10 Israel was a spreading vine;(A)
    he brought forth fruit for himself.
As his fruit increased,
    he built more altars;(B)
as his land prospered,(C)
    he adorned his sacred stones.(D)
Their heart is deceitful,(E)
    and now they must bear their guilt.(F)
The Lord will demolish their altars(G)
    and destroy their sacred stones.(H)

Then they will say, “We have no king
    because we did not revere the Lord.
But even if we had a king,
    what could he do for us?”
They make many promises,
    take false oaths(I)
    and make agreements;(J)
therefore lawsuits spring up
    like poisonous weeds(K) in a plowed field.
The people who live in Samaria fear
    for the calf-idol(L) of Beth Aven.[a](M)
Its people will mourn over it,
    and so will its idolatrous priests,(N)
those who had rejoiced over its splendor,
    because it is taken from them into exile.(O)
It will be carried to Assyria(P)
    as tribute(Q) for the great king.(R)
Ephraim will be disgraced;(S)
    Israel will be ashamed(T) of its foreign alliances.
Samaria’s king will be destroyed,(U)
    swept away like a twig on the surface of the waters.
The high places(V) of wickedness[b](W) will be destroyed—
    it is the sin of Israel.
Thorns(X) and thistles will grow up
    and cover their altars.(Y)
Then they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!”(Z)
    and to the hills, “Fall on us!”(AA)

“Since the days of Gibeah,(AB) you have sinned,(AC) Israel,
    and there you have remained.[c]
Will not war again overtake
    the evildoers in Gibeah?
10 When I please, I will punish(AD) them;
    nations will be gathered against them
    to put them in bonds for their double sin.
11 Ephraim is a trained heifer
    that loves to thresh;
so I will put a yoke(AE)
    on her fair neck.
I will drive Ephraim,
    Judah must plow,
    and Jacob must break up the ground.
12 Sow(AF) righteousness(AG) for yourselves,
    reap the fruit of unfailing love,
and break up your unplowed ground;(AH)
    for it is time to seek(AI) the Lord,
until he comes
    and showers his righteousness(AJ) on you.
13 But you have planted wickedness,
    you have reaped evil,(AK)
    you have eaten the fruit of deception.(AL)
Because you have depended on your own strength
    and on your many warriors,(AM)
14 the roar of battle will rise against your people,
    so that all your fortresses will be devastated(AN)
as Shalman(AO) devastated Beth Arbel on the day of battle,
    when mothers were dashed to the ground with their children.(AP)
15 So will it happen to you, Bethel,
    because your wickedness is great.
When that day dawns,
    the king of Israel will be completely destroyed.(AQ)

God’s Love for Israel

11 “When Israel was a child,(AR) I loved(AS) him,
    and out of Egypt I called my son.(AT)
But the more they were called,
    the more they went away from me.[d](AU)
They sacrificed to the Baals(AV)
    and they burned incense to images.(AW)
It was I who taught Ephraim to walk,
    taking them by the arms;(AX)
but they did not realize
    it was I who healed(AY) them.
I led them with cords of human kindness,
    with ties of love.(AZ)
To them I was like one who lifts
    a little child to the cheek,
    and I bent down to feed(BA) them.(BB)

“Will they not return to Egypt(BC)
    and will not Assyria(BD) rule over them
    because they refuse to repent?(BE)
A sword(BF) will flash in their cities;
    it will devour(BG) their false prophets
    and put an end to their plans.
My people are determined to turn(BH) from me.(BI)
    Even though they call me God Most High,
    I will by no means exalt them.

“How can I give you up,(BJ) Ephraim?(BK)
    How can I hand you over, Israel?
How can I treat you like Admah?
    How can I make you like Zeboyim?(BL)
My heart is changed within me;
    all my compassion(BM) is aroused.(BN)
I will not carry out my fierce anger,(BO)
    nor will I devastate(BP) Ephraim again.
For I am God, and not a man(BQ)
    the Holy One(BR) among you.
    I will not come against their cities.
10 They will follow the Lord;
    he will roar(BS) like a lion.(BT)
When he roars,
    his children will come trembling(BU) from the west.(BV)
11 They will come from Egypt,
    trembling like sparrows,
    from Assyria,(BW) fluttering like doves.(BX)
I will settle them in their homes,”(BY)
    declares the Lord.

