18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”(A)

19 Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals(B) and all the birds in the sky.(C) He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called(D) each living creature,(E) that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.

But for Adam[a] no suitable helper(F) was found. 21 So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep;(G) and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs[b] and then closed up the place with flesh. 22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib[c](H) he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.

23 The man said,

“This is now bone of my bones
    and flesh of my flesh;(I)
she shall be called(J) ‘woman,’
    for she was taken out of man.(K)

24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united(L) to his wife, and they become one flesh.(M)

25 Adam and his wife were both naked,(N) and they felt no shame.

The Fall

Now the serpent(O) was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?(P)

The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,(Q) but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’”(R)

“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.(S) “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,(T) knowing good and evil.”

When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable(U) for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband,(V) who was with her, and he ate it.(W) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked;(X) so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.(Y)

Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking(Z) in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid(AA) from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”(AB)

10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid(AC) because I was naked;(AD) so I hid.”

11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked?(AE) Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?(AF)

12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me(AG)—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”

13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”

The woman said, “The serpent deceived me,(AH) and I ate.”

14 So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this,

“Cursed(AI) are you above all livestock
    and all wild animals!
You will crawl on your belly
    and you will eat dust(AJ)
    all the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity
    between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring[d](AK) and hers;(AL)
he will crush[e] your head,(AM)
    and you will strike his heel.”

16 To the woman he said,

“I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;
    with painful labor you will give birth to children.(AN)
Your desire will be for your husband,
    and he will rule over you.(AO)

17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’(AP)

“Cursed(AQ) is the ground(AR) because of you;
    through painful toil(AS) you will eat food from it
    all the days of your life.(AT)
18 It will produce thorns and thistles(AU) for you,
    and you will eat the plants of the field.(AV)
19 By the sweat of your brow(AW)
    you will eat your food(AX)
until you return to the ground,
    since from it you were taken;
for dust you are
    and to dust you will return.”(AY)

20 Adam[f] named his wife Eve,[g](AZ) because she would become the mother of all the living.

21 The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.(BA) 22 And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us,(BB) knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life(BC) and eat, and live forever.” 23 So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden(BD) to work the ground(BE) from which he had been taken. 24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side[h] of the Garden of Eden(BF) cherubim(BG) and a flaming sword(BH) flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.(BI)

Cain and Abel

Adam[i] made love to his wife(BJ) Eve,(BK) and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.[j](BL) She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forth[k] a man.” Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.(BM)

Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.(BN) In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering(BO) to the Lord.(BP) And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions(BQ) from some of the firstborn of his flock.(BR) The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering,(BS) but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry?(BT) Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door;(BU) it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.(BV)

Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.”[l] While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.(BW)

Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?”(BX)

“I don’t know,(BY)” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”

10 The Lord said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.(BZ) 11 Now you are under a curse(CA) and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you.(CB) You will be a restless wanderer(CC) on the earth.(CD)

13 Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is more than I can bear. 14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence;(CE) I will be a restless wanderer on the earth,(CF) and whoever finds me will kill me.”(CG)

15 But the Lord said to him, “Not so[m]; anyone who kills Cain(CH) will suffer vengeance(CI) seven times over.(CJ)” Then the Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him. 16 So Cain went out from the Lord’s presence(CK) and lived in the land of Nod,[n] east of Eden.(CL)


  1. Genesis 2:20 Or the man
  2. Genesis 2:21 Or took part of the man’s side
  3. Genesis 2:22 Or part
  4. Genesis 3:15 Or seed
  5. Genesis 3:15 Or strike
  6. Genesis 3:20 Or The man
  7. Genesis 3:20 Eve probably means living.
  8. Genesis 3:24 Or placed in front
  9. Genesis 4:1 Or The man
  10. Genesis 4:1 Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.
  11. Genesis 4:1 Or have acquired
  12. Genesis 4:8 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have “Let’s go out to the field.”
  13. Genesis 4:15 Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well
  14. Genesis 4:16 Nod means wandering (see verses 12 and 14).

The Magi Visit the Messiah

After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea,(A) during the time of King Herod,(B) Magi[a] from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews?(C) We saw his star(D) when it rose and have come to worship him.”

When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Messiah was to be born. “In Bethlehem(E) in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written:

“‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
    are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for out of you will come a ruler
    who will shepherd my people Israel.’[b](F)

Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him.”

After they had heard the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen when it rose went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they were overjoyed. 11 On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him.(G) Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts(H) of gold, frankincense and myrrh. 12 And having been warned(I) in a dream(J) not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.

The Escape to Egypt

13 When they had gone, an angel(K) of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream.(L) “Get up,” he said, “take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going to search for the child to kill him.”(M)

14 So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, 15 where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was fulfilled(N) what the Lord had said through the prophet: “Out of Egypt I called my son.”[c](O)

16 When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi. 17 Then what was said through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled:(P)

18 “A voice is heard in Ramah,
    weeping and great mourning,
Rachel(Q) weeping for her children
    and refusing to be comforted,
    because they are no more.”[d](R)

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  1. Matthew 2:1 Traditionally wise men
  2. Matthew 2:6 Micah 5:2,4
  3. Matthew 2:15 Hosea 11:1
  4. Matthew 2:18 Jer. 31:15

Psalm 2

Why do the nations conspire[a]
    and the peoples plot(A) in vain?
The kings(B) of the earth rise up
    and the rulers band together
    against the Lord and against his anointed,(C) saying,
“Let us break their chains(D)
    and throw off their shackles.”(E)

The One enthroned(F) in heaven laughs;(G)
    the Lord scoffs at them.
He rebukes them in his anger(H)
    and terrifies them in his wrath,(I) saying,
“I have installed my king(J)
    on Zion,(K) my holy mountain.(L)

I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:

He said to me, “You are my son;(M)
    today I have become your father.(N)
Ask me,
    and I will make the nations(O) your inheritance,(P)
    the ends of the earth(Q) your possession.
You will break them with a rod of iron[b];(R)
    you will dash them to pieces(S) like pottery.(T)

10 Therefore, you kings, be wise;(U)
    be warned, you rulers(V) of the earth.
11 Serve the Lord with fear(W)
    and celebrate his rule(X) with trembling.(Y)
12 Kiss his son,(Z) or he will be angry
    and your way will lead to your destruction,
for his wrath(AA) can flare up in a moment.
    Blessed(AB) are all who take refuge(AC) in him.

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  1. Psalm 2:1 Hebrew; Septuagint rage
  2. Psalm 2:9 Or will rule them with an iron scepter (see Septuagint and Syriac)