The Triumphs of Faith

11 Now faith is the (A)certainty of things [a](B)hoped for, a [b]proof of (C)things not seen. For by it the (D)people of old [c](E)gained approval.

By faith we understand that the [d](F)world has been created (G)by the word of God so that what is seen (H)has not been made out of things that are visible. By faith (I)Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he was (J)attested to be righteous, God testifying [e]about his (K)gifts, and through [f]faith, though (L)he is dead, he still speaks. By faith (M)Enoch was taken up so that he would not (N)see death; and he was not found because God took him up; for before he was taken up, he was attested to have been pleasing to God. And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for the one who (O)comes to God must believe that He exists, and that He proves to be One who rewards those who seek Him. By faith (P)Noah, being (Q)warned by God about (R)things not yet seen, [g](S)in reverence (T)prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of (U)the righteousness which is according to faith.

By faith (V)Abraham, when he was called, obeyed [h]by going out to a place which he was to (W)receive for an inheritance; and he left, not knowing where he was going. By faith he lived as a stranger in (X)the land of promise, as in a foreign land, (Y)living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, (Z)fellow heirs of the same promise; 10 for he was looking for (AA)the city which has (AB)foundations, (AC)whose architect and builder is God. 11 By faith even (AD)Sarah herself received [i]ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him (AE)faithful who had promised. 12 Therefore even from one man, and (AF)one who was as good as dead [j]at that, there were born descendants who were (AG)just as the stars of heaven in number, and as the innumerable grains of sand along the seashore.

13 (AH)All these died in faith, (AI)without receiving the promises, but (AJ)having seen and welcomed them from a distance, and (AK)having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. 14 For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. 15 And indeed if they had been [k]thinking of that country which they left, (AL)they would have had opportunity to return. 16 But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a (AM)heavenly one. Therefore (AN)God is not [l]ashamed to be (AO)called their God; for (AP)He has prepared a city for them.

17 By faith (AQ)Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and the one who had (AR)received the promises was offering up his [m]only son; 18 it was he to whom it was said, “(AS)Through Isaac your [n]descendants shall be named.” 19 [o]He considered that (AT)God is able to raise people even from the dead, from which he also received him back [p]as a [q](AU)type. 20 By faith (AV)Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even regarding things to come. 21 By faith (AW)Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and (AX)worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22 By faith (AY)Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones.

23 By faith (AZ)Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the (BA)king’s edict. 24 By faith Moses, (BB)when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to (BC)endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the temporary pleasures of sin, 26 (BD)considering the [r]reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the (BE)reward. 27 By faith he (BF)left Egypt, not (BG)fearing the wrath of the king; for he persevered, as though (BH)seeing Him who is unseen. 28 By faith he [s](BI)kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that (BJ)the destroyer of the firstborn would not touch them. 29 By faith they (BK)passed through the Red Sea as through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were [t]drowned.

30 By faith (BL)the walls of Jericho fell down [u](BM)after the Israelites had marched around them for seven days. 31 By faith the prostitute (BN)Rahab did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies [v]in peace.

32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of (BO)Gideon, (BP)Barak, (BQ)Samson, (BR)Jephthah, of (BS)David and (BT)Samuel and the prophets, 33 who by faith (BU)conquered kingdoms, (BV)performed acts of righteousness, (BW)obtained promises, (BX)shut the mouths of lions, 34 (BY)quenched the power of fire, (BZ)escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, (CA)became mighty in war, (CB)put foreign armies to flight. 35 (CC)Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their [w]release, so that they might obtain a better resurrection; 36 and others [x]experienced mocking and flogging, and further, (CD)chains and imprisonment. 37 They were (CE)stoned, they were sawn in two, [y]they were tempted, they were (CF)put to death with the sword; they went about (CG)in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, (CH)tormented 38 (people of whom the world was not worthy), (CI)wandering in deserts, on mountains, and sheltering in caves and holes [z]in the ground.

39 And all these, having (CJ)gained approval through their faith, (CK)did not receive [aa]what was promised, 40 because God had [ab]provided (CL)something better for us, so that (CM)apart from us they would not be made perfect.

Jesus, the Example

12 Therefore, since we also have such a great cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let’s (CN)rid ourselves of every obstacle and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let’s (CO)run with (CP)endurance the race that is set before us, looking only at Jesus, the [ac](CQ)originator and perfecter of the faith, who for the joy set before Him (CR)endured the cross, (CS)despising the shame, and has (CT)sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

For (CU)consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you will not grow weary [ad](CV)and lose heart.

A Father’s Discipline

(CW)You have not yet resisted [ae](CX)to the point of shedding blood in your striving against sin; and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons,

(CY)My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord,
Nor (CZ)faint when you are punished by Him;
(DA)For (DB)whom the Lord loves He disciplines,
And He punishes every son whom He accepts.”