Israel’s Sin

12 Ephraim has surrounded me with lies,(BZ)
    Israel with deceit.
And Judah is unruly against God,
    even against the faithful(CA) Holy One.[e](CB)

12 [f]Ephraim(CC) feeds on the wind;(CD)
    he pursues the east wind all day
    and multiplies lies and violence.(CE)
He makes a treaty with Assyria(CF)
    and sends olive oil to Egypt.(CG)
The Lord has a charge(CH) to bring against Judah;(CI)
    he will punish(CJ) Jacob[g] according to his ways
    and repay him according to his deeds.(CK)
In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel;(CL)
    as a man he struggled(CM) with God.
He struggled with the angel and overcame him;
    he wept and begged for his favor.
He found him at Bethel(CN)
    and talked with him there—
the Lord God Almighty,
    the Lord is his name!(CO)
But you must return(CP) to your God;
    maintain love and justice,(CQ)
    and wait for your God always.(CR)

The merchant uses dishonest scales(CS)
    and loves to defraud.
Ephraim boasts,(CT)
    “I am very rich; I have become wealthy.(CU)
With all my wealth they will not find in me
    any iniquity or sin.”

“I have been the Lord your God
    ever since you came out of Egypt;(CV)
I will make you live in tents(CW) again,
    as in the days of your appointed festivals.
10 I spoke to the prophets,
    gave them many visions
    and told parables(CX) through them.”(CY)

11 Is Gilead wicked?(CZ)
    Its people are worthless!
Do they sacrifice bulls in Gilgal?(DA)
    Their altars will be like piles of stones
    on a plowed field.(DB)
12 Jacob fled to the country of Aram[h];(DC)
    Israel served to get a wife,
    and to pay for her he tended sheep.(DD)
13 The Lord used a prophet to bring Israel up from Egypt,(DE)
    by a prophet he cared for him.(DF)
14 But Ephraim has aroused his bitter anger;
    his Lord will leave on him the guilt of his bloodshed(DG)
    and will repay him for his contempt.(DH)

The Lord’s Anger Against Israel

13 When Ephraim spoke, people trembled;(DI)
    he was exalted(DJ) in Israel.
    But he became guilty of Baal worship(DK) and died.
Now they sin more and more;
    they make(DL) idols for themselves from their silver,(DM)
cleverly fashioned images,
    all of them the work of craftsmen.(DN)
It is said of these people,
    “They offer human sacrifices!
    They kiss[i](DO) calf-idols!(DP)
Therefore they will be like the morning mist,
    like the early dew that disappears,(DQ)
    like chaff(DR) swirling from a threshing floor,(DS)
    like smoke(DT) escaping through a window.

“But I have been the Lord your God
    ever since you came out of Egypt.(DU)
You shall acknowledge(DV) no God but me,(DW)
    no Savior(DX) except me.
I cared for you in the wilderness,(DY)
    in the land of burning heat.
When I fed them, they were satisfied;
    when they were satisfied, they became proud;(DZ)
    then they forgot(EA) me.(EB)
So I will be like a lion(EC) to them,
    like a leopard I will lurk by the path.
Like a bear robbed of her cubs,(ED)
    I will attack them and rip them open;
like a lion(EE) I will devour them—
    a wild animal will tear them apart.(EF)

“You are destroyed, Israel,
    because you are against me,(EG) against your helper.(EH)
10 Where is your king,(EI) that he may save you?
    Where are your rulers in all your towns,
of whom you said,
    ‘Give me a king and princes’?(EJ)
11 So in my anger I gave you a king,(EK)
    and in my wrath I took him away.(EL)
12 The guilt of Ephraim is stored up,
    his sins are kept on record.(EM)
13 Pains as of a woman in childbirth(EN) come to him,
    but he is a child without wisdom;
when the time(EO) arrives,
    he doesn’t have the sense to come out of the womb.(EP)

