19 And Babylon, the jewel of the kingdoms,
the glory of the pride of the Chaldeans,
will be like Sodom and Gomorrah
when God overthrew them.(A)

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19 Babylon,(A) the jewel of kingdoms,(B)
    the pride and glory(C) of the Babylonians,[a]
will be overthrown(D) by God
    like Sodom and Gomorrah.(E)

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 13:19 Or Chaldeans

you will sing this song of contempt about the king of Babylon(A) and say:

How the oppressor has quieted down,
and how the raging[a] has become quiet!

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 14:4 DSS; Hb uncertain

you will take up this taunt(A) against the king of Babylon:(B)

How the oppressor(C) has come to an end!
    How his fury[a] has ended!

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 14:4 Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac; the meaning of the word in the Masoretic Text is uncertain.

The Fall of Babylon

47 “Go down and sit in the dust,(A)
Virgin Daughter Babylon.(B)
Sit on the ground without a throne,
Daughter Chaldea!
For you will no longer be called pampered and spoiled.
Take millstones and grind meal;(C)
remove your veil,
strip off your skirt, bare your thigh,
wade through the streams.
Your nakedness will be uncovered,
and your shame will be exposed.(D)
I will take vengeance;
I will spare no one.[a]
The Holy One of Israel is our Redeemer;(E)
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.

“Daughter Chaldea,
sit in silence(F) and go into darkness.
For you will no longer be called mistress of kingdoms.
I was angry with My people;
I profaned My possession,
and I placed them under your control.
You showed them no mercy;
you made your yoke very heavy on the elderly.
You said, ‘I will be the mistress forever.’
You did not take these things to heart
or think about their outcome.

“So now hear this, lover of luxury,
who sits securely,(G)
who says to herself,
‘I exist, and there is no one else.
I will never be a widow
or know the loss of children.’(H)
These two things will happen to you
suddenly, in one day:
loss of children and widowhood.
They will happen to you in their entirety,
in spite of your many sorceries(I)
and the potency of your spells.
10 You were secure in your wickedness;
you said, ‘No one sees me.’(J)
Your wisdom and knowledge
led you astray.
You said to yourself,
‘I exist, and there is no one else.’
11 But disaster will happen to you;
you will not know how to avert it.
And it will fall on you,
but you will be unable to ward it off.[b]
Devastation will happen to you suddenly
and unexpectedly.(K)
12 So take your stand with your spells
and your many sorceries,
which you have wearied yourself with from your youth.
Perhaps you will be able to succeed;
perhaps you will inspire terror!
13 You are worn out with your many consultations.
So let them stand and save you—
the astrologers,[c] who observe the stars,(L)
who predict monthly
what will happen to you.
14 Look, they are like stubble;(M)
fire burns them up.(N)
They cannot deliver themselves
from the power[d] of the flame.
This is not a coal for warming themselves,
or a fire to sit beside!
15 This is what they are to you—
those who have wearied you
and have traded with you from your youth—
each wanders on his own way;
no one can save you.

Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 47:3 Hb obscure
  2. Isaiah 47:11 Or to atone for it
  3. Isaiah 47:13 Lit dividers of the heavens
  4. Isaiah 47:14 Lit hand

The Fall of Babylon

47 “Go down, sit in the dust,(A)
    Virgin Daughter(B) Babylon;
sit on the ground without a throne,
    queen city of the Babylonians.[a](C)
No more will you be called
    tender or delicate.(D)
Take millstones(E) and grind(F) flour;
    take off your veil.(G)
Lift up your skirts,(H) bare your legs,
    and wade through the streams.
Your nakedness(I) will be exposed
    and your shame(J) uncovered.
I will take vengeance;(K)
    I will spare no one.(L)

Our Redeemer(M)—the Lord Almighty(N) is his name(O)
    is the Holy One(P) of Israel.

“Sit in silence,(Q) go into darkness,(R)
    queen city of the Babylonians;(S)
no more will you be called
    queen(T) of kingdoms.(U)
I was angry(V) with my people
    and desecrated my inheritance;(W)
I gave them into your hand,(X)
    and you showed them no mercy.(Y)
Even on the aged
    you laid a very heavy yoke.
You said, ‘I am forever(Z)
    the eternal queen!’(AA)
But you did not consider these things
    or reflect(AB) on what might happen.(AC)

“Now then, listen, you lover of pleasure,
    lounging in your security(AD)
and saying to yourself,
    ‘I am, and there is none besides me.(AE)
I will never be a widow(AF)
    or suffer the loss of children.’
Both of these will overtake you
    in a moment,(AG) on a single day:
    loss of children(AH) and widowhood.(AI)
They will come upon you in full measure,
    in spite of your many sorceries(AJ)
    and all your potent spells.(AK)
10 You have trusted(AL) in your wickedness
    and have said, ‘No one sees me.’(AM)
Your wisdom(AN) and knowledge mislead(AO) you
    when you say to yourself,
    ‘I am, and there is none besides me.’
11 Disaster(AP) will come upon you,
    and you will not know how to conjure it away.
A calamity will fall upon you
    that you cannot ward off with a ransom;
a catastrophe you cannot foresee
    will suddenly(AQ) come upon you.

