New American Standard Bible
1 (A)In the beginning (B)God (C)created the heavens and the earth. 2 And the earth was a (D)[a]formless and desolate emptiness, and (E)darkness was over the [b]surface of the deep, and (F)the Spirit of God (G)was hovering over the [c]surface of the waters. 3 Then (H)God said, “[d]Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was (I)good; and God (J)separated the light from the darkness. 5 (K)God called the light “day,” and the darkness He called “night.” And (L)there was evening and there was morning, one day.
6 Then God said, “Let there be [e]an (M)expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” 7 God made the [f]expanse, and separated (N)the waters that were below the [g]expanse from the waters (O)that were above the [h]expanse; and it was so. 8 God called the [i]expanse “heaven.” And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
9 Then God said, “(P)Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let (Q)the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land “earth,” and the (R)gathering of the waters He called “seas”; and God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, “Let the earth sprout [j](S)vegetation, [k]plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit according to [l]their kind [m]with seed in them”; and it was so. 12 The earth produced [n]vegetation, [o]plants yielding seed according to [p]their kind, and trees bearing fruit [q]with seed in them, according to [r]their kind; and God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be [s](T)lights in the [t](U)expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and they shall [u]serve as (V)signs and for (W)seasons, and for days and years; 15 and they [v]shall serve as lights in the [w]expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 God made the two great lights, the (X)greater light [x]to govern the day, and the lesser light [y]to govern the night; He made (Y)the stars also. 17 (Z)God placed them in the [z]expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and [aa]to (AA)govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters [ab]teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth [ac]in the open [ad]expanse of the heavens.” 21 And God created (AB)the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind; and God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
24 (AC)Then God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures according to [ae]their kind: livestock and crawling things and animals of the earth according to [af]their kind”; and it was so. 25 God made the (AD)animals of the earth according to [ag]their kind, and the livestock according to [ah]their kind, and everything that crawls on the ground according to its kind; and God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, “[ai]Let (AE)Us make (AF)mankind in Our image, according to Our likeness; and [aj]let them (AG)rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the livestock and over all the earth, and over every crawling thing that crawls on the earth.” 27 So God created man (AH)in His own image, in the image of God He created him; (AI)male and female He created them. 28 God blessed them; and God said to them, “(AJ)Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over every living thing that [ak]moves on the earth.” 29 Then God said, “Behold, (AK)I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the [al]surface of all the earth, and every tree [am]which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and (AL)to every animal of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to everything that [an]moves on the earth [ao]which has life, I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so. 31 And God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very (AM)good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
2 And so the heavens and the earth were completed, and all (AN)their heavenly [ap]lights. 2 By (AO)the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and (AP)He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on it He rested from all His work which God had created [aq]and made.
The Creation of Man and Woman
4 [ar](AQ)This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in (AR)the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven. 5 (AS)Now no shrub of the field was yet on the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, (AT)for the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to [as]cultivate the ground. 6 But a [at]mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole [au]surface of the ground. 7 Then the Lord God formed the man of (AU)dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the (AV)man became a living [av]person. 8 The Lord God planted a (AW)garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. 9 Out of the ground the Lord God caused (AX)every tree to grow that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; (AY)the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10 Now a (AZ)river [aw]flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [ax]rivers. 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it [ay]flows around the whole land of (BA)Havilah, where there is gold. 12 The gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there as well. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it [az]flows around the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is [ba](BB)Tigris; it [bb]flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the [bc](BC)Euphrates.
15 Then the Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and tend it. 16 The Lord God (BD)commanded the man, saying, “From any tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not [bd]eat, for on the day that you eat from it (BE)you will certainly die.”
18 Then the Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone; (BF)I will make him a helper [be]suitable for him.” 19 (BG)And out of the ground the Lord God formed every animal of the field and every bird of the sky, and (BH)brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20 The man gave names to all the livestock, and to the birds of the sky, and to every animal of the field, but for [bf]Adam there was not found (BI)a helper [bg]suitable for him. 21 So the Lord God caused a (BJ)deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22 And the Lord God [bh]fashioned into a woman (BK)the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. 23 Then the man said,
24 (BM)For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25 (BN)And the man and his wife were both naked, but they were not ashamed.
