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Galatians 5:22-25 New English Translation (NET Bible)

22 But the fruit of the Spirit[a] is love,[b] joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,[c] 23 gentleness, and[d] self-control. Against such things there is no law. 24 Now those who belong to Christ[e] have crucified the flesh[f] with its passions[g] and desires. 25 If we live by the Spirit, let us also behave in accordance with[h] the Spirit.


  1. Galatians 5:22 tn That is, the fruit the Spirit produces.
  2. Galatians 5:22 sn Another way to punctuate this is “love” followed by a colon (love: joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control). It is thus possible to read the eight characteristics following “love” as defining love.
  3. Galatians 5:22 tn Or “reliability”; see BDAG 818 s.v. πίστις 1.a.
  4. Galatians 5:23 tn “And” is supplied here as a matter of English style, which normally inserts “and” between the last two elements of a list or series.
  5. Galatians 5:24 tc ‡ Some mss (א A B C P Ψ 01221 0278 33 1175 1241 1739 1881 co) read “Christ Jesus” here, while many significant ones (P46 D F G 0122*,2 1505 2464 latt sy), as well as the Byzantine text, lack “Jesus.” The Byzantine text is especially not prone to omit the name “Jesus”; that it does so here argues for the authenticity of the shorter reading (for similar instances of probably authentic Byzantine shorter readings, see Matt 24:36 and Phil 1:14; cf. also W.-H. J. Wu, “A Systematic Analysis of the Shorter Readings in the Byzantine Text of the Synoptic Gospels” [Ph.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 2002]). On the strength of the alignment of P46 with the Western and Byzantine text-groups, the shorter reading is preferred. NA28 includes the word in brackets, indicating doubts as to its authenticity.
  6. Galatians 5:24 tn See the note on the word “flesh” in Gal 5:13.
  7. Galatians 5:24 tn The Greek term παθήμασιν (pathēmasin, translated “passions”) refers to strong physical desires, especially of a sexual nature (L&N 25.30).
  8. Galatians 5:25 tn Or “let us also follow,” “let us also walk by.”
New English Translation (NET)

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