Jacob Meets Esau

33 Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming toward him with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two slave women. He put the slaves and their children first, Leah and her children next, and Rachel and Joseph last. He himself went on ahead and bowed to the ground(A) seven times until he approached his brother.

But Esau ran to meet him, hugged him, threw his arms around him, and kissed him. Then they wept.(B) When Esau looked up and saw the women and children, he asked, “Who are these with you?”

He answered, “The children God has graciously given your servant.”(C) Then the slaves and their children approached him and bowed down. Leah and her children also approached and bowed down, and then Joseph and Rachel approached and bowed down.

So Esau said, “What do you mean by this whole procession[a] I met?” (D)

“To find favor with you, my lord,”(E) he answered.

“I have enough, my brother,” Esau replied. “Keep what you have.”

10 But Jacob said, “No, please! If I have found favor with you, take this gift from me. For indeed, I have seen your face, and it is like seeing God’s face, since you have accepted me. 11 Please take my present that was brought to you, because God has been gracious to me and I have everything I need.” So Jacob urged him until he accepted.

12 Then Esau said, “Let’s move on, and I’ll go ahead of you.”

13 Jacob replied, “My lord knows that the children are weak, and I have nursing flocks and herds. If they are driven hard for one day, the whole herd will die. 14 Let my lord go ahead of his servant. I will continue on slowly, at a pace suited to the livestock and the children, until I come to my lord at Seir.”

15 Esau said, “Let me leave some of my people with you.”

But he replied, “Why do that? Please indulge me,[b] my lord.”(F)

16 That day Esau started on his way back to Seir, 17 but Jacob went to Succoth. He built a house for himself and shelters for his livestock; that is why the place was called Succoth.[c](G)

18 After Jacob came from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely(H) at Shechem(I) in the land of Canaan and camped in front of the city. 19 He purchased a section of the field where he had pitched his tent from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of silver.[d](J) 20 And he set up an altar there and called it God, the God of Israel.[e]

Dinah Defiled

34 Leah’s daughter(K) Dinah, whom Leah bore to Jacob, went out to see some of the young women of the area. When Shechem—son of Hamor the Hivite, who was the region’s chieftain—saw her, he took her and raped her. He became infatuated with Jacob’s daughter Dinah. He loved the young girl and spoke tenderly to her.[f] “Get me this girl as a wife,”(L) he told his father.

Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled his daughter Dinah, but since his sons were with his livestock in the field, he remained silent until they returned. Meanwhile, Shechem’s father Hamor came to speak with Jacob. Jacob’s sons returned from the field when they heard about the incident. They were deeply grieved and very angry, for Shechem had committed an outrage against Israel by raping Jacob’s daughter,(M) and such a thing should not be done.

Hamor said to Jacob’s sons, “My son Shechem has his heart set on your[g] daughter. Please give her to him as a wife. Intermarry with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 Live with us. The land is before you. Settle here, move about, and acquire property in it.”

11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Grant me this favor,[h] and I’ll give you whatever you say. 12 Demand of me a high compensation[i] and gift; I’ll give you whatever you ask me. Just give the girl to be my wife!”

13 But Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully because he had defiled their sister Dinah. 14 “We cannot do this thing,” they said to them. “Giving our sister to an uncircumcised man is a disgrace to us. 15 We will agree with you only on this condition: if all your males are circumcised as we are.(N) 16 Then we will give you our daughters, take your daughters for ourselves, live with you, and become one people. 17 But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go.”

18 Their words seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. 19 The young man did not delay doing this, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. Now he was the most important in all his father’s family. 20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city(O) and spoke to the men of their city.

21 “These men are peaceful toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and move about in it, for indeed, the region is large enough for them. Let’s take their daughters as our wives and give our daughters to them. 22 But the men will agree to live with us and be one people only on this condition: if all our men are circumcised as they are. 23 Won’t their livestock, their possessions, and all their animals become ours? Only let’s agree with them, and they will live with us.”