The Fall of Mankind
3 Now (BO)the serpent was more cunning than any animal of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God really said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” 2 The woman said to the serpent, “(BP)From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat; 3 but from the fruit of the tree which is in the middle of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat from it or touch it, or you will die.’” 4 (BQ)The serpent said to the woman, “You certainly will not die! 5 For God knows that on the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and (BR)you will [bm]become like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 (BS)When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was desirable to make one wise, she took some of its fruit and ate; and she also gave some to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they (BT)knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves waist coverings.
8 Now they heard the sound of (BU)the Lord God walking in the garden in the [bn]cool of the day, (BV)and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 Then the Lord God called to the man, and said to him, “(BW)Where are you?” 10 He said, “(BX)I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” 11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree from which I commanded you not to eat?” 12 (BY)The man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me some of the fruit of the tree, and I ate.” 13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” And the woman said, “(BZ)The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14 Then the Lord God said to the serpent,
“(CA)Because you have done this,
Cursed are you more than all the livestock,
And more than any animal of the field;
On your belly you shall go,
And (CB)dust you shall eat
All the days of your life;
15 And I will [bo](CC)make enemies
Of you and the woman,
And of your [bp]offspring and her [bq]Descendant;
(CD)He shall [br]bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise Him on the heel.”
16 To the woman He said,
17 Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’;
(CG)Cursed is the ground because of you;
(CH)With [bt]hard labor you shall eat from it
All the days of your life.
18 Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you;
Yet you shall eat the [bu]plants of the field;
19 By the sweat of your face
You shall eat bread,
Until you (CI)return to the ground,
Because (CJ)from it you were taken;
For you are dust,
And to dust you shall return.”
22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of (CL)Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might reach out with his hand, and take fruit also from (CM)the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”— 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. 24 So (CN)He drove the man out; and at the (CO)east of the Garden of Eden He stationed the (CP)cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to (CQ)the tree of life.
Cain and Abel
4 Now the man [bw]had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, “I have obtained a male child with the help of the Lord.” 2 And again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now (CR)Abel was (CS)a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a cultivator of the ground. 3 So it came about [bx]in the course of time that Cain brought an offering to the Lord from the fruit of the ground. 4 (CT)Abel, on his part also brought an offering, from the firstborn of his flock and from their fat portions. And (CU)the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering; 5 but (CV)for Cain and his offering He had no regard. So (CW)Cain became very angry and his face [by]was gloomy. 6 Then the Lord said to Cain, “(CX)Why are you angry? And why is your face [bz]gloomy? 7 (CY)If you do well, [ca]will your face not be [cb]cheerful? (CZ)And if you do not do well, sin is lurking at the door; and its desire is for you, (DA)but you must master it.” 8 Cain [cc]talked to his brother Abel; and it happened that when they were in the field Cain rose up against his brother Abel and (DB)killed him.
9 Then the Lord said to Cain, “(DC)Where is Abel your brother?” And he said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 Then He said, “What have you done? (DD)The voice of your brother’s blood is crying out to Me from the ground. 11 Now (DE)you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 (DF)When you cultivate the ground, it will no longer yield its strength to you; (DG)you will be a wanderer and a drifter on the earth.” 13 Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is too great to endure! 14 Behold, You have (DH)driven me this day from the face of the ground; and I will be hidden from Your face, and (DI)I will be a wanderer and a drifter on the earth, and (DJ)whoever finds me will kill me.” 15 So the Lord said to him, “Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him (DK)seven times as much.” And the Lord [cd](DL)placed a mark on Cain, so that no one finding him would kill him.
17 Cain [cg]had relations with his wife and she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch; and Cain built a city, and named the city Enoch, after the name of his son. 18 Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech. 19 Lamech took (DN)two wives for himself: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and flute. 22 As for Zillah, she also gave birth to Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
23 Lamech said to his wives,
“Adah and Zillah,
Listen to my voice,
You wives of Lamech,
Pay attention to my words,
(DO)For I have killed a man for wounding me;
And a boy for striking me!
