Righteous Reign of the Branch

11 Then a (A)shoot will spring from the (B)stem of Jesse,
And a (C)Branch from (D)his roots will bear fruit.
The (E)Spirit of the Lord will rest on Him,
The spirit of (F)wisdom and understanding,
The spirit of counsel and (G)strength,
The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.
And He will delight in the fear of the Lord,
And He will not judge by what His eyes (H)see,
Nor make decisions by what His ears hear;
But with (I)righteousness He will judge the (J)poor,
And decide with fairness for the (K)humble of the earth;
And He will strike the earth with the (L)rod of His mouth,
And with the (M)breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.
Also (N)righteousness will be the belt around His hips,
And (O)faithfulness the belt around His waist.

And the (P)wolf will dwell with the lamb,
And the leopard will lie down with the young goat,
And the calf and the young lion [a]and the fattened steer will be together;
And a little boy will lead them.
Also the cow and the bear will graze,
Their young will lie down together,
And the (Q)lion will eat straw like the ox.
The nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra,
And the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den.
They will (R)not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain,
For the (S)earth will be full of the knowledge of the Lord
As the waters cover the sea.

10 Then on that day
The (T)nations will resort to the (U)root of Jesse,
Who will stand as a (V)signal flag for the peoples;
And His (W)resting place will be [b]glorious.

The Restored Remnant

11 Then it will happen on that day that the Lord
Will again recover with His hand the second time
The (X)remnant of His people who will remain,
From (Y)Assyria, (Z)Egypt, Pathros, Cush, (AA)Elam, Shinar, Hamath,
And from the [c](AB)islands of the sea.
12 And He will lift up a (AC)flag for the nations
And (AD)assemble the banished ones of Israel,
And will gather the dispersed of Judah
From the four corners of the earth.
13 Then the (AE)jealousy of Ephraim will depart,
And those who harass Judah will be eliminated;
Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah,
And Judah will not harass Ephraim.
14 They will (AF)swoop down on the slopes of the Philistines on the (AG)west;
Together they will (AH)plunder the [d]people of the east;
[e]They will possess (AI)Edom and (AJ)Moab,
And the sons of Ammon will be [f]subject to them.
15 And the Lord will [g](AK)utterly destroy
The tongue of the [h]Sea of Egypt;
And He will (AL)wave His hand over the (AM)Euphrates River
With His scorching wind;
And He will strike it into seven streams
And make people walk over in dry sandals.
16 And there will be a (AN)highway from Assyria
For the (AO)remnant of His people who will be left,
Just as there was for Israel
On (AP)the day that they came up out of the land of Egypt.

Thanksgiving Expressed

12 Then you will say on that day,
(AQ)I will give thanks to You, Lord;
For although (AR)You were angry with me,
Your anger is turned away,
And You comfort me.
Behold, (AS)God is my salvation,
I will (AT)trust and not be afraid;
For (AU)the Lord God is my strength and song,
And He has become my salvation.”
Therefore you will joyously (AV)draw water
From the (AW)springs of salvation.
And on that day you will (AX)say,
(AY)Give thanks to the Lord, call on His name.
(AZ)Make known His deeds among the peoples;
[i]Make them remember that His name is exalted.”
(BA)Praise the Lord in song, for He has done [j]glorious things;
Let this be known throughout the earth.
(BB)Rejoice and shout for joy, you inhabitant of Zion,
For (BC)great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel.

Prophecies about Babylon

13 The (BD)pronouncement concerning (BE)Babylon which (BF)Isaiah the son of Amoz saw:

(BG)Lift up a flag on the [k](BH)bare hill,
Raise your voice to them,
(BI)Wave the hand that they may (BJ)enter the doors of the nobles.
I have commanded My consecrated ones,
I have also called for My (BK)warriors
Who boast in My eminence,
To execute My anger.
A (BL)sound of a roar on the mountains,
Like that of many people!
A sound of an uproar of kingdoms,
Of nations gathered together!
The Lord of armies is mustering the army for battle.
They are coming from a distant country,
From the [l](BM)farthest horizons,
The Lord and the weapons of His (BN)indignation,
To (BO)destroy the whole land.

Judgment on the Day of the Lord

Wail, for the (BP)day of the Lord is near!
It will come as (BQ)destruction from [m]the Almighty.
Therefore (BR)all hands will fall limp,
And every human (BS)heart will melt.
They will be (BT)terrified,
Pains and anguish will take hold of them;
They will (BU)writhe like a woman in labor,
They will look at one another in astonishment,
Their faces aflame.
Behold, (BV)the day of the Lord is coming,
Cruel, with fury and burning anger,
To make the land a desolation;
And He will exterminate its sinners from it.
10 For the (BW)stars of heaven and their constellations
Will not flash their light;
The (BX)sun will be dark when it rises
And the moon will not shed its light.
11 So I will (BY)punish the world for its evil
And the (BZ)wicked for their wrongdoing;
I will also put an end to the (CA)audacity of the proud
And humiliate the (CB)arrogance of the [n](CC)tyrants.
12 I will make mortal man (CD)scarcer than pure gold
And mankind than the (CE)gold of Ophir.
13 Therefore I will make the (CF)heavens tremble,
And (CG)the earth will be shaken from its place
At the fury of the Lord of armies
In (CH)the day of His burning anger.
14 And it will be that, like a hunted gazelle,
Or like (CI)sheep with no one to gather them,
Each of them will turn to his own people,
And each of them will flee to his own land.
15 Anyone who is found will be (CJ)thrust through,
And anyone who is captured will fall by the sword.
16 Their (CK)little ones also will be dashed to pieces
Before their eyes;
Their houses will be plundered
And their wives raped.

Babylon Will Fall to the Medes

17 Behold, I am going to (CL)stir up the Medes against them,
Who will not value silver or (CM)take pleasure in gold.
18 And their bows will [o]mow down the (CN)young men,
They will not even have compassion on the fruit of the womb,
Nor will their (CO)eye pity [p]children.
19 And (CP)Babylon, the (CQ)beauty of kingdoms, the glory of the Chaldeans’ pride,
Will be as when God (CR)overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
20 It will (CS)never be inhabited or lived in from generation to generation;
Nor will the (CT)Arab pitch his tent there,
Nor will shepherds allow their flocks to lie down there.
21 But (CU)desert creatures will lie down there,
And their houses will be full of [q]owls;
Ostriches also will live there, and [r]shaggy goats will frolic there.
22 [s]Hyenas will howl in their fortified towers
And jackals in their luxurious (CV)palaces.
Her fateful time also [t]will soon come,
And her days will not be prolonged.