24 All the men(P) who had come to the city gates listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and all those men were circumcised. 25 On the third day, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi,(Q) Dinah’s brothers, took their swords, went into the unsuspecting city, and killed every male. 26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with their swords, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went away. 27 Jacob’s sons came to the slaughter and plundered the city because their sister had been defiled. 28 They took their flocks, herds, donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field. 29 They captured all their possessions, dependents, and wives and plundered everything in the houses.

30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me,(R) making me odious to the inhabitants of the land,(S) the Canaanites and the Perizzites.(T) We are few in number; if they unite against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.”(U)

31 But they answered, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?”

Return to Bethel

35 God said to Jacob, “Get up! Go to Bethel and settle there.(V) Build an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.”(W)

So Jacob said to his family and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods that are among you.(X) Purify yourselves and change your clothes.(Y) We must get up and go to Bethel. I will build an altar there to the God who answered me in my day of distress.(Z) He has been with me everywhere I have gone.”(AA)

Then they gave Jacob all their foreign gods and their earrings, and Jacob hid them under the oak near Shechem. When they set out, a terror from God came over the cities around them, and they did not pursue Jacob’s sons.(AB) So Jacob and all who were with him came to Luz (that is, Bethel(AC)) in the land of Canaan. Jacob built an altar there and called the place El-bethel[j] because it was there that God had revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother.

Deborah, the one who had nursed and raised Rebekah,[k](AD) died and was buried under the oak south of Bethel. So Jacob named it Allon-bacuth.[l]

God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan-aram, and he blessed him. 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob; you will no longer be named Jacob, but your name will be Israel.”(AE) So he named him Israel. 11 God also said to him, “I am God Almighty.(AF) Be fruitful and multiply.(AG) A nation, indeed an assembly of nations, will come from you,(AH) and kings will descend from you.[m](AI) 12 I will give to you the land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac.(AJ) And I will give the land to your future descendants.” 13 Then God withdrew[n](AK) from him at the place where he had spoken to him.

14 Jacob set up a marker at the place where he had spoken to him—a stone marker. He poured a drink offering on it and poured oil on it.(AL) 15 Jacob named the place where God had spoken with him Bethel.

Rachel’s Death

16 They set out from Bethel. When they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth, and her labor was difficult. 17 During her difficult labor, the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you have another son.”(AM) 18 With her last breath—for she was dying—she named him Ben-oni,[o] but his father called him Benjamin.[p] 19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem(AN)). 20 Jacob set up a marker on her grave; it is the marker at Rachel’s grave still today.

Israel’s Sons

21 Israel set out again and pitched his tent beyond the Tower of Eder.[q] 22 While Israel was living in that region, Reuben went in and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard about it.(AO)

Jacob had twelve sons:(AP)

23 Leah’s sons were Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn),

Simeon, Levi, Judah,

Issachar, and Zebulun.

24 Rachel’s sons were

Joseph and Benjamin.

25 The sons of Rachel’s slave Bilhah

were Dan and Naphtali.

26 The sons of Leah’s slave Zilpah

were Gad and Asher.

These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan-aram.

Isaac’s Death

27 Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre(AQ) in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron(AR)), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 28 Isaac lived 180 years. 29 He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people,(AS) old and full of days. His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

Esau’s Family

36 These are the family records(AT) of Esau (that is, Edom(AU)). Esau took his wives from the Canaanite women: Adah daughter of Elon the Hethite,(AV) Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter[r] of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.(AW) Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons, who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Esau took his wives, sons, daughters, and all the people of his household, as well as his herds, all his livestock, and all the property he had acquired in Canaan; he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too many for them to live together,(AX) and because of their herds, the land where they stayed could not support them.(AY) So Esau (that is, Edom) lived in the mountains of Seir.(AZ)

These are the family records of Esau, father of the Edomites in the mountains of Seir.

