Judah and Tamar

38 And it came about at that time, that Judah [a]departed from his brothers and [b]visited a certain (A)Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was (B)Shua; and he took her as a wife and had relations with her. And she conceived and gave birth to a son, and he named him (C)Er. Then she conceived again and gave birth to a son, and she named him (D)Onan. She gave birth to yet another son and named him (E)Shelah; and it was at Chezib [c]that she gave birth to him.

Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. But (F)Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the sight of the Lord, so the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, “(G)Have relations with your brother’s wife and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up a [d]child for your brother.” Now Onan knew that the [e](H)child would not be his; so when he had relations with his brother’s wife, he [f]wasted his seed on the ground so that he would not give [g]a child to his brother. 10 But what he did was displeasing in the sight of the Lord; so He (I)took his life also. 11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, “(J)Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up”; for he [h]thought, “I am afraid that he too may die like his brothers.” So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

12 Now [i]after a considerable time Shua’s daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when [j]the time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at (K)Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13 And Tamar was told, “Behold, your father-in-law is going up to (L)Timnah to shear his sheep.” 14 So she [k]removed her widow’s garments and (M)covered herself with a [l]veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of [m]Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up, and (N)she had not been given to him as a wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he assumed she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face. 16 So he turned aside to her by the road, and said, “[n]Here now, let me have relations with you”; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, “What will you give me, that you may have relations with me?” 17 He said, therefore, “I will send you a [o]young goat from the flock.” She then said, “Will you give a pledge until you send it?” 18 He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” And she said, “(O)Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had relations with her, and she conceived by him. 19 Then she got up and departed, and [p]removed her [q]veil and put on her widow’s garments.

20 When Judah sent the [r]young goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman’s hand, he did not find her. 21 He asked the people of her place, saying, “Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?” But they said, “There has been no temple prostitute here.” 22 So he returned to Judah, and said, “I did not find her; and furthermore, the people of the place said, ‘There has been no temple prostitute here.’” 23 Then Judah said, “Let her [s]keep them, otherwise we will become a laughingstock. [t]After all, I sent this young goat, but you did not find her.”

24 Now it was about three months later that Judah was [u]informed, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has prostituted herself, and behold, she is also pregnant by prostitution.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and (P)have her burned!” 25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent word to her father-in-law, saying, “I am pregnant by the man to whom these things belong.” She also said, “(Q)Please examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?” 26 And Judah recognized them, and said, “(R)She is more righteous than I, since (S)I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not [v]have relations with her again.

27 It came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were (T)twins in her womb. 28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, that one baby put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29 But it came about as he drew back his hand that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” So he was named [w](U)Perez. 30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named [x](V)Zerah.

Joseph’s Success in Egypt

39 Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an Egyptian officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the bodyguard, bought him [y]from the (W)Ishmaelites, who had taken him down there. And (X)the Lord was with Joseph, so he became a [z]successful man. And he was in the house of his master, the Egyptian. Now his master (Y)saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord (Z)made all that he did prosper in his hand. So Joseph (AA)found favor in his sight and [aa]became his personal servant; and he made him overseer over his house, and [ab]put him in charge of (AB)all that he owned. It came about that from the time he made him overseer in his house and over all that he owned, the Lord (AC)blessed the Egyptian’s house on account of Joseph; so (AD)the Lords blessing was upon all that he owned, in the house and in the field. So he left [ac]Joseph in charge of everything that he owned; and with him there he did not [ad]concern himself with anything except the [ae]food which he [af]ate.

Now Joseph was (AE)handsome in form and appearance. And it came about after these events (AF)that his master’s wife [ag]had her eyes on Joseph, and she said, “(AG)Sleep with me.” But (AH)he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Look, with me here, my master [ah]does not concern himself with anything in the house, and he has [ai]put me in charge of all that he owns. [aj](AI)There is no one greater in this house than I, and he has withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then could I do this great evil, and (AJ)sin against God?” 10 Though she spoke to Joseph day after day, he did not listen to her to lie beside her or be with her. 11 Now it happened [ak]one day that he went into the house to do his work, and none of the people of the household was there inside. 12 So she grabbed him by his garment, saying, “Sleep with me!” But he left his garment in her hand and fled, and went outside. 13 [al]When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled outside, 14 she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought in a [am]Hebrew to us to make fun of us; he came in to me to sleep with me, and I [an]screamed. 15 When he heard that I raised my voice and [ao]screamed, he left his garment beside me and fled and went outside.” 16 So she [ap]left his garment beside her until his master came home. 17 Then she (AK)spoke to him [aq]with these [ar]words: “The Hebrew slave, whom you brought to us, came in to me to make fun of me; 18 but when I raised my voice and [as]screamed, he left his garment beside me and fled outside.”

