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Chapter 13

The Death of Ephraim

When Ephraim spoke there was terror;
    he was exalted in Israel;[a]
    but he became guilty through Baal and died.

Now they continue to sin,
    making for themselves molten images,
Silver idols according to their skill,(A)
    all of them the work of artisans.
“To these, offer sacrifice,” they say.
    People kiss calves![b](B)

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  1. 13:1 Exalted in Israel: Ephraim enjoyed a privileged position in Israel (Gn 48:14–19).
  2. 13:2 Kiss calves: apparently a reference to a ritual gesture associated with the worship of Baal represented as a calf (1 Kgs 19:18).

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