10 Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [branching] rivers.11 The first [river] is named Pishon; it flows around the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.12 The gold of that land is good; bdellium (a fragrant, valuable resin) and the [a]onyx stone are found there.13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the entire land of Cush [in Mesopotamia].14 The third river is named Hiddekel (Tigris); it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
Genesis 2:12It is often difficult to match the names or descriptions of ancient gems and other materials with their contemporary equivalents. Modern research indicates this may instead be carnelian, a red gemstone.
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