12 “Keep on, then, with your magic spells
    and with your many sorceries,(AR)
    which you have labored at since childhood.
Perhaps you will succeed,
    perhaps you will cause terror.
13 All the counsel you have received has only worn you out!(AS)
    Let your astrologers(AT) come forward,
those stargazers who make predictions month by month,
    let them save(AU) you from what is coming upon you.
14 Surely they are like stubble;(AV)
    the fire(AW) will burn them up.
They cannot even save themselves
    from the power of the flame.(AX)
These are not coals for warmth;
    this is not a fire to sit by.
15 That is all they are to you—
    these you have dealt with
    and labored(AY) with since childhood.
All of them go on in their error;
    there is not one that can save(AZ) you.

Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 47:1 Or Chaldeans; also in verse 5

The Good and the Bad Figs

24 After Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had deported Jeconiah[a] son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, the officials of Judah, and the craftsmen and metalsmiths(A) from Jerusalem and had brought them to Babylon, the Lord showed me two baskets of figs(B) placed before the temple of the Lord.

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 24:1 = Jehoiachin

Two Baskets of Figs

24 After Jehoiachin[a](A) son of Jehoiakim king of Judah and the officials, the skilled workers and the artisans of Judah were carried into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, the Lord showed me two baskets of figs(B) placed in front of the temple of the Lord.

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 24:1 Hebrew Jeconiah, a variant of Jehoiachin

Prophecies against Babylon

50 The word the Lord spoke about Babylon,(A) the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet:

Announce to the nations;
proclaim and raise up a signal flag;(B)
proclaim, and hide nothing.
Say: Babylon is captured;
Bel(C) is put to shame;
Marduk is devastated;
her idols are put to shame;
her false gods, devastated.
For a nation from the north will come against her;(D)
it will make her land desolate.
No one will be living in it—
both man and beast will escape.[a]
In those days and at that time—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
the Israelites and Judeans will come together,
weeping as they come,
and will seek the Lord their God.(E)
They will ask about Zion,
turning their faces to this road.
They will come and join themselves[b] to the Lord
in an everlasting covenant(F) that will never be forgotten.

My people are lost sheep;(G)
their shepherds have led them astray,
guiding them the wrong way in the mountains.(H)
They have wandered from mountain to hill;
they have forgotten their resting place.
All who found them devoured them.
Their adversaries said, “We’re not guilty;
instead, they have sinned against the Lord,
their righteous grazing land,(I)
the hope of their ancestors,(J) the Lord.”

Escape from Babylon;(K)
depart from the Chaldeans’ land.
Be like the rams that lead the flock.
For I will soon stir up and bring against Babylon
an assembly of great nations from the north country.
They will line up in battle formation against her;
from there she will be captured.
Their arrows will be like those of a skilled[c] warrior
who does not return empty-handed.
10 The Chaldeans will become plunder;
all Babylon’s plunderers will be fully satisfied.
This is the Lord’s declaration.
11 Because you rejoice,
because you sing in triumph—
you who plundered My inheritance—
because you frolic like a young cow treading grain
and neigh like stallions,(L)
12 your mother will be utterly humiliated;
she who bore you will be put to shame.
Look! She will lag behind all[d] the nations—
a dry land, a wilderness,(M) an Arabah.
13 Because of the Lord’s wrath,
she will not be inhabited;
she will become a desolation, every bit of her.
Everyone who passes through Babylon
will be horrified
and scoff because of all her wounds.(N)
14 Line up in battle formation around Babylon,
all you archers!
Shoot at her! Do not spare an arrow,
for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Raise a war cry against her on every side!
She has thrown up her hands in surrender;
her defense towers have fallen;
her walls are demolished.(O)
Since this is the Lord’s vengeance,(P)
take out your vengeance on her;
as she has done, do the same to her.
16 Cut off the sower from Babylon
as well as him who wields the sickle at harvest time.
Because of the oppressor’s sword,(Q)
each will turn to his own people,(R)
each will flee to his own land.

The Return of God’s People

17 Israel is a stray lamb, chased by lions.(S)
The first who devoured him was the king of Assyria;
the last one who crushed his bones
was Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon.(T)

18 Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to punish the king of Babylon(U) and his land just as I punished the king of Assyria.

19 I will return Israel to his grazing land,
and he will feed on Carmel and Bashan;
he will be satisfied
in the hill country of Ephraim and of Gilead.(V)
20 In those days and at that time—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
one will search for Israel’s guilt,
but there will be none,
and for Judah’s sins,
but they will not be found,
for I will forgive(W) those I leave as a remnant.(X)

The Invasion of Babylon

21 “Go against the land of Merathaim,
and against those living in Pekod.
Put them to the sword;
completely destroy them—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
do everything I have commanded you.(Y)
22 The sound of war is in the land(Z)
a great destruction.
23 How the hammer of the whole earth
is cut down and smashed!
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations!(AA)
24 Babylon, I laid a trap for you, and you were caught,(AB)
but you did not even know it.
You were found and captured
because you fought against the Lord.
25 The Lord opened His armory
and brought out His weapons of wrath,(AC)
because it is a task of the Lord God of Hosts
in the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come against her from the most distant places.[e]
Open her granaries;
pile her up like mounds of grain
and completely destroy her.
Leave her no survivors.
27 Put all her young bulls to the sword;
let them go down to the slaughter.
Woe to them, because their day has come,
the time of their punishment.(AD)

