Message to Egypt

19 The (A)pronouncement concerning (B)Egypt:

Behold, the Lord is (C)riding on a swift cloud and is about to come to Egypt;
The (D)idols of Egypt will tremble at His presence,
And the (E)heart of the Egyptians will melt within them.
“So I will incite Egyptians against Egyptians;
And they will fight, (F)each against his brother and each against his neighbor,
City against city and kingdom against kingdom.
Then the spirit of the Egyptians will be demoralized within them;
And I will confuse their strategy,
So that (G)they will resort to idols and ghosts of the dead,
And to [a]mediums and spiritists.
Furthermore, I will hand the Egyptians over to a (H)cruel master,
And a [b]mighty king will rule over them,” declares the Lord [c]God of armies.

(I)The waters from the sea will dry up,
And the river will be parched and dry.
The [d](J)canals will emit a stench,
The [e](K)streams of Egypt will thin out and dry up;
(L)The reeds and rushes will rot away.
The bulrushes by the (M)Nile, by the [f]edge of the Nile
And all the sown fields by the Nile
Will become dry, be driven away, and be no more.
And the (N)fishermen will grieve,
And all those who cast a [g]line into the Nile will mourn,
And those who spread nets on the waters will dwindle away.
Moreover, the manufacturers of linen made from combed flax
And the weavers of white (O)cloth will be [h]utterly dejected.
10 And [i]the (P)pillars of Egypt will be crushed;
All the hired laborers will be grieved in soul.

11 The officials of [j](Q)Zoan are mere fools;
The advice of Pharaoh’s wisest advisers has become [k]stupid.
How can you say to Pharaoh,
“I am a son of the (R)wise, a son of ancient kings”?
12 Well then, where are your wise men?
Please let them tell you,
And let them [l]understand what the Lord of armies
Has (S)planned against Egypt.
13 The officials of [m]Zoan have turned out to be fools,
The officials of (T)Memphis are deluded;
Those who are the (U)cornerstone of her tribes
Have [n]led Egypt astray.
14 The Lord has mixed within her a spirit of (V)distortion;
(W)They have led Egypt astray in all [o]that it does,
As a (X)drunken person [p]staggers in his vomit.
15 There will be no work for Egypt
(Y)Which its head or tail, its palm branch or bulrush, may do.

16 On that day the Egyptians will become like women, and they will tremble and be in great (Z)fear because of the (AA)waving of the hand of the Lord of armies, which He is going to wave over them. 17 The land of Judah will become a cause of shame to Egypt; everyone to whom it is mentioned will be in great fear because of the (AB)plan of the Lord of armies which He is making against them.

18 On that day five cities in the land of Egypt will be speaking the language of Canaan and (AC)swearing allegiance to the Lord of armies; one will be called the City of [q]Destruction.

19 On that day there will be an (AD)altar to the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a (AE)memorial stone to the Lord beside its border. 20 And it will become a sign and a witness to the Lord of armies in the land of Egypt; for they will cry out to the Lord because of oppressors, and He will send them a (AF)Savior and a (AG)Champion, and He will save them. 21 So the Lord will make Himself known to Egypt, and the Egyptians will know the Lord on that day. They will even worship with (AH)sacrifice and offering, and will make a vow to the Lord and perform it. 22 And the Lord will strike Egypt, striking but (AI)healing; so they will (AJ)return to the Lord, and He will respond to their pleas and heal them.

23 On that day there will be a (AK)road from Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrians will come into Egypt and the Egyptians into Assyria; and the Egyptians will (AL)worship with the Assyrians.

24 On that day Israel will be the third party to Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth, 25 whom the Lord of armies has blessed, saying, “Blessed is (AM)Egypt My people, and Assyria (AN)the work of My hands, and Israel My inheritance.”

