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The Table of Nations

10 Now these are the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah. And sons were born to them after the flood.

The Japhethites(A)

The sons of Japheth were

Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek, and Tiras.

The sons of Gomer were

Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

The sons of Javan were

Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. From these the coastlands of the nations were divided[a] into their lands, everyone according to his tongue, according to their families, by their nations.

The Hamites(B)

The sons of Ham were

Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

The sons of Cush were

Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteka;

and the sons of Raamah were

Sheba and Dedan.

Cush was the father of Nimrod. He became a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Therefore it is said, “Even like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 The beginning of his kingdom was Babel,[b] Uruk, Akkad, and Kalneh in the land of Shinar. 11 From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, the city Rehoboth Ir, and Calah, 12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).

13 Egypt was the father of

the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14 Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorites.

15 Canaan was the father of

Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16 and the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18 Arvadites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

Later the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 19 The border of the Canaanites was from Sidon toward Gerar to Gaza, and then to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.

20 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.

The Semites(C)

21 To Shem, who was the father of all the children of Eber, whose older brother was Japheth,[c] were sons born also.

22 The sons of Shem were

Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

23 The sons of Aram were

Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshek.

24 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,

and Shelah was the father of Eber.

25 To Eber were born two sons.

The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; his brother’s name was Joktan.

26 Joktan was the father of

Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

30 Their dwelling place was from Mesha all the way to Sephar, the hill country of the east.

31 These are the sons of Shem, by their families and their language, in their lands and their nations.

32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations. From these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.


  1. Genesis 10:5 Or separated themselves.
  2. Genesis 10:10 Or Babylon.
  3. Genesis 10:21 Or the older brother of Japheth.