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Genesis 37-50 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Joseph’s Dream

37 Now Jacob lived in the land [a]where his father had sojourned, in the land of Canaan. These are the records of the generations of Jacob.

Joseph, when seventeen years of age, was pasturing the flock with his brothers while he was still a youth, along with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives. And Joseph brought back a bad report about them to their father. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a [b]varicolored tunic. His brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers; and so they hated him and could not speak to him [c]on friendly terms.

Then Joseph [d]had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more. He said to them, “Please listen to this dream which I have [e]had; for behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, my sheaf rose up and also stood erect; and behold, your sheaves gathered around and bowed down to my sheaf.” Then his brothers said to him, “Are you actually going to reign over us? Or are you really going to rule over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.

Now he [f]had still another dream, and related it to his brothers, and said, “Lo, I have [g]had still another dream; and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 10 He related it to his father and to his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have [h]had? Shall I and your mother and your brothers actually come to bow ourselves down before you to the ground?” 11 His brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind.

12 Then his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock in Shechem. 13 Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing the flock in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “[i]I will go.” 14 Then he said to him, “Go now and see about the welfare of your brothers and the welfare of the flock, and bring word back to me.” So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.

15 A man found him, and behold, he was wandering in the field; and the man asked him, “[j]What are you looking for?” 16 He said, “I am looking for my brothers; please tell me where they are pasturing the flock.” 17 Then the man said, “They have moved from here; for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

The Plot against Joseph

18 [k]When they saw him from a distance and before he came close to them, they plotted against him to put him to death. 19 They said to one another, “[l]Here comes this dreamer! 20 Now then, come and let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits; and we will say, ‘A wild beast devoured him.’ Then let us see what will become of his dreams!” 21 But Reuben heard this and rescued him out of their hands and said, “Let us not [m]take his life.” 22 Reuben further said to them, “Shed no blood. Throw him into this pit that is in the wilderness, but do not lay hands on him”—that he might rescue him out of their hands, to restore him to his father. 23 So it came about, when Joseph [n]reached his brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his [o]tunic, the varicolored tunic that was on him; 24 and they took him and threw him into the pit. Now the pit was empty, without any water in it.

25 Then they sat down to eat [p]a meal. And as they raised their eyes and looked, behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing [q]aromatic gum and [r]balm and [s]myrrh, [t]on their way to bring them down to Egypt. 26 Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it for us to kill our brother and cover up his blood? 27 Come and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.” And his brothers listened to him. 28 Then some Midianite traders passed by, so they pulled him up and lifted Joseph out of the pit, and sold [u]him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver. Thus they brought Joseph into Egypt.

29 Now Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph was not in the pit; so he tore his garments. 30 He returned to his brothers and said, “The boy is not there; as for me, where am I to go?” 31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, and slaughtered a male goat and dipped the tunic in the blood; 32 and they sent the varicolored tunic and brought it to their father and said, “We found this; please [v]examine it to see whether it is your son’s tunic or not.” 33 Then he [w]examined it and said, “It is my son’s tunic. A wild beast has devoured him; Joseph has surely been torn to pieces!” 34 So Jacob tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days. 35 Then all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted. And he said, “Surely I will go down to Sheol in mourning for my son.” So his father wept for him. 36 Meanwhile, the [x]Midianites sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, Pharaoh’s officer, the captain of the bodyguard.

Judah and Tamar

38 And it came about at that time, that Judah [y]departed from his brothers and [z]visited a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua; and he took her and went in to her. So she conceived and bore a son and he named him Er. Then she conceived again and bore a son and named him Onan. She bore still another son and named him Shelah; and it was at Chezib [aa]that she bore him.

Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the sight of the Lord, so the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, “Go in to your brother’s wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up [ab]offspring for your brother.” Onan knew that the [ac]offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother’s wife, he [ad]wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give [ae]offspring to his brother. 10 But what he did was displeasing in the sight of the Lord; so He took his life also. 11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up”; for he [af]thought, “I am afraid that he too may die like his brothers.” So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

12 Now [ag]after a considerable time Shua’s daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when [ah]the time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13 It was told to Tamar, “[ai]Behold, your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.” 14 So she [aj]removed her widow’s garments and covered herself with a [ak]veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of [al]Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up, and she had not been given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face. 16 So he turned aside to her by the road, and said, “[am]Here now, let me come in to you”; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, “What will you give me, that you may come in to me?” 17 He said, therefore, “I will send you a [an]young goat from the flock.” She said, moreover, “Will you give a pledge until you send it?” 18 He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” And she said, “Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him. 19 Then she arose and departed, and [ao]removed her [ap]veil and put on her widow’s garments.

20 When Judah sent the [aq]young goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman’s hand, he did not find her. 21 He asked the men of her place, saying, “Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?” But they said, “There has been no temple prostitute here.” 22 So he returned to Judah, and said, “I did not find her; and furthermore, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no temple prostitute here.’” 23 Then Judah said, “Let her [ar]keep them, otherwise we will become a laughingstock. [as]After all, I sent this young goat, but you did not find her.”

24 Now it was about three months later that Judah was informed, “[at]Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!” 25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent to her father-in-law, saying, “I am with child by the man to whom these things belong.” And she said, “Please examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?” 26 Judah recognized them, and said, “She is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not [au]have relations with her again.

27 It came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were twins in her womb. 28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29 But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” So he was named [av]Perez. 30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named [aw]Zerah.

Joseph’s Success in Egypt

39 Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an Egyptian officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the bodyguard, bought him [ax]from the Ishmaelites, who had taken him down there. The Lord was with Joseph, so he became a [ay]successful man. And he was in the house of his master, the Egyptian. Now his master saw that the Lord was with him and how the Lord caused all that he did to prosper in his hand. So Joseph found favor in his sight and [az]became his personal servant; and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he owned he put in his [ba]charge. It came about that from the time he made him overseer in his house and over all that he owned, the Lord blessed the Egyptian’s house on account of Joseph; thus the Lord’s blessing was upon all that he owned, in the house and in the field. So he left everything he owned in Joseph’s [bb]charge; and with him there he did not [bc]concern himself with anything except the [bd]food which he [be]ate.

Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance. It came about after these events that his master’s wife [bf]looked with desire at Joseph, and she said, “Lie with me.” But he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Behold, with me here, my master [bg]does not concern himself with anything in the house, and he has put all that he owns in my [bh]charge. [bi]There is no one greater in this house than I, and he has withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then could I do this great evil and sin against God?” 10 As she spoke to Joseph day after day, he did not listen to her to lie beside her or be with her. 11 Now it happened [bj]one day that he went into the house to do his work, and none of the men of the household was there inside. 12 She caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me!” And he left his garment in her hand and fled, and went outside. 13 [bk]When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled outside, 14 she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought in a [bl]Hebrew to us to make sport of us; he came in to me to lie with me, and I [bm]screamed. 15 When he heard that I raised my voice and [bn]screamed, he left his garment beside me and fled and went outside.” 16 So she [bo]left his garment beside her until his master came home. 17 Then she spoke to him [bp]with these words, “[bq]The Hebrew slave, whom you brought to us, came in to me to make sport of me; 18 and as I raised my voice and [br]screamed, he left his garment beside me and fled outside.”