Prophecy about Egypt and Ethiopia

20 In the year that the [r](AO)commander came to (AP)Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him and he fought against Ashdod and captured it, at that time the Lord spoke through (AQ)Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go and loosen the (AR)sackcloth from your hips and take your (AS)sandals off your feet.” And he did so, going (AT)naked and barefoot. Then the Lord said, “Even as My servant Isaiah has gone naked and barefoot for three years as a (AU)sign and symbol against Egypt and [s](AV)Cush, so the (AW)king of Assyria will lead away the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush, (AX)young and old, naked and barefoot with buttocks uncovered, to the [t]shame of Egypt. Then they will be (AY)terrified and ashamed because of Cush their hope and Egypt their (AZ)pride. So the inhabitants of this coastland will say on that day, ‘Behold, such is our hope, where we fled (BA)for help to be saved from the king of Assyria; and (BB)how are we ourselves to escape?’”

God Commands That Babylon Be Taken

21 The (BC)pronouncement concerning the [u](BD)wilderness of the sea:

As (BE)windstorms in the [v]Negev come in turns,
It comes from the wilderness, from a terrifying land.
A (BF)harsh vision has been shown to me;
The (BG)treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys.
Go up, (BH)Elam, lay siege, Media;
I have put an end to all [w]the groaning she has caused.
For this reason my (BI)loins are full of anguish;
Pains have seized me like the pains of a (BJ)woman in labor.
I am so bewildered I cannot hear, so terrified I cannot see.
My [x]mind reels, [y]horror overwhelms me;
The twilight I longed for has been (BK)turned into trembling for me.
They (BL)set the table, they [z]spread out the cloth, they eat, they drink;
“Rise up, captains, oil the shields!”

For this is what the Lord says to me:

“Go, station the lookout, have him (BM)report what he sees.
When he sees [aa]a (BN)column of chariots, horsemen in pairs,
A train of donkeys, a train of camels,
He is to pay close attention, very close attention.”

Then [ab]the lookout called,

(BO)Lord, I stand continually by day on the watchtower,
And I am stationed every night at my guard post.
Now behold, here comes a troop of riders, horsemen in pairs.”
And one said, “(BP)Fallen, fallen is Babylon;
And all the (BQ)images of her gods [ac]are shattered on the ground.”
10 My (BR)downtrodden people, and my [ad]afflicted of the threshing floor!
What I have heard from the Lord of armies,
The God of Israel, I make known to you.

Pronouncements about Edom and Arabia

11 The pronouncement concerning [ae](BS)Edom:

One keeps calling to me from (BT)Seir,
“Watchman, [af]how far gone is the night?
Watchman, [ag]how far gone is the night?”
12 The watchman says,
“Morning comes but also night.
If you would inquire, inquire;
Come back again.”

13 The pronouncement about (BU)Arabia:

In the thickets of Arabia you [ah]must spend the night,
You caravans of (BV)Dedanites.
14 Bring water [ai]for the thirsty,
You inhabitants of the land of (BW)Tema;
Meet the fugitive with bread.
15 For they have (BX)fled from the swords,
From the drawn sword, and from the bent bow,
And from the press of battle.

16 For this is what the Lord said to me: “In a (BY)year, as [aj]a hired worker would count it, all the splendor of (BZ)Kedar will come to an end; 17 and the (CA)remainder of the number of bowmen, the warriors of the sons of Kedar, will be few; for the Lord God of Israel (CB)has spoken.”


