Adam and Eve

This is the account(A) of the heavens and the earth when they were created,(B) when the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.

Now no shrub had yet appeared on the earth[a] and no plant had yet sprung up,(C) for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth(D) and there was no one to work the ground, but streams[b] came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground. Then the Lord God formed(E) a man[c](F) from the dust(G) of the ground(H) and breathed into his nostrils the breath(I) of life,(J) and the man became a living being.(K)

Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden;(L) and there he put the man he had formed. The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees(M) that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life(N) and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.(O)

10 A river(P) watering the garden flowed from Eden;(Q) from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah,(R) where there is gold. 12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin[d](S) and onyx are also there.) 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.[e] 14 The name of the third river is the Tigris;(T) it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.(U)

15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden(V) to work it and take care of it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;(W) 17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil,(X) for when you eat from it you will certainly die.”(Y)

18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”(Z)

19 Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals(AA) and all the birds in the sky.(AB) He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called(AC) each living creature,(AD) that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.

But for Adam[f] no suitable helper(AE) was found. 21 So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep;(AF) and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs[g] and then closed up the place with flesh. 22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib[h](AG) he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.

23 The man said,

“This is now bone of my bones
    and flesh of my flesh;(AH)
she shall be called(AI) ‘woman,’
    for she was taken out of man.(AJ)

24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united(AK) to his wife, and they become one flesh.(AL)

25 Adam and his wife were both naked,(AM) and they felt no shame.

The Fall

Now the serpent(AN) was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?(AO)

The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,(AP) but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’”(AQ)

“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.(AR) “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,(AS) knowing good and evil.”

When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable(AT) for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband,(AU) who was with her, and he ate it.(AV) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked;(AW) so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.(AX)

Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking(AY) in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid(AZ) from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”(BA)

10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid(BB) because I was naked;(BC) so I hid.”

11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked?(BD) Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?(BE)

12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me(BF)—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”

The woman said, “The serpent deceived me,(BG) and I ate.”

14 So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this,

“Cursed(BH) are you above all livestock
    and all wild animals!
You will crawl on your belly
    and you will eat dust(BI)
    all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity
    between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring[i](BJ) and hers;(BK)
he will crush[j] your head,(BL)
    and you will strike his heel.”

16 To the woman he said,

“I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;
    with painful labor you will give birth to children.(BM)
Your desire will be for your husband,
    and he will rule over you.(BN)

17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’(BO)

“Cursed(BP) is the ground(BQ) because of you;
    through painful toil(BR) you will eat food from it
    all the days of your life.(BS)
18 It will produce thorns and thistles(BT) for you,
    and you will eat the plants of the field.(BU)
19 By the sweat of your brow(BV)
    you will eat your food(BW)
until you return to the ground,
    since from it you were taken;
for dust you are
    and to dust you will return.”(BX)

20 Adam[k] named his wife Eve,[l](BY) because she would become the mother of all the living.

21 The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.(BZ) 22 And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us,(CA) knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life(CB) and eat, and live forever.” 23 So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden(CC) to work the ground(CD) from which he had been taken. 24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side[m] of the Garden of Eden(CE) cherubim(CF) and a flaming sword(CG) flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.(CH)

Cain and Abel

Adam[n] made love to his wife(CI) Eve,(CJ) and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.[o](CK) She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forth[p] a man.” Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.(CL)

Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.(CM) In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering(CN) to the Lord.(CO) And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions(CP) from some of the firstborn of his flock.(CQ) The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering,(CR) but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry?(CS) Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door;(CT) it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.(CU)

Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.”[q] While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.(CV)

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?”(CW)

“I don’t know,(CX)” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”

10 The Lord said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.(CY) 11 Now you are under a curse(CZ) and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you.(DA) You will be a restless wanderer(DB) on the earth.(DC)

13 Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is more than I can bear. 14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence;(DD) I will be a restless wanderer on the earth,(DE) and whoever finds me will kill me.”(DF)

15 But the Lord said to him, “Not so[r]; anyone who kills Cain(DG) will suffer vengeance(DH) seven times over.(DI)” Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. 16 So Cain went out from the Lord’s presence(DJ) and lived in the land of Nod,[s] east of Eden.(DK)

17 Cain made love to his wife,(DL) and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city,(DM) and he named it after his son(DN) Enoch. 18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech married(DO) two women,(DP) one named Adah and the other Zillah. 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments(DQ) and pipes.(DR) 22 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged(DS) all kinds of tools out of[t] bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah.

23 Lamech said to his wives,

“Adah and Zillah, listen to me;
    wives of Lamech, hear my words.
I have killed(DT) a man for wounding me,
    a young man for injuring me.
24 If Cain is avenged(DU) seven times,(DV)
    then Lamech seventy-seven times.(DW)

25 Adam made love to his wife(DX) again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,[u](DY) saying, “God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.”(DZ) 26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh.(EA)

At that time people began to call on[v] the name of the Lord.(EB)


  1. Genesis 2:5 Or land; also in verse 6
  2. Genesis 2:6 Or mist
  3. Genesis 2:7 The Hebrew for man (adam) sounds like and may be related to the Hebrew for ground (adamah); it is also the name Adam (see verse 20).
  4. Genesis 2:12 Or good; pearls
  5. Genesis 2:13 Possibly southeast Mesopotamia
  6. Genesis 2:20 Or the man
  7. Genesis 2:21 Or took part of the man’s side
  8. Genesis 2:22 Or part
  9. Genesis 3:15 Or seed
  10. Genesis 3:15 Or strike
  11. Genesis 3:20 Or The man
  12. Genesis 3:20 Eve probably means living.
  13. Genesis 3:24 Or placed in front
  14. Genesis 4:1 Or The man
  15. Genesis 4:1 Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.
  16. Genesis 4:1 Or have acquired
  17. Genesis 4:8 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have “Let’s go out to the field.”
  18. Genesis 4:15 Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well
  19. Genesis 4:16 Nod means wandering (see verses 12 and 14).
  20. Genesis 4:22 Or who instructed all who work in
  21. Genesis 4:25 Seth probably means granted.
  22. Genesis 4:26 Or to proclaim

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