And (A)having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him,

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And having been (A)perfected, He became the source of eternal salvation for all those who obey Him,

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And having been made perfect [uniquely equipped and prepared as Savior and retaining His integrity amid opposition], He became the source of eternal salvation [an eternal inheritance] to all those who obey Him,(A)

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and, once made perfect,(A) he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him

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And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;

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The Test of Knowing Him

Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments.

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(A)By this we know that we have come to (B)know Him, if we (C)keep His commandments.

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And this is how we know [daily, by experience] that we have come to know Him [to understand Him and be more deeply acquainted with Him]: if we habitually keep [focused on His precepts and obey] His commandments (teachings).

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Love and Hatred for Fellow Believers

We know(A) that we have come to know him(B) if we keep his commands.(C)

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And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.

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16 Do you not know that (A)to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness?

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16 Do you not (A)know that the one to whom you present yourselves as (B)slaves for obedience, you are slaves of that same one whom you obey, either of (C)sin [a]resulting in death, or of obedience [b]resulting in righteousness?

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 6:16 Lit to death
  2. Romans 6:16 Lit to righteousness

16 Do you not know that when you continually offer yourselves to someone to do his will, you are the slaves of the one whom you obey, either [slaves] of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness (right standing with God)?

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16 Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one you obey(A)—whether you are slaves to sin,(B) which leads to death,(C) or to obedience, which leads to righteousness?

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16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

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19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness [a]for holiness.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 6:19 unto sanctification

19 (A)I am speaking [a]in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just (B)as you presented [b]the parts of your body as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness, [c]resulting in further lawlessness, so now present [d]your body’s parts as slaves to righteousness, [e]resulting in sanctification.

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 6:19 I.e., reluctantly using slavery as an analogy
  2. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  3. Romans 6:19 Lit to lawlessness
  4. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  5. Romans 6:19 Lit to sanctification

19 I am speaking in [familiar] human terms because of your natural limitations [your spiritual immaturity]. For just as you presented your bodily members as slaves to impurity and to [moral] lawlessness, leading to further lawlessness, so now offer your members [your abilities, your talents] as slaves to righteousness, leading to [a]sanctification [that is, being set apart for God’s purpose].

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Footnotes

  1. Romans 6:19 There are three basic kinds of sanctification in the NT: (1) Positional sanctification is based on the death of Christ. Every believer is a saint and is holy before God. The believer is “set apart for God” and in some instances “set apart for God’s purpose” (Heb 10:10, 14, 29); (2) Practical sanctification is a progressive process and means “growing in righteous living” as the believer matures spiritually (Rom 6:13; 1 Thess 5:23; 1 Pet 1:16); (3) Ultimate sanctification is that which is to come when the believer stands before God (Eph 5:26, 27).

19 I am using an example from everyday life(A) because of your human limitations. Just as you used to offer yourselves as slaves to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness, so now offer yourselves as slaves to righteousness(B) leading to holiness.

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19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

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23 But this is what I commanded them, saying, (A)‘Obey My voice, and (B)I will be your God, and you shall be My people. And walk in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well with you.’

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