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1 Chronicles 10-14 Common English Bible (CEB)

Saul’s death

10 When the Philistines attacked the Israelites, the Israelites ran away from the Philistines, and many fell dead on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines overtook Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua. The battle was fierce around Saul, and when the archers located him, he trembled in fear. Saul said to his armor-bearer, “Draw your sword and kill me with it! Otherwise, these uncircumcised men will come and kill me or torture me.” But his armor-bearer refused because he was terrified. So Saul took the sword and impaled himself on it. When the armor-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also impaled himself on his sword and died with Saul. So Saul and his three sons died; his whole household died together. When all the Israelites who were in the valley saw that the army had run away and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned their towns and fled. So the Philistines came to live in them.

The next day when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons lying dead on Mount Gilboa. They stripped him, carried off his head and armor, and sent messengers throughout the land of the Philistines to spread the news to their idols and to the people. 10 They placed his armor in their god’s temple and displayed his skull on a pole in the temple of Dagon.

11 When all the people of Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all their warriors arose and recovered the corpses of Saul and his sons. They brought them back to Jabesh, buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted for seven days.

13 Saul died because he was unfaithful to the Lord and hadn’t followed the Lord’s word. He even consulted a medium for guidance. 14 He didn’t consult the Lord, so the Lord killed him and gave the kingdom to David, Jesse’s son.

All Israel makes David king

11 All the Israelites gathered around David at Hebron. “We’re your own flesh and blood,” they said. “In the past, even when Saul ruled over us, you were the one who led Israel. The Lord your God told you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become a leader over my people Israel.’” So all of Israel’s elders came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them before the Lord. They anointed David to make him king over Israel, just as the Lord had promised through Samuel.

David captures Jerusalem

Then David and all Israel marched to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites lived. The people who lived in Jebus told David, “You’ll never get in here!”

But David captured the mountain fortress of Zion, which became David’s City. David had said, “The first one to kill a Jebusite will become commander in chief!” Joab, Zeruiah’s son, was the first to attack and so became commander in chief. David occupied the fortress, so it was renamed David’s City. He also built up the city on all sides, including its own foundations and the surrounding areas, while Joab restored the rest of the city. David grew increasingly powerful, and the Lord of heavenly forces was with him.

David and his warriors

10 These are the commanders of David’s warriors who continued to support him while he was king. Together with all Israel, they made him king, as the Lord had promised Israel. 11 This is the list of David’s warriors:

Jashobeam, a Hacmonite, was commander of the Thirty. He raised his spear against eight hundred, killing them on a single occasion.

12 Next in command came Eleazar, Dodo’s son the Ahohite, who was one of the three warriors. 13 He was with David at Pas-dammim. The Philistines were gathered there for battle, where part of a field was full of barley. When the people ran away from the Philistines, 14 he and David stood in the middle of the field, held their ground, and defeated the Philistines. So the Lord achieved a great victory.

15 Three of the thirty commanders went down from the rock to David at the fortress[a] of Adullam, while the army of the Philistines camped in the Rephaim Valley. 16 At that time David was in the fortress, and a Philistine fort was in Bethlehem. 17 David had a craving and said, “If only someone could give me a drink of water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem.” 18 So the three warriors broke through the Philistine camp and drew water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem and brought it back to David. But he refused to drink it and poured it out to the Lord.

19 “God forbid that I should do that,” he said. “Isn’t this the blood of men who risked their lives?” So he refused to drink it. Since they had brought it at the risk of their lives, David refused to drink it.

These were the kinds of things the three warriors did.

20 Abishai, Joab’s brother, was chief of the Thirty.[b] He raised his spear against the three hundred men he had slain, but he wasn’t considered one of the Three. 21 He was the most famous of the Thirty. He became their commander, but he wasn’t among the Three.

22 Benaiah, Jehoiada’s son from Kabzeel, was a hero who performed great deeds. He killed two of Moab’s leaders,[c] and on a snowy day went down into a pit where he killed a lion. 23 He also killed an Egyptian seven and a half feet tall, who was holding a spear like a weaver’s beam. Benaiah went down to him with a club, grabbed the spear from the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with it. 24 These were the exploits of Benaiah, Jehoiada’s son; he wasn’t considered one of the three warriors. 25 He was famous among the Thirty, but didn’t become one of the Three. David placed him in command of his own bodyguard.