The Humiliation of Babylon

28 “There is a voice of fugitives and those who escape
from the land of Babylon
announcing in Zion the vengeance of the Lord our God,
the vengeance for His temple.(AE)
29 Summon the archers to Babylon,
all who string the bow;
camp all around her; let none escape.
Repay her according to her deeds;(AF)
just as she has done, do the same to her,
for she has acted arrogantly against the Lord,
against the Holy One of Israel.(AG)
30 Therefore, her young men will fall
in her public squares;
all the warriors will perish in that day.
This is the Lord’s declaration.(AH)
31 Look, I am against you, you arrogant one—
this is the declaration of
the Lord God of Hosts—
because your day has come,
the time when I will punish you.
32 The arrogant will stumble and fall
with no one to pick him up.
I will set fire to his cities,
and it will consume everything around him.”(AI)

The Desolation of Babylon

33 This is what the Lord of Hosts says:

Israelites and Judeans alike have been oppressed.
All their captors hold them fast;(AJ)
they refuse to release them.
34 Their Redeemer is strong;
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.
He will fervently plead their case(AK)
so that He might bring rest to the earth
but turmoil to those who live in Babylon.(AL)
35 A sword is over the Chaldeans—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
against those who live in Babylon,
against her officials, and against her sages.
36 A sword is against the diviners,
and they will act foolishly.
A sword is against her heroic warriors,
and they will be terrified.
37 A sword is against his horses and chariots
and against all the foreigners among them,(AM)
and they will be like women.(AN)
A sword is against her treasuries,
and they will be plundered.
38 A drought will come on her waters,
and they will be dried up.
For it is a land of carved images,
and they go mad because of terrifying things.[f](AO)

39 Therefore, desert creatures[g] will live with hyenas,
and ostriches will also live in her.
It will never again be inhabited
or lived in through all generations.(AP)
40 Just as God demolished Sodom and Gomorrah
and their neighboring towns(AQ)
this is the Lord’s declaration—
so no one will live there;
no human being will even stay in it
as a temporary resident.(AR)

The Conquest of Babylon

41 Look! A people comes from the north.
A great nation and many kings will be stirred up
from the remote regions of the earth.(AS)
42 They grasp bow and javelin.
They are cruel and show no mercy.
Their voice roars like the sea,(AT)
and they ride on horses,
lined up like men in battle formation
against you, Daughter Babylon.
43 The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
and his hands fall helpless.
Distress has seized him—
pain, like a woman in labor.(AU)

44 “Look, it will be like a lion coming from the thickets[h](AV) of the Jordan to the watered grazing land. Indeed, I will chase Babylon[i] away from her land in a flash. I will appoint whoever is chosen for her. For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? Who is the shepherd who can stand against Me?”

45 Therefore, hear the plans that the Lord has drawn up against Babylon and the strategies He has devised against the land of the Chaldeans: Certainly the flock’s little lambs will be dragged away; certainly the grazing land will be made desolate because of them. 46 At the sound of Babylon’s conquest the earth will quake; a cry will be heard among the nations.(AW)

God’s Judgment on Babylon

51 This is what the Lord says:

I am about to stir up a destructive wind[j] against Babylon(AX)
and against the population of Leb-qamai.[k][l]
I will send strangers to Babylon
who will scatter her and strip her land bare,(AY)
for they will come against her
from every side in the day of disaster.
Don’t let the archer string his bow;
don’t let him put on[m] his armor.(AZ)
Don’t spare her young men;
completely destroy her entire army!
Those who were slain will fall in the land of the Chaldeans,
those who were pierced through, in her streets.(BA)
For Israel and Judah are not left widowed
by their God, the Lord of Hosts,
though their land is full of guilt
against the Holy One of Israel.(BB)

Leave Babylon;(BC)
save your lives, each of you!(BD)
Don’t perish because of her guilt.
For this is the time of the Lord’s vengeance—
He will pay her what she deserves.(BE)
Babylon was a gold cup in the Lord’s hand,(BF)
making the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;(BG)
therefore, the nations go mad.(BH)
Suddenly Babylon fell and was shattered.
Wail for her;
get balm(BI) for her wound—
perhaps she can be healed.

We tried to heal Babylon,
but she could not be healed.
Abandon her!
Let each of us go to his own land,(BJ)
for her judgment extends to the sky
and reaches as far as the clouds.(BK)

10 The Lord has brought about our vindication;(BL)
come, let’s tell in Zion
what the Lord our God has accomplished.(BM)

11 Sharpen the arrows!
Fill the quivers!
The Lord has put it into the mind
of the kings of the Medes
because His plan is aimed at Babylon
to destroy her,
for it is the Lord’s vengeance,
vengeance for His temple.(BN)
12 Raise up a signal flag(BO)
against the walls of Babylon;
fortify the watch post;
set the watchmen in place;
prepare the ambush.
For the Lord has both planned and accomplished
what He has threatened
against those who live in Babylon.
13 You who reside by many waters,(BP)
rich in treasures,
your end has come,
your life thread is cut.

14 The Lord of Hosts has sworn by Himself:

I will fill you up with men as with locusts,
and they will sing the victory song over you.

