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I Paralipomenon 19Biblia Sacra Vulgata (VULGATE)

19 accidit autem ut moreretur Naas rex filiorum Ammon et regnaret filius eius pro eo

dixitque David faciam misericordiam cum Hanon filio Naas praestitit enim pater eius mihi gratiam misitque David nuntios ad consolandum eum super morte patris sui qui cum pervenissent in terram filiorum Ammon ut consolarentur Hanon

dixerunt principes filiorum Ammon ad Hanon tu forsitan putas quod David honoris causa in patrem tuum miserit qui consolentur te nec animadvertis quod ut explorent et investigent et scrutentur terram tuam venerint ad te servi eius

igitur Hanon pueros David decalvavit et rasit et praecidit tunicas eorum a natibus usque ad pedes et dimisit eos

qui cum abissent et hoc mandassent David misit in occursum eorum grandem enim contumeliam sustinuerant et praecepit ut manerent in Hiericho donec cresceret barba eorum et tunc reverterentur

videntes autem filii Ammon quod iniuriam fecissent David tam Hanon quam reliquus populus miserunt mille talenta argenti ut conducerent sibi de Mesopotamia et de Syria Macha et de Suba currus et equites

conduxeruntque triginta duo milia curruum et regem Macha cum populo eius qui cum venissent castrametati sunt e regione Medaba filii quoque Ammon congregati de urbibus suis venerunt ad bellum

quod cum audisset David misit Ioab et omnem exercitum virorum fortium

egressique filii Ammon direxerunt aciem iuxta portam civitatis reges autem qui ad auxilium venerant separatim in agro steterunt

10 igitur Ioab intellegens bellum et ex adverso et post tergum contra se fieri elegit viros fortissimos de universo Israhel et perrexit contra Syrum

11 reliquam autem partem populi dedit sub manu Abisai fratris sui et perrexerunt contra filios Ammon

12 dixitque si vicerit me Syrus auxilio eris mihi sin autem superaverint te filii Ammon ero tibi in praesidium

13 confortare et agamus viriliter pro populo nostro et pro urbibus Dei nostri Dominus autem quod in conspectu suo bonum est faciet

14 perrexit ergo Ioab et populus qui cum eo erat contra Syrum ad proelium et fugavit eos

15 porro filii Ammon videntes quod fugisset Syrus ipsi quoque fugerunt Abisai fratrem eius et ingressi sunt civitatem reversusque est etiam Ioab in Hierusalem

16 videns autem Syrus quod cecidisset coram Israhel misit nuntios et adduxit Syrum qui erat trans Fluvium Sophach autem princeps militiae Adadezer erat dux eorum

17 quod cum nuntiatum esset David congregavit universum Israhel et transivit Iordanem inruitque in eos et direxit ex adverso aciem illis contra pugnantibus

18 fugit autem Syrus Israhel et interfecit David de Syris septem milia curruum et quadraginta milia peditum et Sophach exercitus principem

19 videntes autem servi Adadezer se ab Israhel esse superatos transfugerunt ad David et servierunt ei noluitque ultra Syria auxilium praebere filiis Ammon

1 Chronicles 19New International Version (NIV)

David Defeats the Ammonites

19 In the course of time, Nahash king of the Ammonites died, and his son succeeded him as king. David thought, “I will show kindness to Hanun son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent a delegation to express his sympathy to Hanun concerning his father.

When David’s envoys came to Hanun in the land of the Ammonites to express sympathy to him, the Ammonite commanders said to Hanun, “Do you think David is honoring your father by sending envoys to you to express sympathy? Haven’t his envoys come to you only to explore and spy out the country and overthrow it?” So Hanun seized David’s envoys, shaved them, cut off their garments at the buttocks, and sent them away.

When someone came and told David about the men, he sent messengers to meet them, for they were greatly humiliated. The king said, “Stay at Jericho till your beards have grown, and then come back.”

When the Ammonites realized that they had become obnoxious to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent a thousand talents[a] of silver to hire chariots and charioteers from Aram Naharaim,[b] Aram Maakah and Zobah. They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and charioteers, as well as the king of Maakah with his troops, who came and camped near Medeba, while the Ammonites were mustered from their towns and moved out for battle.

On hearing this, David sent Joab out with the entire army of fighting men. The Ammonites came out and drew up in battle formation at the entrance to their city, while the kings who had come were by themselves in the open country.

10 Joab saw that there were battle lines in front of him and behind him; so he selected some of the best troops in Israel and deployed them against the Arameans. 11 He put the rest of the men under the command of Abishai his brother, and they were deployed against the Ammonites. 12 Joab said, “If the Arameans are too strong for me, then you are to rescue me; but if the Ammonites are too strong for you, then I will rescue you. 13 Be strong, and let us fight bravely for our people and the cities of our God. The Lord will do what is good in his sight.”

14 Then Joab and the troops with him advanced to fight the Arameans, and they fled before him. 15 When the Ammonites realized that the Arameans were fleeing, they too fled before his brother Abishai and went inside the city. So Joab went back to Jerusalem.

16 After the Arameans saw that they had been routed by Israel, they sent messengers and had Arameans brought from beyond the Euphrates River, with Shophak the commander of Hadadezer’s army leading them.

17 When David was told of this, he gathered all Israel and crossed the Jordan; he advanced against them and formed his battle lines opposite them. David formed his lines to meet the Arameans in battle, and they fought against him. 18 But they fled before Israel, and David killed seven thousand of their charioteers and forty thousand of their foot soldiers. He also killed Shophak the commander of their army.

19 When the vassals of Hadadezer saw that they had been routed by Israel, they made peace with David and became subject to him.

So the Arameans were not willing to help the Ammonites anymore.

Footnotes:

  1. 1 Chronicles 19:6 That is, about 38 tons or about 34 metric tons
  2. 1 Chronicles 19:6 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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