Joseph Imprisoned

19 Now when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spoke to him, saying, “[bs]This is what your slave did to me,” his anger burned. 20 So Joseph’s master took him and put him into the jail, the place where the king’s prisoners were confined; and he was there in the jail. 21 But the Lord was with Joseph and extended kindness to him, and gave him favor in the sight of the chief jailer. 22 The chief jailer committed to Joseph’s [bt]charge all the prisoners who were in the jail; so that whatever was done there, he was [bu]responsible for it. 23 The chief jailer did not supervise anything under [bv]Joseph’s charge because the Lord was with him; and whatever he did, the Lord made to prosper.

Joseph Interprets a Dream

40 Then it came about after these things, the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt. Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. So he put them in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, in the jail, the same place where Joseph was imprisoned. The captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he [bw]took care of them; and they were in confinement for [bx]some time. Then the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt, who were confined in jail, both had a dream the same night, each man with his own dream and each dream with its own interpretation. [by]When Joseph came to them in the morning and observed them, [bz]behold, they were dejected. He asked Pharaoh’s officials who were with him in confinement in his master’s house, “[ca]Why are your faces so sad today?” Then they said to him, “We have [cb]had a dream and there is no one to interpret it.” Then Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell it to me, please.”

So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “In my dream, [cc]behold, there was a vine in front of me; 10 and on the vine were three branches. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out, and its clusters produced ripe grapes. 11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand; so I took the grapes and squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and I put the cup into Pharaoh’s [cd]hand.” 12 Then Joseph said to him, “This is the interpretation of it: the three branches are three days; 13 within three more days Pharaoh will [ce]lift up your head and restore you to your [cf]office; and you will put Pharaoh’s cup into his hand according to your former custom when you were his cupbearer. 14 Only [cg]keep me in mind when it goes well with you, and please do me a kindness [ch]by mentioning me to Pharaoh and get me out of this house. 15 For I was in fact kidnapped from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing that they should have put me into the [ci]dungeon.”

16 When the chief baker saw that he had interpreted favorably, he said to Joseph, “I also saw in my dream, and behold, there were three baskets of white bread on my head; 17 and in the top basket there were some of all [cj]sorts of baked food for Pharaoh, and the birds were eating them out of the basket on my head.” 18 Then Joseph answered and said, “This is its interpretation: the three baskets are three days; 19 within three more days Pharaoh will lift up your head from you and will hang you on a tree, and the birds will eat your flesh off you.”

20 Thus it came about on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants. 21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his [ck]office, and he put the cup into Pharaoh’s [cl]hand; 22 but he hanged the chief baker, just as Joseph had interpreted to them. 23 Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.

Pharaoh’s Dream

41 Now it happened at the end of two full years that Pharaoh had a dream, and behold, he was standing by the Nile. And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and [cm]fat; and they grazed in the marsh grass. Then behold, seven other cows came up after them from the Nile, ugly and [cn]gaunt, and they stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile. The ugly and [co]gaunt cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. Then Pharaoh awoke. He fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came up on a single stalk, plump and good. Then behold, seven ears, thin and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them. The thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. Then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Now in the morning his spirit was troubled, so he sent and called for all the [cp]magicians of Egypt, and all its wise men. And Pharaoh told them his [cq]dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.

Then the chief cupbearer spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I would make mention today of my own [cr]offenses. 10 Pharaoh was furious with his servants, and he put me in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, both me and the chief baker. 11 We had a dream [cs]on the same night, [ct]he and I; each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his own dream. 12 Now a Hebrew youth was with us there, a servant of the captain of the bodyguard, and we related them to him, and he interpreted our dreams for us. To each one he interpreted according to his own dream. 13 And just as he interpreted for us, so it happened; he restored me in my [cu]office, but he hanged him.”

Joseph Interprets

14 Then Pharaoh sent and called for Joseph, and they hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon; and when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came to Pharaoh. 15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, but no one can interpret it; and I have heard [cv]it said about you, that [cw]when you hear a dream you can interpret it.” 16 Joseph then answered Pharaoh, saying, “[cx]It is not in me; God will [cy]give Pharaoh a favorable answer.” 17 So Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I was standing on the bank of the Nile; 18 and behold, seven cows, [cz]fat and sleek came up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the marsh grass. 19 Lo, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and [da]gaunt, such as I had never seen for [db]ugliness in all the land of Egypt; 20 and the lean and [dc]ugly cows ate up the first seven fat cows. 21 Yet when they had [dd]devoured them, it could not be [de]detected that they had [df]devoured them, [dg]for they were just as ugly as [dh]before. Then I awoke. 22 I saw also in my dream, and behold, seven ears, full and good, came up on a single stalk; 23 and lo, seven ears, withered, thin, and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them; 24 and the thin ears swallowed the seven good ears. Then I told it to the [di]magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”

25 Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh’s [dj]dreams are one and the same; God has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. 26 The seven good cows are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years; the [dk]dreams are one and the same. 27 The seven lean and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven thin ears scorched by the east wind will be seven years of famine. 28 [dl]It is as I have spoken to Pharaoh: God has shown to Pharaoh what He is about to do. 29 Behold, seven years of great abundance are coming in all the land of Egypt; 30 and after them seven years of famine will [dm]come, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will [dn]ravage the land. 31 So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it will be very severe. 32 Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about. 33 Now let Pharaoh look for a man discerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers [do]in charge of the land, and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven years of abundance. 35 Then let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh’s authority, and let them guard it. 36 Let the food become as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine.”

37 Now the [dp]proposal seemed good [dq]to Pharaoh and [dr]to all his servants.

Joseph Is Made a Ruler of Egypt

38 Then Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find a man like this, in whom is a divine spirit?” 39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you are. 40 You shall be over my house, and according to your [ds]command all my people shall [dt]do homage; only in the throne I will be greater than you.” 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.” 42 Then Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and put the gold necklace around his neck. 43 He had him ride in [du]his second chariot; and they proclaimed before him, “[dv]Bow the knee!” And he set him over all the land of Egypt. 44 Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Though I am Pharaoh, yet without [dw]your permission no one shall raise his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45 Then Pharaoh named Joseph [dx]Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of [dy]On, as his wife. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt.

46 Now Joseph was thirty years old when he [dz]stood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. 47 During the seven years of plenty the land brought forth [ea]abundantly. 48 So he gathered all the food of these seven years which occurred in the land of Egypt and placed the food in the cities; he placed in every city the food from its own surrounding fields. 49 Thus Joseph stored up grain [eb]in great abundance like the sand of the sea, until he stopped [ec]measuring it, for it was [ed]beyond measure.