Israel’s Taunt against Babylon

14 When the Lord (CW)has compassion on Jacob and again (CX)chooses Israel, and settles them on their own land, then (CY)strangers will join them and attach themselves to the house of Jacob. The peoples will take them along and bring them to their place, and the (CZ)house of Israel will make them their own possession in the land of the Lord (DA)as male and female servants; and [u]they will take their captors captive and will rule over their oppressors.

And it will be on the day when the Lord gives you (DB)rest from your hardship, your turmoil, and from the harsh service in which you have been enslaved, that you will (DC)take up this [v]taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,

“How (DD)the oppressor has ceased,
And how the [w]onslaught has ceased!
The Lord has broken the staff of the wicked,
The scepter of rulers,
(DE)Which used to strike the peoples in fury with unceasing strokes,
Which [x]subdued the nations in anger with unrestrained persecution.
The whole earth is at rest and is quiet;
They (DF)break forth into shouts of joy.
Even the (DG)juniper trees rejoice over you, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying,
‘Since you have been laid low, no tree cutter comes up against us.’
(DH)Sheol below is excited about you, to meet you when you come;
It stirs the [y]spirits of the dead for you, all the [z]leaders of the earth;
It raises all the kings of the nations from their thrones.
10 (DI)They will all respond and say to you,
‘Even you have become weak as we,
You have become like us.
11 Your (DJ)pride and the music of your harps
Have been brought down to Sheol;
Maggots are spread out as your bed beneath you
And worms are your covering.’
12 How you have (DK)fallen from heaven,
You [aa](DL)star of the morning, son of the dawn!
You have been cut down to the earth,
You who defeated the nations!
13 But you said in your heart,
‘I will (DM)ascend to heaven;
I will (DN)raise my throne above the stars of God,
And I will sit on the mount of assembly
In the recesses of the north.
14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds;
(DO)I will make myself like the Most High.’
15 Nevertheless you (DP)will be brought down to Sheol,
To the recesses of the pit.
16 Those who see you will stare at you,
They will [ab]closely examine you, saying,
‘Is this the man who made the earth tremble,
Who shook kingdoms,
17 Who made the world like a (DQ)wilderness
And overthrew its cities,
Who (DR)did not [ac]allow his prisoners to go home?’
18 All the kings of the nations lie in glory,
Each in his own [ad]tomb.
19 But you have been (DS)hurled out of your tomb
Like [ae]a rejected branch,
[af]Clothed with those killed who have been pierced with a sword,
Who go down to the stones of the (DT)pit
Like a (DU)trampled corpse.
20 You will not be united with them in burial,
Because you have ruined your country,
You have killed your people.
May the (DV)descendants of evildoers never be mentioned.
21 Prepare a place of slaughter for his sons
Because of the (DW)wrongdoing of their fathers.
They must not arise and take possession of the earth,
And fill the surface of the world with cities.”

22 “I will rise up against them,” declares the Lord of armies, “and eliminate from Babylon (DX)name and survivors, (DY)offspring and descendants,” declares the Lord. 23 “I will also make it the property of the (DZ)hedgehog and swamps of water, and I will sweep it away with the broom of (EA)destruction,” declares the Lord of armies.

Judgment on Assyria

24 The Lord of armies has sworn, saying, “Certainly, (EB)just as I have intended, so it has happened, and just as I have planned, so it will stand, 25 to (EC)break Assyria in My land, and I will trample him on My mountains. Then his (ED)yoke will be removed from them, and his burden removed from their shoulders. 26 This is the (EE)plan [ag]devised against the entire earth; and this is the (EF)hand that is stretched out against all the nations. 27 For (EG)the Lord of armies has planned, and who can frustrate it? And as for His stretched-out hand, who can turn it back?”

Judgment on Philistia

28 In the (EH)year that King Ahaz died, this (EI)pronouncement came:

29 “Do not rejoice, (EJ)Philistia, all of you,
Because the rod that (EK)struck you is broken;
For from the serpent’s root a (EL)viper will come out,
And its fruit will be a (EM)winged serpent.
30 [ah]Those who are most (EN)helpless will eat,
And the poor will lie down in security;
I will kill your root with (EO)famine,
And it will kill your survivors.
31 Wail, you (EP)gate; cry, you city;
[ai]Melt away, (EQ)Philistia, all of you!
For smoke comes from the (ER)north,
And (ES)there is no straggler in his ranks.
32 What answer will one give the (ET)messengers of the nation?
That (EU)the Lord has founded Zion,
And (EV)the poor of His people will take refuge in it.”

Judgment on Moab

15 The pronouncement concerning (EW)Moab:

Certainly in a night (EX)Ar of Moab is devastated and ruined;
Certainly in a night Kir of Moab is devastated and ruined.
[aj]The people have gone up to the [ak]temple and to (EY)Dibon, to the high places to weep.
Moab wails over Nebo and Medeba;
Everyone’s head is (EZ)bald and every beard is cut off.
In their streets they have put on (FA)sackcloth;
(FB)On their housetops and in their public squares
Everyone is wailing, [al](FC)overcome with weeping.
(FD)Heshbon and Elealeh also cry out,
Their voice is heard all the way to Jahaz;
Therefore the [am]armed men of Moab cry aloud;
His soul trembles within him.
My heart cries out for Moab;
His fugitives are as far as (FE)Zoar and Eglath-shelishiyah,
For they go up the (FF)ascent of Luhith weeping;
Indeed, on the road to Horonaim they raise a cry of distress (FG)over their collapse.
For the (FH)waters of Nimrim are [an]desolate.
Indeed, the grass is withered, the new growth has died,
There is (FI)no greenery.
Therefore the (FJ)abundance which they have acquired and stored up,
They carry it off over the brook of [ao]Arabim.
For the cry of distress has gone around the territory of Moab,
Its wailing goes as far as Eglaim and its howling to Beer-elim.
For the waters of Dimon are full of [ap]blood;
I will certainly bring added woes upon Dimon,
A (FK)lion upon the fugitives of Moab and the remnant of the land.

Prophecy of Moab’s Devastation

16 (FL)Send the tribute lamb to the ruler of the land,
From [aq](FM)Sela by way of the wilderness to the (FN)mountain of the daughter of Zion.
Then, like (FO)fluttering birds or scattered nestlings,
The daughters of (FP)Moab will be at the crossing places of the (FQ)Arnon.
[ar]Give us advice, make a decision;
[as]Cast your (FR)shadow like night [at]at high noon;
(FS)Hide the outcasts, do not betray the fugitive.
Let the [au]outcasts of Moab stay with you;
Be a hiding place to them from the destroyer.”
For the oppressor has come to an end, destruction has ceased,
(FT)Oppressors have been removed from the land.
A (FU)throne will be established in faithfulness,
And a judge will sit on it in trustworthiness in the tent of (FV)David;
Moreover, he will seek justice,
And be prompt in righteousness.

