10 (A)Israel is a luxuriant vine
    that yields its fruit.
The more his fruit increased,
    (B)the more altars he built;
as his country improved,
    he improved his pillars.
Their heart is false;
    now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord[a] will break down their altars
    and destroy their pillars.

For now they will say:
    (C)“We have no king,
for we do not fear the Lord;
    and a king—what could he do for us?”
They utter (D)mere words;
    with empty[b] oaths they make covenants;
so (E)judgment springs up like poisonous weeds
    (F)in the furrows of the field.
The inhabitants of Samaria tremble
    for (G)the calf[c] of (H)Beth-aven.
Its people mourn for it, and so do its idolatrous priests—
    those who rejoiced over it and (I)over its glory—
    for it has departed[d] from them.
(J)The thing itself shall be carried to Assyria
    as tribute to (K)the great king.[e]
Ephraim shall be put to shame,
    and Israel shall be ashamed (L)of his idol.[f]

(M)Samaria's king shall perish
    like a twig on the face of the waters.
The high places of (N)Aven, (O)the sin of Israel,
    shall be destroyed.
(P)Thorn and thistle shall grow up
    on their altars,
and (Q)they shall say to the mountains, “Cover us,”
    and to the hills, “Fall on us.”

From (R)the days of Gibeah, you have sinned, O Israel;
    there they have continued.
    Shall not the war against the unjust[g] overtake them in Gibeah?
10 (S)When I please, (T)I will discipline them,
    and nations shall be gathered against them
    when they are bound up for (U)their double iniquity.

11 Ephraim was a trained calf
    that (V)loved to thresh,
    and I spared her fair neck;
but I will put (W)Ephraim to the yoke;
    (X)Judah must plow;
    Jacob must harrow for himself.
12 (Y)Sow for yourselves righteousness;
    reap steadfast love;
    (Z)break up your fallow ground,
for it is the time to seek the Lord,
    that he may come and (AA)rain righteousness upon you.

13 (AB)You have plowed iniquity;
    you have reaped injustice;
    you have eaten the fruit of lies.
Because you have trusted in your own way
    and in the multitude of your warriors,
14 therefore (AC)the tumult of war shall arise among your people,
    and all your fortresses shall be destroyed,
as (AD)Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle;
    (AE)mothers were dashed in pieces with their children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O (AF)Bethel,
    because of your great evil.
At dawn (AG)the king of Israel
    shall be utterly cut off.


  1. Hosea 10:2 Hebrew He
  2. Hosea 10:4 Or vain (see Exodus 20:7)
  3. Hosea 10:5 Or calves
  4. Hosea 10:5 Or has gone into exile
  5. Hosea 10:6 Or to King Jareb
  6. Hosea 10:6 Or counsel
  7. Hosea 10:9 Hebrew the children of injustice

They Have Afflicted Me from My Youth

A Song of (A)Ascents.

129 “Greatly[a] have they (B)afflicted me (C)from my youth”—
    (D)let Israel now say—
“Greatly have they (E)afflicted me (F)from my youth,
    (G)yet they have not prevailed against me.
(H)The plowers plowed (I)upon my back;
    they made long their furrows.”
The Lord is righteous;
    he has cut (J)the cords of the wicked.
May all who hate Zion
    be (K)put to shame and turned backward!
Let them be like (L)the grass on the housetops,
    which (M)withers before it grows up,
with which the reaper does not fill his hand
    nor the binder of sheaves his arms,
nor do those who pass by say,
    (N)“The blessing of the Lord be upon you!
    We (O)bless you in the name of the Lord!”

My Soul Waits for the Lord

A Song of (P)Ascents.

130 Out of (Q)the depths I cry to you, O Lord!
    O Lord, hear my voice!
(R)Let your ears be attentive
    to (S)the voice of my pleas for mercy!

If you, O Lord, should (T)mark iniquities,
    O Lord, who could (U)stand?
But with you there is (V)forgiveness,
    (W)that you may be feared.

I (X)wait for the Lord, (Y)my soul waits,
    and (Z)in his word I hope;
my soul (AA)waits for the Lord
    more than (AB)watchmen for (AC)the morning,
    more than watchmen for the morning.

O Israel, (AD)hope in the Lord!
    For (AE)with the Lord there is steadfast love,
    and with him is plentiful redemption.
And he will (AF)redeem Israel
    from all his iniquities.

I Have Calmed and Quieted My Soul

A Song of (AG)Ascents. Of David.

131 O Lord, my heart is not (AH)lifted up;
    my eyes are not (AI)raised too high;
I do not (AJ)occupy myself with things
    too great and (AK)too marvelous for me.
But I have calmed and quieted my soul,
    like a weaned (AL)child with its mother;
    like a weaned child is my soul within me.

(AM)O Israel, hope in the Lord
    from this time forth and forevermore.


  1. Psalm 129:1 Or Often; also verse 2

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