The Sons of Joseph

50 Now before the year of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of [ee]On, bore to him. 51 Joseph named the firstborn [ef]Manasseh, “For,” he said, “God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s household.” 52 He named the second [eg]Ephraim, “For,” he said, “God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”

53 When the seven years of plenty which had been in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54 and the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said, then there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55 So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; whatever he says to you, you shall do.” 56 When the famine was spread over all the face of the earth, then Joseph opened all [eh]the storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians; and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57 The people of all the earth came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe in all the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers Sent to Egypt

42 Now Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at one another?” He said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy some for us [ei]from that place, so that we may live and not die.” Then ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt. But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm may befall him.” So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who were coming, for the famine was in the land of Canaan also.

Now Joseph was the ruler over the land; he was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. When Joseph saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke to them harshly. And he said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”

But Joseph had recognized his brothers, although they did not recognize him. Joseph remembered the dreams which he [ej]had about them, and said to them, “You are spies; you have come to look at the [ek]undefended parts of our land.” 10 Then they said to him, “No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all sons of one man; we are honest men, your servants are not spies.” 12 Yet he said to them, “No, but you have come to look at the [el]undefended parts of our land!” 13 But they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers in all, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is with our father today, and one is no longer alive.” 14 Joseph said to them, “It is as I said [em]to you, you are spies; 15 by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here! 16 Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies.” 17 So he put them all together in prison for three days.

18 Now Joseph said to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for I fear God: 19 if you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in [en]your prison; but as for the rest of you, go, carry grain for the famine of your households, 20 and bring your youngest brother to me, so your words may be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21 Then they said to one another, “Truly we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; therefore this distress has come upon us.” 22 Reuben answered them, saying, “Did I not tell [eo]you, ‘Do not sin against the boy’; and you would not listen? [ep]Now comes the reckoning for his blood.” 23 They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them. 24 He turned away from them and wept. But when he returned to them and spoke to them, he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25 Then Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain and to restore every man’s money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. And thus it was done for them.

26 So they loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed from there. 27 As one of them opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at the lodging place, he saw his money; and behold, it was in the mouth of his sack. 28 Then he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned, and behold, it is even in my sack.” And their hearts [eq]sank, and they turned [er]trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that God has done to us?”

Simeon Is Held Hostage

29 When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them, saying, 30 “The man, the lord of the land, spoke harshly with us, and took us for spies of the country. 31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies. 32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no longer alive, and the youngest is with our father today in the land of Canaan.’ 33 The man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘By this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me and take grain for the famine of your households, and go. 34 But bring your youngest brother to me that I may know that you are not spies, but [es]honest men. I will give your brother to you, and you may trade in the land.’”

35 Now it came about as they were emptying their sacks, that behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were dismayed. 36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You have bereaved me of my children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is no more, and you would take Benjamin; all these things are against me.” 37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “You may put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you; put him in my [et]care, and I will return him to you.” 38 But [eu]Jacob said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he alone is left. If harm should befall him on the journey [ev]you are taking, then you will bring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow.”

The Return to Egypt

43 Now the famine was severe in the land. So it came about when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.” Judah spoke to him, however, saying, “The man solemnly warned [ew]us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food. But if you do not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’” Then Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly [ex]by telling the man whether you still had another brother?” But they said, “The man questioned particularly about us and our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ So we [ey]answered his questions. Could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the lad with me and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, we as well as you and our little ones. I myself will be surety for him; [ez]you may hold me responsible for him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then [fa]let me bear the blame before you forever. 10 For if we had not delayed, surely by now we could have returned twice.”

11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take some of the best products of the land in your [fb]bags, and carry down to the man as a present, a little [fc]balm and a little honey, [fd]aromatic gum and [fe]myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds. 12 Take double the money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was a mistake. 13 Take your brother also, and arise, return to the man; 14 and may [ff]God Almighty grant you compassion in the sight of the man, so that he will release to you your other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, if I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.” 15 So the men took this present, and they took double the money in their hand, and Benjamin; then they arose and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

Joseph Sees Benjamin

16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to his house steward, “Bring the men into the house, and slay an animal and make ready; for the men are to dine with me at noon.” 17 So the man did as Joseph said, and [fg]brought the men to Joseph’s house. 18 Now the men were afraid, because they were brought to Joseph’s house; and they said, “It is because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time that we are being brought in, that he may [fh]seek occasion against us and fall upon us, and take us for slaves with our donkeys.” 19 So they came near to Joseph’s house steward, and spoke to him at the entrance of the house, 20 and said, “Oh, my lord, we indeed came down the first time to buy food, 21 and it came about when we came to the lodging place, that we opened our sacks, and behold, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in [fi]full. So we have brought it back in our hand. 22 We have also brought down other money in our hand to buy food; we do not know who put our money in our sacks.” 23 He said, “[fj]Be at ease, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; [fk]I had your money.” Then he brought Simeon out to them. 24 Then the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys fodder. 25 So they prepared the present [fl]for Joseph’s coming at noon; for they had heard that they were to eat [fm]a meal there.

26 When Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the present which was in their hand and bowed to the ground before him. 27 Then he asked them about their welfare, and said, “Is your old father well, of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?” 28 They said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” They bowed down [fn]in homage. 29 As he lifted his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 30 Joseph hurried out for [fo]he was deeply stirred over his brother, and he sought a place to weep; and he entered his chamber and wept there. 31 Then he washed his face and came out; and he controlled himself and said, “[fp]Serve the meal.” 32 So they served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is [fq]loathsome to the Egyptians. 33 Now they [fr]were seated before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment. 34 He took portions to them from [fs]his own table, but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. So they feasted and drank freely with him.

The Brothers Are Brought Back

44 Then he commanded his house steward, saying, “Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack. Put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his money for the grain.” And he did [ft]as Joseph had told him. [fu]As soon as it was light, the men were sent away, they with their donkeys. They had just gone out of the city, and were not far off, when Joseph said to his house steward, “Up, follow the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good? Is not this the one from which my lord drinks and which he indeed uses for divination? You have done wrong in doing this.’”

So he overtook them and spoke these words to them. They said to him, “Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing. Behold, the money which we found in the mouth of our sacks we have brought back to you from the land of Canaan. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lord’s house? With whomever of your servants it is found, let him die, and we also will be my lord’s slaves.” 10 So he said, “Now let it also be according to your words; he with whom it is found shall be my slave, and the rest of you shall be innocent.” 11 Then they hurried, each man lowered his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack. 12 He searched, beginning with the oldest and ending with the youngest, and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack. 13 Then they tore their clothes, and when each man loaded his donkey, they returned to the city.

14 When Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, he was still there, and they fell to the ground before him. 15 Joseph said to them, “What is this deed that you have done? Do you not know that such a man as I can indeed practice divination?” 16 So Judah said, “What can we say to my lord? What can we speak? And how can we justify ourselves? God has found out the iniquity of your servants; behold, we are my lord’s slaves, both we and the one in whose [fv]possession the cup has been found.” 17 But he said, “Far be it from me to do this. The man in whose [fw]possession the cup has been found, he shall be my slave; but as for you, go up in peace to your father.”

