New English Translation
15 The angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven 16 and said, “I solemnly swear by my own name,[a] decrees the Lord,[b] that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 I will indeed bless you,[c] and I will greatly multiply[d] your descendants[e] so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of[f] the strongholds[g] of their enemies.Read full chapter
- Genesis 22:16 tn Heb “By myself I swear.”
- Genesis 22:16 tn Heb “the oracle of the Lord.” The phrase refers to a formal oracle or decree from the Lord.
- Genesis 22:17 tn The use of the infinitive absolute before the finite verbal form (either an imperfect or cohortative) emphasizes the certainty of the blessing.
- Genesis 22:17 tn Here too the infinitive absolute is used for emphasis before the following finite verb (either an imperfect or cohortative).sn I will greatly multiply. The Lord here ratifies his earlier promise to give Abram a multitude of descendants. For further discussion see R. B. Chisholm, “Evidence from Genesis,” A Case for Premillennialism, 35-54.
- Genesis 22:17 tn The Hebrew term זֶרַע (zeraʿ) occurring here and in v. 18 may mean “seed” (for planting), “offspring” (occasionally of animals, but usually of people), or “descendants” depending on the context.
- Genesis 22:17 tn Or “inherit.”
- Genesis 22:17 tn Heb “gate,” which here stands for a walled city. To break through the gate complex would be to conquer the city, for the gate complex was the main area of defense (hence the translation “stronghold”).