Joseph Imprisoned

19 Now when his master heard the words of his wife which she spoke to him, saying, “[at]This is what your slave did to me,” (AL)his anger burned. 20 So Joseph’s master took him and (AM)put him into the prison, the place where the king’s prisoners were confined; and he was there in the prison. 21 But (AN)the Lord was with Joseph and extended kindness to him, and (AO)gave him favor in the sight of the warden of the prison. 22 And the warden of the prison [au](AP)put Joseph in charge of all the prisoners who were in the prison; so that whatever was done there, he was [av]responsible for it. 23 (AQ)The warden of the prison did not supervise anything [aw]under Joseph’s authority, because (AR)the Lord was with him; and, (AS)the Lord made whatever he did prosper.

Joseph Interprets Dreams

40 Then it came about after these things, that (AT)the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt. And Pharaoh was (AU)furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. So he put them in confinement in the house of the (AV)captain of the bodyguard, in the prison, the same place where Joseph was imprisoned. And the captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he [ax]took care of them; and they were in confinement for [ay]some time. Then the cupbearer and the baker for the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, both had a dream the same night, each man with his own dream and each dream with its own interpretation. [az]When Joseph came to them in the morning and saw them, [ba]behold, they were dejected. So he asked Pharaoh’s officials who were with him in confinement in his master’s house, “[bb](AW)Why are your faces so sad today?” And they said to him, “(AX)We have [bc]had a dream, and there is no one to interpret it.” Then Joseph said to them, “(AY)Do interpretations not belong to God? Tell it to me, please.”

So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, [bd]saying to him, “In my dream, [be]behold, there was a vine in front of me; 10 and on the vine were three branches. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out, and its clusters produced ripe grapes. 11 Now Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand; so I took the grapes and squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and I put the cup into Pharaoh’s [bf]hand.” 12 Then Joseph said to him, “This is the (AZ)interpretation of it: the three branches are three days; 13 within three more days Pharaoh will [bg]lift up your head and restore you to your office; and you will put Pharaoh’s cup into his hand as in your former practice when you were his cupbearer. 14 Only [bh]keep me in mind when it goes well for you, and please (BA)do me a kindness [bi]by mentioning me to Pharaoh, and get me out of this [bj]prison. 15 For (BB)I was in fact kidnapped from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing that they should have put me into the [bk]dungeon.”

16 When the chief baker saw that he had interpreted favorably, he said to Joseph, “I also saw in my dream, and behold, there were three baskets of white bread on my head; 17 and in the top basket there were some of all [bl]kinds of baked food for Pharaoh, and the birds were eating them out of the basket on my head.” 18 Then Joseph answered and said, “This is its interpretation: the three baskets are three days; 19 within three more days Pharaoh will lift up your head from you and will hang you on a wooden post, and the birds will eat your flesh off you.”

20 So it came about on the third day, which was (BC)Pharaoh’s birthday, that he held a feast for all his servants; (BD)and he lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants. 21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his [bm]office, and (BE)he put the cup into Pharaoh’s [bn]hand; 22 but (BF)he hanged the chief baker, just as Joseph had interpreted to them. 23 Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but (BG)forgot him.

Pharaoh’s Dream

41 Now it happened at the end of two full years that Pharaoh had a dream, and behold, he was standing by the Nile. And behold, from the Nile seven cows came up, fine-looking and [bo]fat; and they grazed in the (BH)marsh grass. Then behold, seven other cows came up after them from the Nile, ugly and [bp]thin, and they stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile. Then the ugly and [bq]thin cows ate the seven fine-looking and fat cows. Then Pharaoh awoke. But he fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came up on a single stalk, plump and good. Then behold, seven ears, thin and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them. And the thin ears swallowed the seven plump and full ears. Then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Now in the morning (BI)his spirit was troubled, so he sent messengers and called for all the (BJ)soothsayer priests of Egypt, and all its (BK)wise men. And Pharaoh told them his [br]dreams, but (BL)there was no one who could interpret them for Pharaoh.

Then the chief cupbearer spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I would make mention today of (BM)my own [bs]offenses. 10 Pharaoh was (BN)furious with his servants, and (BO)he put me in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, both me and the chief baker. 11 Then (BP)we had a dream one night, [bt]he and I; each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his own dream. 12 Now a Hebrew youth was there with us, a (BQ)servant of the captain of the bodyguard, and we told him the dreams, and (BR)he interpreted our dreams for us. For each man he interpreted according to his own dream. 13 And just (BS)as he interpreted for us, so it happened; Pharaoh restored me in my office, but he hanged [bu]the chief baker.”