18 Then Judah approached him, and said, “Oh my lord, may your servant please speak a word in my lord’s ears, and [fx]do not be angry with your servant; for you are equal to Pharaoh. 19 My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’ 20 We said to my lord, ‘We have an old father and a little child of his old age. Now his brother is dead, so he alone is left of his mother, and his father loves him.’ 21 Then you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me that I may set my eyes on him.’ 22 But we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, [fy]his father would die.’ 23 You said to your servants, however, ‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 24 Thus it came about when we went up to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. 25 Our father said, ‘Go back, buy us a little food.’ 26 But we said, ‘We cannot go down. If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we cannot see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’ 27 Your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me two sons; 28 and the one went out from me, and I said, “Surely he is torn in pieces,” and I have not seen him since. 29 If you take this one also from [fz]me, and harm befalls him, you will bring my gray hair down to Sheol in [ga]sorrow.’ 30 Now, therefore, when I come to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, since [gb]his life is bound up in the lad’s life, 31 when he sees that the lad is not with us, he will die. Thus your servants will bring the gray hair of your servant our father down to Sheol in sorrow. 32 For your servant became surety for the lad to my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then [gc]let me bear the blame before my father forever.’ 33 Now, therefore, please let your servant remain instead of the lad a slave to my lord, and let the lad go up with his brothers. 34 For how shall I go up to my father if the lad is not with me—for fear that I see the evil that would [gd]overtake my father?”

Joseph Deals Kindly with His Brothers

45 Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried, “Have everyone go out from me.” So there [ge]was no man with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. He [gf]wept so loudly that the Egyptians heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard of it. Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph! Is my father still alive?” But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed at his presence.

Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come [gg]closer to me.” And they came [gh]closer. And he said, “I am your brother Joseph, whom you sold into Egypt. Now do not be grieved or angry [gi]with yourselves, because you sold me here, for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years, and there are still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant in the earth, and to keep you alive by a great [gj]deliverance. Now, therefore, it was not you who sent me here, but God; and He has made me a father to Pharaoh and lord of all his household and ruler over all the land of Egypt. Hurry and go up to my father, and say to him, ‘Thus says your son Joseph, “God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not delay. 10 You shall [gk]live in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near me, you and your children and your children’s children and your flocks and your herds and all that you have. 11 There I will also provide for you, for there are still five years of famine to come, and you and your household and all that you have would be impoverished.”’ 12 Behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see, that it is my mouth which is speaking to you. 13 Now you must tell my father of all my splendor in Egypt, and all that you have seen; and you must hurry and bring my father down here.” 14 Then he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 15 He kissed all his brothers and wept on them, and afterward his brothers talked with him.

16 Now when the [gl]news was heard in Pharaoh’s house [gm]that Joseph’s brothers had come, it [gn]pleased Pharaoh and his servants. 17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: load your beasts and [go]go to the land of Canaan, 18 and take your father and your households and come to me, and I will give you the [gp]best of the land of Egypt and you will eat the fat of the land.’ 19 Now you are ordered, ‘Do this: [gq]take wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father and come. 20 Do not [gr]concern yourselves with your goods, for the [gs]best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’”

21 Then the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them wagons according to the [gt]command of Pharaoh, and gave them provisions for the journey. 22 To [gu]each of them he gave changes of garments, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of garments. 23 To his father he sent [gv]as follows: ten donkeys loaded with the [gw]best things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and sustenance for his father [gx]on the journey.

24 So he sent his brothers away, and [gy]as they departed, he said to them, “Do not [gz]quarrel on the journey.” 25 Then they went up from Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan to their father Jacob. 26 They told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and indeed he is ruler over all the land of Egypt.” But [ha]he was stunned, for he did not believe them. 27 When they told him all the words of Joseph that he had spoken to them, and when he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of their father Jacob revived. 28 Then Israel said, “It is enough; my son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

Jacob Moves to Egypt

46 So Israel set out with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. God spoke to Israel [hb]in visions of the night and said, “Jacob, Jacob.” And he said, “Here I am.” He said, “I am God, the God of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again; and Joseph will [hc]close your eyes.”

Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob and their little ones and their wives in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. They took their livestock and their property, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and came to Egypt, Jacob and all his [hd]descendants with him: his sons and his grandsons with him, his daughters and his granddaughters, and all his [he]descendants he brought with him to Egypt.

Those Who Came to Egypt

Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, Jacob and his sons, who went to Egypt: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. The sons of Reuben: Hanoch and Pallu and Hezron and Carmi. 10 The sons of Simeon: [hf]Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and [hg]Jachin and [hh]Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. 11 The sons of Levi: [hi]Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 12 The sons of Judah: Er and Onan and Shelah and Perez and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). And the sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul. 13 The sons of Issachar: Tola and [hj]Puvvah and [hk]Iob and Shimron. 14 The sons of Zebulun: Sered and Elon and Jahleel. 15 These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Paddan-aram, with his daughter Dinah; [hl]all his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three. 16 The sons of Gad: [hm]Ziphion and Haggi, Shuni and [hn]Ezbon, Eri and [ho]Arodi and Areli. 17 The sons of Asher: Imnah and Ishvah and Ishvi and Beriah and their sister Serah. And the sons of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel. 18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Leah; and she bore to Jacob these sixteen persons. 19 The sons of Jacob’s wife Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 20 Now to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, bore to him. 21 The sons of Benjamin: Bela and Becher and Ashbel, Gera and Naaman, [hp]Ehi and Rosh, [hq]Muppim and [hr]Huppim and Ard. 22 These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob; there were fourteen persons in all. 23 The sons of Dan: [hs]Hushim. 24 The sons of Naphtali: [ht]Jahzeel and Guni and Jezer and [hu]Shillem. 25 These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to his daughter Rachel, and she bore these to Jacob; there were seven persons in all. 26 All the persons belonging to Jacob, who came to Egypt, [hv]his direct descendants, not including the wives of Jacob’s sons, were sixty-six persons in all, 27 and the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt were [hw]two; all the persons of the house of Jacob, who came to Egypt, were seventy.

28 Now he sent Judah before him to Joseph, to point out the way before him to Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. 29 Joseph [hx]prepared his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel; as soon as he appeared [hy]before him, he fell on his neck and wept on his neck a long time. 30 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Now let me die, since I have seen your face, that you are still alive.” 31 Joseph said to his brothers and to his father’s household, “I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and will say to him, ‘My brothers and my father’s household, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me; 32 and the men are shepherds, for they have been [hz]keepers of livestock; and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.’ 33 When Pharaoh calls you and says, ‘What is your occupation?’ 34 you shall say, ‘Your servants have been [ia]keepers of livestock from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,’ that you may [ib]live in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is [ic]loathsome to the Egyptians.”

Jacob’s Family Settles in Goshen

47 Then Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, and said, “My father and my brothers and their flocks and their herds and all that they have, have come out of the land of Canaan; and behold, they are in the land of Goshen.” He took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” So they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and our fathers.” They said to Pharaoh, “We have come to sojourn in the land, for there is no pasture for your servants’ flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now, therefore, please let your servants [id]live in the land of Goshen.” Then Pharaoh said to [ie]Joseph, “Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is [if]at your disposal; [ig]settle your father and your brothers in the best of the land, let them [ih]live in the land of Goshen; and if you know any capable men among them, then [ii]put them in charge of my livestock.”