24 If Cain is avenged (DP)seven times,
Then Lamech seventy-seven times!”
25 (DQ)Adam [ch]had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him [ci]Seth, for, she said, “God [cj]has appointed me another [ck]child in place of Abel, (DR)because Cain killed him.” 26 To Seth also (DS)a son was born; and he named him Enosh. Then people began (DT)to call [cl]upon the name of the Lord.
Descendants of Adam
5 This is the book of the generations of Adam. On the day when God created man, He made him (DU)in the likeness of God. 2 He created them (DV)male and female, and He (DW)blessed them and named them “mankind” on the day when they were created.
3 When Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth. 4 Then the days of Adam after he fathered Seth were eight hundred years, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 5 So all the days that Adam lived were 930 years, and he died.
6 Now Seth lived 105 years, and fathered Enosh. 7 Then Seth lived 807 years after he fathered Enosh, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 8 So all the days of Seth were 912 years, and he died.
9 Now Enosh lived ninety years, and fathered Kenan. 10 Then Enosh lived 815 years after he fathered Kenan, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 11 So all the days of Enosh were 905 years, and he died.
12 Now Kenan lived seventy years, and fathered Mahalalel. 13 Then Kenan lived 840 years after he fathered Mahalalel, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 14 So all the days of Kenan were 910 years, and he died.
15 Now Mahalalel lived sixty-five years, and fathered Jared. 16 Then Mahalalel lived 830 years after he fathered Jared, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 17 So all the days of Mahalalel were 895 years, and he died.
18 Now Jared lived 162 years, and fathered Enoch. 19 Then Jared lived eight hundred years after he fathered Enoch, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 20 So all the days of Jared were 962 years, and he died.
21 Now Enoch lived sixty-five years, and fathered Methuselah. 22 Then Enoch (DX)walked with God three hundred years after he fathered Methuselah, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 23 So all the days of Enoch were 365 years. 24 (DY)Enoch walked with God; and he was [cm]not, for God (DZ)took him.
25 Now Methuselah lived 187 years, and fathered Lamech. 26 Then Methuselah lived 782 years after he fathered Lamech, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 27 So all the days of Methuselah were 969 years, and he died.
28 Now Lamech lived 182 years, and fathered a son. 29 And he named him Noah, saying, “This one will give us comfort from our work and from the hard labor of our hands caused by (EA)the ground which the Lord has cursed.” 30 Then Lamech lived 595 years after he fathered Noah, and he fathered other sons and daughters. 31 So all the days of Lamech were 777 years, and he died.
32 Now after Noah was (EB)five hundred years old, Noah fathered Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
The Corruption of Mankind
6 Now it came about, when mankind began to multiply on the face of the land, and daughters were born to them, 2 that the sons of God saw that the daughters of mankind were [cn]beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose. 3 Then the Lord said, “(EC)My Spirit will not [co]remain with man forever, [cp](ED)because he is also flesh; [cq]nevertheless his days shall be 120 years.” 4 The [cr](EE)Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of mankind, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.
5 Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of mankind was great on the earth, and that (EF)every intent of the thoughts of [cs]their hearts was only evil continually. 6 So (EG)the Lord was sorry that He had made mankind on the earth, and He was (EH)grieved [ct]in His heart. 7 Then the Lord said, “(EI)I will wipe out mankind whom I have created from the face of the land; mankind, and animals as well, and crawling things, and the birds of the sky. For (EJ)I am sorry that I have made them.” 8 But (EK)Noah (EL)found favor in the eyes of the Lord.
9 These are the records of the generations of Noah. Noah was a (EM)righteous man, [cu](EN)blameless in his generation. Noah (EO)walked with God. 10 And Noah fathered three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
11 Now the earth was (EP)corrupt in the sight of God, and the earth was (EQ)filled with violence. 12 And God looked on the earth, and behold, it was corrupt; for [cv](ER)humanity had corrupted its way upon the earth.