15 He made the earth by His power,
established the world(BQ) by His wisdom,(BR)
and spread out the heavens by His understanding.(BS)
16 When He thunders,[n]
the waters in the heavens are in turmoil,(BT)
and He causes the clouds
to rise from the ends of the earth.
He makes lightning for the rain
and brings the wind from His storehouses.(BU)

17 Everyone is stupid and ignorant.
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his carved image,(BV)
for his cast images are a lie;(BW)
there is no breath in them.(BX)
18 They are worthless,(BY) a work to be mocked.
At the time of their punishment they will be destroyed.(BZ)
19 Jacob’s Portion[o] is not like these
because He is the One who formed all things.(CA)
Israel is the tribe of His inheritance;(CB)
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.(CC)

20 You are My battle club,
My weapons of war.
With you I will smash nations;
with you I will bring kingdoms to ruin.
21 With you I will smash the horse and its rider;
with you I will smash the chariot and its rider.
22 With you I will smash man and woman;(CD)
with you I will smash the old man and the youth;
with you I will smash the young man and the young woman.
23 With you I will smash the shepherd and his flock;
with you I will smash the farmer and his ox-team.[p]
With you I will smash governors and officials.

24 “I will repay Babylon and all the residents of Chaldea for all their evil they have done in Zion before your very eyes.”(CE)

This is the Lord’s declaration.

25 Look, I am against you, devastating mountain—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
you devastate the whole earth.
I will stretch out My hand against you,(CF)
roll you down from the cliffs,
and turn you into a charred mountain.
26 No one will be able to retrieve a cornerstone
or a foundation stone from you,
because you will become desolate forever.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

27 Raise a signal flag(CG) in the land;
blow a ram’s horn among the nations;
set apart the nations against her.(CH)
Summon kingdoms against her—
Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.
Appoint a marshal against her;
bring up horses like a swarm[q] of locusts.
28 Set apart the nations for battle against her—
the kings of Media,
her governors and all her officials,
and all the lands they rule.
29 The earth quakes(CI) and trembles
because the Lord’s intentions against Babylon stand:
to make the land of Babylon an uninhabited desolation.
30 Babylon’s warriors have stopped fighting;(CJ)
they sit in their strongholds.
Their might is exhausted;
they have become like women.
Babylon’s homes have been set ablaze,
her gate bars are shattered.(CK)
31 Messenger races to meet messenger,(CL)
and herald to meet herald,
to announce to the king of Babylon
that his city has been captured
from end to end.
32 The fords have been seized,(CM)
the marshes set on fire,
and the soldiers are terrified.

33 For this is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says:

Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor
at the time it is trampled.(CN)
In just a little while her harvest time will come.(CO)

34 “Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has devoured me;
he has crushed me.
He has set me aside like an empty dish;
he has swallowed me like a sea monster;(CP)
he filled his belly with my delicacies;
he has vomited me out,”[r]
35 says the inhabitant of Zion;
“Let the violence done to me and my family be done to Babylon.
Let my blood be on the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
says Jerusalem.

36 Therefore, this is what the Lord says:

I am about to plead your case(CQ)
and take vengeance on your behalf;
I will dry up her sea(CR)
and make her fountain run dry.
37 Babylon will become a heap of rubble,
a jackals’ den,
a desolation and an object of scorn,(CS)
without inhabitant.
38 They will roar together like young lions;
they will growl like lion cubs.
39 While they are flushed with heat, I will serve them a feast,
and I will make them drunk so that they revel.[s](CT)
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up.
This is the Lord’s declaration.
40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter,
like rams together with male goats.(CU)

41 How Sheshach has been captured,
the praise(CV) of the whole earth seized.
What a horror Babylon has become
among the nations!(CW)
42 The sea has risen over Babylon;(CX)
she is covered with its turbulent waves.
43 Her cities have become a desolation,(CY)
a dry and arid land,
a land where no one lives,
where no human being passes through.
44 I will punish Bel(CZ) in Babylon.
I will make him vomit what he swallowed.
The nations will no longer stream to him;
even Babylon’s wall will fall.

45 Come out from among her, My people!(DA)
Save your lives, each of you,
from the Lord’s burning anger.
46 May you not become cowardly and fearful
when the report is proclaimed in the land,
for the report will come one year,
and then another the next year.
There will be violence in the land
with ruler against ruler.
47 Therefore, look, the days are coming
when I will punish Babylon’s carved images.(DB)
Her entire land will suffer shame,
and all her slain will lie fallen within her.(DC)
48 Heaven and earth and everything in them
will shout for joy(DD) over Babylon
because the destroyers from the north
will come against her.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

49 Babylon must fall because of the slain of Israel,
even as the slain of all the earth fell
because of Babylon.
50 You who have escaped the sword,(DE)
go and do not stand still!
Remember the Lord from far away,
and let Jerusalem come to your mind.

51 We are ashamed
because we have heard insults.(DF)
Humiliation covers our faces
because foreigners have entered
the holy places of the Lord’s temple.(DG)

52 Therefore, look, the days are coming—
this is the Lord’s declaration—
when I will punish her carved images,
and the wounded will groan
throughout her land.
53 Even if Babylon should ascend to the heavens(DH)
and fortify her tall fortresses,
destroyers will come against her from Me.
This is the Lord’s declaration.

54 The sound of a cry from Babylon!(DI)
The sound of great destruction
from the land of the Chaldeans!
55 For the Lord is going to devastate Babylon;
He will silence her mighty voice.
Their waves roar like abundant waters;
the tumult of their voice resounds,
56 for a destroyer is coming against her,
against Babylon.
Her warriors will be captured,
their bows shattered,
for the Lord is a God of retribution;
He will certainly repay.
57 I will make her princes and sages drunk,
along with her governors, officials, and warriors.
Then they will fall asleep forever
and never wake up.(DJ)
This is the King’s declaration;
Yahweh of Hosts is His name.(DK)

58 This is what Yahweh of Hosts says:

Babylon’s thick walls will be totally demolished,
and her high gates consumed by fire.
The peoples will have labored for nothing;(DL)
the nations will exhaust themselves only to feed the fire.