Joseph Interprets

14 Then Pharaoh sent word and (BT)called for Joseph, and they (BU)hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon; and when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came to Pharaoh. 15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, (BV)but no one can interpret it; and (BW)I have heard [bv]it said about you, that [bw]when you hear a dream you can interpret it.” 16 Joseph then answered Pharaoh, saying, “[bx](BX)It has nothing to do with me; (BY)God will [by]give Pharaoh an answer for his own good.” 17 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream, there I was, standing on the bank of the Nile; 18 and behold, seven cows, [bz]fat and fine-looking came up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the marsh grass. 19 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very [ca]ugly and [cb]thin, such as I had never seen for [cc]ugliness in all the land of Egypt; 20 and the thin and ugly cows ate the first seven fat cows. 21 Yet when they had [cd]devoured them, it could not be [ce]detected that they had [cf]devoured them, [cg]for they were just as ugly as [ch]before. Then I awoke. 22 I saw also in my dream, and behold, seven ears of grain, full and good, came up on a single stalk; 23 and behold, seven ears, withered, thin, and scorched by the east wind sprouted up after them; 24 and the thin ears swallowed the seven good ears. Then (BZ)I told it to the soothsayer priests, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”

25 And Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh’s [ci]dreams are one and the same; (CA)God has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. 26 The seven good cows are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years; the [cj]dreams are one and the same. 27 The seven thin and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven thin ears scorched by the east wind (CB)will be seven years of famine. 28 [ck]It is as I have spoken to Pharaoh: (CC)God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do. 29 Behold, (CD)seven years of great abundance are coming in all the land of Egypt; 30 and after them (CE)seven years of famine will [cl]come, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will [cm]ravage the land. 31 So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it will be very severe. 32 Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that (CF)the matter is confirmed by God, and God will quickly bring it about. 33 So now let Pharaoh look for a man (CG)discerning and wise, and appoint him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers [cn]in charge of the land, and let him take a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt as a tax in the seven years of abundance. 35 Then have them (CH)collect all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh’s authority, and have them guard it. 36 Let the food be used as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine.”

37 Now the [co]proposal seemed good [cp]to Pharaoh and [cq]to all his servants.

Joseph Is Made a Ruler of Egypt

38 Then Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find a man like this, (CI)in whom there is a divine spirit?” 39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one as (CJ)discerning and wise as you are. 40 (CK)You shall be [cr]in charge of my house, and all my people shall [cs]be obedient to you; only regarding the throne will I be greater than you.” 41 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “See, I have placed you (CL)over all the land of Egypt.” 42 Then Pharaoh (CM)took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen, and (CN)put the gold necklace around his neck. 43 And he had him ride in [ct]his second chariot; and they proclaimed ahead of him, “[cu]Bow the knee!” And he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 44 Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Though I am Pharaoh, yet (CO)without [cv]your permission no one shall raise his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45 Then Pharaoh named Joseph [cw]Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of [cx](CP)On, to be his wife. And Joseph went out over the land of Egypt.

46 Now Joseph was (CQ)thirty years old when he [cy]stood in the presence of Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. 47 During the seven years of plenty the land produced [cz]abundantly. 48 So he collected all the food of these seven years which occurred in the land of Egypt and put the food in the cities; he put in every city the food from its own surrounding fields. 49 Joseph stored up grain [da]in great abundance like the sand of the sea, until he stopped [db]measuring it, for it was [dc]beyond measure.

The Sons of Joseph

50 Now before the year of famine came, (CR)two sons were born to Joseph, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, priest of [dd]On, bore to him. 51 Joseph named the firstborn [de]Manasseh; “For,” he said, “God has made me forget all my trouble and all of my father’s household.” 52 And he named the second [df]Ephraim; “For,” he said, “(CS)God has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”

53 When the seven years of plenty which had taken place in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54 and (CT)the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said, then there was famine in all the lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55 So when all the land of Egypt suffered famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; (CU)whatever he says to you, you shall do.” 56 When the famine was spread over the entire face of the earth, then Joseph opened all [dg]the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians; and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57 Then the people of all the earth came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because (CV)the famine was severe in all the earth.

Joseph’s Brothers Sent to Egypt

42 Now (CW)Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, “Why are you staring at one another?” Then he said, “Look, (CX)I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy some for us from [dh]that place, (CY)so that we may live and not die.” So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother (CZ)Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “(DA)I am afraid that harm may happen to him.” So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who were coming, (DB)because the famine was also in the land of Canaan.