(FW)We have heard of the pride of Moab, an excessive pride;
Even of his arrogance, pride, and fury;
(FX)His idle boasts are [av]false.
Therefore Moab will wail; everyone of Moab will wail.
You will moan for the (FY)raisin cakes of (FZ)Kir-hareseth
As those who are utterly stricken.
For the fields of (GA)Heshbon have [aw]withered, the vines of (GB)Sibmah as well;
The lords of the nations have trampled down its choice clusters
Which reached as far as Jazer and wandered to the deserts;
(GC)Its [ax]tendrils spread themselves out and passed over the sea.
Therefore I will (GD)weep bitterly for Jazer, for the vine of Sibmah;
I will drench you with my tears, (GE)Heshbon and Elealeh;
For the shouting over your (GF)summer fruits and your harvest has fallen away.
10 (GG)Gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field;
In the (GH)vineyards also there will be no cries of joy or jubilant shouting,
No (GI)treader treads out wine in the presses,
For I have made the shouting to cease.
11 Therefore my [ay](GJ)inner being sounds like a harp for Moab.
And my [az]heart for Kir-hareseth.
12 So it will come about when Moab (GK)presents himself,
When he (GL)tires himself upon his (GM)high place
And comes to his sanctuary to pray,
That he will not prevail.

13 This is the word which the Lord spoke earlier concerning Moab. 14 But now the Lord has spoken, saying, “Within three years, as [ba](GN)a hired worker would count them, the glory of (GO)Moab will become contemptible along with all his great population, and his remnant will be very small and [bb]impotent.”

Prophecy about Damascus

17 The (GP)pronouncement concerning (GQ)Damascus:

“Behold, Damascus is about to be (GR)removed from being a city
And will become a (GS)fallen ruin.
The cities [bc]of (GT)Aroer are abandoned;
They will be for (GU)herds [bd]to lie down in,
And there will be (GV)no one to frighten them.
The [be](GW)fortified city will disappear from Ephraim,
And [bf]sovereignty from Damascus
And the remnant of Aram;
They will be like the (GX)glory of the sons of Israel,”
Declares the Lord of armies.

Now on that day the (GY)glory of Jacob will [bg]fade,
And (GZ)the fatness of his flesh will become lean.
It will be (HA)like the [bh]reaper gathering the standing grain,
As his arm harvests the ears,
Or it will be like one gleaning ears of grain
In the (HB)Valley of Rephaim.
Yet (HC)gleanings will be left in it like the [bi]shaking of an olive tree,
Two or three olives on the topmost branch,
Four or five on the branches of a fruitful tree,
Declares the Lord, the God of Israel.
On that day man will (HD)look to his Maker
And his eyes will look to the Holy One of Israel.
And he will not look to the (HE)altars, the work of his hands,
Nor will he look to that which his (HF)fingers have made,
Even the [bj](HG)Asherim and incense altars.
On that day [bk]their strong cities will be like [bl]abandoned places in the forest,
Or like branches which they abandoned before the sons of Israel;
And [bm]the land will be a desolation.
10 For (HH)you have forgotten the (HI)God of your salvation
And have not remembered the (HJ)rock of your refuge.
Therefore you plant delightful plants
And set them with vine shoots of a strange god.
11 On the day that you plant it you carefully fence it in,
And in the (HK)morning you bring your seed to blossom;
But the harvest will (HL)flee
On a day of illness and incurable pain.

12 Oh, the uproar of many peoples
(HM)Who roar like the roaring of the seas,
And the rumbling of nations
Who rush on like the (HN)rumbling of mighty waters!
13 The (HO)nations rumble on like the rumbling of many waters,
But He will (HP)rebuke them, and they will flee far away,
And be chased (HQ)like chaff on the mountains before the wind,
Or like whirling dust before a gale.
14 At evening time, behold, there is terror!
Before morning (HR)they are gone.
This will be the [bn]fate of those who plunder us
And the lot of those who pillage us.

Message to Ethiopia

18 Woe, land of whirring wings
Which lies beyond the rivers of [bo](HS)Cush,
Which sends messengers by the sea,
Even in (HT)papyrus vessels on the surface of the waters.
Go, swift messengers, to a nation [bp](HU)tall and smooth,
To a people (HV)feared [bq]far and wide,
A powerful and oppressive nation
Whose land the rivers divide.
(HW)All you who inhabit the world, and live on earth,
As soon as a flag is raised on the mountains, (HX)you will see it,
And as soon as the trumpet is blown, you will hear it.

For this is what the Lord has told me:

“I will quietly look [br]from My (HY)dwelling place
Like dazzling heat in the [bs](HZ)sunshine,
Like a cloud of (IA)dew in the heat of harvest.”
For (IB)before the harvest, as soon as the bud [bt]blossoms
And the flower becomes a ripening grape,
He will cut off the shoots with pruning knives,
And remove and tear away the spreading branches.
They will be left together for mountain birds (IC)of prey,
And for the animals of the earth;
And the birds of prey will spend the summer feeding on them,
And all the animals of the earth will spend harvest time on them.
At that time a gift of tribute will be brought to the Lord of armies
[bu]From a (ID)people [bv]tall and smooth,
From a people feared [bw]far and wide,
A powerful and oppressive nation,
Whose land the rivers divide—
To the (IE)place of the name of the Lord of armies, to Mount Zion.

Message to Egypt

19 The (IF)pronouncement concerning (IG)Egypt:

Behold, the Lord is (IH)riding on a swift cloud and is about to come to Egypt;
The (II)idols of Egypt will tremble at His presence,
And the (IJ)heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.
“So I will incite Egyptians against Egyptians;
And they will fight, (IK)each against his brother and each against his neighbor,
City against city and kingdom against kingdom.
Then the spirit of the Egyptians will be demoralized within them;
And I will confuse their strategy,
So that (IL)they will resort to idols and ghosts of the dead,
And to [bx]mediums and spiritists.
Furthermore, I will hand the Egyptians over to a (IM)cruel master,
And a [by]mighty king will rule over them,” declares the Lord [bz]God of armies.

(IN)The waters from the sea will dry up,
And the river will be parched and dry.
The [ca](IO)canals will emit a stench,
The [cb](IP)streams of Egypt will thin out and dry up;
(IQ)The reeds and rushes will rot away.
The bulrushes by the (IR)Nile, by the [cc]edge of the Nile
And all the sown fields by the Nile
Will become dry, be driven away, and be no more.
And the (IS)fishermen will grieve,
And all those who cast a [cd]line into the Nile will mourn,
And those who spread nets on the waters will dwindle away.
Moreover, the manufacturers of linen made from combed flax
And the weavers of white (IT)cloth will be [ce]utterly dejected.
10 And [cf]the (IU)pillars of Egypt will be crushed;
All the hired laborers will be grieved in soul.

