speech for Ahaz, although some see it as a reference to Uzziah, the demise of the Davidic monarchy, or an Assyrian king.
  33. Isaiah 14:29 The snake is possibly Ahaz’s son, Hezekiah, who would be like a snake to the Philistines, ready to strike them.
  34. Isaiah 14:29 Or “firstfruit.” The oldest commentaries and the Jewish Targums interpreted this last clause as a prophecy of the Messiah, who would be “like a fiery, burning one.” The Targum states, “For from the sons of the son of Jesse shall the Messiah come forth and his deeds shall be among you as a deadly serpent” (Stenning, pp. 50–51). He will be more dangerous to the Philistines (a metaphor for the flesh) than any other king.
  35. Isaiah 14:29 Or “seraph (burning one).” Some see the seraph as a type of fiery serpent, but the meaning of the Hebrew word seraph is clearly “a burning one.” See Isa. 6:6.
  36. Isaiah 14:30 Or “The firstborn (or firstfruits) of the poor will graze (in my pastures).” The “firstborn of the poor” is likely a figure of speech for “the poorest of the poor.”
  37. Isaiah 14:31 The Syriac is “a stout (brave, valiant) one.”
  38. Isaiah 14:31 The meaning of this Hebrew clause is uncertain. This seems to be a picture of an invading army; however, the Septuagint is “And there is nothing more they need to live.”
  39. Isaiah 14:32 See Ps. 118:22; Isa. 28:16; Matt. 21:42; Eph. 2:20; 1 Peter 2:6-7.
  40. Isaiah 14:32 Or “Through him the humble will be saved” (LXX).

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