59 This is what Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah son of Neriah son of Mahseiah,(DM) the quartermaster, when he went to Babylon with King Zedekiah of Judah in the fourth year of Zedekiah’s reign. 60 Jeremiah wrote on one scroll about all the disaster that would come to Babylon;(DN) all these words were written against Babylon.

61 Jeremiah told Seraiah, “When you get to Babylon, see that you read all these words aloud. 62 You must say, ‘Lord, You have threatened to cut off(DO) this place so that no one will live in it—man or beast. Indeed, it will remain desolate forever.’ 63 When you have finished reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River.(DP) 64 Then say, ‘In the same way, Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the disaster I am bringing on her. They will grow weary.’”

The words of Jeremiah end here.

Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 50:3 Lit escape; they will walk
  2. Jeremiah 50:5 LXX; MT reads Come and join yourselves
  3. Jeremiah 50:9 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr; other Hb mss read bereaving
  4. Jeremiah 50:12 Lit Look! The last of
  5. Jeremiah 50:26 Lit from the end
  6. Jeremiah 50:38 Or of dreaded gods
  7. Jeremiah 50:39 Or desert demons
  8. Jeremiah 50:44 Lit pride
  9. Jeremiah 50:44 Lit them
  10. Jeremiah 51:1 Or stir up the spirit of a destroyer
  11. Jeremiah 51:1 Lit heart of my adversaries
  12. Jeremiah 51:1 = Chaldeans
  13. Jeremiah 51:3 Hb obscure
  14. Jeremiah 51:16 Lit At His giving of the voice
  15. Jeremiah 51:19 = the Lord
  16. Jeremiah 51:23 Lit yoke
  17. Jeremiah 51:27 Hb obscure
  18. Jeremiah 51:34 Lit has rinsed me off
  19. Jeremiah 51:39 LXX reads pass out

A Message About Babylon(A)

50 This is the word the Lord spoke through Jeremiah the prophet concerning Babylon(B) and the land of the Babylonians[a]:

“Announce and proclaim(C) among the nations,
    lift up a banner(D) and proclaim it;
    keep nothing back, but say,
‘Babylon will be captured;(E)
    Bel(F) will be put to shame,(G)
    Marduk(H) filled with terror.
Her images will be put to shame
    and her idols(I) filled with terror.’
A nation from the north(J) will attack her
    and lay waste her land.
No one will live(K) in it;
    both people and animals(L) will flee away.

“In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“the people of Israel and the people of Judah together(M)
    will go in tears(N) to seek(O) the Lord their God.
They will ask the way(P) to Zion
    and turn their faces toward it.
They will come(Q) and bind themselves to the Lord
    in an everlasting covenant(R)
    that will not be forgotten.

“My people have been lost sheep;(S)
    their shepherds(T) have led them astray(U)
    and caused them to roam on the mountains.
They wandered over mountain and hill(V)
    and forgot their own resting place.(W)
Whoever found them devoured(X) them;
    their enemies said, ‘We are not guilty,(Y)
for they sinned against the Lord, their verdant pasture,
    the Lord, the hope(Z) of their ancestors.’

“Flee(AA) out of Babylon;(AB)
    leave the land of the Babylonians,
    and be like the goats that lead the flock.
For I will stir(AC) up and bring against Babylon
    an alliance of great nations(AD) from the land of the north.(AE)
They will take up their positions against her,
    and from the north she will be captured.(AF)
Their arrows(AG) will be like skilled warriors
    who do not return empty-handed.
10 So Babylonia[b] will be plundered;(AH)
    all who plunder her will have their fill,”
declares the Lord.

11 “Because you rejoice and are glad,
    you who pillage my inheritance,(AI)
because you frolic like a heifer(AJ) threshing grain
    and neigh like stallions,
12 your mother will be greatly ashamed;
    she who gave you birth will be disgraced.(AK)
She will be the least of the nations—
    a wilderness, a dry land, a desert.(AL)
13 Because of the Lord’s anger she will not be inhabited
    but will be completely desolate.(AM)
All who pass Babylon will be appalled;(AN)
    they will scoff(AO) because of all her wounds.(AP)

14 “Take up your positions around Babylon,
    all you who draw the bow.(AQ)
Shoot at her! Spare no arrows,(AR)
    for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Shout(AS) against her on every side!
    She surrenders, her towers fall,
    her walls(AT) are torn down.
Since this is the vengeance(AU) of the Lord,
    take vengeance on her;
    do to her(AV) as she has done to others.(AW)
16 Cut off from Babylon the sower,
    and the reaper with his sickle at harvest.
Because of the sword(AX) of the oppressor
    let everyone return to their own people,(AY)
    let everyone flee to their own land.(AZ)

17 “Israel is a scattered flock(BA)
    that lions(BB) have chased away.
The first to devour(BC) them
    was the king(BD) of Assyria;
the last to crush their bones(BE)
    was Nebuchadnezzar(BF) king(BG) of Babylon.”