11 The officials of [cg](IV)Zoan are mere fools;
The advice of Pharaoh’s wisest advisers has become [ch]stupid.
How can you say to Pharaoh,
“I am a son of the (IW)wise, a son of ancient kings”?
12 Well then, where are your wise men?
Please let them tell you,
And let them [ci]understand what the Lord of armies
Has (IX)planned against Egypt.
13 The officials of [cj]Zoan have turned out to be fools,
The officials of (IY)Memphis are deluded;
Those who are the (IZ)cornerstone of her tribes
Have [ck]led Egypt astray.
14 The Lord has mixed within her a spirit of (JA)distortion;
(JB)They have led Egypt astray in all [cl]that it does,
As a (JC)drunken person [cm]staggers in his vomit.
15 There will be no work for Egypt
(JD)Which its head or tail, its palm branch or bulrush, may do.

16 On that day the Egyptians will become like women, and they will tremble and be in great (JE)fear because of the (JF)waving of the hand of the Lord of armies, which He is going to wave over them. 17 The land of Judah will become a cause of shame to Egypt; everyone to whom it is mentioned will be in great fear because of the (JG)plan of the Lord of armies which He is making against them.

18 On that day five cities in the land of Egypt will be speaking the language of Canaan and (JH)swearing allegiance to the Lord of armies; one will be called the City of [cn]Destruction.

19 On that day there will be an (JI)altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a (JJ)memorial stone to the Lord beside its border. 20 And it will become a sign and a witness to the Lord of armies in the land of Egypt; for they will cry out to the Lord because of oppressors, and He will send them a (JK)Savior and a (JL)Champion, and He will save them. 21 So the Lord will make Himself known to Egypt, and the Egyptians will know the Lord on that day. They will even worship with (JM)sacrifice and offering, and will make a vow to the Lord and perform it. 22 And the Lord will strike Egypt, striking but (JN)healing; so they will (JO)return to the Lord, and He will respond to their pleas and heal them.

23 On that day there will be a (JP)road from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrians will come into Egypt and the Egyptians into Assyria; and the Egyptians will (JQ)worship with the Assyrians.

24 On that day Israel will be the third party to Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25 whom the Lord of armies has blessed, saying, “Blessed is (JR)Egypt My people, and Assyria (JS)the work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance.”

Prophecy about Egypt and Ethiopia

20 In the year that the [co](JT)commander came to (JU)Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him and he fought against Ashdod and captured it, at that time the Lord spoke through (JV)Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go and loosen the (JW)sackcloth from your hips and take your (JX)sandals off your feet.” And he did so, going (JY)naked and barefoot. Then the Lord said, “Even as My servant Isaiah has gone naked and barefoot for three years as a (JZ)sign and symbol against Egypt and [cp](KA)Cush, so the (KB)king of Assyria will lead away the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush, (KC)young and old, naked and barefoot with buttocks uncovered, to the [cq]shame of Egypt. Then they will be (KD)terrified and ashamed because of Cush their hope and Egypt their (KE)pride. So the inhabitants of this coastland will say on that day, ‘Behold, such is our hope, where we fled (KF)for help to be saved from the king of Assyria; and (KG)how are we ourselves to escape?’”

God Commands That Babylon Be Taken

21 The (KH)pronouncement concerning the [cr](KI)wilderness of the sea:

As (KJ)windstorms in the [cs]Negev come in turns,
It comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land.
A (KK)harsh vision has been shown to me;
The (KL)treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys.
Go up, (KM)Elam, lay siege, Media;
I have put an end to all [ct]the groaning she has caused.
For this reason my (KN)loins are full of anguish;
Pains have seized me like the pains of a (KO)woman in labor.
I am so bewildered I cannot hear, so terrified I cannot see.
My [cu]mind reels, [cv]horror overwhelms me;
The twilight I longed for has been (KP)turned into trembling for me.
They (KQ)set the table, they [cw]spread out the cloth, they eat, they drink;
“Rise up, captains, oil the shields!”

For this is what the Lord says to me:

“Go, station the lookout, have him (KR)report what he sees.
When he sees [cx]a (KS)column of chariots, horsemen in pairs,
A train of donkeys, a train of camels,
He is to pay close attention, very close attention.”

Then [cy]the lookout called,

(KT)Lord, I stand continually by day on the watchtower,
And I am stationed every night at my guard post.
Now behold, here comes a troop of riders, horsemen in pairs.”
And one said, “(KU)Fallen, fallen is Babylon;
And all the (KV)images of her gods [cz]are shattered on the ground.”
10 My (KW)downtrodden people, and my [da]afflicted of the threshing floor!
What I have heard from the Lord of armies,
The God of Israel, I make known to you.

Pronouncements about Edom and Arabia

11 The pronouncement concerning [db](KX)Edom:

One keeps calling to me from (KY)Seir,
“Watchman, [dc]how far gone is the night?
Watchman, [dd]how far gone is the night?”
12 The watchman says,
“Morning comes but also night.
If you would inquire, inquire;
Come back again.”

13 The pronouncement about (KZ)Arabia:

In the thickets of Arabia you [de]must spend the night,
You caravans of (LA)Dedanites.
14 Bring water [df]for the thirsty,
You inhabitants of the land of (LB)Tema;
Meet the fugitive with bread.
15 For they have (LC)fled from the swords,
From the drawn sword, and from the bent bow,
And from the press of battle.

16 For this is what the Lord said to me: “In a (LD)year, as [dg]a hired worker would count it, all the splendor of (LE)Kedar will come to an end; 17 and the (LF)remainder of the number of bowmen, the warriors of the sons of Kedar, will be few; for the Lord God of Israel (LG)has spoken.”

