Jacob and all the people with him came to Luz(A) (that is, Bethel) in the land of Canaan.(B) There he built an altar,(C) and he called the place El Bethel,[a](D) because it was there that God revealed himself to him(E) when he was fleeing from his brother.(F)

Now Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse,(G) died and was buried under the oak(H) outside Bethel.(I) So it was named Allon Bakuth.[b]

After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram,[c](J) God appeared to him again and blessed him.(K) 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob,[d] but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.[e](L) So he named him Israel.

11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty[f];(M) be fruitful and increase in number.(N) A nation(O) and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants.(P) 12 The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.(Q)(R) 13 Then God went up from him(S) at the place where he had talked with him.

14 Jacob set up a stone pillar(T) at the place where God had talked with him, and he poured out a drink offering(U) on it; he also poured oil on it.(V) 15 Jacob called the place where God had talked with him Bethel.[g](W)

The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac(X)

16 Then they moved on from Bethel. While they were still some distance from Ephrath,(Y) Rachel(Z) began to give birth and had great difficulty. 17 And as she was having great difficulty in childbirth, the midwife(AA) said to her, “Don’t despair, for you have another son.”(AB) 18 As she breathed her last—for she was dying—she named her son Ben-Oni.[h](AC) But his father named him Benjamin.[i](AD)

19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath(AE) (that is, Bethlehem(AF)).

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  1. Genesis 35:7 El Bethel means God of Bethel.
  2. Genesis 35:8 Allon Bakuth means oak of weeping.
  3. Genesis 35:9 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia; also in verse 26
  4. Genesis 35:10 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he deceives.
  5. Genesis 35:10 Israel probably means he struggles with God.
  6. Genesis 35:11 Hebrew El-Shaddai
  7. Genesis 35:15 Bethel means house of God.
  8. Genesis 35:18 Ben-Oni means son of my trouble.
  9. Genesis 35:18 Benjamin means son of my right hand.

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