10 These are the names of Esau’s sons:(BA)

Eliphaz son of Esau’s wife Adah,

and Reuel son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

11 The sons of Eliphaz were

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

12 Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz,

bore Amalek to Eliphaz.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.

13 These are Reuel’s sons:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

14 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah

daughter of Anah and granddaughter[s] of Zibeon:

She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Edom.

15 These are the chiefs among Esau’s sons:

the sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn:

chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,

16 chief Korah,[t] chief Gatam, and chief Amalek.

These are the chiefs descended from Eliphaz

in the land of Edom.

These are the sons of Adah.

17 These are the sons of Reuel, Esau’s son:

chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, and chief Mizzah.

These are the chiefs descended from Reuel

in the land of Edom.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

18 These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah:

chief Jeush, chief Jalam, and chief Korah.

These are the chiefs descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah

daughter of Anah.

19 These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom),

and these are their chiefs.

Seir’s Family

20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite,(BB)

the inhabitants of the land:

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,

21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.

These are the chiefs among the Horites,

the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.

22 The sons of Lotan were Hori and Heman.

Timna was Lotan’s sister.

23 These are Shobal’s sons:

Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

24 These are Zibeon’s sons: Aiah and Anah.

This was the Anah who found the hot springs[u] in the wilderness

while he was pasturing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.

25 These are the children of Anah:

Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah.

26 These are Dishon’s sons:

Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.

27 These are Ezer’s sons:

Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

28 These are Dishan’s sons: Uz and Aran.

29 These are the chiefs among the Horites:

chief Lotan, chief Shobal, chief Zibeon, chief Anah,

30 chief Dishon, chief Ezer, and chief Dishan.

These are the chiefs among the Horites,

clan by clan,[v] in the land of Seir.

Rulers of Edom

31 These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom(BC)

before any king reigned over the Israelites:

32 Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom;

the name of his city was Dinhabah.

33 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah reigned in his place.

34 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites reigned in his place.

35 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad reigned in his place.

He defeated Midian in the field of Moab;

the name of his city was Avith.

36 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah reigned in his place.

37 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the Euphrates River reigned in his place.

38 When Shaul died, Baal-hanan son of Achbor reigned in his place.

39 When Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, Hadar[w] reigned in his place.

His city was Pau, and his wife’s name was Mehetabel

daughter of Matred daughter of Me-zahab.

40 These are the names of Esau’s chiefs,

according to their families and their localities,

by their names:

chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth,

41 chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon,

42 chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar,

43 chief Magdiel, and chief Iram.

These are Edom’s chiefs,

according to their settlements in the land they possessed.

Esau[x] was father of the Edomites.


  1. 33:8 Lit camp
  2. 33:15 Lit May I find favor in your eyes
  3. 33:17 = Stalls or Huts
  4. 33:19 Lit 100 qesitahs; the value of this currency is unknown
  5. 33:20 = El-Elohe-Israel
  6. 34:3 Lit spoke to her heart
  7. 34:8 The Hb word for your is pl, showing that Hamor is speaking to Jacob and his sons.
  8. 34:11 Lit “May I find favor in your eyes
  9. 34:12 Or bride-price, or betrothal present
  10. 35:7 = God of Bethel
  11. 35:8 Lit Deborah, Rebekah’s wet nurse; Gn 24:59
  12. 35:8 = Oak of Weeping
  13. 35:11 Lit will come from your loins
  14. 35:13 Lit went up
  15. 35:18 = Son of My Sorrow
  16. 35:18 = Son of the Right Hand
  17. 35:21 Or beyond Migdal-eder
  18. 36:2 Sam, LXX read Anah son
  19. 36:14 Sam, LXX read Anah son
  20. 36:16 Sam omits Korah
  21. 36:24 Syr, Vg; Tg reads the mules; Hb obscure
  22. 36:30 Lit Horites, for their chiefs
  23. 36:39 Many Hb mss, Sam, Syr read Hadad
  24. 36:43 Lit He Esau

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