19 (A)my little children, (B)for whom I am again in the anguish of childbirth until Christ (C)is formed in you! 20 I wish I could be present with you now and change my tone, for I am perplexed about you.

Example of Hagar and Sarah

21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, (D)one by a slave woman and (E)one by a free woman. 23 But (F)the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while (G)the son of the free woman was born through promise. 24 Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two (H)covenants. (I)One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia;[a] she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But (J)the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27 For it is written,

(K)“Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear;
    break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor!
For the children of the desolate one will be more
    than those of the one who has a husband.”

28 Now you,[b] brothers, (L)like Isaac, (M)are children of promise. 29 But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh (N)persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, (O)so also it is now. 30 But what does the Scripture say? (P)“Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.” 31 So, brothers, we are not children of the slave but (Q)of the free woman.

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Footnotes

  1. Galatians 4:25 Some manuscripts For Sinai is a mountain in Arabia
  2. Galatians 4:28 Some manuscripts we

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