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12 [a]Ephraim feeds on (A)wind
And pursues the (B)east wind continually;
He abounds in falsehood and destruction.
Moreover, [b]he cuts a covenant with Assyria,
And oil is carried to Egypt.

Yahweh’s Contention with Judah

And Yahweh has a (C)contention with Judah
And will punish Jacob (D)according to his ways;
He will cause everything to return to him according to his deeds.
In the womb he (E)took his brother by the heel,
And in his maturity he [c](F)wrestled with God.
Indeed, he [d]wrestled with the angel and prevailed;
He wept and (G)sought His favor.
He found Him at (H)Bethel,
And there He spoke with us,
Even Yahweh, the God of hosts,
Yahweh is His [e](I)name of remembrance.
Therefore, (J)return to your God,
(K)Keep lovingkindness and justice,
And (L)hope in your God continually.
A [f]merchant, in whose hands are deceptive (M)balances,
He loves to oppress.
And Ephraim said, “Surely I have become (N)rich;
I have found wealth for myself;
In all my labors they will find in me
(O)No iniquity, which would be sin.”
But I have been Yahweh your God since the land of Egypt;
I will make you (P)settle in tents again,
As in the days of the appointed festival.
10 And I have spoken to the (Q)prophets,
And I [g]made visions abound,
And by the hand of the prophets I gave (R)parables.
11 Is there wickedness in Gilead?
Surely they are worthless.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls;
Yes, (S)their altars are like the stone heaps
Beside the furrows of the field.

12 Now (T)Jacob fled to the field of Aram,
And (U)Israel worked for a wife,
And for a wife he kept sheep.
13 But by a (V)prophet Yahweh brought Israel up from Egypt,
And by a prophet he was kept.
14 (W)Ephraim has provoked to bitter anger;
So his Lord will leave his (X)bloodguilt on him
And cause his (Y)reproach to return to him.


  1. Hosea 12:1 Ch 12:2 in Heb
  2. Hosea 12:1 Lit they cut
  3. Hosea 12:3 Or strove, cf. Gen 32:28
  4. Hosea 12:4 Or strove, cf. Gen 32:28
  5. Hosea 12:5 Lit memorial
  6. Hosea 12:7 Or Canaanite
  7. Hosea 12:10 Lit multiplied the vision