12 [a]Ephraim(A) feeds on the wind;(B)
    he pursues the east wind all day
    and multiplies lies and violence.(C)
He makes a treaty with Assyria(D)
    and sends olive oil to Egypt.(E)
The Lord has a charge(F) to bring against Judah;(G)
    he will punish(H) Jacob[b] according to his ways
    and repay him according to his deeds.(I)
In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel;(J)
    as a man he struggled(K) with God.
He struggled with the angel and overcame him;
    he wept and begged for his favor.
He found him at Bethel(L)
    and talked with him there—
the Lord God Almighty,
    the Lord is his name!(M)
But you must return(N) to your God;
    maintain love and justice,(O)
    and wait for your God always.(P)

The merchant uses dishonest scales(Q)
    and loves to defraud.
Ephraim boasts,(R)
    “I am very rich; I have become wealthy.(S)
With all my wealth they will not find in me
    any iniquity or sin.”

“I have been the Lord your God
    ever since you came out of Egypt;(T)
I will make you live in tents(U) again,
    as in the days of your appointed festivals.
10 I spoke to the prophets,
    gave them many visions
    and told parables(V) through them.”(W)

11 Is Gilead wicked?(X)
    Its people are worthless!
Do they sacrifice bulls in Gilgal?(Y)
    Their altars will be like piles of stones
    on a plowed field.(Z)
12 Jacob fled to the country of Aram[c];(AA)
    Israel served to get a wife,
    and to pay for her he tended sheep.(AB)
13 The Lord used a prophet to bring Israel up from Egypt,(AC)
    by a prophet he cared for him.(AD)
14 But Ephraim has aroused his bitter anger;
    his Lord will leave on him the guilt of his bloodshed(AE)
    and will repay him for his contempt.(AF)

The Lord’s Anger Against Israel

13 When Ephraim spoke, people trembled;(AG)
    he was exalted(AH) in Israel.
    But he became guilty of Baal worship(AI) and died.
Now they sin more and more;
    they make(AJ) idols for themselves from their silver,(AK)
cleverly fashioned images,
    all of them the work of craftsmen.(AL)
It is said of these people,
    “They offer human sacrifices!
    They kiss[d](AM) calf-idols!(AN)
Therefore they will be like the morning mist,
    like the early dew that disappears,(AO)
    like chaff(AP) swirling from a threshing floor,(AQ)
    like smoke(AR) escaping through a window.

“But I have been the Lord your God
    ever since you came out of Egypt.(AS)
You shall acknowledge(AT) no God but me,(AU)
    no Savior(AV) except me.
I cared for you in the wilderness,(AW)
    in the land of burning heat.
When I fed them, they were satisfied;
    when they were satisfied, they became proud;(AX)
    then they forgot(AY) me.(AZ)
So I will be like a lion(BA) to them,
    like a leopard I will lurk by the path.
Like a bear robbed of her cubs,(BB)
    I will attack them and rip them open;
like a lion(BC) I will devour them—
    a wild animal will tear them apart.(BD)

“You are destroyed, Israel,
    because you are against me,(BE) against your helper.(BF)
10 Where is your king,(BG) that he may save you?
    Where are your rulers in all your towns,
of whom you said,
    ‘Give me a king and princes’?(BH)
11 So in my anger I gave you a king,(BI)
    and in my wrath I took him away.(BJ)
12 The guilt of Ephraim is stored up,
    his sins are kept on record.(BK)
13 Pains as of a woman in childbirth(BL) come to him,
    but he is a child without wisdom;
when the time(BM) arrives,
    he doesn’t have the sense to come out of the womb.(BN)

14 “I will deliver this people from the power of the grave;(BO)
    I will redeem them from death.(BP)
Where, O death, are your plagues?
    Where, O grave, is your destruction?(BQ)

“I will have no compassion,
15     even though he thrives(BR) among his brothers.
An east wind(BS) from the Lord will come,
    blowing in from the desert;
his spring will fail
    and his well dry up.(BT)
His storehouse will be plundered(BU)
    of all its treasures.
16 The people of Samaria(BV) must bear their guilt,(BW)
    because they have rebelled(BX) against their God.
They will fall by the sword;(BY)
    their little ones will be dashed(BZ) to the ground,
    their pregnant women(CA) ripped open.”[e]

Repentance to Bring Blessing

14 [f]Return,(CB) Israel, to the Lord your God.
    Your sins(CC) have been your downfall!(CD)
Take words with you
    and return to the Lord.
Say to him:
    “Forgive(CE) all our sins
and receive us graciously,(CF)
    that we may offer the fruit of our lips.[g](CG)
Assyria cannot save us;(CH)
    we will not mount warhorses.(CI)
We will never again say ‘Our gods’(CJ)
    to what our own hands have made,(CK)
    for in you the fatherless(CL) find compassion.”

“I will heal(CM) their waywardness(CN)
    and love them freely,(CO)
    for my anger has turned away(CP) from them.
I will be like the dew(CQ) to Israel;
    he will blossom like a lily.(CR)
Like a cedar of Lebanon(CS)
    he will send down his roots;(CT)
    his young shoots will grow.
His splendor will be like an olive tree,(CU)
    his fragrance like a cedar of Lebanon.(CV)
People will dwell again in his shade;(CW)
    they will flourish like the grain,
they will blossom(CX) like the vine—
    Israel’s fame will be like the wine(CY) of Lebanon.(CZ)
Ephraim, what more have I[h] to do with idols?(DA)
    I will answer him and care for him.
I am like a flourishing juniper;(DB)
    your fruitfulness comes from me.”

Who is wise?(DC) Let them realize these things.
    Who is discerning? Let them understand.(DD)
The ways of the Lord are right;(DE)
    the righteous walk(DF) in them,
    but the rebellious stumble in them.


  1. Hosea 12:1 In Hebrew texts 12:1-14 is numbered 12:2-15.
  2. Hosea 12:2 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he takes advantage of or he deceives.
  3. Hosea 12:12 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
  4. Hosea 13:2 Or “Men who sacrifice / kiss
  5. Hosea 13:16 In Hebrew texts this verse (13:16) is numbered 14:1.
  6. Hosea 14:1 In Hebrew texts 14:1-9 is numbered 14:2-10.
  7. Hosea 14:2 Or offer our lips as sacrifices of bulls
  8. Hosea 14:8 Or Hebrew; Septuagint What more has Ephraim

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