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Another Symbolic Marriage

And Yahweh said to me again,
“Go, love a woman
who has a lover[a] and is committing adultery,
    just like the love of Yahweh for the children of Israel,
but they are turning to other gods
    and love raisin cakes.”
So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver
    and a homer of barely and a measure of wine.[b]
And I said to her,
    You must remain as mine[c] for many days,
        and you will not play the whore;
you will not belong[d] to a man,
    and I will belong to you.”
The children of Israel will remain for many days
    without a king and prince,
    without sacrifice and stone pillar, ephod and teraphim.
Afterward the children of Israel will return
    and seek Yahweh their God and David their king.
They will come in fear to Yahweh
    and to his goodness at the end of days.


  1. Hosea 3:1 Literally “who is beloved of a friend”
  2. Hosea 3:2 Hebrew “a measure of barley”; the LXX has “a nebel of wine,” although some modern translations, e.g. NASB, have “a homer and a half of barley”
  3. Hosea 3:3 Literally “You must sit at home for me”
  4. Hosea 3:3 Literally “you will not be”

Hosea’s Reconciliation With His Wife

The Lord said to me, “Go, show your love to your wife again, though she is loved by another man and is an adulteress.(A) Love her as the Lord loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods and love the sacred raisin cakes.(B)

So I bought her for fifteen shekels[a] of silver and about a homer and a lethek[b] of barley. Then I told her, “You are to live with me many days; you must not be a prostitute or be intimate with any man, and I will behave the same way toward you.”

For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince,(C) without sacrifice(D) or sacred stones,(E) without ephod(F) or household gods.(G) Afterward the Israelites will return and seek(H) the Lord their God and David their king.(I) They will come trembling(J) to the Lord and to his blessings in the last days.(K)


  1. Hosea 3:2 That is, about 6 ounces or about 170 grams
  2. Hosea 3:2 A homer and a lethek possibly weighed about 430 pounds or about 195 kilograms.