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11 The arrogant[a] will be humbled
    and the pride of man brought low.
    Only one will be exalted in that day: Yahweh!
12 The Lord of Angel Armies[b]
    has a day of humiliation in store for all the high and mighty,
    for all who are proud and self-exalting.
    They will be brought low.[c]
13 His judgment is coming against all the
    lofty cedars of Lebanon[d] and all the oaks of Bashan,[e]

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  1. Isaiah 2:11 Or “the eyes of the haughty.”
  2. Isaiah 2:12 Or “Jehovah-Sabaoth,” the Lord of hosts.
  3. Isaiah 2:12 See Zeph. 2:3; Mal. 4:1.
  4. Isaiah 2:13 Isaiah uses the metaphor of trees to symbolize humanity. Lebanon is used metaphorically as a symbol of beauty in the Scriptures. The tall and lofty cedars of Lebanon are a picture of the cultural elite, those of high standing in society. Men are like trees who stand tall and upright, only to be cut down in death. Jesus stands as the fairest of all the trees, like an apple tree in the forest of humanity (Song. 2:3).
  5. Isaiah 2:13 These oaks were known for making oars (Ezek. 27:6). They speak of the military captains and soldiers surrounding Jesus on the cross, who were like the savage bulls of Bashan (Ps. 22:12). The word Bashan, although the area was known as a fertile land northeast of the Sea of Galilee, is also the word for “serpent.” Oaks of Bashan may also represent great global leaders empowered by demonic spirits.