The Valley of Vision

22 The pronouncement concerning the (LH)valley of vision:

What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the (LI)housetops?
You who were full of noise,
You tumultuous town, you (LJ)jubilant city;
Your dead were (LK)not killed with the sword,
Nor [dh]did they die in battle.
(LL)All your rulers have fled together,
And have been captured [di]without the bow;
All of you who were found were taken captive together,
[dj]Though they had fled far away.
Therefore I say, “Look away from me,
Let me (LM)weep bitterly,
Do not [dk]try to comfort me concerning the destruction of the daughter of my people.”
(LN)For the Lord [dl]God of armies has a (LO)day of panic, (LP)subjugation, and confusion
(LQ)In the valley of vision,
A breaking down of walls
And a crying [dm]to the mountain.
(LR)Elam picked up the quiver,
With the chariots, [dn]infantry, and horsemen;
And (LS)Kir uncovered the shield.
Then your choicest valleys were full of chariots,
And the horsemen took positions at the gate.
And He removed the [do]defense of Judah.
On that day you [dp]depended on the weapons of the (LT)house of the forest,
And you saw that the breaches
In the wall of the city of David were many;
And you (LU)collected the waters of the lower pool.
10 Then you counted the houses of Jerusalem
And tore down houses to fortify the wall.
11 And you made a reservoir (LV)between the two walls
For the waters of the (LW)old pool.
But you did not [dq]depend on Him who made it,
Nor did you [dr]take into consideration Him who planned it long ago.

12 Therefore on that day the Lord [ds]God of armies called you to (LX)weeping, to wailing,
To (LY)shaving the head, and to wearing sackcloth.
13 Instead, there is (LZ)joy and jubilation,
Killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep,
Eating of meat and drinking of wine:
(MA)Let’s eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.”
14 But the Lord of armies revealed Himself [dt]to me:
“Certainly this (MB)wrongdoing (MC)will not be [du]forgiven you
(MD)Until you die,” says the Lord [dv]God of armies.

15 This is what the Lord [dw]God of armies says:

“Come, go to this steward,
To (ME)Shebna who is in charge of the royal household,
16 ‘What right do you have here,
And whom do you have here,
That you have (MF)cut out a tomb for yourself here,
You who cut out a tomb on the height,
You who carve a resting place for [dx]yourself in the rock?
17 Behold, the Lord is about to hurl you violently, you strong man.
And He is about to grasp you firmly
18 And wrap you up tightly like a ball,
To be (MG)driven into a vast country;
There you will die,
And there your splendid chariots will be,
You shame of your master’s house!’
19 I will (MH)depose you from your office,
And [dy]I will pull you down from your position.
20 Then it will come about on that day,
That I will summon My servant (MI)Eliakim the son of Hilkiah,
21 And I will clothe him with your tunic
And tie your sash securely around him.
I will hand your [dz]authority over to him,
And he will become a (MJ)father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.
22 Then I will put (MK)the key of the (ML)house of David on his shoulder;
When he opens, no one will shut,
When he shuts, no one will (MM)open.
23 I will drive him like a (MN)peg in a firm place,
And he will become a (MO)throne of glory to his father’s house.

24 So they will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the [ea]descendants, all the least of vessels, from bowls to all the jars. 25 On that day,” declares the Lord of armies, “the (MP)peg driven into a firm place will give way; it will even (MQ)break off and fall, and the load that is hanging on it will be cut off, for the (MR)Lord has spoken.”

The Fall of Tyre

23 The pronouncement concerning (MS)Tyre:

Wail, you (MT)ships of (MU)Tarshish,
For Tyre is destroyed, without house or [eb](MV)harbor;
It is reported to them from the land of [ec](MW)Cyprus.
(MX)Be silent, you inhabitants of the coastland,
You merchants of Sidon;
[ed]Your messengers crossed the sea
And were on many waters.
(MY)The grain of the [ee](MZ)Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue;
And she was the (NA)market of nations.
Be ashamed, (NB)Sidon,
For the sea speaks, the stronghold of the sea, saying,
“I have neither been in labor nor given birth,
I have neither brought up young men nor raised virgins.”
When the report reaches Egypt,
They will be in (NC)anguish over the report of Tyre.
Pass over to (ND)Tarshish;
Wail, you inhabitants of the coastland.
Is this your (NE)jubilant city,
Whose origin is from antiquity,
Whose feet used to bring her to [ef]colonize distant places?

Who has planned this against Tyre, (NF)the bestower of crowns,
Whose merchants were princes, whose traders were the honored of the earth?
(NG)The Lord of armies has planned it, to (NH)defile the pride of all beauty,
To despise all the (NI)honored of the earth.
10 [eg]Overflow your land like the Nile, you daughter of Tarshish,
There is no more [eh]restraint.
11 He has (NJ)stretched His hand out (NK)over the sea,
He has (NL)made the kingdoms tremble;
The Lord has given a command concerning Canaan to (NM)demolish its strongholds.

12 He has said, “(NN)You shall not be jubilant anymore, you crushed virgin daughter of Sidon.
Arise, pass over to [ei](NO)Cyprus; even there you will find no rest.”

13 Behold, the land of the Chaldeans—this is the people that did not exist; (NP)Assyria allocated it for (NQ)desert creatures—they erected their siege towers, they stripped its palaces, (NR)they made it a ruin.

14 Wail, you (NS)ships of Tarshish,
For your stronghold is destroyed.

15 Now on that day Tyre will be forgotten for (NT)seventy years like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the prostitute:

16 Take your harp, wander around the city,
You forgotten prostitute;
Pluck the strings skillfully, sing many songs,
That you may be remembered.

17 It will come about at (NU)the end of seventy years that the Lord will visit Tyre. Then she will go back to her prostitute’s wages and (NV)commit prostitution with all the kingdoms [ej]on the face of the earth. 18 Her (NW)profit and her prostitute’s wages will be (NX)sacred to the Lord; it will not be stored up or hoarded, but her profit will become sufficient food and magnificent attire for those who dwell in the presence of the Lord.

Judgment on the Earth

24 Behold, the Lord (NY)lays the earth waste, devastates it, twists its surface, and scatters its inhabitants. And the people will be like the priest, the servant like his master, the female servant like her mistress, the buyer like the seller, the lender like the borrower, the (NZ)creditor like the debtor. The earth will be completely laid waste and completely plundered, for the Lord has spoken this word. The (OA)earth dries up and crumbles away, the mainland dries out and crumbles away, the (OB)exalted of the people of the earth dwindle. The earth is also (OC)defiled [ek]by its inhabitants, for they violated laws, altered statutes, and (OD)broke the everlasting covenant. Therefore, a (OE)curse devours the earth, and those who live on it suffer for their guilt. Therefore, the (OF)inhabitants of the earth decrease in number, and few people are left.

