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Hebrews 1-2 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Nature of the Son

Long ago God spoke to the fathers by the prophets at different times and in different ways. In these last days, he has spoken to us by his Son. God has appointed him heir of all things and made the universe[a] through him. The Son is the radiance[b] of God’s glory and the exact expression[c] of his nature, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After making purification for sins,[d] he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.[e] So he became superior to the angels, just as the name he inherited is more excellent than theirs.

The Son Superior to Angels

For to which of the angels did he ever say,

You are my Son;
today I have become your Father,[f][g]

or again,

I will be his Father,
and he will be my Son?

Again, when he[h] brings his firstborn into the world, he says,

And let all God’s angels worship him.[i]

And about the angels he says:

He makes his angels winds,[j]
and his servants[k] a fiery flame,

but to[l] the Son:

Your throne, O God,
is forever and ever,
and the scepter of your kingdom
is a scepter of justice.
You have loved righteousness
and hated lawlessness;
this is why God, your God,
has anointed you
with the oil of joy
beyond your companions.[m][n]

10 And:

In the beginning, Lord,
you established the earth,
and the heavens are the works of your hands;
11 they will perish, but you remain.
They will all wear out like clothing;
12 you will roll them up like a cloak,[o]
and they will be changed like clothing.
But you are the same,
and your years will never end.[p]

13 Now to which of the angels has he ever said:

Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies your footstool?[q]

14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?

Warning against Neglect

For this reason, we must pay attention all the more to what we have heard, so that we will not drift away. For if the message spoken through angels was legally binding[r] and every transgression and disobedience received a just punishment, how will we escape if we neglect such a great salvation? This salvation had its beginning when it was spoken of by the Lord, and it was confirmed to us by those who heard him. At the same time, God also testified by signs and wonders, various miracles, and distributions of gifts from the Holy Spirit according to his will.

Jesus and Humanity

For he has not subjected to angels the world to come that we are talking about. But someone somewhere has testified:

What is man that you remember him,
or the son of man that you care for him?
You made him lower than the angels
for a short time;
you crowned him with glory and honor[s]
and subjected everything under his feet.[t]

For in subjecting everything to him, he left nothing that is not subject to him. As it is, we do not yet see everything subjected to him. But we do see Jesus—made lower than the angels for a short time so that by God’s grace he might taste death for everyone—crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death.

10 For in bringing many sons and daughters to glory, it was entirely appropriate that God—for whom and through whom all things exist—should make the source[u] of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 11 For the one who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one Father.[v] That is why Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters, 12 saying:

I will proclaim your name to my brothers and sisters;
I will sing hymns to you in the congregation.[w]

13 Again, I will trust in him.[x] And again, Here I am with the children God gave me.[y]

14 Now since the children have flesh and blood in common, Jesus also shared in these, so that through his death he might destroy the one holding the power of death—that is, the devil 15 and free those who were held in slavery all their lives by the fear of death. 16 For it is clear that he does not reach out to help angels, but to help Abraham’s offspring. 17 Therefore, he had to be like his brothers and sisters in every way, so that he could become a merciful and faithful high priest in matters[z] pertaining to God, to make atonement[aa] for the sins of the people. 18 For since he himself has suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are tempted.


  1. 1:2 Lit ages
  2. 1:3 Or reflection
  3. 1:3 Or representation, or copy, or reproduction
  4. 1:3 Other mss read for our sins by himself
  5. 1:3 Or he sat down on high at the right hand of the Majesty
  6. 1:5 Or have begotten you
  7. 1:5 Ps 2:7
  8. 1:6 Or When he again
  9. 1:6 Dt 32:43 LXX; Ps 97:7
  10. 1:7 Or spirits
  11. 1:7 Or ministers
  12. 1:8 Or about
  13. 1:9 Or associates
  14. 1:8-9 Ps 45:6-7
  15. 1:12 Other mss omit like a cloak
  16. 1:10-12 Ps 102:25-27
  17. 1:13 Ps 110:1
  18. 2:2 Or valid, or reliable
  19. 2:7 Other mss add and set him over the works of your hands
  20. 2:6-8 Ps 8:5-7 LXX
  21. 2:10 Or pioneer, or leader
  22. 2:11 Or father, or origin; lit all are of one
  23. 2:12 Ps 22:22
  24. 2:13 2Sm 22:3 LXX; Is 8:17 LXX; 12:2 LXX
  25. 2:13 Is 8:18 LXX
  26. 2:17 Lit things
  27. 2:17 Or propitiation
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