13 Then God said to Noah, “(ES)The end of [cw]humanity has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of [cx]people; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth. 14 Make for yourself an ark of [cy]gopher wood; you shall make the ark with compartments, and [cz]cover it inside and out with pitch. 15 This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark shall be [da]three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. 16 You shall make a [db]window for the ark, and finish it to a [dc]cubit from [dd]the top; and put the door of the ark on the side; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. 17 Now behold, (ET)I Myself am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which there is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish. 18 But I will establish (EU)My covenant with you; and (EV)you shall enter the ark—you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19 (EW)And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female. 20 (EX)Of the birds according to their kind, and of the animals according to their kind, of every crawling thing of the ground according to its kind, two of every kind will come to you to keep them alive. 21 As for you, take for yourself some of every (EY)food that is edible, and gather it to yourself; and it shall be food for you and them.” 22 (EZ)So Noah did these things; according to everything that God had commanded him, so he did.
7 Then the Lord said to Noah, “Enter the ark, you and all your household, for you alone I have seen to be (FA)righteous before Me in this generation. 2 You shall take [de]with you [df]seven pairs of every (FB)clean animal, a male and his female; and two of the animals that are not clean, a male and his female; 3 also of the birds of the sky, [dg]seven pairs, male and female, to keep their [dh]offspring alive on the face of all the earth. 4 For after (FC)seven more days, I will send rain on the earth for (FD)forty days and forty nights; and I will wipe out from the face of the land (FE)every living thing that I have made.” 5 So (FF)Noah acted in accordance with everything that the Lord had commanded him.
6 Now Noah was (FG)six hundred years old when the flood of water [di]came upon the earth. 7 Then (FH)Noah and his sons, his wife, and his sons’ wives with him entered the ark because of the waters of the flood. 8 (FI)Of clean animals and animals that are not clean and birds and everything that crawls on the ground, 9 they all went into the ark to Noah [dj]by twos, male and female, as God had commanded Noah. 10 Now it came about after (FJ)the seven days, that the waters of the flood [dk]came upon the earth. 11 In the (FK)six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all (FL)the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the [dl]floodgates of the sky were opened. 12 (FM)The rain [dm]fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.
13 On this very same day (FN)Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the ark, 14 they and every animal according to its kind, and all the livestock according to [dn]their kind, and every crawling thing that crawls on the earth according to its kind, and every bird according to its kind, [do]all sorts of birds. 15 So they went into the ark to Noah, (FO)by twos of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. 16 Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the Lord closed the door behind him.
17 Then the flood [dp]came upon the earth for (FP)forty days, and the water increased and lifted up the ark, so that it rose above the earth. 18 The water prevailed and increased greatly upon the earth, and the ark [dq]floated on the [dr]surface of the water. 19 And the water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains [ds]everywhere under the heavens were covered. 20 The water prevailed [dt]fifteen cubits higher, (FQ)and the mountains were covered. 21 So (FR)all [du]creatures that moved on the earth perished: birds, livestock, animals, and every swarming thing that swarms upon the earth, and all mankind; 22 of all that was on the dry land, all (FS)in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died. 23 So He wiped out [dv]every living thing that was upon the face of the land, from mankind to animals, to crawling things, and the birds of the sky, and they were wiped out from the earth; and only (FT)Noah was left, together with those that were with him in the ark. 24 (FU)The water prevailed upon the earth for 150 days.
The Flood Subsides
8 But (FV)God remembered Noah and all the animals and all the livestock that were with him in the ark; and (FW)God caused a wind to pass over the earth, and the water subsided. 2 Also (FX)the fountains of the deep and the [dw]floodgates of the sky were closed, and (FY)the rain from the sky was restrained; 3 and the water receded steadily from the earth, and at the end (FZ)of 150 days the water decreased. 4 Then in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, (GA)the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat. 5 And the water decreased steadily until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains became visible.
6 Then it came about at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the (GB)window of the ark which he had made; 7 and he sent out a raven, and it [dx]flew here and there until the water was dried up [dy]from the earth. 8 Then he sent out a [dz]dove, to see if the water was low on the [ea]surface of the land; 9 but the dove found no resting place for the sole of its foot, so it returned to him in the ark, for the water was on the [eb]surface of all the earth. Then he put out his hand and took it, and brought it into the ark to himself. 10 So he waited another seven days longer; and again he sent out the dove from the ark. 11 And the dove came to him in [ec]the evening, and behold, in its [ed]beak was a fresh olive leaf. So Noah knew that the water was low on the earth. 12 Then he waited another seven days longer, and sent out (GC)the dove; but it did not return to him again.
