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22–23 But the fruit[a] produced by the Holy Spirit within you is divine love in all its varied expressions:[b]

joy that overflows,[c]

peace that subdues,

patience[d] that endures,

kindness[e] in action,

a life full of virtue,[f]

faith that prevails,

gentleness of heart, and

strength of spirit.[g]

Never set the law above these qualities, for they are meant to be limitless.[h]

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Footnotes

  1. Galatians 5:22 The Greek word here can be translated “harvest.”
  2. Galatians 5:22 There is clear textual inference that the “fruit” (singular) of the Holy Spirit is love, with the other virtues displaying aspects of the greatest quality of Spirit-life, agape love.
  3. Galatians 5:22 The translator has chosen to supply action to these virtues, for they are not meant to be abstract virtues, but made visible with actions.
  4. Galatians 5:22 The Greek word for patience is taken from a verb that means “ever tapping” or “never quitting.”
  5. Galatians 5:22 The Aramaic word can be translated “sweetness.”
  6. Galatians 5:22 Or “goodness.”
  7. Galatians 5:22 Although the word self is not found in this verse, most translations render this as “self-control.” The word is actually “lordship,” or by implication “spirit-strength.”
  8. Galatians 5:22 Literally “there is no law set against these things” or “there is no conflict with Jewish laws.”

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