It is for discipline that you endure; (DC)God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline? But if you are without discipline, (DD)of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons. Furthermore, we had [af]earthly fathers to discipline us, and we (DE)respected them; shall we not much more be subject to (DF)the Father of [ag]spirits, and (DG)live? 10 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, (DH)so that we may share His holiness. 11 (DI)For the moment, all discipline seems not to be pleasant, but painful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterward it yields the (DJ)peaceful fruit of righteousness.

12 Therefore, [ah](DK)strengthen the hands that are weak and the knees that are feeble, 13 and (DL)make straight paths for your feet, so that the limb which is impaired may not be dislocated, but rather (DM)be healed.

14 (DN)Pursue peace with all people, and the (DO)holiness without which no one will (DP)see the Lord. 15 See to it that no one (DQ)comes short of the grace of God; that no (DR)root of bitterness springing up causes trouble, and by it many become (DS)defiled; 16 that there be no (DT)sexually immoral or (DU)godless person like Esau, (DV)who sold his own birthright for a single meal. 17 For you know that even afterward, (DW)when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought for it with tears.

Contrast of Sinai and Zion

18 (DX)For you have not come to (DY)a mountain that can be touched and to a blazing fire, and to darkness and gloom and whirlwind, 19 and to the (DZ)blast of a trumpet and the (EA)sound of words, which sound was such that those who heard (EB)begged that no further word be spoken to them. 20 For they could not [ai]cope with the command, “(EC)If even an animal touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.” 21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, “(ED)I am terrified and trembling.” 22 But (EE)you have come to Mount Zion and to (EF)the city of (EG)the living God, (EH)the heavenly Jerusalem, and to (EI)myriads of [aj]angels, 23 to the general assembly and (EJ)church of the firstborn who (EK)are enrolled in heaven, and to God, (EL)the Judge of all, and to the (EM)spirits of the righteous made perfect, 24 and to Jesus, the (EN)mediator of a new covenant, and to the (EO)sprinkled blood, which speaks better than (EP)the blood of Abel.

The Unshaken Kingdom

25 (EQ)See to it that you do not refuse Him who is (ER)speaking. For (ES)if those did not escape when they (ET)refused him who (EU)warned them on earth, [ak]much less will we escape who turn away from Him who (EV)warns us from heaven. 26 And (EW)His voice shook the earth then, but now He has promised, saying, “(EX)Yet once more I will shake not only the earth, but also the heaven.” 27 This expression, “Yet once more,” denotes (EY)the removing of those things which can be shaken, as of created things, so that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. 28 Therefore, since we receive a (EZ)kingdom which cannot be shaken, let’s [al]show gratitude, by which we may (FA)offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe; 29 for (FB)our God is a consuming fire.

Footnotes

  1. Hebrews 11:1 Or expected
  2. Hebrews 11:1 Or conviction about
  3. Hebrews 11:2 Lit obtained a good testimony
  4. Hebrews 11:3 Or worlds were; lit ages
  5. Hebrews 11:4 I.e., by receiving his gifts
  6. Hebrews 11:4 Lit it
  7. Hebrews 11:7 Or was reverent and prepared
  8. Hebrews 11:8 Lit to go out
  9. Hebrews 11:11 Lit power for the laying down of seed
  10. Hebrews 11:12 Lit in these things
  11. Hebrews 11:15 Or remembering
  12. Hebrews 11:16 Lit ashamed of them, to be
  13. Hebrews 11:17 I.e., only son with Sarah
  14. Hebrews 11:18 Lit seed
  15. Hebrews 11:19 Lit Considering
  16. Hebrews 11:19 Lit in
  17. Hebrews 11:19 I.e., of resurrection, figuratively, pointing to the future
  18. Hebrews 11:26 I.e., insults like those later suffered by Christ
  19. Hebrews 11:28 Lit has kept
  20. Hebrews 11:29 Lit swallowed up
  21. Hebrews 11:30 Lit after they had been encircled for
  22. Hebrews 11:31 Lit with
  23. Hebrews 11:35 Lit redemption
  24. Hebrews 11:36 Lit received the trial of
  25. Hebrews 11:37 One early ms does not contain they were tempted
  26. Hebrews 11:38 Lit of
  27. Hebrews 11:39 Lit the promise
  28. Hebrews 11:40 Or foreseen
  29. Hebrews 12:2 Or leader
  30. Hebrews 12:3 Lit fainting in your souls
  31. Hebrews 12:4 Lit as far as blood
  32. Hebrews 12:9 Lit fathers of our flesh
  33. Hebrews 12:9 Or our spirits
  34. Hebrews 12:12 Lit make straight
  35. Hebrews 12:20 Lit bear
  36. Hebrews 12:22 Or angels in festive gathering, and to the church
  37. Hebrews 12:25 Lit much rather we will not escape...
  38. Hebrews 12:28 Lit have