13 Now it came about in the (GD)six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, that the water was dried up [ee]from the earth. Then Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and behold, the [ef]surface of the ground had dried up. 14 And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth was dry. 15 Then God spoke to Noah, saying, 16 “Go out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and your sons’ wives with you. 17 Bring out with you every living thing of all flesh that is with you, birds and animals and every crawling thing that crawls on the earth, that they may [eg](GE)breed abundantly on the earth, and (GF)be fruitful and multiply on the earth.” 18 So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him. 19 Every animal, every crawling thing, and every bird, everything that moves on the earth, went out [eh]by their families from the ark.
20 Then Noah built (GG)an altar to the Lord, and took some of every kind of (GH)clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered (GI)burnt offerings on the altar. 21 The Lord (GJ)smelled the soothing aroma, and the Lord said [ei]to Himself, “I will never again (GK)curse the ground on account of man, for (GL)the [ej]intent of man’s heart is evil from his youth; (GM)and I will never again [ek]destroy every living thing, as I have done.
Covenant of the Rainbow
9 Then God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, “(GP)Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth. 2 The fear of you and the terror of you will be on every animal of the earth and on every bird of the sky; on everything that crawls on the ground, and on all the fish of the sea. They are handed over to you. 3 Every moving thing that is alive shall be food for you; I have given everything to you, (GQ)as I gave the green plant. 4 But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, (GR)its blood. 5 I certainly will require [el](GS)your lifeblood; [em](GT)from every animal I will require it. And [en]from every person, [eo]from every man as his brother I will require the life of a person.
6 (GU)Whoever sheds human blood,
By man his blood shall be shed,
For (GV)in the image of God
He made mankind.
7 As for you, (GW)be fruitful and multiply;
[ep]Populate the earth abundantly and multiply in it.”
8 Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him, saying, 9 “Now behold, (GX)I Myself am establishing My covenant with you, and with your [eq]descendants after you; 10 and with every living creature that is with you: the birds, the livestock, and every animal of the earth with you; of all that comes out of the ark, every animal of the earth. 11 I establish My covenant with you; and all flesh shall (GY)never again be eliminated by the waters of a flood, (GZ)nor shall there again be a flood to destroy the earth.” 12 God said, “This is (HA)the sign of the covenant which I am making between Me and you and every living creature that is with you, for [er]all future generations; 13 I have set My (HB)rainbow in the cloud, and it shall [es]serve as a sign of a covenant between Me and the earth. 14 It shall come about, when I make a cloud appear over the earth, that the rainbow will be seen in the cloud, 15 and (HC)I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and (HD)never again shall the water become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16 When the rainbow is in the cloud, then I will look at it, to remember the (HE)everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” 17 And God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth.”
18 Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and (HF)Ham was the father of Canaan. 19 These three were the sons of Noah, and (HG)from these the whole earth was [et]populated.
20 Then Noah began [eu]farming and planted a vineyard. 21 He drank some of the wine and (HH)became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22 Ham, the father of Canaan, (HI)saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. 23 But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it on both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were [ev]turned away, so that they did not see their father’s nakedness. 24 When Noah awoke from his wine, he knew what his youngest son had done to him. 25 So he said,
26 He also said,
28 Noah lived 350 years after the flood. 29 So all the days of Noah were 950 years, and he died.
Descendants of Noah
10 Now these are the records of the generations of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and sons were born to them after the flood.
