Just as (A)Abraham (B)believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness. Therefore, recognize that (C)it is those who are of faith who are (D)sons of Abraham. The Scripture, foreseeing that God [a]would justify the [b]Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “(E)All the nations will be blessed in you.” So then, (F)those who are of faith are blessed with [c]Abraham, the believer.

10 For all who are of works of [d]the Law are under a curse; for it is written: “(G)Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all the things written in the book of the Law, to do them.” 11 Now, that (H)no one is justified [e]by [f]the Law before God is evident; for, “[g](I)the righteous one will live by faith.” 12 [h]However, the Law is not [i]of faith; on the contrary, “(J)The person who performs [j]them will live by [k]them.” 13 Christ (K)redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written: “(L)Cursed is everyone who hangs on (M)a [l]tree”— 14 in order that (N)in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, so that we (O)would receive (P)the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Intent of the Law

15 (Q)Brothers and sisters, (R)I speak [m]in terms of human relations: (S)even though it is only a man’s [n]covenant, yet when it has been ratified, no one sets it aside or adds [o]conditions to it. 16 Now the promises were spoken (T)to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as one would in referring to many, but rather as in referring to one, “(U)And to your seed,” that is, Christ. 17 What I am saying is this: the Law, which came (V)430 years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise. 18 For (W)if the inheritance is [p]based on law, it is no longer [q]based on a promise; but (X)God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise.

19 (Y)Why the Law then? It was added on account of the [r]violations, having been (Z)ordered through angels (AA)at the hand of a [s]mediator, until (AB)the Seed would come to whom the promise had been made. 20 Now (AC)a mediator is not [t]for one party only; but God is only one. 21 Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? [u](AD)Far from it! For (AE)if a law had been given that was able to impart life, then righteousness [v]would indeed have been [w]based on law. 22 But the Scripture has (AF)confined [x]everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

23 But before faith came, [y]we were kept in custody under the Law, (AG)being confined for the faith that was destined to be revealed. 24 Therefore the Law has become our [z](AH)guardian to lead us to Christ, so that (AI)we may be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a [aa](AJ)guardian. 26 For you are all (AK)sons and daughters of God through faith in (AL)Christ Jesus. 27 For all of you who were (AM)baptized into Christ have (AN)clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 (AO)There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is [ab]neither male nor female; for (AP)you are all one in (AQ)Christ Jesus. 29 And if (AR)you [ac]belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s [ad]descendants, heirs according to (AS)promise.

Sonship in Christ

Now I say, as long as the heir is a [ae]child, he does not differ at all from a slave, although he is [af]owner of everything, but he is under guardians and [ag]managers until the [ah]date set by the father. So we too, when we were children, were held (AT)in bondage under the [ai](AU)elementary principles of the world. But when (AV)the fullness of the time came, God sent His Son, (AW)born of a woman, born (AX)under [aj]the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under [ak]the Law, that we might receive the adoption as (AY)sons and daughters. Because you are sons, (AZ)God has sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying out, “(BA)Abba! [al]Father!” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and (BB)if a son, then an heir [am]through God.


  1. Galatians 3:8 Lit justifies
  2. Galatians 3:8 Lit nations
  3. Galatians 3:9 Lit the believing Abraham
  4. Galatians 3:10 Or law
  5. Galatians 3:11 Or in
  6. Galatians 3:11 Or law
  7. Galatians 3:11 Or the one who is righteous by faith will live
  8. Galatians 3:12 Or And
  9. Galatians 3:12 Or based on
  10. Galatians 3:12 I.e., the statutes of the Law
  11. Galatians 3:12 I.e., the statutes of the Law
  12. Galatians 3:13 Or cross; lit wood; see Deut 21:23
  13. Galatians 3:15 Lit according to man
  14. Galatians 3:15 Or will; or testament
  15. Galatians 3:15 Or a codicil
  16. Galatians 3:18 Lit out of, from
  17. Galatians 3:18 Lit out of, from
  18. Galatians 3:19 I.e., of God’s commands
  19. Galatians 3:19 I.e., Moses
  20. Galatians 3:20 Lit of one
  21. Galatians 3:21 Lit May it never happen!
  22. Galatians 3:21 Or would indeed be
  23. Galatians 3:21 Lit out of, from
  24. Galatians 3:22 Lit all things
  25. Galatians 3:23 I.e., the Jews
  26. Galatians 3:24 I.e., children’s escort and supervisor
  27. Galatians 3:25 See note v 24
  28. Galatians 3:28 Lit not male and female
  29. Galatians 3:29 Lit are Christ’s
  30. Galatians 3:29 Lit seed
  31. Galatians 4:1 Or minor
  32. Galatians 4:1 Lit lord
  33. Galatians 4:2 Or stewards
  34. Galatians 4:2 I.e., when the child is no longer a minor
  35. Galatians 4:3 Or rudimentary teachings
  36. Galatians 4:4 Or law
  37. Galatians 4:5 Or law
  38. Galatians 4:6 I.e., Paul’s translation of the Aramaic Abba
  39. Galatians 4:7 I.e., through the gracious act of