Israel Has Rebelled Against God

“When I would have healed Israel,
Then the iniquity of Ephraim was uncovered,
And the wickedness of Samaria.
For (A)they have committed fraud;
A thief comes in;
A band of robbers [a]takes spoil outside.
They [b]do not consider in their hearts
That (B)I remember all their wickedness;
Now their own deeds have surrounded them;
They are before My face.
They make a (C)king glad with their wickedness,
And princes (D)with their lies.

“They(E) are all adulterers.
Like an oven heated by a baker—
He ceases stirring the fire after kneading the dough,
Until it is leavened.
In the day of our king
Princes have made him sick, [c]inflamed with (F)wine;
He stretched out his hand with scoffers.
They prepare their heart like an oven,
While they lie in wait;
[d]Their baker sleeps all night;
In the morning it burns like a flaming fire.
They are all hot, like an oven,
And have devoured their judges;
All their kings have fallen.
(G)None among them calls upon Me.

“Ephraim (H)has mixed himself among the peoples;
Ephraim is a cake unturned.
(I)Aliens have devoured his strength,
But he does not know it;
Yes, gray hairs are here and there on him,
Yet he does not know it.
10 And the (J)pride of Israel testifies to his face,
But (K)they do not return to the Lord their God,
Nor seek Him for all this.

Futile Reliance on the Nations

11 “Ephraim(L) also is like a silly dove, without [e]sense—
(M)They call to Egypt,
They go to (N)Assyria.
12 Wherever they go, I will (O)spread My net on them;
I will bring them down like birds of the air;
I will chastise them
(P)According to what their congregation has heard.

13 “Woe to them, for they have fled from Me!
Destruction to them,
Because they have transgressed against Me!
Though (Q)I redeemed them,
Yet they have spoken lies against Me.
14 (R)They did not cry out to Me with their heart
When they wailed upon their beds.

“They [f]assemble together for grain and new (S)wine,
[g]They rebel against Me;
15 Though I disciplined and strengthened their arms,
Yet they devise evil against Me;
16 They return, but not [h]to the Most High;
(T)They are like a treacherous bow.
Their princes shall fall by the sword
For the (U)cursings of their tongue.
This shall be their derision (V)in the land of Egypt.

The Apostasy of Israel

Set the [i]trumpet to your mouth!
He shall come (W)like an eagle against the house of the Lord,
Because they have transgressed My covenant
And rebelled against My law.
(X)Israel will cry to Me,
‘My God, (Y)we know You!’
Israel has rejected the good;
The enemy will pursue him.

“They(Z) set up kings, but not by Me;
They made princes, but I did not acknowledge them.
From their silver and gold
They made idols for themselves—
That they might be cut off.
Your [j]calf [k]is rejected, O Samaria!
My anger is aroused against them—
(AA)How long until they attain to innocence?
For from Israel is even this:
A (AB)workman made it, and it is not God;
But the calf of Samaria shall be broken to pieces.

“They(AC) sow the wind,
And reap the whirlwind.
The stalk has no bud;
It shall never produce meal.
If it should produce,
(AD)Aliens would swallow it up.
(AE)Israel is swallowed up;
Now they are among the Gentiles
(AF)Like a vessel in which is no pleasure.
For they have gone up to Assyria,
Like (AG)a wild donkey alone by itself;
Ephraim (AH)has hired lovers.
10 Yes, though they have hired among the nations,
Now (AI)I will gather them;
And they shall [l]sorrow a little,
Because of the [m]burden of (AJ)the king of princes.

11 “Because Ephraim has made many altars for sin,
They have become for him altars for sinning.
12 I have written for him (AK)the great things of My law,
But they were considered a strange thing.
13 For the sacrifices of My offerings (AL)they sacrifice flesh and eat it,
(AM)But the Lord does not accept them.
(AN)Now He will remember their iniquity and punish their sins.
They shall return to Egypt.