2 (HN)The sons of Japheth were (HO)Gomer, Magog, (HP)Madai, (HQ)Javan, Tubal, (HR)Meshech, and Tiras. 3 The sons of Gomer were (HS)Ashkenaz, [ez]Riphath, and (HT)Togarmah. 4 The sons of Javan were Elishah, (HU)Tarshish, Kittim, and [fa]Dodanim. 5 From these the people of the coastlands of the nations [fb]were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
6 (HV)The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7 The sons of Cush were (HW)Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, (HX)Raamah, and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah were (HY)Sheba and (HZ)Dedan. 8 Now Cush fathered Nimrod; he [fc]became a mighty one on the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was [fd](IA)Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of (IB)Shinar. 11 From that land he went (IC)to Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13 Mizraim fathered (ID)Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14 (IE)Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorim.
15 Canaan fathered (IF)Sidon, his firstborn, and (IG)Heth, 16 (IH)the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, 17 the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, 18 the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. 19 (II)The territory of the Canaanite [fe]extended from Sidon [ff]going toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; and [fg]going toward (IJ)Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and by their nations.
21 Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22 (IK)The sons of Shem were (IL)Elam, Asshur, (IM)Arpachshad, (IN)Lud, and Aram. 23 The sons of Aram were (IO)Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24 Arpachshad fathered (IP)Shelah; and Shelah fathered Eber. 25 (IQ)Two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was [fh]Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26 Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28 [fi]Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all of these were the sons of Joktan. 30 Now their [fj]settlement [fk]extended from Mesha [fl]going toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. 31 These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and according to their nations.
32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their descendants, by their nations; and (IR)out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.
The Tower of Babel
11 Now all the earth [fm]used the same language and [fn]the same words. 2 And it came about, as they journeyed [fo]east, that they found a plain in the land (IS)of Shinar and [fp]settled there. 3 Then they said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks and [fq]fire them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used (IT)tar for mortar. 4 And they said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top (IU)will reach into heaven, and let’s make (IV)a name for ourselves; otherwise we (IW)will be scattered abroad over the face of all the earth.” 5 Now (IX)the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the [fr]men had built. 6 And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they all have [fs](IY)the same language. And this is what they have started to do, and now nothing which they plan to do will be [ft]impossible for them. 7 Come, [fu](IZ)let Us go down and there (JA)confuse their [fv]language, so that they will not understand one another’s [fw]speech.” 8 So the Lord (JB)scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth; and they stopped building the city. 9 Therefore it was named [fx](JC)Babel, because there the Lord confused the [fy]language of all the earth; and from there the Lord scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.
Descendants of Shem
10 (JD)These are the records of the generations of Shem. Shem was a hundred years old when he fathered Arpachshad, two years after the flood; 11 and Shem lived five hundred years after he fathered Arpachshad, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
12 Arpachshad lived thirty-five years, and fathered Shelah; 13 and Arpachshad lived 403 years after he fathered Shelah, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
14 Shelah lived thirty years, and fathered Eber; 15 and Shelah lived 403 years after he fathered Eber, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
16 Eber lived thirty-four years, and fathered Peleg; 17 and Eber lived 430 years after he fathered Peleg, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
18 Peleg lived thirty years, and fathered Reu; 19 and Peleg lived 209 years after he fathered Reu, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
20 Reu lived thirty-two years, and fathered Serug; 21 and Reu lived 207 years after he fathered Serug, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
22 Serug lived thirty years, and fathered Nahor; 23 and Serug lived two hundred years after he fathered Nahor, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
24 Nahor lived twenty-nine years, and fathered (JE)Terah; 25 and Nahor lived 119 years after he fathered Terah, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
26 Terah lived seventy years, and (JF)fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran.
27 Now these are the records of the generations of Terah. Terah fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and (JG)Haran fathered (JH)Lot. 28 Haran died [fz]during the lifetime of his father Terah in the land of his birth, in (JI)Ur of the Chaldeans. 29 Abram and (JJ)Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was (JK)Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was (JL)Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah [ga]and Iscah. 30 (JM)Sarai was unable to conceive; she did not have a child.
31 Now Terah took his son Abram, and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and they departed [gb]together from (JN)Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan; and they went as far as Haran and [gc]settled there. 32 The days of Terah were 205 years; and Terah died in Haran.
