Israel’s Sin and Captivity

10 Israel (A)empties his vine;
He brings forth fruit for himself.
According to the multitude of his fruit
(B)He has increased the altars;
According to the bounty of his land
They have embellished his sacred pillars.
Their heart is (C)divided;[a]
Now they are held guilty.
He will break down their altars;
He will ruin their sacred pillars.

For now they say,
“We have no king,
Because we did not fear the Lord.
And as for a king, what would he do for us?”
They have spoken words,
Swearing falsely in making a covenant.
Thus judgment springs up (D)like hemlock in the furrows of the field.

The inhabitants of Samaria fear
Because of the (E)calf[b] of Beth Aven.
For its people mourn for it,
And [c]its priests shriek for it—
Because its (F)glory has departed from it.
The idol also shall be carried to Assyria
As a present for King (G)Jareb.
Ephraim shall receive shame,
And Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.

As for Samaria, her king is cut off
Like a twig on the water.
Also the (H)high places of [d]Aven, (I)the sin of Israel,
Shall be destroyed.
The thorn and thistle shall grow on their altars;
(J)They shall say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
And to the hills, “Fall on us!”

“O Israel, you have sinned from the days of (K)Gibeah;
There they stood.
The (L)battle in Gibeah against the children of [e]iniquity
Did not [f]overtake them.
10 When it is My desire, I will chasten them.
(M)Peoples shall be gathered against them
When I bind them [g]for their two transgressions.
11 Ephraim is (N)a trained heifer
That loves to thresh grain;
But I harnessed her fair neck,
I will make Ephraim [h]pull a plow.
Judah shall plow;
Jacob shall break his clods.”

12 Sow for yourselves righteousness;
Reap in mercy;
(O)Break up your fallow ground,
For it is time to seek the Lord,
Till He (P)comes and rains righteousness on you.

13 (Q)You have plowed wickedness;
You have reaped iniquity.
You have eaten the fruit of lies,
Because you trusted in your own way,
In the multitude of your mighty men.
14 Therefore tumult shall arise among your people,
And all your fortresses shall be plundered
As Shalman plundered Beth Arbel in the day of battle—
A mother dashed in pieces upon her children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O Bethel,
Because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel
Shall be cut off utterly.

God’s Continuing Love for Israel

11 “When Israel was a [i]child, I loved him,
And out of Egypt (R)I called My (S)son.
[j]As they called them,
So they (T)went [k]from them;
They sacrificed to the Baals,
And burned incense to carved images.

“I(U) taught Ephraim to walk,
Taking them by [l]their arms;
But they did not know that (V)I healed them.
I drew them with [m]gentle cords,
With bands of love,
And (W)I was to them as those who take the yoke from their [n]neck.
(X)I stooped and fed them.

“He shall not return to the land of Egypt;
But the Assyrian shall be his king,
Because they refused to repent.
And the sword shall slash in his cities,
Devour his districts,
And consume them,
Because of their own counsels.
My people are bent on (Y)backsliding from Me.
Though [o]they call [p]to the Most High,
None at all exalt Him.

“How(Z) can I give you up, Ephraim?
How can I hand you over, Israel?
How can I make you like (AA)Admah?
How can I set you like Zeboiim?
My heart [q]churns within Me;
My sympathy is stirred.
I will not execute the fierceness of My anger;
I will not again destroy Ephraim.
(AB)For I am God, and not man,
The Holy One in your midst;
And I will not [r]come with terror.

10 “They shall walk after the Lord.
(AC)He will roar like a lion.
When He roars,
Then His sons shall come trembling from the west;
11 They shall come trembling like a bird from Egypt,
(AD)Like a dove from the land of Assyria.
(AE)And I will let them dwell in their houses,”
Says the Lord.

God’s Charge Against Ephraim

12 “Ephraim has encircled Me with lies,
And the house of Israel with deceit;
But Judah still walks with God,
Even with the [s]Holy One who is faithful.

Ephraim’s Sins Rebuked by God

12 “Ephraim (AF)feeds on the wind,
And pursues the east wind;
He daily increases lies and [t]desolation.
(AG)Also they make a [u]covenant with the Assyrians,
And (AH)oil is carried to Egypt.

“The(AI) Lord also brings a [v]charge against Judah,
And will punish Jacob according to his ways;
According to his deeds He will recompense him.
He took his brother (AJ)by the heel in the womb,
And in his strength he (AK)struggled with God.
Yes, he struggled with the Angel and prevailed;
He wept, and sought favor from Him.
He found Him in (AL)Bethel,
And there He spoke to us—
That is, the Lord God of hosts.
The Lord is His (AM)memorable name.
(AN)So you, by the help of your God, return;
Observe mercy and justice,
And wait on your God continually.

“A cunning [w]Canaanite!
(AO)Deceitful scales are in his hand;
He loves to oppress.
And Ephraim said,
(AP)‘Surely I have become rich,
I have found wealth for myself;
In all my labors
They shall find in me no iniquity that is sin.’

“But I am the Lord your God,
Ever since the land of Egypt;
(AQ)I will again make you dwell in tents,
As in the days of the appointed feast.
10 (AR)I have also spoken by the prophets,
And have multiplied visions;
I have given [x]symbols [y]through the witness of the prophets.”

11 Though (AS)Gilead has idols—
Surely they are [z]vanity—
Though they sacrifice bulls in (AT)Gilgal,
Indeed their altars shall be heaps in the furrows of the field.

12 Jacob (AU)fled to the country of Syria;
(AV)Israel served for a spouse,
And for a wife he tended sheep.
13 (AW)By a prophet the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt,
And by a prophet he was preserved.
14 Ephraim (AX)provoked Him to anger most bitterly;
Therefore his Lord will leave the guilt of his bloodshed upon him,
(AY)And return his reproach upon him.


  1. Hosea 10:2 Divided in loyalty
  2. Hosea 10:5 Lit. calves, images
  3. Hosea 10:5 idolatrous priests
  4. Hosea 10:8 Lit. Idolatry or Wickedness
  5. Hosea 10:9 So with many Heb. mss., LXX, Vg.; MT unruliness
  6. Hosea 10:9 Or overcome
  7. Hosea 10:10 Or in their two habitations
  8. Hosea 10:11 Lit. to ride
  9. Hosea 11:1 Or youth
  10. Hosea 11:2 So with MT, Vg.; LXX Just as I called them; Tg. interprets as I sent prophets to a thousand of them.
  11. Hosea 11:2 So with MT, Tg., Vg.; LXX from My face
  12. Hosea 11:3 Some Heb. mss., LXX, Syr., Vg. My arms
  13. Hosea 11:4 Lit. cords of a man
  14. Hosea 11:4 Lit. jaws
  15. Hosea 11:7 The prophets
  16. Hosea 11:7 Or upward
  17. Hosea 11:8 Lit. turns over
  18. Hosea 11:9 Or enter a city
  19. Hosea 11:12 Or holy ones
  20. Hosea 12:1 ruin
  21. Hosea 12:1 Or treaty
  22. Hosea 12:2 A legal complaint
  23. Hosea 12:7 Or merchant
  24. Hosea 12:10 Or parables
  25. Hosea 12:10 Lit. by the hand
  26. Hosea 12:11 worthless

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