14 “For(AO) Israel has forgotten (AP)his Maker,
And has built [n]temples;
Judah also has multiplied (AQ)fortified cities;
But (AR)I will send fire upon his cities,
And it shall devour his [o]palaces.”

Judgment of Israel’s Sin

Do(AS) not rejoice, O Israel, with joy like other peoples,
For you have played the harlot against your God.
You have made love for (AT)hire on every threshing floor.
The threshing floor and the winepress
Shall not feed them,
And the new wine shall fail in her.

They shall not dwell in (AU)the Lord’s land,
(AV)But Ephraim shall return to Egypt,
And (AW)shall eat unclean things in Assyria.
They shall not offer wine offerings to the Lord,
Nor (AX)shall their (AY)sacrifices be pleasing to Him.
It shall be like bread of mourners to them;
All who eat it shall be defiled.
For their bread shall be for their own life;
It shall not come into the house of the Lord.

What will you do in the appointed day,
And in the day of the feast of the Lord?
For indeed they are gone because of destruction.
Egypt shall gather them up;
Memphis shall bury them.
(AZ)Nettles shall possess their valuables of silver;
Thorns shall be in their tents.

The (BA)days of punishment have come;
The days of recompense have come.
Israel knows!
The prophet is a (BB)fool,
(BC)The spiritual man is insane,
Because of the greatness of your iniquity and great enmity.
The (BD)watchman of Ephraim is with my God;
But the prophet is a [p]fowler’s snare in all his ways—
Enmity in the house of his God.
(BE)They are deeply corrupted,
As in the days of (BF)Gibeah.
He will remember their iniquity;
He will punish their sins.

10 “I found Israel
Like grapes in the (BG)wilderness;
I saw your fathers
As the (BH)firstfruits on the fig tree in its first season.
But they went to (BI)Baal Peor,
And [q]separated themselves to that shame;
(BJ)They became an abomination like the thing they loved.
11 As for Ephraim, their glory shall fly away like a bird—
No birth, no pregnancy, and no conception!
12 Though they bring up their children,
Yet I will bereave them to the last man.
Yes, (BK)woe to them when I depart from them!
13 Just (BL)as I saw Ephraim like Tyre, planted in a pleasant place,
So Ephraim will bring out his children to the murderer.”

14 Give them, O Lord
What will You give?
Give them (BM)a miscarrying womb
And dry breasts!

15 “All their wickedness is in (BN)Gilgal,
For there I hated them.
Because of the evil of their deeds
I will drive them from My house;
I will love them no more.
(BO)All their princes are rebellious.
16 Ephraim is (BP)stricken,
Their root is dried up;
They shall bear no fruit.
Yes, were they to bear children,
I would kill the darlings of their womb.”

17 My God will (BQ)cast them away,
Because they did not obey Him;
And they shall be (BR)wanderers among the nations.


  1. Hosea 7:1 plunders
  2. Hosea 7:2 Lit. do not say to
  3. Hosea 7:5 Lit. with the heat of
  4. Hosea 7:6 So with MT, Vg.; Syr., Tg. Their anger; LXX Ephraim
  5. Hosea 7:11 Lit. heart
  6. Hosea 7:14 So with MT, Tg.; Vg. thought upon; LXX slashed themselves for (cf. 1 Kin. 18:28)
  7. Hosea 7:14 So with MT, Syr., Tg.; LXX omits They rebel against Me; Vg. They departed from Me
  8. Hosea 7:16 Or upward
  9. Hosea 8:1 ram’s horn, Heb. shophar
  10. Hosea 8:5 Golden calf image
  11. Hosea 8:5 Or has rejected you
  12. Hosea 8:10 Or begin to diminish
  13. Hosea 8:10 Or oracle or proclamation
  14. Hosea 8:14 Or palaces
  15. Hosea 8:14 Or citadels
  16. Hosea 9:8 One who catches birds in a trap or snare
  17. Hosea 9:10 Or dedicated

Bible Gateway Recommends