Then Joseph brought his father Jacob and [ij]presented him to Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How many [ik]years have you lived?” So Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The [il]years of my sojourning are one hundred and [im]thirty; few and [in]unpleasant have been the [io]years of my life, nor have they [ip]attained the [iq]years [ir]that my fathers lived during the days of their sojourning.” 10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from [is]his presence. 11 So Joseph [it]settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had ordered. 12 Joseph provided his father and his brothers and all his father’s household with [iu]food, according to their little ones.

13 Now there was no [iv]food in all the land, because the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. 14 Joseph gathered all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. 15 When the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph [iw]and said, “Give us [ix]food, for why should we die in your presence? For our money [iy]is gone.” 16 Then Joseph said, “Give up your livestock, and I will give you food for your livestock, since your money [iz]is gone.” 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them [ja]food in exchange for the horses and the [jb]flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he [jc]fed them with [jd]food in exchange for all their livestock [je]that year. 18 When that year was ended, they came to him the [jf]next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent, and the [jg]cattle are my lord’s. There is nothing left [jh]for my lord except our bodies and our lands. 19 Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for [ji]food, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.”

Result of the Famine

20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for [jj]every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. Thus the land became Pharaoh’s. 21 As for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of Egypt’s border to the other. 22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh, and they [jk]lived off the allotment which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore, they did not sell their land. 23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Behold, I have today bought you and your land for Pharaoh; now, here is seed for you, and you may sow the land. 24 [jl]At the harvest you shall give a fifth to Pharaoh, and [jm]four-fifths shall be your own for seed of the field and for your food and for those of your households and as food for your little ones.” 25 So they said, “You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s slaves.” 26 Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt valid to this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth; only the land of the priests [jn]did not become Pharaoh’s.

27 Now Israel [jo]lived in the land of Egypt, in [jp]Goshen, and they acquired property in it and were fruitful and became very numerous. 28 Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; so the [jq]length of Jacob’s life was one hundred and forty-seven years.

29 When [jr]the time for Israel to die drew near, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Please, if I have found favor in your sight, place now your hand under my thigh and deal with me in kindness and [js]faithfulness. Please do not bury me in Egypt, 30 but when I lie down with my fathers, you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.” 31 He said, “Swear to me.” So he swore to him. Then Israel bowed in worship at the head of the bed.

Israel’s Last Days

48 Now it came about after these things that [jt]Joseph was told, “Behold, your father is sick.” So he took his two sons Manasseh and Ephraim with him. When [ju]it was told to Jacob, “Behold, your son Joseph has come to you,” Israel [jv]collected his strength and sat [jw]up in the bed. Then Jacob said to Joseph, “[jx]God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and He said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and numerous, and I will make you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your [jy]descendants after you for an everlasting possession.’ Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh shall be mine, as Reuben and Simeon are. But your offspring that [jz]have been born after them shall be yours; they shall be called by the [ka]names of their brothers in their inheritance. Now as for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died, [kb]to my sorrow, in the land of Canaan on the journey, when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

When Israel saw Joseph’s sons, he said, “Who are these?” Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me here.” So he said, “Bring them to me, please, that I may bless them.” 10 Now the eyes of Israel were so dim from age that he could not see. Then [kc]Joseph brought them close to him, and he kissed them and embraced them. 11 Israel said to Joseph, “I never [kd]expected to see your face, and behold, God has let me see your [ke]children as well.” 12 Then Joseph [kf]took them from his knees, and bowed with his face to the ground. 13 Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right, and brought them close to him. 14 But Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, [kg]crossing his hands, [kh]although Manasseh was the firstborn. 15 He blessed Joseph, and said,

The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
The God who has been my shepherd [ki]all my life to this day,
16 The angel who has redeemed me from all evil,
Bless the lads;
And may my name [kj]live on in them,
And the [kk]names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
And may they grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”

17 When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on Ephraim’s head, it displeased him; and he grasped his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 18 Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn. Place your right hand on his head.” 19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know; he also will become a people and he also will be great. However, his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his [kl]descendants shall become a [km]multitude of nations.” 20 He blessed them that day, saying,

“By you Israel will pronounce blessing, saying,
‘May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh!’”

Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh. 21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am about to die, but God will be with you, and bring you back to the land of your fathers. 22 I give you one [kn]portion more than your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.”

Israel’s Prophecy concerning His Sons

49 Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you in the [ko]days to come.

“Gather together and hear, O sons of Jacob;
And listen to Israel your father.

“Reuben, you are my firstborn;
My might and the beginning of my strength,
[kp]Preeminent in dignity and [kq]preeminent in power.
[kr]Uncontrolled as water, you shall not have preeminence,
Because you went up to your father’s bed;
Then you defiled it—he went up to my couch.

Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Their swords are implements of violence.
Let my soul not enter into their council;
Let not my glory be united with their assembly;
Because in their anger they slew [ks]men,
And in their self-will they lamed [kt]oxen.
“Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel.
I will [ku]disperse them in Jacob,
And scatter them in Israel.

“Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
Your father’s sons shall bow down to you.
“Judah is a lion’s whelp;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He [kv]couches, he lies down as a lion,
And as a [kw]lion, who [kx]dares rouse him up?
10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
[ky]Until Shiloh comes,
And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
11 [kz]He ties his foal to the vine,
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;
He washes his garments in wine,
And his robes in the blood of grapes.
12 “His eyes are [la]dull from wine,
And his teeth [lb]white from milk.

13 Zebulun will dwell at the seashore;
And he shall be [lc]a haven for ships,
And his flank shall be toward Sidon.

14 “Issachar is [ld]a strong donkey,
Lying down between the [le]sheepfolds.
15 “When he saw that a resting place was good
And that the land was pleasant,
He bowed his shoulder to bear burdens,
And became a slave at forced labor.

16 Dan shall judge his people,
As one of the tribes of Israel.
17 “Dan shall be a serpent in the way,
A horned snake in the path,
That bites the horse’s heels,
So that his rider falls backward.
18 For Your salvation I wait, O Lord.

19 As for Gad, [lf]raiders shall raid him,
But he will raid at their [lg]heels.

20 [lh]As for Asher, his [li]food shall be [lj]rich,
And he will yield royal dainties.

21 Naphtali is a doe let loose,
He gives beautiful words.

22 Joseph is a fruitful [lk]bough,
A fruitful [ll]bough by a spring;
Its [lm]branches run over a wall.
23 “The archers bitterly attacked him,
And shot at him and harassed him;
24 But his bow remained [ln]firm,
And [lo]his arms were agile,
From the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob
(From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel),
25 From the God of your father who helps you,
And [lp]by the [lq]Almighty who blesses you
With blessings of heaven above,
Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26 “The blessings of your father
Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors
Up to the [lr]utmost bound of the everlasting hills;
May they be on the head of Joseph,
And on the crown of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.