- Genesis 1:2 Or waste
- Genesis 1:2 Lit face of
- Genesis 1:2 Lit face of
- Genesis 1:3 I.e., a command, not a request; and so throughout the ch
- Genesis 1:6 Or a firmament; i.e., atmosphere and space
- Genesis 1:7 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:7 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:7 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:8 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:11 Or grass
- Genesis 1:11 Or herbs
- Genesis 1:11 Lit its
- Genesis 1:11 Lit in which is its seed
- Genesis 1:12 Or grass
- Genesis 1:12 Or herbs
- Genesis 1:12 Lit its
- Genesis 1:12 Lit in which is its seed
- Genesis 1:12 Lit its
- Genesis 1:14 Or luminaries, light-bearers, and so throughout the ch
- Genesis 1:14 Or firmament; i.e., atmosphere and space
- Genesis 1:14 Lit be for
- Genesis 1:15 Lit be for
- Genesis 1:15 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:16 Lit for the dominion of
- Genesis 1:16 Lit for the dominion of
- Genesis 1:17 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:18 Lit for the dominion of
- Genesis 1:20 Or swarm
- Genesis 1:20 Lit on the face of
- Genesis 1:20 Or firmament
- Genesis 1:24 Lit its
- Genesis 1:24 Lit its
- Genesis 1:25 Lit its
- Genesis 1:25 Lit its
- Genesis 1:26 I.e., indicating united action, not a request
- Genesis 1:26 I.e., have them rule
- Genesis 1:28 Or crawls
- Genesis 1:29 Lit face of
- Genesis 1:29 Lit in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed
- Genesis 1:30 Or crawls
- Genesis 1:30 Lit in which is living breath
- Genesis 2:1 Lit host i.e., sun, stars, etc.
- Genesis 2:3 Lit to make
- Genesis 2:4 Lit These are the generations
- Genesis 2:5 Lit work, serve
- Genesis 2:6 Or flow
- Genesis 2:6 Lit face of
- Genesis 2:7 Or soul
- Genesis 2:10 Lit was going out
- Genesis 2:10 Lit heads
- Genesis 2:11 Lit surrounds
- Genesis 2:13 Lit is the one surrounding
- Genesis 2:14 Heb Hiddekel
- Genesis 2:14 Lit is the one going
- Genesis 2:14 Heb Perath
- Genesis 2:17 Lit eat from it
- Genesis 2:18 Lit corresponding to
- Genesis 2:20 Or man
- Genesis 2:20 Lit corresponding to
- Genesis 2:22 Lit built
- Genesis 2:23 Lit This one
- Genesis 2:23 Heb ishshah
- Genesis 2:23 Lit This one
- Genesis 2:23 Heb ish
- Genesis 3:5 Or be
- Genesis 3:8 Lit breeze of
- Genesis 3:15 Lit put enmity between you
- Genesis 3:15 Lit seed
- Genesis 3:15 Lit Seed; i.e., a prophetic reference to Christ
- Genesis 3:15 Or crush
- Genesis 3:16 Lit and your pregnancy
- Genesis 3:17 Or hardship
- Genesis 3:18 Lit plant
- Genesis 3:20 I.e., living; or life
- Genesis 4:1 Lit knew his
- Genesis 4:3 Lit at the end of days
- Genesis 4:5 Lit fell
- Genesis 4:6 Lit fallen
- Genesis 4:7 Or you will certainly be accepted
- Genesis 4:7 Lit lifted up
- Genesis 4:8 Lit said to
- Genesis 4:15 Or set a sign for
- Genesis 4:16 Lit dwelt
- Genesis 4:16 I.e., wandering
- Genesis 4:17 Lit knew his
- Genesis 4:25 Lit knew his
- Genesis 4:25 Heb Sheth
- Genesis 4:25 Heb shath
- Genesis 4:25 Lit seed
- Genesis 4:26 Or by
- Genesis 5:24 LXX not found
- Genesis 6:2 Lit good