Now (DC)Joseph was the ruler over the land; he was the one who sold grain to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and (DD)bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and (DE)spoke to them harshly. He said to them, “Where have you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan, to buy food.”

But Joseph had recognized his brothers, although (DF)they did not recognize him. And Joseph (DG)remembered the dreams which he [di]had about them, and he said to them, “You are spies; you have come to look at the [dj]undefended parts of our land.” 10 And they said to him, “No, (DH)my lord, but your servants have come to buy food. 11 We are all sons of one man; we are (DI)honest men, your servants are not spies.” 12 Yet he said to them, “No, but you have come to look at the [dk]undefended parts of our land!” 13 But they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers in all, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is with (DJ)our father today, and (DK)one is no longer alive.” 14 Yet Joseph said to them, “It is as I said [dl]to you, you are spies; 15 by this you will be tested: (DL)by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here! 16 Send one of you and have him get your brother, while you remain confined, so that your words may be tested, whether there is (DM)truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, you are certainly spies!” 17 So he put them all together in (DN)prison for three days.

18 Now Joseph said to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for (DO)I fear God: 19 if you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in [dm]your prison; but as for the rest of you, go, carry grain for the famine of your households, 20 and (DP)bring your youngest brother to me, so that your words may be verified, and you will not die.” And they did so. 21 Then they said to one another, “(DQ)Truly we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; for that reason this distress has happened to us.” 22 Reuben answered them, saying, “(DR)Did I not tell [dn]you, ‘Do not sin against the boy’; and you would not listen? [do](DS)Now justice for his blood is required.” 23 They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them. 24 Then he turned away from them and (DT)wept. But when he returned to them and spoke to them, he (DU)took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25 (DV)Then Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain, but also to return every man’s money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. And that is what was done for them.

26 So they loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed from there. 27 But when one of them opened his sack to give his donkey feed at the overnight campsite, he saw his (DW)money; and behold, it was in the opening of his sack! 28 So he said to his brothers, “My money has been returned, and look, it is right in my sack!” Then their hearts [dp]sank, and they turned [dq]trembling to one another, saying, “(DX)What is this that God has done to us?”

Simeon Is Held Hostage

29 When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him everything that had happened to them, saying, 30 “The man, the lord of the land, (DY)spoke harshly with us, and took us for spies of the country. 31 But we said to him, ‘We are (DZ)honest men; we are not spies. 32 We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no longer alive, and the youngest is with our father today in the land of Canaan.’ 33 But the man, the lord of the land, said to us, ‘(EA)By this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me and take grain for the famine of your households, and go. 34 But bring your youngest brother to me so that I may know that you are not spies, but [dr]honest men. I will give your brother to you, and you may (EB)trade in the land.’”

35 Now it came about, as they were emptying their sacks, that behold, (EC)every man’s bag of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw their bags of money, they were afraid. 36 And their father Jacob said to them, “You have (ED)deprived me of my sons: Joseph is gone, and Simeon is gone, and now you would take Benjamin; all these things are against me.” 37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “You may put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you; put him in my [ds]care, and I will return him to you.” 38 But [dt]Jacob said, “My son shall not go down with you; for his (EE)brother is dead, and he alone is left. (EF)If harm should happen to him on the journey [du]you are taking, then you will (EG)bring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow.”

The Return to Egypt

43 (EH)Now the famine was severe in the land. So it came about, when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.” Judah spoke to him, however, saying, “(EI)The man sternly warned [dv]us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food. But if you do not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’” Then Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly, [dw]by telling the man whether you still had another brother?” But they said, “The man specifically asked about us and our relatives, saying, ‘(EJ)Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ So we [dx]answered his questions. Could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” So Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will arise and go, (EK)so that we may live and not die, we as well as you and our little ones. (EL)I myself will take responsibility for him! You may demand him back from [dy]me. If I do not bring him back to you and present him to you, then [dz]you can let me take the blame forever. 10 For if we had not delayed, surely by now we could have returned twice.”

11 Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take some of the best products of the land in your [ea]bags, and carry down to the man (EM)as a gift, a little (EN)balsam and a little honey, labdanum resin and [eb]myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds. 12 And take double the money in your hand, and take back in your hand (EO)the money that was returned in the opening of your sacks; perhaps it was a mistake. 13 Take your brother also, and arise, return to the man; 14 and may [ec](EP)God Almighty (EQ)grant you compassion in the sight of the man, so that he will release to you (ER)your other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, (ES)if I am bereaved of my sons, I am bereaved!” 15 So the men took (ET)this gift, and they took double the money in their hand, and Benjamin; then they set out and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph.