  1. Isaiah 19:3 Or ghosts and spirits
  2. Isaiah 19:4 Or fierce
  3. Isaiah 19:4 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  4. Isaiah 19:6 Lit rivers
  5. Isaiah 19:6 Or Nile branches; i.e., the delta
  6. Isaiah 19:7 Or mouth
  7. Isaiah 19:8 Lit hook
  8. Isaiah 19:9 Lit ashamed
  9. Isaiah 19:10 Lit her pillars; or her weavers
  10. Isaiah 19:11 Or Tanis
  11. Isaiah 19:11 Or brutish
  12. Isaiah 19:12 Or know
  13. Isaiah 19:13 Or Tanis
  14. Isaiah 19:13 Or have caused Egypt to stagger
  15. Isaiah 19:14 Lit its work
  16. Isaiah 19:14 Or goes astray
  17. Isaiah 19:18 Some mss and ancient versions the Sun
  18. Isaiah 20:1 Heb Tartan
  19. Isaiah 20:3 Or Ethiopia, as in vv 4, 5
  20. Isaiah 20:4 Lit nakedness
  21. Isaiah 21:1 Or sandy wastes, sea country
  22. Isaiah 21:1 I.e., South country
  23. Isaiah 21:2 Lit her groaning
  24. Isaiah 21:4 Lit heart has wandered
  25. Isaiah 21:4 Lit shuddering
  26. Isaiah 21:5 Or spread out the rugs or possibly they arranged the seating
  27. Isaiah 21:7 Or riders
  28. Isaiah 21:8 As in DSS; MT he called like a lion
  29. Isaiah 21:9 Lit he has shattered to the earth
  30. Isaiah 21:10 Lit son
  31. Isaiah 21:11 As in LXX; MT Dumah, silence
  32. Isaiah 21:11 Lit what is the time of the night?
  33. Isaiah 21:11 Lit what is the time of the night?
  34. Isaiah 21:13 Or will spend
  35. Isaiah 21:14 Lit to meet
  36. Isaiah 21:16 Lit the years of a hired

The Council at Jerusalem

Then after an interval of fourteen years I (A)went up again to Jerusalem with (B)Barnabas, taking (C)Titus along also. [a]It was because of a (D)revelation that I went up; and I submitted to them the (E)gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but I did so in private to those who were of reputation, for fear that somehow I might be (F)running, or had run, in vain. But not even (G)Titus, who was with me, though he was a Greek, was (H)compelled to be circumcised. Yet it was a concern because of the (I)false brothers secretly brought in, who (J)had sneaked in to spy on our (K)freedom which we have in Christ Jesus, in order to (L)enslave us. But we did not yield in subjection to them, even for an hour, so that (M)the truth of the gospel would remain with you. But from those who [b]were of considerable (N)repute (what they were makes no difference to me; (O)God shows no favoritism)—well, those who were of repute contributed nothing to me. But on the contrary, seeing that I had been (P)entrusted with the (Q)gospel [c]to the uncircumcised, just as (R)Peter had been [d]to the circumcised (for He who was at work for Peter in his (S)apostleship [e]to the circumcised was at work for me also to the Gentiles), and recognizing (T)the grace that had been given to me, [f](U)James and [g](V)Cephas and John, who were (W)reputed to be (X)pillars, gave to me and (Y)Barnabas the (Z)right [h]hand of fellowship, so that we might (AA)go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcised. 10 They only asked us to remember the poor—(AB)the very thing I also was eager to do.

Peter (Cephas) Opposed by Paul

11 But when (AC)Cephas came to (AD)Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he [i]stood condemned. 12 For prior to the coming of some men from [j](AE)James, he used to (AF)eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he began to withdraw and separate himself, (AG)fearing those from the circumcision. 13 The rest of the Jews joined him in hypocrisy, with the result that even (AH)Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they (AI)were not [k]straightforward about (AJ)the truth of the gospel, I said to (AK)Cephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, (AL)live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?[l]

15 “We are (AM)Jews by nature and not (AN)sinners from the Gentiles; 16 nevertheless, knowing that (AO)a person is not justified by works of [m]the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by (AP)faith in Christ and not by works of [n]the Law; since (AQ)by works of [o]the Law no [p]flesh will be justified.

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  1. Galatians 2:2 Lit according to revelation I went up
  2. Galatians 2:6 Lit reputed as being something
  3. Galatians 2:7 Lit of the uncircumcision; i.e., to Gentiles
  4. Galatians 2:7 Lit of the circumcision; i.e., to Jews
  5. Galatians 2:8 See note 2 v 7
  6. Galatians 2:9 Or Jacob
  7. Galatians 2:9 I.e., Peter
  8. Galatians 2:9 Lit hands
  9. Galatians 2:11 Or was to be condemned; lit was one who was condemned; or was self-condemned
  10. Galatians 2:12 Or Jacob
  11. Galatians 2:14 Or progressing toward; lit walking straightly
  12. Galatians 2:14 Some close the direct quotation here, others extend it through v 21
  13. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  14. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  15. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  16. Galatians 2:16 Or mortal man

Prayer for Rescue from Enemies.

