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Hosea 10 Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE)

Israel’s Sin and Captivity

10 Israel is a luxuriant vine
that yields its fruit.
The more his fruit increased
    the more altars he built;
as his country improved
    he improved his pillars.
Their heart is false;
    now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord[a] will break down their altars,
    and destroy their pillars.

For now they will say:
    “We have no king,
for we fear not the Lord,
    and a king, what could he do for us?”
They utter mere words;
    with empty oaths they make covenants;
so judgment springs up like poisonous weeds
    in the furrows of the field.
The inhabitants of Samar′ia tremble
    for the calf[b] of Beth-a′ven.
Its people shall mourn for it,
    and its idolatrous priests shall wail[c] over it,
    over its glory which has departed from it.
Yea, the thing itself shall be carried to Assyria,
    as tribute to the great king.[d]
E′phraim shall be put to shame,
    and Israel shall be ashamed of his idol.[e]

Samar′ia’s king shall perish,
    like a chip on the face of the waters.
The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel,
    shall be destroyed.
Thorn and thistle shall grow up
    on their altars;
and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us,
    and to the hills, Fall upon us.

From the days of Gib′e-ah, you have sinned, O Israel;
    there they have continued.
    Shall not war overtake them in Gib′e-ah?
10 I will come[f] against the wayward people to chastise them;
    and nations shall be gathered against them
    when they are chastised[g] for their double iniquity.

11 E′phraim was a trained heifer
    that loved to thresh,
    and I spared her fair neck;
but I will put E′phraim to the yoke,
    Judah must plow,
    Jacob must harrow for himself.
12 Sow for yourselves righteousness,
    reap the fruit[h] of steadfast love;
    break up your fallow ground,
for it is the time to seek the Lord,
    that he may come and rain salvation upon you.

13 You have plowed iniquity,
    you have reaped injustice,
    you have eaten the fruit of lies.
Because you have trusted in your chariots[i]
    and in the multitude of your warriors,
14 therefore the tumult of war shall arise among your people,
    and all your fortresses shall be destroyed,
as Shalman destroyed Beth-ar′bel on the day of battle;
    mothers were dashed in pieces with their children.
15 Thus it shall be done to you, O house of Israel,[j]
    because of your great wickedness.
In the storm[k] the king of Israel
    shall be utterly cut off.


  1. Hosea 10:2 Heb he
  2. Hosea 10:5 Gk Syr: Heb calves
  3. Hosea 10:5 Cn: Heb exult
  4. Hosea 10:6 Cn: Heb a king that will contend
  5. Hosea 10:6 Cn: Heb counsel
  6. Hosea 10:10 Cn Compare Gk: Heb in my desire
  7. Hosea 10:10 Gk: Heb bound
  8. Hosea 10:12 Gk: Heb according to
  9. Hosea 10:13 Gk: Heb way
  10. Hosea 10:15 Gk: Heb O Bethel
  11. Hosea 10:15 Cn: Heb dawn
Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE)

The Revised Standard Version of the Bible: Catholic Edition, copyright © 1965, 1966 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Hosea 10 New International Version (NIV)

10 Israel was a spreading vine;
    he brought forth fruit for himself.
As his fruit increased,
    he built more altars;
as his land prospered,
    he adorned his sacred stones.
Their heart is deceitful,
    and now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord will demolish their altars
    and destroy their sacred stones.

Then they will say, “We have no king
    because we did not revere the Lord.
But even if we had a king,
    what could he do for us?”
They make many promises,
    take false oaths
    and make agreements;
therefore lawsuits spring up
    like poisonous weeds in a plowed field.
The people who live in Samaria fear
    for the calf-idol of Beth Aven.[a]
Its people will mourn over it,
    and so will its idolatrous priests,
those who had rejoiced over its splendor,
    because it is taken from them into exile.
It will be carried to Assyria
    as tribute for the great king.
Ephraim will be disgraced;
    Israel will be ashamed of its foreign alliances.
Samaria’s king will be destroyed,
    swept away like a twig on the surface of the waters.
The high places of wickedness[b] will be destroyed—
    it is the sin of Israel.
Thorns and thistles will grow up
    and cover their altars.
Then they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
    and to the hills, “Fall on us!”

“Since the days of Gibeah, you have sinned, Israel,
    and there you have remained.[c]
Will not war again overtake
    the evildoers in Gibeah?
10 When I please, I will punish them;
    nations will be gathered against them
    to put them in bonds for their double sin.
11 Ephraim is a trained heifer
    that loves to thresh;
so I will put a yoke
    on her fair neck.
I will drive Ephraim,
    Judah must plow,
    and Jacob must break up the ground.
12 Sow righteousness for yourselves,
    reap the fruit of unfailing love,
and break up your unplowed ground;
    for it is time to seek the Lord,
until he comes
    and showers his righteousness on you.
13 But you have planted wickedness,
    you have reaped evil,
    you have eaten the fruit of deception.
Because you have depended on your own strength
    and on your many warriors,
14 the roar of battle will rise against your people,
    so that all your fortresses will be devastated
as Shalman devastated Beth Arbel on the day of battle,
    when mothers were dashed to the ground with their children.
15 So will it happen to you, Bethel,
    because your wickedness is great.
When that day dawns,
    the king of Israel will be completely destroyed.


  1. Hosea 10:5 Beth Aven means house of wickedness (a derogatory name for Bethel, which means house of God).
  2. Hosea 10:8 Hebrew aven, a reference to Beth Aven (a derogatory name for Bethel); see verse 5.
  3. Hosea 10:9 Or there a stand was taken
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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