Joseph Sees Benjamin

16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to his (EU)house steward, “Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal and make preparations; for the men are to dine with me at noon.” 17 So the man did as Joseph said, and [ed]brought the men to Joseph’s house. 18 Now the men were afraid, because they were brought to Joseph’s house; and they said, “It is because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time that we are being brought in, so that he may [ee]attack us and [ef]overpower us, and take us as slaves with our donkeys.” 19 So they approached Joseph’s house steward, and spoke to him at the entrance of the house, 20 and said, “Oh, my lord, we indeed came down the first time to buy food, 21 and it happened when we came to the campsite, that we opened our sacks, and behold, (EV)each man’s money was in the opening of his sack, our money in [eg]full. So (EW)we have brought it back in our hand. 22 We have also brought down other money in our hand to buy food; we do not know who put our money in our sacks.” 23 But he said, “Peace be to you, do not be afraid. (EX)Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; your [eh]money was in my possession.” Then (EY)he brought Simeon out to them. 24 Then the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and (EZ)gave them water, and they (FA)washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys feed. 25 So they prepared (FB)the gift [ei]for Joseph’s arrival at noon; for they had heard that they were to eat [ej]a meal there.

26 When Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the gift which was in their hand, and they (FC)bowed down to the ground before him. 27 Then he asked them about their welfare, and said, “(FD)Is your old father well, of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?” 28 And they said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” Then (FE)they bowed down again [ek]in homage. 29 And as he raised his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this (FF)your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” Then he said, “(FG)May God be gracious to you, my son.” 30 Joseph then hurried out, for [el](FH)he was deeply stirred over his brother, and he looked for a place to weep; so he entered his chamber and (FI)wept there. 31 Then he washed his face and came out; and he (FJ)controlled himself and said, “[em]Serve the meal.” 32 Then they served him by himself, and [en]Joseph’s brothers by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves; because the Egyptians could not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is an (FK)abomination to the Egyptians. 33 Now they [eo]were seated before him, from (FL)the firstborn according to his birthright to the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment. 34 Then he took portions to them from [ep]his own table, (FM)but Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. So they drank freely with him.

The Brothers Are Brought Back

44 (FN)Then he commanded his house steward, saying, “Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the opening of his sack. And put my cup, the silver cup, in the opening of the sack of the youngest, and his money for the grain.” And he did [eq]as Joseph had told him. [er]As soon as it was light, the men were sent away, they with their donkeys. They had just left (FO)the city, and were not far away, when Joseph said to his house steward, “Up, follow the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good? Is this not that from which my lord drinks, and which he indeed uses for (FP)divination? You have done wrong in doing this!’”

So [es]he overtook them and spoke these words to them. And they said to him, “Why does my lord say such words as these? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing! Behold, (FQ)the money which we found in the opening of our sacks we have brought back to you from the land of Canaan. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lord’s house? (FR)With whomever of your servants it is found, he shall die, and we also shall be my lord’s (FS)slaves.” 10 So he said, “Now let it indeed be according to your words; he with whom it is found shall be my slave, but the rest of you shall be considered innocent.” 11 Then they hurried, each man lowered his sack to the ground, and each man opened his sack. 12 And he searched, beginning with the oldest and ending with the youngest; and (FT)the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack. 13 Then they (FU)tore their clothes in grief, and when each man had loaded his donkey, they returned to (FV)the city.

14 When Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, he was still there, and (FW)they fell down to the ground before him. 15 Joseph said to them, “What is this thing that you have done? Do you not know that a man who is like me can indeed practice (FX)divination?” 16 So Judah said, “What can we say to my lord? What words can we speak? And how can we justify ourselves? God has found out the guilt of your servants; behold, we are my lord’s (FY)slaves, both we and the one in whose [et]possession the cup has been found.” 17 But he said, “Far be it from me to do this. The man in whose [eu]possession the cup has been found, he shall be my slave; but as for you, go up in peace to your father.”