For the music director; set to [a]Al-tashheth. A [b]Mikhtam of David, [c]when Saul sent men and they watched the house in order to kill him.

59 (A)Rescue me from my enemies, my God;
[d](B)Set me securely on high away from those who rise up against me.
Rescue me from (C)those who practice injustice,
And save me from (D)men of bloodshed.
For behold, they (E)have [e]set an ambush for my [f]life;
[g]Fierce men (F)attack me,
(G)Not for my wrongdoing nor for my sin, Lord,
[h](H)For no guilt of mine, they run and take their stand against me.
(I)Stir Yourself to [i]help me, and see!
You, (J)Lord God of armies, the God of Israel,
Awake to [j](K)punish all the nations;
(L)Do not be gracious to any who deal treacherously in wrongdoing. Selah
They (M)return at evening, they howl like a (N)dog,
And prowl around the city.
Behold, they (O)gush forth with their mouths;
(P)Swords are in their lips,
For, they say, “(Q)Who hears?”
But You, Lord, (R)laugh at them;
You (S)scoff at all the nations.

Because of [k]his (T)strength I will watch for You,
For God is my (U)refuge.
10 [l]My God (V)in His faithfulness will meet me;
God will let me (W)look triumphantly upon my enemies.
11 Do not kill them, (X)or my people will forget;
[m](Y)Scatter them by Your power and bring them down,
Lord, (Z)our shield.
12 [n]On account of the (AA)sin of their mouths and the words of their lips,
May they even be (AB)caught in their pride,
And on account of (AC)curses and lies which they tell.
13 [o](AD)Destroy them in wrath, [p]destroy them so that they will no longer exist;
So that people may (AE)know that God [q]rules in Jacob,
To the ends of the earth. Selah
14 They (AF)return at evening, they howl like a dog,
And prowl around the city.
15 They (AG)wander about [r]for food
And [s]murmur if they are not satisfied.

16 But as for me, I will (AH)sing of Your strength;
Yes, I will (AI)joyfully sing of Your faithfulness in the (AJ)morning,
For You have been my (AK)refuge
And a (AL)place of refuge on the day of my distress.
17 (AM)My strength, I will sing praises to You;
For God is my (AN)refuge, the [t]God who shows me favor.

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  1. Psalm 59 Title Lit Do Not Destroy
  2. Psalm 59 Title Possibly Epigrammatic Poem or Atonement Psalm
  3. Psalm 59 Title 1 Sam 19:11
  4. Psalm 59:1 Or May You put me in an inaccessibly high place
  5. Psalm 59:3 Or lain in wait
  6. Psalm 59:3 Lit soul
  7. Psalm 59:3 Or Strong
  8. Psalm 59:4 Lit Without guilt
  9. Psalm 59:4 Lit meet
  10. Psalm 59:5 Lit visit
  11. Psalm 59:9 LXX, some mss and some ancient versions my strength (cf. v 17)
  12. Psalm 59:10 Many mss and some ancient versions The God of my faithfulness
  13. Psalm 59:11 Or Make them wander
  14. Psalm 59:12 Or The sin of their mouth is the word of their lips,
  15. Psalm 59:13 Lit Bring to an end
  16. Psalm 59:13 Lit Bring to an end
  17. Psalm 59:13 Or is Ruler
  18. Psalm 59:15 Lit to eat
  19. Psalm 59:15 Another reading is linger all night
  20. Psalm 59:17 Lit God of my favor

13 (A)Do not withhold discipline from a child;
Though you strike him with the rod, he will not die.
14 You shall strike him with the rod
And (B)rescue his soul from Sheol.

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