The (OG)new wine mourns,
The vine decays,
All the joyful-hearted sigh.
The (OH)joy of tambourines ceases,
The noise of revelers stops,
The joy of the harp ceases.
They do not drink wine with song;
(OI)Intoxicating drink is (OJ)bitter to those who drink it.
10 The (OK)city of chaos is broken down;
(OL)Every house is shut up so that no one may enter.
11 There is an (OM)outcry in the streets concerning the wine;
(ON)All joy [el]turns to gloom.
The joy of the earth is banished.
12 Desolation is left in the city
And the (OO)gate is battered to ruins.
13 For (OP)so it will be in the midst of the earth among the peoples,
As the [em]shaking of an olive tree,
As the gleanings when the grape harvest is over.
14 (OQ)They raise their voices, they shout for joy;
They cry out from the [en]west concerning the majesty of the Lord.
15 Therefore (OR)glorify the Lord in the [eo]east,
The (OS)name of the Lord, the God of Israel,
In the [ep](OT)coastlands of the sea.
16 From the (OU)ends of the earth we hear songs: “(OV)Glory to the Righteous One,”
But I say, “[eq]I am finished! I am finished! Woe to me!
The (OW)treacherous deal treacherously,
And the treacherous deal very treacherously.”
17 (OX)Terror and pit and snare
[er]Confront you, you inhabitant of the earth.
18 Then it will be that the one who flees the sound of terror will fall into the pit,
And the one who [es]climbs out of the pit will be caught in the snare;
For the (OY)windows [et]above are opened, and the (OZ)foundations of the earth shake.
19 (PA)The earth is broken apart,
The earth is (PB)split through,
The earth is shaken violently.
20 The earth (PC)trembles like a heavy drinker
And sways like a hut,
For its (PD)wrongdoing is heavy upon it,
And it will fall, (PE)never to rise again.
21 So it will happen on that day,
That the Lord will (PF)punish the rebellious [eu](PG)angels of [ev]heaven on high,
And the (PH)kings of the earth on earth.
22 They will be gathered together
Like (PI)prisoners in the [ew]dungeon,
And will be confined in prison;
And after many days they will (PJ)be punished.
23 Then the (PK)moon will be ashamed and the sun be put to shame,
For the (PL)Lord of armies will reign on (PM)Mount Zion and in Jerusalem,
And His glory will be before His elders.

Song of Praise for God’s Favor

25 Lord, You are (PN)my God;
I will exalt You, I will give thanks to Your name;
For You have (PO)worked wonders,
(PP)Plans formed long ago, with perfect faithfulness.
For You have turned a city into a (PQ)heap,
A (PR)fortified city into a ruin;
A (PS)palace of strangers is no longer a city,
It will never be rebuilt.
Therefore a strong people will (PT)glorify You;
(PU)Cities of ruthless nations will revere You.
For You have been a (PV)stronghold for the helpless,
A stronghold for the poor in his distress,
A (PW)refuge from the storm, a shade from the heat;
For the breath of the (PX)ruthless
Is like a rain storm against a wall.
Like heat in a dry land, You subdue the (PY)uproar of foreigners;
Like heat by the shadow of a cloud, the song of the ruthless is [ex]silenced.

(PZ)Now the Lord of armies will prepare a [ey]lavish banquet for (QA)all peoples on this mountain;
A banquet of [ez]aged wine, [fa]choice pieces with marrow,
And [fb]refined, aged wine.
And on this mountain He will destroy the [fc](QB)covering which is over all peoples,
The veil which is [fd]stretched over all nations.
He will [fe](QC)swallow up death for all time,
And the Lord [ff]God will (QD)wipe tears away from all faces,
And He will remove the (QE)disgrace of His people from all the earth;
For the Lord has spoken.
And it will be said on that day,
“Behold, (QF)this is our God for whom we have (QG)waited [fg]that (QH)He might save us.
This is the Lord for whom we have waited;
(QI)Let’s rejoice and be glad in His salvation.”
10 For the hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain,
And (QJ)Moab will be trampled down in his place
As straw is trampled down in the water of a manure pile.
11 And he will (QK)spread out his hands in the middle of it
As a swimmer spreads out his hands to swim,
But the Lord will (QL)lay low his pride together with the trickery of his hands.
12 The (QM)unassailable fortifications of your walls He will bring down,
Lay low, and throw to the ground, to the dust.

Song of Trust in God’s Protection

26 (QN)On that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:

“We have a (QO)strong city;
He sets up walls and ramparts for [fh](QP)security.
Open the (QQ)gates, that the (QR)righteous nation may enter,
The one that [fi]remains faithful.
The steadfast of mind You will keep in perfect (QS)peace,
Because he trusts in You.
(QT)Trust in the Lord forever,
For in [fj]God the Lord, we have an everlasting (QU)Rock.
For He has brought low those who dwell on high, the (QV)unassailable city;
(QW)He lays it low, He lays it low to the ground, He casts it to the dust.
(QX)The foot will trample it,
The feet of the (QY)poor, the steps of the helpless.”

The (QZ)way of the righteous is smooth;
O Upright One, (RA)make the path of the righteous level.
Indeed, while following the way of (RB)Your judgments, Lord,
We have waited for You eagerly;
(RC)Your name, and (RD)remembering You, is the desire of our souls.
(RE)At night [fk]my soul longs for You,
Indeed, [fl]my spirit within me (RF)seeks You diligently;
For when the earth [fm]experiences Your judgments,
The inhabitants of the world (RG)learn righteousness.
10 Though the wicked person is shown compassion,
He does not (RH)learn righteousness;
He (RI)deals unjustly in the land of uprightness,
And does not perceive the majesty of the Lord.

11 Lord, Your hand is lifted up, yet they (RJ)do not see it.
[fn]They see (RK)Your zeal for the people and are put to shame;
Indeed, [fo](RL)fire will devour Your enemies.
12 Lord, You will establish (RM)peace for us,
Since You have also performed for us all our works.
13 Lord, our God, (RN)other masters besides You have ruled us;
But through You alone we [fp](RO)confess Your name.
14 (RP)The dead will not live, the [fq]departed spirits will not rise;
Therefore You have (RQ)punished and destroyed them,
And You have eliminated all remembrance of them.
15 (RR)You have increased the nation, Lord,
You have increased the nation, You are glorified;
You have (RS)extended all the borders of the land.
16 Lord, they sought You (RT)in distress;
They [fr]could only whisper a prayer,
Your discipline was upon them.
17 (RU)As the pregnant woman approaches the time to give birth,
She writhes and cries out in her labor pains;
This is how we were before You, Lord.
18 We were pregnant, we writhed in labor,
We (RV)gave birth, as it seems, only to wind.
We could not accomplish deliverance for the earth,
Nor were (RW)inhabitants of the world [fs]born.
19 Your (RX)dead will live;
[ft]Their corpses will rise.
You who lie in the dust, (RY)awake and shout for joy,
For your dew is as the dew of the [fu]dawn,
And the earth will [fv]give birth to the [fw]departed spirits.