14 “I will deliver this people from the power of the grave;(EQ)
    I will redeem them from death.(ER)
Where, O death, are your plagues?
    Where, O grave, is your destruction?(ES)

“I will have no compassion,
15     even though he thrives(ET) among his brothers.
An east wind(EU) from the Lord will come,
    blowing in from the desert;
his spring will fail
    and his well dry up.(EV)
His storehouse will be plundered(EW)
    of all its treasures.
16 The people of Samaria(EX) must bear their guilt,(EY)
    because they have rebelled(EZ) against their God.
They will fall by the sword;(FA)
    their little ones will be dashed(FB) to the ground,
    their pregnant women(FC) ripped open.”[j]

Repentance to Bring Blessing

14 [k]Return,(FD) Israel, to the Lord your God.
    Your sins(FE) have been your downfall!(FF)
Take words with you
    and return to the Lord.
Say to him:
    “Forgive(FG) all our sins
and receive us graciously,(FH)
    that we may offer the fruit of our lips.[l](FI)
Assyria cannot save us;(FJ)
    we will not mount warhorses.(FK)
We will never again say ‘Our gods’(FL)
    to what our own hands have made,(FM)
    for in you the fatherless(FN) find compassion.”

“I will heal(FO) their waywardness(FP)
    and love them freely,(FQ)
    for my anger has turned away(FR) from them.
I will be like the dew(FS) to Israel;
    he will blossom like a lily.(FT)
Like a cedar of Lebanon(FU)
    he will send down his roots;(FV)
    his young shoots will grow.
His splendor will be like an olive tree,(FW)
    his fragrance like a cedar of Lebanon.(FX)
People will dwell again in his shade;(FY)
    they will flourish like the grain,
they will blossom(FZ) like the vine—
    Israel’s fame will be like the wine(GA) of Lebanon.(GB)
Ephraim, what more have I[m] to do with idols?(GC)
    I will answer him and care for him.
I am like a flourishing juniper;(GD)
    your fruitfulness comes from me.”

Who is wise?(GE) Let them realize these things.
    Who is discerning? Let them understand.(GF)
The ways of the Lord are right;(GG)
    the righteous walk(GH) in them,
    but the rebellious stumble in them.


  1. Hosea 10:5 Beth Aven means house of wickedness (a derogatory name for Bethel, which means house of God).
  2. Hosea 10:8 Hebrew aven, a reference to Beth Aven (a derogatory name for Bethel); see verse 5.
  3. Hosea 10:9 Or there a stand was taken
  4. Hosea 11:2 Septuagint; Hebrew them
  5. Hosea 11:12 In Hebrew texts this verse (11:12) is numbered 12:1.
  6. Hosea 12:1 In Hebrew texts 12:1-14 is numbered 12:2-15.
  7. Hosea 12:2 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he takes advantage of or he deceives.
  8. Hosea 12:12 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
  9. Hosea 13:2 Or “Men who sacrifice / kiss
  10. Hosea 13:16 In Hebrew texts this verse (13:16) is numbered 14:1.
  11. Hosea 14:1 In Hebrew texts 14:1-9 is numbered 14:2-10.
  12. Hosea 14:2 Or offer our lips as sacrifices of bulls
  13. Hosea 14:8 Or Hebrew; Septuagint What more has Ephraim

17 Amaziah son of Joash king of Judah lived for fifteen years after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel.

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26 As for the other events of Amaziah’s reign, from beginning to end, are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel? 27 From the time that Amaziah turned away from following the Lord, they conspired against him in Jerusalem and he fled to Lachish(A), but they sent men after him to Lachish and killed him there. 28 He was brought back by horse and was buried with his ancestors in the City of Judah.[a]

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  1. 2 Chronicles 25:28 Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac (see also 2 Kings 14:20) David

21 Then all the people of Judah took Azariah,[a](A) who was sixteen years old, and made him king in place of his father Amaziah.