27 “Benjamin is a [ls]ravenous wolf;
In the morning he devours the prey,
And in the evening he divides the spoil.”

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them [lt]when he blessed them. He blessed them, every one [lu]with the blessing appropriate to him. 29 Then he charged them and said to them, “I am about to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a [lv]burial site. 31 There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah, there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah, and there I buried Leah— 32 the field and the cave that is in it, purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33 When Jacob finished charging his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.

The Death of Israel

50 Then Joseph fell on his father’s face, and wept over him and kissed him. Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. Now forty days were [lw]required for [lx]it, for [ly]such is the period required for embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him seventy days.

When the days of [lz]mourning for him were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, “If now I have found favor in your sight, please speak [ma]to Pharaoh, saying, My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am about to die; in my grave which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father; then I will return.’” Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear.”

So Joseph went up to bury his father, and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his household and all the elders of the land of Egypt, and all the household of Joseph and his brothers and his father’s household; they left only their little ones and their flocks and their herds in the land of Goshen. There also went up with him both chariots and horsemen; and it was a very great company. 10 When they came to the [mb]threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they lamented there with a very great and [mc]sorrowful lamentation; and he [md]observed seven days mourning for his father. 11 Now when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning at [me]the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a [mf]grievous [mg]mourning for the Egyptians.” Therefore it was named [mh]Abel-mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.

Burial at Machpelah

12 Thus his sons did for him as he had charged them; 13 for his sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre, which Abraham had bought along with the field for a [mi]burial site from Ephron the Hittite. 14 After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers, and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.

15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge against us and pays us back in full for all the wrong which we did to him!” 16 So they [mj]sent a message to Joseph, saying, “Your father charged before he died, saying, 17 ‘Thus you shall say to Joseph, “Please forgive, I beg you, the transgression of your brothers and their sin, for they did you wrong.”’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him. 18 Then his brothers also came and fell down before him and said, “Behold, we are your servants.” 19 But Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in God’s place? 20 As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good in order to bring about [mk]this present result, to preserve many people alive. 21 So therefore, do not be afraid; I will provide for you and your little ones.” So he comforted them and spoke [ml]kindly to them.

Death of Joseph

22 Now Joseph stayed in Egypt, he and his father’s household, and Joseph lived one hundred and ten years. 23 Joseph saw the third generation of Ephraim’s sons; also the sons of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were born on Joseph’s knees. 24 Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die, but God will surely [mm]take care of you and bring you up from this land to the land which He [mn]promised on oath to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob.” 25 Then Joseph made the sons of Israel swear, saying, “God will surely [mo]take care of you, and you shall carry my bones up from here.” 26 So Joseph died at the age of one hundred and ten years; and [mp]he was embalmed and placed in a coffin in Egypt.

Footnotes:

  1. Genesis 37:1 Lit of his father’s sojournings
  2. Genesis 37:3 Or full-length robe
  3. Genesis 37:4 Lit in peace
  4. Genesis 37:5 Lit dreamed
  5. Genesis 37:6 Lit dreamed
  6. Genesis 37:9 Lit dreamed
  7. Genesis 37:9 Lit dreamed
  8. Genesis 37:10 Lit dreamed
  9. Genesis 37:13 Lit Behold me
  10. Genesis 37:15 Lit saying, “What...?”
  11. Genesis 37:18 Or And
  12. Genesis 37:19 Lit Behold, this master of dreams comes
  13. Genesis 37:21 Lit smite his soul
  14. Genesis 37:23 Lit came to
  15. Genesis 37:23 Or full-length robe
  16. Genesis 37:25 Lit bread
  17. Genesis 37:25 Or ladanum spice
  18. Genesis 37:25 Or mastic
  19. Genesis 37:25 Or resinous bark
  20. Genesis 37:25 Lit going
  21. Genesis 37:28 Lit Joseph
  22. Genesis 37:32 Or recognize
  23. Genesis 37:33 Or recognized
  24. Genesis 37:36 Lit Medanites
  25. Genesis 38:1 Lit went down
  26. Genesis 38:1 Lit turned aside to
  27. Genesis 38:5 Lit when
  28. Genesis 38:8 Lit seed
  29. Genesis 38:9 Lit seed
  30. Genesis 38:9 Lit spilled on the ground
  31. Genesis 38:9 Lit seed
  32. Genesis 38:11 Lit said
  33. Genesis 38:12 Lit the days became many and
  34. Genesis 38:12 Lit Judah was comforted, he
  35. Genesis 38:13 Lit saying, Behold
  36. Genesis 38:14 Lit removed from herself
  37. Genesis 38:14 Or shawl
  38. Genesis 38:14 In Josh 15:34, Enam
  39. Genesis 38:16 Or Come, now
  40. Genesis 38:17 Lit kid of goats
  41. Genesis 38:19 Lit removed from herself
  42. Genesis 38:19 Or shawl
  43. Genesis 38:20 Lit kid of goats by the hand of
  44. Genesis 38:23 Lit take for herself
  45. Genesis 38:23 Lit Behold
  46. Genesis 38:24 Lit saying, Your
  47. Genesis 38:26 Lit know her yet again
  48. Genesis 38:29 I.e. a breach
  49. Genesis 38:30 I.e. a dawning or brightness
  50. Genesis 39:1 Lit from the hand of
  51. Genesis 39:2 Or prosperous
  52. Genesis 39:4 Or ministered to him
  53. Genesis 39:4 Lit hand
  54. Genesis 39:6 Lit hand
  55. Genesis 39:6 Lit know
  56. Genesis 39:6 Lit bread
  57. Genesis 39:6 Or used to eat
  58. Genesis 39:7 Lit lifted up her eyes at
  59. Genesis 39:8 Lit does not know what is in the house
  60. Genesis 39:8 Lit hand
  61. Genesis 39:9 Or He is not greater
  62. Genesis 39:11 Lit about this day
  63. Genesis 39:13 Lit And it came about when
  64. Genesis 39:14 Lit Hebrew man
  65. Genesis 39:14 Lit called with a great voice
  66. Genesis 39:15 Lit called out
  67. Genesis 39:16 Lit let...lie beside
  68. Genesis 39:17 Lit according to
  69. Genesis 39:17 Lit saying, “The
  70. Genesis 39:18 Lit called out
  71. Genesis 39:19 Lit According to these things your slave
  72. Genesis 39:22 Lit hand
  73. Genesis 39:22 Lit the doer
  74. Genesis 39:23 Lit his hand
  75. Genesis 40:4 Lit ministered to
  76. Genesis 40:4 Lit days
  77. Genesis 40:6 Or And
  78. Genesis 40:6 Lit and behold
  79. Genesis 40:7 Lit saying, Why
  80. Genesis 40:8 Lit dreamed
  81. Genesis 40:9 Lit and behold
  82. Genesis 40:11 Lit palm
  83. Genesis 40:13 Or possibly forgive you
  84. Genesis 40:13 Lit place
  85. Genesis 40:14 Lit remember me with yourself
  86. Genesis 40:14 Lit and mention
  87. Genesis 40:15 Or pit
  88. Genesis 40:17 Lit food for Pharaoh made by a baker
  89. Genesis 40:21 Lit wine-pouring
  90. Genesis 40:21 Lit palm
  91. Genesis 41:2 Lit fat of flesh
  92. Genesis 41:3 Lit lean of flesh
  93. Genesis 41:4 Lit lean of flesh
  94. Genesis 41:8 Or soothsayer priests
  95. Genesis 41:8 Lit dream
  96. Genesis 41:9 Or sins
  97. Genesis 41:11 Lit one night
  98. Genesis 41:11 Lit I and he
  99. Genesis 41:13 Lit place
  100. Genesis 41:15 Lit about you, saying
  101. Genesis 41:15 Lit you hear a dream to interpret it
  102. Genesis 41:16 Lit Apart from me
  103. Genesis 41:16 Lit answer the peace of Pharaoh
  104. Genesis 41:18 Lit fat of flesh
  105. Genesis 41:19 Lit lean of flesh
  106. Genesis 41:19 Lit badness
  107. Genesis 41:20 Lit bad
  108. Genesis 41:21 Lit entered their inward parts
  109. Genesis 41:21 Or known
  110. Genesis 41:21 Lit entered their inward parts
  111. Genesis 41:21 Lit and
  112. Genesis 41:21 Lit in the beginning
  113. Genesis 41:24 Or soothsayer priests
  114. Genesis 41:25 Lit dream is
  115. Genesis 41:26 Lit dream is
  116. Genesis 41:28 Lit That is the thing which I spoke
  117. Genesis 41:30 Lit arise
  118. Genesis 41:30 Lit destroy
  119. Genesis 41:34 Lit over
  120. Genesis 41:37 Lit word
  121. Genesis 41:37 Lit in the sight of
  122. Genesis 41:37 Lit in the sight of
  123. Genesis 41:40 Lit mouth
  124. Genesis 41:40 Lit kiss
  125. Genesis 41:43 Lit the second...which was his
  126. Genesis 41:43 Heb Abreck: Attention or Make way
  127. Genesis 41:44 Lit you no one
  128. Genesis 41:45 Probably Egyptian for “God speaks; he lives”
  129. Genesis 41:45 Or Heliopolis
  130. Genesis 41:46 Or entered the service of
  131. Genesis 41:47 Lit by handfuls
  132. Genesis 41:49 Lit very much
  133. Genesis 41:49 Lit numbering
  134. Genesis 41:49 Or without number
  135. Genesis 41:50 Or Heliopolis
  136. Genesis 41:51 I.e. making to forget
  137. Genesis 41:52 I.e. fruitfulness
  138. Genesis 41:56 Lit that which was in them
  139. Genesis 42:2 Lit from there
  140. Genesis 42:9 Lit had dreamed
  141. Genesis 42:9 Lit nakedness of the land
  142. Genesis 42:12 Lit nakedness of the land
  143. Genesis 42:14 Lit to you, saying
  144. Genesis 42:19 Lit the house of your prison
  145. Genesis 42:22 Lit you saying
  146. Genesis 42:22 Lit And behold, his blood also is required
  147. Genesis 42:28 Lit went out
  148. Genesis 42:28 Lit trembled
  149. Genesis 42:34 Lit you are honest
  150. Genesis 42:37 Lit hand
  151. Genesis 42:38 Lit he
  152. Genesis 42:38 Lit on which you are going
  153. Genesis 43:3 Lit us, saying
  154. Genesis 43:6 Lit to tell
  155. Genesis 43:7 Lit told him according to these words
  156. Genesis 43:9 Lit from my hand you may require him
  157. Genesis 43:9 Lit I shall have sinned before you all the days
  158. Genesis 43:11 Or vessels
  159. Genesis 43:11 Or mastic
  160. Genesis 43:11 Or ladanum spice
  161. Genesis 43:11 Or resinous bark
  162. Genesis 43:14 Heb El Shaddai
  163. Genesis 43:17 Lit the man brought
  164. Genesis 43:18 Lit roll himself upon us
  165. Genesis 43:21 Lit its weight
  166. Genesis 43:23 Lit Peace be to you
  167. Genesis 43:23 Lit your money had come to me
  168. Genesis 43:25 Lit until
  169. Genesis 43:25 Lit bread
  170. Genesis 43:28 Lit and prostrated themselves
  171. Genesis 43:30 Lit his compassion grew warm
  172. Genesis 43:31 Lit Set on bread
  173. Genesis 43:32 Lit an abomination
  174. Genesis 43:33 Lit sat
  175. Genesis 43:34 Lit his face
  176. Genesis 44:2 Or according to the word
  177. Genesis 44:3 Lit The morning was light
  178. Genesis 44:16 Lit hand
  179. Genesis 44:17 Lit hand
  180. Genesis 44:18 Lit let not your anger burn against
  181. Genesis 44:22 Lit he would
  182. Genesis 44:29 Lit my face
  183. Genesis 44:29 Lit evil
  184. Genesis 44:30 Lit his soul is bound with his soul