20 Come, my people, (RZ)enter your rooms
And close your doors behind you;
Hide for a little [fx](SA)while
Until (SB)indignation [fy]runs its course.
21 For behold, the Lord is about to (SC)come out from His place
To (SD)punish the inhabitants of the earth for their wrongdoing;
And the earth will (SE)reveal her bloodshed
And will no longer cover her slain.

God’s Blessings for Israel

27 On that day (SF)the Lord will punish [fz](SG)Leviathan the fleeing serpent,
With His fierce and great and mighty sword,
Even [ga]Leviathan the twisted serpent;
And (SH)He will kill the dragon who lives in the sea.

On that day,
“A [gb](SI)vineyard of beauty, sing of it!
I, the Lord, am its keeper;
(SJ)I water it every moment.
So that no one will [gc]damage it,
I (SK)guard it night and day.
I have no wrath.
Should [gd]someone give Me (SL)briars and thorns in battle,
Then I would step on them, (SM)I would burn them [ge]completely.
Or let him [gf](SN)rely on My protection,
Let him make peace with Me,
Let him (SO)make peace with Me.”
[gg]In the days to come Jacob (SP)will take root,
Israel will (SQ)blossom and sprout,
And they will fill the [gh]whole world with (SR)fruit.

Like the striking of Him who has struck them, has (SS)He struck them?
Or like the slaughter of His slain, [gi]have they been slain?
You contended with them [gj]by banishing them, by (ST)driving them away.
With His fierce wind He has expelled them on the day of the (SU)east wind.
Therefore through this Jacob’s wrongdoing will be (SV)forgiven;
And this will be [gk]the full price of the [gl](SW)pardoning of his sin:
When he makes all the (SX)altar stones like pulverized chalk stones;
When [gm]Asherim and incense altars will not stand.
10 For the fortified city is (SY)isolated,
A [gn]homestead deserted and abandoned like the desert;
(SZ)There the calf will graze,
And there it will lie down and [go]feed on its branches.
11 When its (TA)limbs are dry, they are broken off;
Women come and make a fire with them,
For they are not a people of (TB)discernment,
Therefore (TC)their Maker (TD)will not have compassion on them.
And their Creator will not be gracious to them.

12 On that day the Lord (TE)will thresh from the flowing stream of the (TF)Euphrates River to the brook of Egypt, and you will be (TG)gathered up one by one, you sons of Israel. 13 It will come about also on that day that a great (TH)trumpet will be blown, and those who were perishing in the land of (TI)Assyria and who were scattered in the land of Egypt will come and (TJ)worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.


