12 ·What Israel does is as useless as chasing [L Ephraim feeds on] the wind; he chases the east wind all day [Eccl. 1:14, 17; 2:11, 17, 26]. They ·tell more and more lies and do more and more violence [multiply lies and violence]. They make ·agreements [a covenant/treaty] with Assyria, and they send ·a gift of olive oil [L oil] to Egypt [C as tribute or to gain support]. 2 The Lord also has ·some things [a case/lawsuit; or a dispute; 4:1] against Judah. He will punish ·Israel [L Jacob] for what they have done; he will ·give [repay] them ·what they deserve [according to their deeds]. 3 ·Their ancestor Jacob [L He] ·held on to his brother’s heel [or struggled with/supplanted his brother] ·while the two of them were being born [L in the womb; Gen. 25:19–26]. ·When he grew to be a man [L In his strength/manhood], he ·wrestled [struggled] with God. 4 When Jacob ·wrestled [struggled] with the angel and ·won [prevailed], he ·cried [wept] and ·asked for his blessing [pleaded for/sought his favor; Gen. 32:22–32]. Later, ·God met with him [he found him] at Bethel and spoke with him there [Gen. 35:1]. 5 It was the Lord God ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts]; the Lord is his ·great [memorial; memorable] name. 6 You must return to your God; ·love him, do what is just [or act with love and justice], and always ·trust in him as [wait for] your God. 7 The merchants use dishonest scales; they like to ·cheat people [oppress]. 8 ·Israel [L Ephraim; 4:17] said, “I am rich! I ·am someone with power [have made my fortune]!” ·All their money will do them no good because of the sins they have done [or “With all the wealth I’ve gained, no one can accuse me of sin”; C either self-vindication (continuing the quotation), or the prophet’s pronouncement of guilt].
9 “But I am the Lord your God, ·who brought you [or ever since you came] out of Egypt. I will make you live in tents again as you used to do on ·worship days [the appointed festivals; C the feast of tabernacles, which commemorated the wilderness wanderings]. 10 I spoke to the prophets and gave them many visions; through them, I ·taught my lessons [spoke in parables; or spoke oracles of doom] to you.”
11 ·The people of Gilead are evil [or Is Gilead wicked? or In Gilead there was idolatry], they ·are worth nothing [are worthless; or will come to nothing]. ·People [or Do they…?] sacrifice bulls at Gilgal [4:15]. But their altars will become like piles of stone in a plowed field. 12 ·Your ancestor Jacob [L Jacob] fled to ·northwest Mesopotamia [L Aram; Gen. 28:5] where he ·worked [served; C his uncle Laban] to get a wife [C Rachel (and Leah); Gen. 29:20, 28]; he tended sheep to pay for her. 13 Later the Lord used a prophet [C Moses; Deut. 18:15] to bring ·Jacob’s descendants [L Israel] out of Egypt; he used a prophet to ·take care of [tend; preserve; guard] the Israelites. 14 But ·the Israelites [L Ephraim; 4:17] ·made the Lord angry [bitterly provoked the Lord]; So the Lord ·will make them pay for the blood they have shed [L leave on him the guilt of his bloodshed] and for the ·disgraceful things they have done [or contempt they have shown].
You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Learn more
You must be logged in to view your newly purchased content. Please log in below or if you don't have an account, creating one is easy and only takes a few moments. After you log in your content will be available in your library.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
You've successfully created your account! For the ultimate Bible Gateway experience, consider upgrading Bible Gateway Plus to get the most out of your new account. For just a few dollars each month, a Bible Gateway Plus upgrade gives you:
• A complete digital Bible study library integrated with your Bible Gateway account, with no expensive software to install.
• Access to 40+ study & reference books including the NIV Study Bible, the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary, and the MacArthur Study Bible.
• An ad-free Bible Gateway experience.
• A risk-free, 30-day trial—you can cancel any time.