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Tyre is Rebuked

23 A message[a] concerning Tyre.

“Wail, you ships of Tarshish,
for Tyre is destroyed
        and is without house or harbor!
From the land of Cyprus[b]
it was revealed to them.

“Be silent,[c] you inhabitants of the coast,
    you merchants of Sidon,
        whose messengers crossed over the sea,[d]
and were on mighty waters.
    Her revenue was the grain of Shihor,
the harvest of the Nile;
    and she became the marketplace of nations.
Be ashamed, Sidon, because the sea[e] has spoken,
    the fortress of the sea:
I have neither been in labor nor given birth,
    I have neither reared young men
        nor brought up young women.”
When the news reaches Egypt,
    they will be in anguish
        at the report about Tyre.

“You who are crossing over[f] to Tarshish—
    Wail, you inhabitants of the coast!
Is this your exciting[g] city,
    that was founded long ago,
whose feet carried her
    to settle in far-off lands?
Who has planned this
    against Tyre,
        that bestower of crowns,
whose merchants were princes,[h]
    whose traders were the most renowned on earth?
The Lord of the Heavenly Armies has planned it—
    to neutralize all the hubris of grandeur,[i]
        to discredit all the renowned men of earth.

10 “Cultivate[j] your land like the Nile,
    you daughter of Tarshish;
        for there is no longer a harbor.
11 He has stretched out his hand over the sea;
    he has made[k] kingdoms tremble.
The Lord has issued orders concerning Canaan
    to destroy its strongholds.
12 And he said:
‘You will revel no longer,[l]
    you virgin daughter of Sidon,
        now crushed.
Get up, cross over to Cyprus—
    but even there you will find no rest.’”

Tyre’s Desolation and Restoration

13 “Look at the land of the Chaldeans!
    This is a people that no longer exist;
Assyria destined her[m] for desert creatures.[n]
    They raised up her[o] siege towers,
they stripped her fortresses bare
    and turned her into a ruin.
14 Wail, you ships of Tarshish,
    because your[p] stronghold is destroyed!”

15 It will happen at that time that Tyre will be forgotten for 70 years, the span of a king’s life. Then, at the end of those 70 years, it will turn out for Tyre as in the prostitute’s song:[q]

16 “Take a harp;
    walk around the city,
        you forgotten whore!
Make sweet melody;
    sing many songs,
        and perhaps you’ll be remembered.”

17 At the end of 70 years, the Lord will deal with Tyre, at which time she’ll return to her courtesan’s trade, and prostitute herself with the kingdoms[r] of the world on the surface of the earth. 18 Nevertheless, her profits and her earnings will be dedicated[s] to the Lord; they will not be stored up or hoarded—but her profits will go to those who live in the Lord’s presence,[t] for abundant food and choice clothing.


  1. Isaiah 23:1 Lit. An oracle
  2. Isaiah 23:1 Lit. of the Kittim
  3. Isaiah 23:2 So 1QIsaa 4QIsaa MT; LXX reads To whom are they like?
  4. Isaiah 23:2 So 1QIsaa 4QIsaa LXX; MT reads you whom the merchants of Sidon, passing over the sea, have replenished
  5. Isaiah 23:4 So 1QIsaa; 4QIsaa MT read for he
  6. Isaiah 23:6 So 1QIsaa; MT LXX read Cross over
  7. Isaiah 23:7 Or happy
  8. Isaiah 23:8 So 1QIsaa corrector
  9. Isaiah 23:9 So 1QIsaa LXX; MT reads the hubris of all grandeur
  10. Isaiah 23:10 Or Worship; so 1QIsaa LXX; 4QIsac MT read Pass through
  11. Isaiah 23:11 So 1QIsaa 4QIsaa MT LXX; 4QIsac reads to make
  12. Isaiah 23:12 So 1QIsaa MT LXX; 4QIsac reads won’t take refuge to revel; or won’t revel with gusto
  13. Isaiah 23:13 I.e. Tyre
  14. Isaiah 23:13 Or demons
  15. Isaiah 23:13 So 1QIsaa; MT reads his
  16. Isaiah 23:14 So 1QIsaa (sing.); MT LXX (pl.)
  17. Isaiah 23:15 So 1QIsac MT LXX; 1QIsaa lacks that Tyre will be forgotten for 70 years, the span of a king’s life. Then, at the end of those 70 years
  18. Isaiah 23:17 So 1QIsaa; MT LXX read all the kingdoms
  19. Isaiah 23:18 Or given
  20. Isaiah 23:18 So 1QIsaa MT; 4QIsac reads but will be for those who live in the Lord’s presence. And her profits will be