18 Therefore this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“I will punish the king of Babylon and his land
    as I punished the king(BH) of Assyria.(BI)
19 But I will bring(BJ) Israel back to their own pasture,
    and they will graze on Carmel and Bashan;
their appetite will be satisfied(BK)
    on the hills(BL) of Ephraim and Gilead.(BM)
20 In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“search will be made for Israel’s guilt,
    but there will be none,(BN)
and for the sins(BO) of Judah,
    but none will be found,
    for I will forgive(BP) the remnant(BQ) I spare.

21 “Attack the land of Merathaim
    and those who live in Pekod.(BR)
Pursue, kill and completely destroy[c] them,”
declares the Lord.
    “Do everything I have commanded you.
22 The noise(BS) of battle is in the land,
    the noise of great destruction!
23 How broken and shattered
    is the hammer(BT) of the whole earth!(BU)
How desolate(BV) is Babylon
    among the nations!
24 I set a trap(BW) for you, Babylon,
    and you were caught before you knew it;
you were found and captured(BX)
    because you opposed(BY) the Lord.
25 The Lord has opened his arsenal
    and brought out the weapons(BZ) of his wrath,
for the Sovereign Lord Almighty has work to do
    in the land of the Babylonians.(CA)
26 Come against her from afar.(CB)
    Break open her granaries;
    pile her up like heaps of grain.(CC)
Completely destroy(CD) her
    and leave her no remnant.
27 Kill all her young bulls;(CE)
    let them go down to the slaughter!(CF)
Woe to them! For their day(CG) has come,
    the time(CH) for them to be punished.
28 Listen to the fugitives(CI) and refugees from Babylon
    declaring in Zion(CJ)
how the Lord our God has taken vengeance,(CK)
    vengeance for his temple.(CL)

29 “Summon archers against Babylon,
    all those who draw the bow.(CM)
Encamp all around her;
    let no one escape.(CN)
Repay(CO) her for her deeds;(CP)
    do to her as she has done.
For she has defied(CQ) the Lord,
    the Holy One(CR) of Israel.
30 Therefore, her young men(CS) will fall in the streets;
    all her soldiers will be silenced in that day,”
declares the Lord.
31 “See, I am against(CT) you, you arrogant one,”
    declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty,
“for your day(CU) has come,
    the time for you to be punished.
32 The arrogant(CV) one will stumble and fall(CW)
    and no one will help her up;(CX)
I will kindle a fire(CY) in her towns
    that will consume all who are around her.”

33 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“The people of Israel are oppressed,(CZ)
    and the people of Judah as well.
All their captors hold them fast,
    refusing to let them go.(DA)
34 Yet their Redeemer(DB) is strong;
    the Lord Almighty(DC) is his name.
He will vigorously defend their cause(DD)
    so that he may bring rest(DE) to their land,
    but unrest to those who live in Babylon.

35 “A sword(DF) against the Babylonians!”(DG)
    declares the Lord
“against those who live in Babylon
    and against her officials and wise(DH) men!
36 A sword against her false prophets!
    They will become fools.
A sword against her warriors!(DI)
    They will be filled with terror.(DJ)
37 A sword against her horses and chariots(DK)
    and all the foreigners in her ranks!
    They will become weaklings.(DL)
A sword against her treasures!(DM)
    They will be plundered.
38 A drought on[d] her waters!(DN)
    They will dry(DO) up.
For it is a land of idols,(DP)
    idols that will go mad with terror.

39 “So desert creatures(DQ) and hyenas will live there,
    and there the owl will dwell.
It will never again be inhabited
    or lived in from generation to generation.(DR)
40 As I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah(DS)
    along with their neighboring towns,”
declares the Lord,
“so no one will live there;
    no people will dwell in it.(DT)

41 “Look! An army is coming from the north;(DU)
    a great nation and many kings
    are being stirred(DV) up from the ends of the earth.(DW)
42 They are armed with bows(DX) and spears;
    they are cruel(DY) and without mercy.(DZ)
They sound like the roaring sea(EA)
    as they ride on their horses;
they come like men in battle formation
    to attack you, Daughter Babylon.(EB)
43 The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
    and his hands hang limp.(EC)
Anguish has gripped him,
    pain like that of a woman in labor.(ED)
44 Like a lion coming up from Jordan’s thickets(EE)
    to a rich pastureland,
I will chase Babylon from its land in an instant.
    Who is the chosen(EF) one I will appoint for this?
Who is like me and who can challenge me?(EG)
    And what shepherd can stand against me?”

45 Therefore, hear what the Lord has planned against Babylon,
    what he has purposed(EH) against the land of the Babylonians:(EI)
The young of the flock will be dragged away;
    their pasture will be appalled at their fate.
46 At the sound of Babylon’s capture the earth will tremble;(EJ)
    its cry(EK) will resound among the nations.

51 This is what the Lord says:

“See, I will stir(EL) up the spirit of a destroyer
    against Babylon(EM) and the people of Leb Kamai.[e]
I will send foreigners(EN) to Babylon
    to winnow(EO) her and to devastate her land;
they will oppose her on every side
    in the day(EP) of her disaster.
Let not the archer string his bow,(EQ)
    nor let him put on his armor.(ER)
Do not spare her young men;
    completely destroy[f] her army.
They will fall(ES) down slain in Babylon,[g]
    fatally wounded in her streets.(ET)
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken(EU)
    by their God, the Lord Almighty,
though their land[h] is full of guilt(EV)
    before the Holy One of Israel.