  185. Genesis 44:32 Lit and I shall have sinned for all the days before my father
  186. Genesis 44:34 Lit find
  187. Genesis 45:1 Lit stood
  188. Genesis 45:2 Lit gave forth his voice in weeping
  189. Genesis 45:4 Lit near
  190. Genesis 45:4 Lit near
  191. Genesis 45:5 Lit in your eyes
  192. Genesis 45:7 Lit escaped company
  193. Genesis 45:10 Lit dwell
  194. Genesis 45:16 Lit voice
  195. Genesis 45:16 Lit saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come”
  196. Genesis 45:16 Lit was good in the eyes of
  197. Genesis 45:17 Lit come, go
  198. Genesis 45:18 Lit good
  199. Genesis 45:19 Lit take for yourselves
  200. Genesis 45:20 Lit let your eye look with regret upon your vessels
  201. Genesis 45:20 Lit good
  202. Genesis 45:21 Lit mouth
  203. Genesis 45:22 Lit all of them he gave each man
  204. Genesis 45:23 Lit like this
  205. Genesis 45:23 Lit good
  206. Genesis 45:23 Lit for
  207. Genesis 45:24 Lit they departed; and he said
  208. Genesis 45:24 Lit be agitated
  209. Genesis 45:26 Lit his heart grew numb
  210. Genesis 46:2 Lit in the visions
  211. Genesis 46:4 Lit put his hand on
  212. Genesis 46:6 Lit seed
  213. Genesis 46:7 Lit seed
  214. Genesis 46:10 In Num 26:12 and 1 Chr 4:24, Nemuel
  215. Genesis 46:10 In 1 Chr 4:24, Jarib
  216. Genesis 46:10 In Num 26:13 and 1 Chr 4:24, Zerah
  217. Genesis 46:11 In 1 Chr 6:16, Gershom
  218. Genesis 46:13 In Num 26:23, Puvah; in 1 Chr 7:1, Puah
  219. Genesis 46:13 In Num 26:24 and 1 Chr 7:1, Jashub
  220. Genesis 46:15 Lit all the souls of
  221. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:15, Zephon
  222. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:16, Ozni
  223. Genesis 46:16 In Num 26:17, Arod
  224. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:38, Ahiram
  225. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:39, Shephupham; in 1 Chr 7:12, Shuppim
  226. Genesis 46:21 In Num 26:39, Hupham
  227. Genesis 46:23 In Num 26:42, Shuham
  228. Genesis 46:24 In 1 Chr 7:13, Jahziel
  229. Genesis 46:24 In 1 Chr 7:13, Shallum
  230. Genesis 46:26 Lit who came out of his loins
  231. Genesis 46:27 Lit two souls
  232. Genesis 46:29 Lit tied, harnessed
  233. Genesis 46:29 Lit to
  234. Genesis 46:32 Lit men
  235. Genesis 46:34 Lit men
  236. Genesis 46:34 Lit dwell
  237. Genesis 46:34 Lit an abomination
  238. Genesis 47:4 Lit dwell
  239. Genesis 47:5 Lit Joseph, saying
  240. Genesis 47:6 Lit before you
  241. Genesis 47:6 Lit cause them to dwell
  242. Genesis 47:6 Lit dwell
  243. Genesis 47:6 Lit appoint them rulers
  244. Genesis 47:7 Lit set him before
  245. Genesis 47:8 Lit are the days of the years of your life
  246. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  247. Genesis 47:9 Lit thirty years
  248. Genesis 47:9 Lit evil
  249. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  250. Genesis 47:9 Lit reached
  251. Genesis 47:9 Lit days of the years
  252. Genesis 47:9 Lit of the life of my fathers
  253. Genesis 47:10 Lit Pharaoh’s
  254. Genesis 47:11 Lit caused to dwell
  255. Genesis 47:12 Or bread
  256. Genesis 47:13 Or bread
  257. Genesis 47:15 Lit saying
  258. Genesis 47:15 Or bread
  259. Genesis 47:15 Lit ceases
  260. Genesis 47:16 Lit ceases
  261. Genesis 47:17 Or bread
  262. Genesis 47:17 Lit livestock of the flocks and livestock of the herds
  263. Genesis 47:17 Lit led them as a shepherd
  264. Genesis 47:17 Or bread
  265. Genesis 47:17 Lit in that year
  266. Genesis 47:18 Lit second
  267. Genesis 47:18 Lit livestock of the cattle
  268. Genesis 47:18 Lit in the presence of
  269. Genesis 47:19 Or bread
  270. Genesis 47:20 Lit Egypt, every man
  271. Genesis 47:22 Lit ate their allotment
  272. Genesis 47:24 Lit It shall come about...that you shall
  273. Genesis 47:24 Lit four parts
  274. Genesis 47:26 Lit alone did
  275. Genesis 47:27 Lit dwelt
  276. Genesis 47:27 Lit in the land of Goshen
  277. Genesis 47:28 Lit days of Jacob, the years of his life
  278. Genesis 47:29 Lit the days of Israel to die drew near
  279. Genesis 47:29 Lit truth
  280. Genesis 48:1 Lit one said to Joseph
  281. Genesis 48:2 Lit one told Jacob and said
  282. Genesis 48:2 Lit strengthened himself
  283. Genesis 48:2 Lit upon the bed
  284. Genesis 48:3 Heb El Shaddai
  285. Genesis 48:4 Lit seed
  286. Genesis 48:6 Lit you have begotten
  287. Genesis 48:6 Lit name
  288. Genesis 48:7 Lit upon me
  289. Genesis 48:10 Lit he
  290. Genesis 48:11 Lit meditated, judged
  291. Genesis 48:11 Lit seed
  292. Genesis 48:12 Lit made them come out
  293. Genesis 48:14 Or consciously directing
  294. Genesis 48:14 Lit when
  295. Genesis 48:15 Lit from the continuance of me
  296. Genesis 48:16 Lit be called
  297. Genesis 48:16 Lit name
  298. Genesis 48:19 Lit seed
  299. Genesis 48:19 Lit fullness
  300. Genesis 48:22 Or ridge; lit shoulder; Heb Shechem
  301. Genesis 49:1 Lit end of the days
  302. Genesis 49:3 Lit preeminence
  303. Genesis 49:3 Lit preeminence
  304. Genesis 49:4 Or Boiling over; lit Recklessness
  305. Genesis 49:6 Lit a man
  306. Genesis 49:6 Lit an ox
  307. Genesis 49:7 Lit divide
  308. Genesis 49:9 Lit bows down
  309. Genesis 49:9 Or lioness
  310. Genesis 49:9 Lit shall
  311. Genesis 49:10 Or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs
  312. Genesis 49:11 Lit Binding of
  313. Genesis 49:12 Or darker than
  314. Genesis 49:12 Or whiter than
  315. Genesis 49:13 Lit for a shore of ships
  316. Genesis 49:14 Lit a donkey of bone
  317. Genesis 49:14 Or saddlebags
  318. Genesis 49:19 Lit a raiding band
  319. Genesis 49:19 Lit heel
  320. Genesis 49:20 Lit From
  321. Genesis 49:20 Or bread
  322. Genesis 49:20 Lit fat
  323. Genesis 49:22 Lit son
  324. Genesis 49:22 Lit son
  325. Genesis 49:22 Lit daughters
  326. Genesis 49:24 I.e. in an unyielding position
  327. Genesis 49:24 Lit the arms of his hands
  328. Genesis 49:25 Or with
  329. Genesis 49:25 Heb Shaddai
  330. Genesis 49:26 Lit limit; or desire
  331. Genesis 49:27 Lit a wolf that tears
  332. Genesis 49:28 Lit and
  333. Genesis 49:28 Lit according to his blessing
  334. Genesis 49:30 Lit possession of a burial place
  335. Genesis 50:3 Lit fulfilled
  336. Genesis 50:3 Or him
  337. Genesis 50:3 Lit so are fulfilled the days of embalming
  338. Genesis 50:4 Lit weeping
  339. Genesis 50:4 Lit In the ears of
  340. Genesis 50:10 Heb Goren ha-Atad
  341. Genesis 50:10 Lit heavy
  342. Genesis 50:10 Lit made a mourning for seven days
  343. Genesis 50:11 Heb Goren ha-Atad
  344. Genesis 50:11 Lit heavy
  345. Genesis 50:11 Heb ebel
  346. Genesis 50:11 I.e. the meadow (or mourning) of Egypt
  347. Genesis 50:13 Lit possession of a burial place
  348. Genesis 50:16 Lit commanded
  349. Genesis 50:20 Lit as it is this day
  350. Genesis 50:21 Lit to their heart
  351. Genesis 50:24 Or visit
  352. Genesis 50:24 Lit swore
  353. Genesis 50:25 Or visit
  354. Genesis 50:26 Lit they embalmed him
New American Standard Bible (NASB)

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