18 Then Judah approached him and said, “Oh my lord, may your servant please speak a word in my lord’s ears, and [ev](FZ)do not be angry with your servant; for (GA)you are equal to Pharaoh. 19 (GB)My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’ 20 And we said to my lord, ‘We have an old father and (GC)a little boy born in our father’s old age. Now (GD)his brother is dead, so he alone is left of his mother, and his father loves him.’ 21 Then you said to your servants, ‘(GE)Bring him down to me so that I may set my eyes on him.’ 22 But we said to my lord, ‘The boy cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, [ew]his father would die.’ 23 You said to your servants, however, ‘(GF)Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you will not see my face again.’ 24 So it came about when we went up to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. 25 And (GG)our father said, ‘Go back, buy us a little food.’ 26 But we said, ‘We cannot go down. If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we cannot see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’ 27 Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that (GH)my wife bore me two sons; 28 and the one left me, and (GI)I said, “Surely he is torn to pieces,” and I have not seen him since. 29 If you also take this one from [ex]me, and harm happens to him, you will (GJ)bring my gray hair down to Sheol in [ey]sorrow.’ 30 So now, when I come to your servant, my father, and the boy is not with us—since [ez](GK)our father’s life is so attached to the boy’s life— 31 when he sees that the boy is not with us, he will die. So your servants will (GL)bring the gray hair of your servant, our father, down to Sheol in sorrow. 32 For your servant (GM)accepted responsibility for the boy from my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then [fa]my father can let me take the blame forever.’ 33 So now, please let your servant remain as a slave to my lord instead of the boy, and let the boy go up with his brothers. 34 For how shall I go up to my father if the boy is not with me? I fear that I may see the evil that would [fb]overtake my father.”

Joseph Deals Kindly with His Brothers

45 Then Joseph could not control himself in front of everyone standing before him, and he shouted, “Have everyone leave me!” So there [fc]was no one with him (GN)when Joseph made himself known to his brothers. Then (GO)he [fd]wept so loudly that the Egyptians heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard about it. And Joseph said to his brothers, “(GP)I am Joseph! (GQ)Is my father still alive?” But his brothers could not answer him, for (GR)they were terrified in his presence.

Then Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come [fe]closer to me.” And they came [ff]closer. And he said, “I am your brother Joseph, whom you (GS)sold to Egypt. Now do not be grieved or angry [fg]with yourselves because (GT)you sold me here, for (GU)God sent me ahead of you [fh]to save lives. For the famine has been in the land (GV)these two years, and there are still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. So (GW)God sent me ahead of you to ensure for you a remnant on the earth, and to [fi]keep you alive by a great deliverance. Now, therefore, it was not you who sent me here, but God; and He has made me a (GX)father to Pharaoh and lord of all his household, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. Hurry and go up to my father, and (GY)say to him, ‘This is what your son Joseph says: “God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not delay. 10 For you shall live in the land of (GZ)Goshen, and you shall be near me, you and your children and your [fj]grandchildren, and your flocks and your herds and all that you have. 11 There I will also (HA)provide for you, for there are still five years of famine to come, and you and your household and all that you have would be impoverished.”’ 12 Behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see, that it is my mouth which is speaking to you. 13 Now you must tell my father of all my splendor in Egypt, and all that you have seen; and you must hurry and (HB)bring my father down here.” 14 Then he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck and (HC)wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. 15 And he kissed all his brothers and wept on them, and afterward his brothers talked with him.

16 Now when (HD)the [fk]news was heard in Pharaoh’s house [fl]that Joseph’s brothers had come, it [fm]pleased Pharaoh and his servants. 17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: load your livestock and [fn]go to the land of Canaan, 18 and take your father and your households and come to me; and (HE)I will give you the [fo]best of the land of Egypt, and you will eat the fat of the land.’ 19 Now you are ordered, ‘Do this: [fp]take (HF)wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father and come. 20 And do not [fq]concern yourselves with your property, for the [fr]best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’”

21 Then the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them (HG)wagons according to the [fs]command of Pharaoh, and gave them provisions for the journey. 22 To [ft]each of them he gave (HH)changes of garments, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and (HI)five changes of garments. 23 And to his father he sent [fu]the following: ten male donkeys loaded with the [fv]best things of Egypt, ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and sustenance for his father [fw]on the journey.

24 So he sent his brothers away, and [fx]as they departed, he said to them, “Do not [fy]quarrel on the journey.” 25 Then they went up from Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan, to their father Jacob. 26 And they told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and indeed he is ruler over all the land of Egypt.” But [fz]he was stunned, for (HJ)he did not believe them. 27 When they told him all the words of Joseph that he had spoken to them, and when he saw the (HK)wagons that Joseph had sent to carry him, then the spirit of their father Jacob revived. 28 Then Israel said, “It is enough; my son Joseph is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”