“Flee(EW) from Babylon!
    Run for your lives!
    Do not be destroyed because of her sins.(EX)
It is time(EY) for the Lord’s vengeance;(EZ)
    he will repay(FA) her what she deserves.
Babylon was a gold cup(FB) in the Lord’s hand;
    she made the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;
    therefore they have now gone mad.
Babylon will suddenly fall(FC) and be broken.
    Wail over her!
Get balm(FD) for her pain;
    perhaps she can be healed.

“‘We would have healed Babylon,
    but she cannot be healed;
let us leave(FE) her and each go to our own land,
    for her judgment(FF) reaches to the skies,
    it rises as high as the heavens.’

10 “‘The Lord has vindicated(FG) us;
    come, let us tell in Zion
    what the Lord our God has done.’(FH)

11 “Sharpen the arrows,(FI)
    take up the shields!(FJ)
The Lord has stirred up the kings(FK) of the Medes,(FL)
    because his purpose(FM) is to destroy Babylon.
The Lord will take vengeance,(FN)
    vengeance for his temple.(FO)
12 Lift up a banner(FP) against the walls of Babylon!
    Reinforce the guard,
station the watchmen,(FQ)
    prepare an ambush!(FR)
The Lord will carry out his purpose,(FS)
    his decree against the people of Babylon.
13 You who live by many waters(FT)
    and are rich in treasures,(FU)
your end has come,
    the time for you to be destroyed.(FV)
14 The Lord Almighty has sworn by himself:(FW)
    I will surely fill you with troops, as with a swarm of locusts,(FX)
    and they will shout(FY) in triumph over you.

15 “He made the earth by his power;
    he founded the world by his wisdom(FZ)
    and stretched(GA) out the heavens by his understanding.(GB)
16 When he thunders,(GC) the waters in the heavens roar;
    he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth.
He sends lightning with the rain(GD)
    and brings out the wind from his storehouses.(GE)

17 “Everyone is senseless and without knowledge;
    every goldsmith is shamed by his idols.
The images he makes are a fraud;(GF)
    they have no breath in them.
18 They are worthless,(GG) the objects of mockery;
    when their judgment comes, they will perish.
19 He who is the Portion(GH) of Jacob is not like these,
    for he is the Maker of all things,
including the people of his inheritance(GI)
    the Lord Almighty is his name.

20 “You are my war club,(GJ)
    my weapon for battle—
with you I shatter(GK) nations,(GL)
    with you I destroy kingdoms,
21 with you I shatter horse and rider,(GM)
    with you I shatter chariot(GN) and driver,
22 with you I shatter man and woman,
    with you I shatter old man and youth,
    with you I shatter young man and young woman,(GO)
23 with you I shatter shepherd and flock,
    with you I shatter farmer and oxen,
    with you I shatter governors and officials.(GP)

24 “Before your eyes I will repay(GQ) Babylon(GR) and all who live in Babylonia[i] for all the wrong they have done in Zion,” declares the Lord.

25 “I am against(GS) you, you destroying mountain,
    you who destroy the whole earth,”(GT)
declares the Lord.
“I will stretch out my hand(GU) against you,
    roll you off the cliffs,
    and make you a burned-out mountain.(GV)
26 No rock will be taken from you for a cornerstone,
    nor any stone for a foundation,
    for you will be desolate(GW) forever,”
declares the Lord.

27 “Lift up a banner(GX) in the land!
    Blow the trumpet among the nations!
Prepare the nations for battle against her;
    summon against her these kingdoms:(GY)
    Ararat,(GZ) Minni and Ashkenaz.(HA)
Appoint a commander against her;
    send up horses like a swarm of locusts.(HB)
28 Prepare the nations for battle against her—
    the kings of the Medes,(HC)
their governors and all their officials,
    and all the countries they rule.(HD)
29 The land trembles(HE) and writhes,
    for the Lord’s purposes(HF) against Babylon stand—
to lay waste(HG) the land of Babylon
    so that no one will live there.(HH)
30 Babylon’s warriors(HI) have stopped fighting;
    they remain in their strongholds.
Their strength is exhausted;
    they have become weaklings.(HJ)
Her dwellings are set on fire;(HK)
    the bars(HL) of her gates are broken.
31 One courier(HM) follows another
    and messenger follows messenger
to announce to the king of Babylon
    that his entire city is captured,(HN)
32 the river crossings seized,
    the marshes set on fire,(HO)
    and the soldiers terrified.(HP)

33 This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Daughter Babylon(HQ) is like a threshing floor(HR)
    at the time it is trampled;
    the time to harvest(HS) her will soon come.(HT)

34 “Nebuchadnezzar(HU) king of Babylon has devoured(HV) us,(HW)
    he has thrown us into confusion,
    he has made us an empty jar.
Like a serpent he has swallowed us
    and filled his stomach with our delicacies,
    and then has spewed(HX) us out.
35 May the violence(HY) done to our flesh[j] be on Babylon,”
    say the inhabitants of Zion.
“May our blood be on those who live in Babylonia,”
    says Jerusalem.(HZ)