26 The mighty warriors:

Asahel, Joab’s brother;

Elhanan, Dodo’s son from Bethlehem;

27 Shammoth from Haror;

Helez from Pelon;

28 Ira, Ikkesh’s son from Tekoa;

Abiezer from Anathoth;

29 Sibbecai the Hushathite;

Ilai from Ahoh;

30 Maharai from Netophah;

Heled, Baanah’s son from Netophah;

31 Ithai, Ribai’s son from Gibeah of the Benjaminites;

Benaiah from Pirathon;

32 Hurai from the Gaash ravines;

Abiel the Arbathite;

33 Azmaveth from Baharum;

Eliahba from Shaalbon;

34 Hashem[d] the Gizonite;

Jonathan, Shagee’s son from Harar;

35 Ahiam, Sachar’s son from Harar;

Eliphal, Ur’s son;

36 Hepher the Mecherathite;

Ahijah the Pelonite;

37 Hezro from Carmel;

Naarai, Ezbai’s son;

38 Joel, Nathan’s brother;

Mibhar, Hagri’s son;

39 Zelek the Ammonite;

Naharai from Beeroth, Zeruiah’s son and the armor-bearer for Joab;

40 Ira from Ither;

Gareb from Ither;

41 Uriah the Hittite;

Zabad, Ahlai’s son;

42 Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him;

43 Hanan, Maacah’s son;

Joshaphat the Mithnite;

44 Uzzia the Ashterathite;

Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite;

45 Jediael, Shimri’s son, and his brother Joha the Tizite;

46 Eliel the Mahavite;

Jeribai and Joshaviah, Elnaam’s sons;

Ithmah the Moabite;

47 Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.

David’s desert army

12 The following persons came to David at Ziklag while he was banished from the presence of Saul, Kish’s son. They were some of the warriors who helped him in battle, armed with bows, and they could use either hand to shoot arrows or sling stones. They were Saul’s relatives from Benjamin:

Ahiezer was the leader, then Joash, both Shemaah’s sons from Gibeah; Jeziel and Pelet, Azmaveth’s sons; Beracah; Jehu of Anathoth; Ishmaiah from Gibeon, a warrior in the Thirty and a leader over the Thirty;[e] Jeremiah; Jahaziel; Johanan; Jozabad from Gederah; [f] Eluzai; Jerimoth; Bealiah; Shemariah; Shephatiah the Haruphite; Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam the Korahites; Joelah; and Zebadiah, Jeroham’s son from Gedor.

Some left Gad to join David at the desert fortress, brave warriors trained for battle, armed with shield and spear, who looked like lions and who were swift as gazelles on the mountains: Ezer the leader, Obadiah second, Eliab third, 10 Mishmannah fourth, Jeremiah fifth, 11 Attai sixth, Eliel seventh, 12 Johanan eighth, Elzabad ninth, 13 Jeremiah tenth, Machbannai eleventh.

14 These Gadites were military officers, the least of them ready to fight a hundred and the greatest a thousand. 15 These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it was overflowing all its banks, and chased away everyone living in the valleys to the east and the west.

16 Some Benjaminites and Judahites also came to David at the fortress. 17 David went out to meet them and said to them, “If you’ve come to me with good intentions in order to help me, then we will join forces. But if you’ve come to betray me to my enemies, though I’ve done no wrong, then may our ancestors’ God see it and punish you.”

18 Then a spirit took hold of Amasai, the leader of the Thirty:

David, we are yours;
    and on your side, Jesse’s son!
May it go very well for you,
    and may it go well for whoever helps you!
    Yes, your God has helped you.

Then David received them, and put them at the head of his troops.

19 Some of the Manassites also joined David when he came with the Philistines for the battle against Saul. But he[g] didn’t help them, because after considering the matter, the Philistine rulers sent him away. “He’ll rejoin his master Saul,” they said, “and it will cost us our heads.” 20 When he went to Ziklag some joined him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of units of a thousand in Manasseh. 21 They helped David against the raiding bands because they were all warriors and officers in the army. 22 Reinforcements came to David daily until there was an army as mighty as God’s army.

23 These are the numbers of the commanders of those armed for battle who came to David in Hebron to make sure he took over Saul’s kingdom, according to the Lord’s word:

24 from Judah, carrying shield and spear, 6,800 troops armed for battle;

25 from Simeon, mighty warriors, 7,100;

26 from Levi, 4,600;

27 also Jehoiada, leader of Aaron’s line, and with him 3,700;

28 and Zadok, a young man, a mighty warrior, and 22 officers from his household;

29 from Benjamin, Saul’s relatives, 3,000, most of whom had been loyal to Saul’s household;

30 from Ephraim, 20,800, mighty warriors, famous in their households;

31 from half the tribe of Manasseh, 18,000, designated by name to come and make David king;

32 from Issachar, those who understood the times and what Israel should do, 200 chiefs, with all their relatives under their command;

33 from Zebulun, 50,000 experienced troops, armed for battle with all the weapons of war, to help with undivided loyalty;

34 from Naphtali, 1,000 officers, as well as 37,000 armed with shield and spear;

35 from Dan, 28,600 armed for battle;

36 from Asher, 40,000 experienced troops armed for battle;

37 from the other side of the Jordan, the Reubenites, Gadites, and the other half of the tribe of Manasseh, 120,000 armed with all the weapons of war.