  1. Genesis 38:1 Lit went down
  2. Genesis 38:1 Lit turned aside to
  3. Genesis 38:5 Lit when
  4. Genesis 38:8 Lit seed
  5. Genesis 38:9 Lit seed
  6. Genesis 38:9 Lit spilled on the ground
  7. Genesis 38:9 Lit seed
  8. Genesis 38:11 Lit said
  9. Genesis 38:12 Lit the days became many and
  10. Genesis 38:12 Lit Judah was comforted, he
  11. Genesis 38:14 Lit removed from herself
  12. Genesis 38:14 Or shawl
  13. Genesis 38:14 In Josh 15:34, Enam
  14. Genesis 38:16 Or Come, now
  15. Genesis 38:17 Lit kid of goats
  16. Genesis 38:19 Lit removed from herself
  17. Genesis 38:19 Or shawl
  18. Genesis 38:20 Lit kid of goats by the hand of
  19. Genesis 38:23 Lit take for herself
  20. Genesis 38:23 Lit Behold
  21. Genesis 38:24 Lit informed, saying
  22. Genesis 38:26 Lit know her yet again
  23. Genesis 38:29 I.e., a breach
  24. Genesis 38:30 I.e., a dawning or brightness
  25. Genesis 39:1 Lit from the hand of
  26. Genesis 39:2 Or prosperous
  27. Genesis 39:4 Or ministered to him
  28. Genesis 39:4 Lit handed over to him
  29. Genesis 39:6 Lit in Joseph’s hand
  30. Genesis 39:6 Lit know
  31. Genesis 39:6 Lit bread
  32. Genesis 39:6 Or used to eat
  33. Genesis 39:7 Lit lifted up her eyes at
  34. Genesis 39:8 Lit does not know what is in the house
  35. Genesis 39:8 Lit handed over to me
  36. Genesis 39:9 Or He is not greater
  37. Genesis 39:11 Lit about this day
  38. Genesis 39:13 Lit And it came about when
  39. Genesis 39:14 Lit Hebrew man
  40. Genesis 39:14 Lit called with a great voice
  41. Genesis 39:15 Lit called out
  42. Genesis 39:16 Lit let...lie beside
  43. Genesis 39:17 Lit according to
  44. Genesis 39:17 Lit words, saying
  45. Genesis 39:18 Lit called out
  46. Genesis 39:19 Lit According to these things your slave
  47. Genesis 39:22 Lit handed over to Joseph all
  48. Genesis 39:22 Lit the doer
  49. Genesis 39:23 Lit in his hand
  50. Genesis 40:4 Lit ministered to
  51. Genesis 40:4 Lit days
  52. Genesis 40:6 Or And
  53. Genesis 40:6 Lit and behold
  54. Genesis 40:7 Lit saying, Why
  55. Genesis 40:8 Lit dreamed
  56. Genesis 40:9 Lit and said
  57. Genesis 40:9 Lit and behold
  58. Genesis 40:11 Lit palm
  59. Genesis 40:13 I.e., a royal gesture of forgiveness
  60. Genesis 40:14 Lit remember me with yourself
  61. Genesis 40:14 Lit and mention
  62. Genesis 40:14 Lit house
  63. Genesis 40:15 Or pit
  64. Genesis 40:17 Lit food for Pharaoh made by a baker
  65. Genesis 40:21 Lit wine-pouring
  66. Genesis 40:21 Lit palm
  67. Genesis 41:2 Lit fat of flesh
  68. Genesis 41:3 Lit thin of flesh
  69. Genesis 41:4 Lit thin of flesh
  70. Genesis 41:8 Lit dream
  71. Genesis 41:9 Or sins
  72. Genesis 41:11 Lit I and he
  73. Genesis 41:13 Lit him
  74. Genesis 41:15 Lit about you, saying
  75. Genesis 41:15 Lit you hear a dream to interpret it
  76. Genesis 41:16 Lit Apart from me
  77. Genesis 41:16 Lit answer the peace of Pharaoh
  78. Genesis 41:18 Lit fat of flesh
  79. Genesis 41:19 Lit bad
  80. Genesis 41:19 Lit thin of flesh
  81. Genesis 41:19 Lit badness
  82. Genesis 41:21 Lit entered their inward parts
  83. Genesis 41:21 Or known
  84. Genesis 41:21 Lit entered their inward parts
  85. Genesis 41:21 Lit and
  86. Genesis 41:21 Lit in the beginning
  87. Genesis 41:25 Lit dream is
  88. Genesis 41:26 Lit dream is
  89. Genesis 41:28 Lit That is the thing which I spoke
  90. Genesis 41:30 Lit arise
  91. Genesis 41:30 Lit destroy
  92. Genesis 41:34 Lit over
  93. Genesis 41:37 Lit word
  94. Genesis 41:37 Lit in the sight of
  95. Genesis 41:37 Lit in the sight of
  96. Genesis 41:40 Lit over