36 Therefore this is what the Lord says:

“See, I will defend your cause(IA)
    and avenge(IB) you;
I will dry up(IC) her sea
    and make her springs dry.
37 Babylon will be a heap of ruins,
    a haunt(ID) of jackals,
an object of horror and scorn,(IE)
    a place where no one lives.(IF)
38 Her people all roar like young lions,(IG)
    they growl like lion cubs.
39 But while they are aroused,
    I will set out a feast for them
    and make them drunk,(IH)
so that they shout with laughter—
    then sleep forever(II) and not awake,”
declares the Lord.(IJ)
40 “I will bring them down
    like lambs to the slaughter,
    like rams and goats.(IK)

41 “How Sheshak[k](IL) will be captured,(IM)
    the boast of the whole earth seized!
How desolate(IN) Babylon will be
    among the nations!
42 The sea will rise over Babylon;
    its roaring waves(IO) will cover her.
43 Her towns will be desolate,
    a dry and desert(IP) land,
a land where no one lives,
    through which no one travels.(IQ)
44 I will punish Bel(IR) in Babylon
    and make him spew out(IS) what he has swallowed.
The nations will no longer stream to him.
    And the wall(IT) of Babylon will fall.

45 “Come out(IU) of her, my people!
    Run(IV) for your lives!
    Run from the fierce anger(IW) of the Lord.
46 Do not lose heart(IX) or be afraid(IY)
    when rumors(IZ) are heard in the land;
one rumor comes this year, another the next,
    rumors of violence in the land
    and of ruler against ruler.
47 For the time will surely come
    when I will punish the idols(JA) of Babylon;
her whole land will be disgraced(JB)
    and her slain will all lie fallen within her.(JC)
48 Then heaven and earth and all that is in them
    will shout(JD) for joy over Babylon,
for out of the north(JE)
    destroyers(JF) will attack her,”
declares the Lord.

49 “Babylon must fall because of Israel’s slain,
    just as the slain in all the earth
    have fallen because of Babylon.(JG)
50 You who have escaped the sword,
    leave(JH) and do not linger!
Remember(JI) the Lord in a distant land,(JJ)
    and call to mind Jerusalem.”

51 “We are disgraced,(JK)
    for we have been insulted
    and shame covers our faces,
because foreigners have entered
    the holy places of the Lord’s house.”(JL)

52 “But days are coming,” declares the Lord,
    “when I will punish her idols,(JM)
and throughout her land
    the wounded will groan.(JN)
53 Even if Babylon ascends to the heavens(JO)
    and fortifies her lofty stronghold,
    I will send destroyers(JP) against her,”
declares the Lord.

54 “The sound of a cry(JQ) comes from Babylon,
    the sound of great destruction(JR)
    from the land of the Babylonians.[l]
55 The Lord will destroy Babylon;
    he will silence(JS) her noisy din.
Waves(JT) of enemies will rage like great waters;
    the roar of their voices will resound.
56 A destroyer(JU) will come against Babylon;
    her warriors will be captured,
    and their bows will be broken.(JV)
For the Lord is a God of retribution;
    he will repay(JW) in full.
57 I will make her officials(JX) and wise(JY) men drunk,(JZ)
    her governors, officers and warriors as well;
they will sleep(KA) forever and not awake,”
    declares the King,(KB) whose name is the Lord Almighty.

58 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“Babylon’s thick wall(KC) will be leveled
    and her high gates(KD) set on fire;
the peoples(KE) exhaust(KF) themselves for nothing,
    the nations’ labor is only fuel for the flames.”(KG)

59 This is the message Jeremiah the prophet gave to the staff officer Seraiah son of Neriah,(KH) the son of Mahseiah, when he went to Babylon with Zedekiah(KI) king of Judah in the fourth(KJ) year of his reign. 60 Jeremiah had written on a scroll(KK) about all the disasters that would come upon Babylon—all that had been recorded concerning Babylon. 61 He said to Seraiah, “When you get to Babylon, see that you read all these words aloud. 62 Then say, ‘Lord, you have said you will destroy this place, so that neither people nor animals will live in it; it will be desolate(KL) forever.’ 63 When you finish reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and throw it into the Euphrates.(KM) 64 Then say, ‘So will Babylon sink to rise no more(KN) because of the disaster I will bring on her. And her people(KO) will fall.’”(KP)

The words of Jeremiah end(KQ) here.

Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 50:1 Or Chaldeans; also in verses 8, 25, 35 and 45
  2. Jeremiah 50:10 Or Chaldea
  3. Jeremiah 50:21 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verse 26.
  4. Jeremiah 50:38 Or A sword against
  5. Jeremiah 51:1 Leb Kamai is a cryptogram for Chaldea, that is, Babylonia.
  6. Jeremiah 51:3 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
  7. Jeremiah 51:4 Or Chaldea
  8. Jeremiah 51:5 Or Almighty, / and the land of the Babylonians
  9. Jeremiah 51:24 Or Chaldea; also in verse 35
  10. Jeremiah 51:35 Or done to us and to our children
  11. Jeremiah 51:41 Sheshak is a cryptogram for Babylon.
  12. Jeremiah 51:54 Or Chaldeans

11 and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon.(A)

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11 and Josiah the father of Jeconiah[a] and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.(A)

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 1:11 That is, Jehoiachin; also in verse 12

A second angel[a] followed, saying: “It has fallen, Babylon the Great has fallen,[b] who made all nations drink the wine of her sexual immorality,[c] which brings wrath.”(A)

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Footnotes

  1. Revelation 14:8 Lit Another angel, a second
  2. Revelation 14:8 Other mss omit the second has fallen
  3. Revelation 14:8 Or wine of her passionate immorality