38 All these men of war, armed[h] for battle, came to Hebron determined to make David king over all Israel, and all the rest of Israel were fully agreed to make David king. 39 They were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, while their relatives provided food for them. 40 Even their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali were bringing food by donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. There was an abundance of flour, fig cakes, clusters of raisins, wine, oil, oxen, and sheep, because Israel was joyful.

David’s first attempt to move the chest

13 After consulting with the captains of the units of a thousand and a hundred, in fact with every leader, David said to the entire Israelite assembly: “If you approve, and if the Lord our God agrees, let’s spread the word to the rest of our relatives in all the regions of Israel, including the priests and Levites in their cities with pasturelands. Let’s ask them to join us so that we may bring the chest of our God back to us, because we didn’t look for it in Saul’s days.” The whole assembly agreed to do so, because all the people thought it was the right thing to do.

So David assembled all Israel, from the border[i] of Egypt to Lebo-hamath in order to bring up God’s chest from Kiriath-jearim. Then David and all Israel went up toward Baalah, to Kiriath-jearim, which belongs to Judah, to bring up from there the chest of God, the Lord, who sits enthroned on the winged creatures, where he is called by name.[j] They moved God’s chest on a new cart from Abinadab’s house. Uzzah and Ahio were guiding the cart, while David and all Israel celebrated in God’s presence with all their strength, accompanied by songs, zithers, harps, tambourines, cymbals, and trumpets. When they came to Chidon’s threshing floor, Uzzah reached out to the chest and grabbed it because the oxen had stumbled. 10 But the Lord became angry with Uzzah and struck him because he had placed his hand on the chest. He died right there before God. 11 David was angry that the Lord lashed out at Uzzah; and so that place is still called Perez-uzzah today. 12 David was frightened by God that day. “How will I ever bring God’s chest home to me?” he asked. 13 So David didn’t take the chest away with him to David’s City. Instead, he had it put in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. 14 God’s chest stayed with Obed-edom’s household for three months, and the Lord blessed Obed-edom’s household and all that he had.

David’s kingship established in Jerusalem

14 Tyre’s King Hiram sent messengers to David with cedar logs, bricklayers, and carpenters to build David a palace. Then David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel, and that his kingship was held in great honor for the sake of his people Israel. David married more secondary wives in Jerusalem and fathered more sons and daughters. The names of his children in Jerusalem were as follows: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Beeliada, and Eliphelet.

David defeats the Philistines

When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they all marched up to find him. David heard this and went out to confront them. The Philistines had invaded and were plundering the Rephaim Valley. 10 David asked God for advice: “Should I attack the Philistines, and will you hand them over to me?”

The Lord answered, “Attack them, and I’ll definitely hand them over to you.”

11 So they marched up to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. “By my strength,” David exclaimed, “God has burst out against my enemies, the way water bursts out.” That’s why the place is called Baal-perazim.[k] 12 The Philistines left their divine images behind, and David ordered them burned.

13 When the Philistines plundered the valley a second time, 14 David again asked God’s advice, but God answered, “Don’t attack them directly. Circle around behind them and come at them from in front of the balsam trees. 15 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the trees, then attack, for God has attacked in front of you to defeat the Philistine army.” 16 David followed God’s orders exactly, and they defeated the Philistine army from Gibeon all the way to Gezer. 17 David’s fame spread throughout all lands, and the Lord made all the nations fear him.

Footnotes:

  1. 1 Chronicles 11:15 Or cave; cf 2 Sam 23:14
  2. 1 Chronicles 11:20 Syr; MT three
  3. 1 Chronicles 11:22 Heb Ariel
  4. 1 Chronicles 11:34 MT the family of Hashem
  5. 1 Chronicles 12:4 12:5 in Heb
  6. 1 Chronicles 12:5 12:6 in Heb
  7. 1 Chronicles 12:19 LXX; MT they
  8. 1 Chronicles 12:38 LXX; MT helpers
  9. 1 Chronicles 13:5 Heb Shikhor, river; cf Josh 15:4; 1 Kgs 8:65; 2 Chron 7:8
  10. 1 Chronicles 13:6 Heb uncertain
  11. 1 Chronicles 14:11 Or master of outbursts
Common English Bible (CEB)

Copyright © 2011 by Common English Bible

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