Judgment of Israel’s Sin

Do(A) not rejoice, O Israel, with joy like other peoples,
For you have played the harlot against your God.
You have made love for (B)hire on every threshing floor.
The threshing floor and the winepress
Shall not feed them,
And the new wine shall fail in her.

They shall not dwell in (C)the Lord’s land,
(D)But Ephraim shall return to Egypt,
And (E)shall eat unclean things in Assyria.
They shall not offer wine offerings to the Lord,
Nor (F)shall their (G)sacrifices be pleasing to Him.
It shall be like bread of mourners to them;
All who eat it shall be defiled.
For their bread shall be for their own life;
It shall not come into the house of the Lord.

What will you do in the appointed day,
And in the day of the feast of the Lord?
For indeed they are gone because of destruction.
Egypt shall gather them up;
Memphis shall bury them.
(H)Nettles shall possess their valuables of silver;
Thorns shall be in their tents.

The (I)days of punishment have come;
The days of recompense have come.
Israel knows!
The prophet is a (J)fool,
(K)The spiritual man is insane,
Because of the greatness of your iniquity and great enmity.
The (L)watchman of Ephraim is with my God;
But the prophet is a [a]fowler’s snare in all his ways—
Enmity in the house of his God.
(M)They are deeply corrupted,
As in the days of (N)Gibeah.
He will remember their iniquity;
He will punish their sins.

10 “I found Israel
Like grapes in the (O)wilderness;
I saw your fathers
As the (P)firstfruits on the fig tree in its first season.
But they went to (Q)Baal Peor,
And [b]separated themselves to that shame;
(R)They became an abomination like the thing they loved.
11 As for Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird—
No birth, no pregnancy, and no conception!
12 Though they bring up their children,
Yet I will bereave them to the last man.
Yes, (S)woe to them when I depart from them!
13 Just (T)as I saw Ephraim like Tyre, planted in a pleasant place,
So Ephraim will bring out his children to the murderer.”

14 Give them, O Lord
What will You give?
Give them (U)a miscarrying womb
And dry breasts!

15 “All their wickedness is in (V)Gilgal,
For there I hated them.
Because of the evil of their deeds
I will drive them from My house;
I will love them no more.
(W)All their princes are rebellious.
16 Ephraim is (X)stricken,
Their root is dried up;
They shall bear no fruit.
Yes, were they to bear children,
I would kill the darlings of their womb.”

17 My God will (Y)cast them away,
Because they did not obey Him;
And they shall be (Z)wanderers among the nations.

Israel’s Sin and Captivity

10 Israel (AA)empties his vine;
He brings forth fruit for himself.
According to the multitude of his fruit
(AB)He has increased the altars;
According to the bounty of his land
They have embellished his sacred pillars.
Their heart is (AC)divided;[c]
Now they are held guilty.
He will break down their altars;
He will ruin their sacred pillars.

For now they say,
“We have no king,
Because we did not fear the Lord.
And as for a king, what would he do for us?”
They have spoken words,
Swearing falsely in making a covenant.
Thus judgment springs up (AD)like hemlock in the furrows of the field.

The inhabitants of Samaria fear
Because of the (AE)calf[d] of Beth Aven.
For its people mourn for it,
And [e]its priests shriek for it—
Because its (AF)glory has departed from it.
The idol also shall be carried to Assyria
As a present for King (AG)Jareb.
Ephraim shall receive shame,
And Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.

As for Samaria, her king is cut off
Like a twig on the water.
Also the (AH)high places of [f]Aven, (AI)the sin of Israel,
Shall be destroyed.
The thorn and thistle shall grow on their altars;
(AJ)They shall say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
And to the hills, “Fall on us!”

“O Israel, you have sinned from the days of (AK)Gibeah;
There they stood.
The (AL)battle in Gibeah against the children of [g]iniquity
Did not [h]overtake them.
10 When it is My desire, I will chasten them.
(AM)Peoples shall be gathered against them
When I bind them [i]for their two transgressions.
11 Ephraim is (AN)a trained heifer
That loves to thresh grain;
But I harnessed her fair neck,
I will make Ephraim [j]pull a plow.
Judah shall plow;
Jacob shall break his clods.”

12 Sow for yourselves righteousness;
Reap in mercy;
(AO)Break up your fallow ground,
For it is time to seek the Lord,
Till He (AP)comes and rains righteousness on you.

13 (AQ)You have plowed wickedness;
You have reaped iniquity.
You have eaten the fruit of lies,
Because you trusted in your own way,
In the multitude of your mighty men.
14 Therefore tumult shall arise among your people,
And all your fortresses shall be plundered
As Shalman plundered Beth Arbel in the day of battle—
A mother dashed in pieces upon her children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O Bethel,
Because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel
Shall be cut off utterly.


  1. Hosea 9:8 One who catches birds in a trap or snare
  2. Hosea 9:10 Or dedicated
  3. Hosea 10:2 Divided in loyalty
  4. Hosea 10:5 Lit. calves, images
  5. Hosea 10:5 idolatrous priests
  6. Hosea 10:8 Lit. Idolatry or Wickedness
  7. Hosea 10:9 So with many Heb. mss., LXX, Vg.; MT unruliness
  8. Hosea 10:9 Or overcome
  9. Hosea 10:10 Or in their two habitations
  10. Hosea 10:11 Lit. to ride

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