  97. Genesis 41:40 Lit kiss your mouth; LXX obey at your command
  98. Genesis 41:43 Lit the second...which was his
  99. Genesis 41:43 Or Make way
  100. Genesis 41:44 Lit you no one
  101. Genesis 41:45 Prob. Egyptian for “God speaks; he lives”
  102. Genesis 41:45 Or Heliopolis
  103. Genesis 41:46 Or entered the service of
  104. Genesis 41:47 Lit by handfuls
  105. Genesis 41:49 Lit very much
  106. Genesis 41:49 Lit numbering
  107. Genesis 41:49 Or without number
  108. Genesis 41:50 Or Heliopolis
  109. Genesis 41:51 I.e., making to forget
  110. Genesis 41:52 I.e., fruitfulness
  111. Genesis 41:56 Lit that which was in them
  112. Genesis 42:2 Lit there
  113. Genesis 42:9 Lit had dreamed
  114. Genesis 42:9 Lit nakedness of the land
  115. Genesis 42:12 Lit nakedness of the land
  116. Genesis 42:14 Lit to you, saying
  117. Genesis 42:19 Lit the house of your prison
  118. Genesis 42:22 Lit you, saying,
  119. Genesis 42:22 Lit And behold, his blood also is required
  120. Genesis 42:28 Lit went out
  121. Genesis 42:28 Lit trembled
  122. Genesis 42:34 Lit you are honest
  123. Genesis 42:37 Lit hand
  124. Genesis 42:38 Lit he
  125. Genesis 42:38 Lit on which you are going
  126. Genesis 43:3 Lit us, saying
  127. Genesis 43:6 Lit to tell
  128. Genesis 43:7 Lit told him according to these words
  129. Genesis 43:9 Lit my hand
  130. Genesis 43:9 Lit I will be culpable before you all the days
  131. Genesis 43:11 Or vessels
  132. Genesis 43:11 Or resinous bark
  133. Genesis 43:14 Heb El Shaddai
  134. Genesis 43:17 Lit the man brought
  135. Genesis 43:18 Lit roll himself upon us
  136. Genesis 43:18 Lit fall upon
  137. Genesis 43:21 Lit its weight
  138. Genesis 43:23 Lit your money had come to me
  139. Genesis 43:25 Lit until
  140. Genesis 43:25 Lit bread
  141. Genesis 43:28 I.e., great respect and honor to a superior
  142. Genesis 43:30 Lit his compassion grew warm
  143. Genesis 43:31 Lit Set on bread
  144. Genesis 43:32 Lit them
  145. Genesis 43:33 Lit sat
  146. Genesis 43:34 Lit his face
  147. Genesis 44:2 Or according to the word
  148. Genesis 44:3 Lit The morning was light
  149. Genesis 44:6 I.e., the steward
  150. Genesis 44:16 Lit hand
  151. Genesis 44:17 Lit hand
  152. Genesis 44:18 Lit let not your anger burn against
  153. Genesis 44:22 Lit he would
  154. Genesis 44:29 Lit my face
  155. Genesis 44:29 Lit evil
  156. Genesis 44:30 Lit his soul is bound with his soul
  157. Genesis 44:32 Lit I will be culpable for all the days before my father
  158. Genesis 44:34 Lit find
  159. Genesis 45:1 Lit stood
  160. Genesis 45:2 Lit gave forth his voice in weeping
  161. Genesis 45:4 Lit near
  162. Genesis 45:4 Lit near
  163. Genesis 45:5 Lit in your eyes
  164. Genesis 45:5 Lit for preservation of life
  165. Genesis 45:7 As in MT; another reading (cf. LXX) keep alive for you a great remnant
  166. Genesis 45:10 Lit children’s children
  167. Genesis 45:16 Lit voice
  168. Genesis 45:16 Lit saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come”
  169. Genesis 45:16 Lit was good in the eyes of
  170. Genesis 45:17 Lit come, go
  171. Genesis 45:18 Lit good
  172. Genesis 45:19 Lit take for yourselves
  173. Genesis 45:20 Lit let your eye look with regret upon your vessels
  174. Genesis 45:20 Lit good
  175. Genesis 45:21 Lit mouth
  176. Genesis 45:22 Lit all of them he gave each man
  177. Genesis 45:23 Lit like this
  178. Genesis 45:23 Lit good
  179. Genesis 45:23 Lit for
  180. Genesis 45:24 Lit they departed; and he said
  181. Genesis 45:24 Lit be agitated
  182. Genesis 45:26 Lit his heart grew numb

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