  1. Isaiah 11:6 Some ancient versions will feed together
  2. Isaiah 11:10 Lit glory
  3. Isaiah 11:11 Or coastlands
  4. Isaiah 11:14 Lit sons
  5. Isaiah 11:14 Lit Edom and Moab will be the outstretching of their hand
  6. Isaiah 11:14 Lit their obedience
  7. Isaiah 11:15 Another reading is dry up the tongue
  8. Isaiah 11:15 Perhaps the Red Sea
  9. Isaiah 12:4 Or Proclaim to them that
  10. Isaiah 12:5 Or gloriously
  11. Isaiah 13:2 Or wind-swept mountain
  12. Isaiah 13:5 Lit end of heaven
  13. Isaiah 13:6 Heb Shaddai
  14. Isaiah 13:11 Or violent
  15. Isaiah 13:18 Lit dash in pieces
  16. Isaiah 13:18 Lit sons
  17. Isaiah 13:21 Or howling creatures
  18. Isaiah 13:21 Or goat demons
  19. Isaiah 13:22 Or howling creatures
  20. Isaiah 13:22 Lit is near to come
  21. Isaiah 14:2 Lit the captors will become their captives
  22. Isaiah 14:4 Or proverb
  23. Isaiah 14:4 As in DSS and ancient versions; MT uncertain
  24. Isaiah 14:6 Or ruled
  25. Isaiah 14:9 Or shades (Heb Repha’im)
  26. Isaiah 14:9 Lit male goats
  27. Isaiah 14:12 Heb Helel; i.e., shining one
  28. Isaiah 14:16 Lit show themselves attentive to
  29. Isaiah 14:17 Lit open
  30. Isaiah 14:18 Lit house
  31. Isaiah 14:19 Lit an abhorred branch
  32. Isaiah 14:19 Or As the clothing of those who are slain
  33. Isaiah 14:26 Lit planned
  34. Isaiah 14:30 Lit The firstborn of the helpless
  35. Isaiah 14:31 Or Become demoralized
  36. Isaiah 15:2 Lit He has gone; i.e., Moab, meaning the people of Moab
  37. Isaiah 15:2 Lit house
  38. Isaiah 15:3 Lit going down in weeping
  39. Isaiah 15:4 Another reading is the loins of
  40. Isaiah 15:6 Lit desolations
  41. Isaiah 15:7 Or the poplars
  42. Isaiah 15:9 Heb dam (a wordplay)
  43. Isaiah 16:1 I.e., Petra in Edom
  44. Isaiah 16:3 Lit Bring
  45. Isaiah 16:3 Lit Set
  46. Isaiah 16:3 Lit in the midst of the noon
  47. Isaiah 16:4 As in most ancient versions; MT My outcasts, as for Moab
  48. Isaiah 16:6 Lit not so
  49. Isaiah 16:8 Or dried out
  50. Isaiah 16:8 I.e., parts of a climbing plant that attach to its support
  51. Isaiah 16:11 Lit entrails murmur
  52. Isaiah 16:11 Lit inward parts
  53. Isaiah 16:14 Lit the years of a hired
  54. Isaiah 16:14 Lit not mighty
  55. Isaiah 17:2 LXX forever and ever
  56. Isaiah 17:2 Lit and they will lie down
  57. Isaiah 17:3 Or fortification
  58. Isaiah 17:3 Or royal power
  59. Isaiah 17:4 Lit become little
  60. Isaiah 17:5 Lit gathering of the harvest, the standing grain
  61. Isaiah 17:6 Lit striking
  62. Isaiah 17:8 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  63. Isaiah 17:9 Lit his; i.e., mankind’s
  64. Isaiah 17:9 LXX the deserted places of the Amorites and the Hivites which they abandoned
  65. Isaiah 17:9 Lit it
  66. Isaiah 17:14 Lit portion
  67. Isaiah 18:1 Or Ethiopia
  68. Isaiah 18:2 Lit drawn out
  69. Isaiah 18:2 Lit from it and beyond
  70. Isaiah 18:4 Lit in
  71. Isaiah 18:4 Lit light
  72. Isaiah 18:5 Lit is finished
  73. Isaiah 18:7 Some ancient versions and DSS; MT implies Consisting of a people
  74. Isaiah 18:7 Lit drawn out
  75. Isaiah 18:7 Lit from it and beyond
  76. Isaiah 19:3 Or ghosts and spirits
  77. Isaiah 19:4 Or fierce
  78. Isaiah 19:4 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  79. Isaiah 19:6 Lit rivers
  80. Isaiah 19:6 Or Nile branches; i.e., the delta
  81. Isaiah 19:7 Or mouth
  82. Isaiah 19:8 Lit hook
  83. Isaiah 19:9 Lit ashamed
  84. Isaiah 19:10 Lit her pillars; or her weavers
  85. Isaiah 19:11 Or Tanis
  86. Isaiah 19:11 Or brutish
  87. Isaiah 19:12 Or know
  88. Isaiah 19:13 Or Tanis
  89. Isaiah 19:13 Or have caused Egypt to stagger
  90. Isaiah 19:14 Lit its work
  91. Isaiah 19:14 Or goes astray
  92. Isaiah 19:18 Some mss and ancient versions the Sun
  93. Isaiah 20:1 Heb Tartan
  94. Isaiah 20:3 Or Ethiopia, as in vv 4, 5
  95. Isaiah 20:4 Lit nakedness
  96. Isaiah 21:1 Or sandy wastes, sea country
  97. Isaiah 21:1 I.e., South country
  98. Isaiah 21:2 Lit her groaning
  99. Isaiah 21:4 Lit heart has wandered
  100. Isaiah 21:4 Lit shuddering
  101. Isaiah 21:5 Or spread out the rugs or possibly they arranged the seating
  102. Isaiah 21:7 Or riders
  103. Isaiah 21:8 As in DSS; MT he called like a lion
  104. Isaiah 21:9 Lit he has shattered to the earth
  105. Isaiah 21:10 Lit son
  106. Isaiah 21:11 As in LXX; MT Dumah, silence
  107. Isaiah 21:11 Lit what is the time of the night?
  108. Isaiah 21:11 Lit what is the time of the night?
  109. Isaiah 21:13 Or will spend
  110. Isaiah 21:14 Lit to meet
  111. Isaiah 21:16 Lit the years of a hired
  112. Isaiah 22:2 Lit dead in battle
  113. Isaiah 22:3 Lit from a bow
  114. Isaiah 22:3 As in ancient versions; MT They fled far away
  115. Isaiah 22:4 Lit insist
  116. Isaiah 22:5 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  117. Isaiah 22:5 Or against
  118. Isaiah 22:6 Lit man
  119. Isaiah 22:8 Lit covering
  120. Isaiah 22:8 Lit looked to
  121. Isaiah 22:11 Or look to, consider
  122. Isaiah 22:11 Lit see Him
  123. Isaiah 22:12 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  124. Isaiah 22:14 Lit in my ears
  125. Isaiah 22:14 Lit atoned for
  126. Isaiah 22:14 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  127. Isaiah 22:15 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  128. Isaiah 22:16 Lit himself
  129. Isaiah 22:19 As in many ancient versions; MT He
  130. Isaiah 22:21 Lit dominion
  131. Isaiah 22:24 Or perhaps, leaf
  132. Isaiah 23:1 Lit entering
  133. Isaiah 23:1 Heb Kittim
  134. Isaiah 23:2 As in DSS; MT Who passed over the sea, they replenished you
  135. Isaiah 23:3 Heb Shihor
  136. Isaiah 23:7 Lit sojourn afar off
  137. Isaiah 23:10 Lit Pass over
  138. Isaiah 23:10 Perhaps girdle or shipyard
  139. Isaiah 23:12 Heb Kittim
  140. Isaiah 23:17 Lit of the earth on the face of the land
  141. Isaiah 24:5 Lit under
  142. Isaiah 24:11 Lit is darkened
  143. Isaiah 24:13 Lit striking
  144. Isaiah 24:14 Lit sea
  145. Isaiah 24:15 Lit region of light
  146. Isaiah 24:15 Or islands
  147. Isaiah 24:16 Meaning uncertain
  148. Isaiah 24:17 Lit Are upon you
  149. Isaiah 24:18 Lit goes up from the midst of
  150. Isaiah 24:18 Lit from the height; i.e., heaven
  151. Isaiah 24:21 Lit host
  152. Isaiah 24:21 Lit the height in the height
  153. Isaiah 24:22 Lit pit
  154. Isaiah 25:5 Lit humbled
  155. Isaiah 25:6 Lit feast of fat things; i.e., abundance
  156. Isaiah 25:6 Lit wine on the lees
  157. Isaiah 25:6 Lit fat pieces
  158. Isaiah 25:6 Lit wine refined on the lees
  159. Isaiah 25:7 Lit face of the covering
  160. Isaiah 25:7 Lit woven
  161. Isaiah 25:8 I.e., destroy
  162. Isaiah 25:8 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  163. Isaiah 25:9 Or and He saved us
  164. Isaiah 26:1 Or salvation
  165. Isaiah 26:2 Lit keeps faithfulness
  166. Isaiah 26:4 Heb Yah, usually rendered Lord
  167. Isaiah 26:9 Lit with my soul I long
  168. Isaiah 26:9 Lit with my spirit...I seek
  169. Isaiah 26:9 Lit has
  170. Isaiah 26:11 Or Let them see...and be
  171. Isaiah 26:11 Or let the fire for Your adversaries devour them
  172. Isaiah 26:13 Or make Your name known
  173. Isaiah 26:14 Or shades
  174. Isaiah 26:16 Lit sound forth a whisper
  175. Isaiah 26:18 Lit fallen
  176. Isaiah 26:19 As in some ancient versions; MT My
  177. Isaiah 26:19 Lit lights
  178. Isaiah 26:19 Lit cause to fall
  179. Isaiah 26:19 Or shades
  180. Isaiah 26:20 Lit moment
  181. Isaiah 26:20 Lit passes over
  182. Isaiah 27:1 Or sea monster
  183. Isaiah 27:1 Or sea monster
  184. Isaiah 27:2 Some mss a vineyard of wine
  185. Isaiah 27:3 Lit punish
  186. Isaiah 27:4 Lit who
  187. Isaiah 27:4 Lit altogether
  188. Isaiah 27:5 Lit take hold of
  189. Isaiah 27:6 Lit Those coming
  190. Isaiah 27:6 Lit face of the world
  191. Isaiah 27:7 Lit he was slain
  192. Isaiah 27:8 Some ancient versions by exact measure
  193. Isaiah 27:9 Lit all the fruit
  194. Isaiah 27:9 Lit removing
  195. Isaiah 27:9 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  196. Isaiah 27:10 Lit pasture
  197. Isaiah 27:10 Lit consume

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