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  1. 2 Kings 14:21 Also called Uzziah

Azariah King of Judah(A)

15 In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Azariah[a](B) son of Amaziah king of Judah began to reign. He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. His mother’s name was Jekoliah; she was from Jerusalem.

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  1. 2 Kings 15:1 Also called Uzziah; also in verses 6, 7, 8, 17, 23 and 27

Uzziah King of Judah(A)(B)

26 Then all the people of Judah(C) took Uzziah,[a] who was sixteen years old, and made him king in place of his father Amaziah.

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  1. 2 Chronicles 26:1 Also called Azariah

Uzziah was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-two years. His mother’s name was Jekoliah; she was from Jerusalem. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father Amaziah had done. He sought God during the days of Zechariah, who instructed him in the fear[a] of God.(A) As long as he sought the Lord, God gave him success.(B)

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  1. 2 Chronicles 26:5 Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac; other Hebrew manuscripts vision

The high places, however, were not removed; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.

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He was the one who rebuilt Elath and restored it to Judah after Amaziah rested with his ancestors.

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He went to war against the Philistines(A) and broke down the walls of Gath, Jabneh and Ashdod.(B) He then rebuilt towns near Ashdod and elsewhere among the Philistines. God helped him against the Philistines and against the Arabs(C) who lived in Gur Baal and against the Meunites.(D) The Ammonites(E) brought tribute to Uzziah, and his fame spread as far as the border of Egypt, because he had become very powerful.

Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the Corner Gate,(F) at the Valley Gate(G) and at the angle of the wall, and he fortified them. 10 He also built towers in the wilderness and dug many cisterns, because he had much livestock in the foothills and in the plain. He had people working his fields and vineyards in the hills and in the fertile lands, for he loved the soil.

11 Uzziah had a well-trained army, ready to go out by divisions according to their numbers as mustered by Jeiel the secretary and Maaseiah the officer under the direction of Hananiah, one of the royal officials. 12 The total number of family leaders over the fighting men was 2,600. 13 Under their command was an army of 307,500 men trained for war, a powerful force to support the king against his enemies. 14 Uzziah provided shields, spears, helmets, coats of armor, bows and slingstones for the entire army.(H) 15 In Jerusalem he made devices invented for use on the towers and on the corner defenses so that soldiers could shoot arrows and hurl large stones from the walls. His fame spread far and wide, for he was greatly helped until he became powerful.

16 But after Uzziah became powerful, his pride(I) led to his downfall.(J) He was unfaithful(K) to the Lord his God, and entered the temple of the Lord to burn incense(L) on the altar of incense. 17 Azariah(M) the priest with eighty other courageous priests of the Lord followed him in. 18 They confronted King Uzziah and said, “It is not right for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to the Lord. That is for the priests,(N) the descendants(O) of Aaron,(P) who have been consecrated to burn incense.(Q) Leave the sanctuary, for you have been unfaithful; and you will not be honored by the Lord God.”

19 Uzziah, who had a censer in his hand ready to burn incense, became angry. While he was raging at the priests in their presence before the incense altar in the Lord’s temple, leprosy[a](R) broke out on his forehead. 20 When Azariah the chief priest and all the other priests looked at him, they saw that he had leprosy on his forehead, so they hurried him out. Indeed, he himself was eager to leave, because the Lord had afflicted him.

21 King Uzziah had leprosy until the day he died. He lived in a separate house[b](S)—leprous, and banned from the temple of the Lord. Jotham his son had charge of the palace and governed the people of the land.

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  1. 2 Chronicles 26:19 The Hebrew for leprosy was used for various diseases affecting the skin; also in verses 20, 21 and 23.
  2. 2 Chronicles 26:21 Or in a house where he was relieved of responsibilities

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