- Genesis 6:3 Or rule in; or strive with; meaning uncertain
- Genesis 6:3 Or in his going astray he is flesh
- Genesis 6:3 Or therefore
- Genesis 6:4 Lit fallen ones; LXX giants
- Genesis 6:5 Lit his heart
- Genesis 6:6 Lit to
- Genesis 6:9 Lit complete, perfect; or having integrity
- Genesis 6:12 Lit all flesh
- Genesis 6:13 Lit all flesh
- Genesis 6:13 Lit them
- Genesis 6:14 I.e., Unknown species of tree
- Genesis 6:14 Or pitch
- Genesis 6:15 About 450 ft. long, 75 ft. wide, and 45 ft. high or 135 m, 23 m, and 14 m
- Genesis 6:16 Or roof
- Genesis 6:16 One cubit is about 18 in. or 45 cm
- Genesis 6:16 Lit above
- Genesis 7:2 Lit to
- Genesis 7:2 Lit seven seven
- Genesis 7:3 Lit seven seven
- Genesis 7:3 Lit seed
- Genesis 7:6 Lit was
- Genesis 7:9 Lit two two
- Genesis 7:10 Lit were
- Genesis 7:11 Or windows of the heavens
- Genesis 7:12 Lit was
- Genesis 7:14 Lit its
- Genesis 7:14 Lit every bird, every wing
- Genesis 7:17 Lit was
- Genesis 7:18 Lit went
- Genesis 7:18 Lit face
- Genesis 7:19 Lit which were under all the heavens
- Genesis 7:20 About 23 ft. or 6.7 m
- Genesis 7:21 Lit flesh
- Genesis 7:23 Lit all existence
- Genesis 8:2 Or windows of the heavens
- Genesis 8:7 Lit went out, going and returning
- Genesis 8:7 Lit from upon
- Genesis 8:8 Lit dove from him
- Genesis 8:8 Lit face
- Genesis 8:9 Lit face
- Genesis 8:11 Lit the time of evening
- Genesis 8:11 Lit mouth
- Genesis 8:13 Lit from upon
- Genesis 8:13 Lit face
- Genesis 8:17 Or swarm
- Genesis 8:19 Or according to their kind
- Genesis 8:21 Lit to His heart
- Genesis 8:21 Or inclination
- Genesis 8:21 Lit strike
- Genesis 9:5 Lit your blood of your lives
- Genesis 9:5 Lit from the hand of
- Genesis 9:5 Lit from the hand of
- Genesis 9:5 Lit from the hand of
- Genesis 9:7 Lit Swarm in the earth
- Genesis 9:9 Lit seed
- Genesis 9:12 Or everlasting generations
- Genesis 9:13 Lit be for
- Genesis 9:19 Lit scattered
- Genesis 9:20 Lit to be a farmer
- Genesis 9:23 Lit backward
- Genesis 9:25 I.e., The lowest of servants
- Genesis 9:26 Or their
- Genesis 9:27 Or their
- Genesis 10:3 In 1 Chr 1:6, Diphath
- Genesis 10:4 In 1 Chr 1:7, Rodanim
- Genesis 10:5 Or separated themselves
- Genesis 10:8 Lit began to be
- Genesis 10:10 Or Babylon
- Genesis 10:19 Lit was
- Genesis 10:19 Lit as you go
- Genesis 10:19 Lit as you go
- Genesis 10:25 I.e., division
- Genesis 10:28 In 1 Chr 1:22, Ebal
- Genesis 10:30 Lit dwelling
- Genesis 10:30 Lit was
- Genesis 10:30 Lit as you go
- Genesis 11:1 Lit was one lip
- Genesis 11:1 Or few or one set of words
- Genesis 11:2 Or from the east
- Genesis 11:2 Lit dwelt
- Genesis 11:3 I.e., in a kiln to harden them
- Genesis 11:5 Lit sons of mankind
- Genesis 11:6 Lit one lip
- Genesis 11:6 Lit inaccessible to
- Genesis 11:7 I.e., indicating united action, not a request
- Genesis 11:7 Lit lip
- Genesis 11:7 Lit lip
- Genesis 11:9 Or Babylon; cf. Heb balal, confuse
- Genesis 11:9 Lit lip
- Genesis 11:28 Lit before the face of
- Genesis 11:29 Lit and the father of
- Genesis 11:31 Lit with them
- Genesis 11:31 Lit dwelt