Faith Brings Righteousness

[a]You foolish (A)Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ (B)was publicly portrayed as crucified? This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by works of [b]the Law, or by (C)hearing [c]with faith? Are you so foolish? Having begun [d]by the Spirit, are you now [e]being perfected by the flesh? Did you [f]suffer so many things in vain—(D)if indeed it was in vain? So then, does He who (E)provides you with the Spirit and (F)works [g]miracles among you, do it by works of [h]the Law, or by (G)hearing [i]with faith?

Just as (H)Abraham (I)believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness. Therefore, recognize that (J)it is those who are of faith who are (K)sons of Abraham. The Scripture, foreseeing that God [j]would justify the [k]Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “(L)All the nations will be blessed in you.” So then, (M)those who are of faith are blessed with [l]Abraham, the believer.

10 For all who are of works of [m]the Law are under a curse; for it is written: “(N)Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all the things written in the book of the Law, to do them.” 11 Now, that (O)no one is justified [n]by [o]the Law before God is evident; for, “[p](P)the righteous one will live by faith.” 12 [q]However, the Law is not [r]of faith; on the contrary, “(Q)The person who performs [s]them will live by [t]them.” 13 Christ (R)redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written: “(S)Cursed is everyone who hangs on (T)a [u]tree”— 14 in order that (U)in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, so that we (V)would receive (W)the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Intent of the Law

15 (X)Brothers and sisters, (Y)I speak [v]in terms of human relations: (Z)even though it is only a man’s [w]covenant, yet when it has been ratified, no one sets it aside or adds [x]conditions to it. 16 Now the promises were spoken (AA)to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as one would in referring to many, but rather as in referring to one, “(AB)And to your seed,” that is, Christ. 17 What I am saying is this: the Law, which came (AC)430 years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise. 18 For (AD)if the inheritance is [y]based on law, it is no longer [z]based on a promise; but (AE)God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise.

19 (AF)Why the Law then? It was added on account of the [aa]violations, having been (AG)ordered through angels (AH)at the hand of a [ab]mediator, until (AI)the Seed would come to whom the promise had been made. 20 Now (AJ)a mediator is not [ac]for one party only; but God is only one. 21 Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? [ad](AK)Far from it! For (AL)if a law had been given that was able to impart life, then righteousness [ae]would indeed have been [af]based on law. 22 But the Scripture has (AM)confined [ag]everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

23 But before faith came, [ah]we were kept in custody under the Law, (AN)being confined for the faith that was destined to be revealed. 24 Therefore the Law has become our [ai](AO)guardian to lead us to Christ, so that (AP)we may be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a [aj](AQ)guardian. 26 For you are all (AR)sons and daughters of God through faith in (AS)Christ Jesus. 27 For all of you who were (AT)baptized into Christ have (AU)clothed yourselves with Christ. 28 (AV)There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is [ak]neither male nor female; for (AW)you are all one in (AX)Christ Jesus. 29 And if (AY)you [al]belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s [am]descendants, heirs according to (AZ)promise.

Sonship in Christ

Now I say, as long as the heir is a [an]child, he does not differ at all from a slave, although he is [ao]owner of everything, but he is under guardians and [ap]managers until the [aq]date set by the father. So we too, when we were children, were held (BA)in bondage under the [ar](BB)elementary principles of the world. But when (BC)the fullness of the time came, God sent His Son, (BD)born of a woman, born (BE)under [as]the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under [at]the Law, that we might receive the adoption as (BF)sons and daughters. Because you are sons, (BG)God has sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying out, “(BH)Abba! [au]Father!” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and (BI)if a son, then an heir [av]through God.

However at that time, (BJ)when you did not know God, you were (BK)slaves to (BL)those which by nature are not gods. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be (BM)known by God, (BN)how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless [aw](BO)elementary principles, to which you want to be enslaved all over again? 10 You (BP)meticulously observe days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored [ax]over you in vain.

12 I beg of you, (BQ)brothers and sisters, (BR)become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; 13 but you know that it was because of a [ay]bodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the [az]first time; 14 and you did not despise that which was a trial to you in my [ba]bodily condition, nor express contempt, but (BS)you received me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus Himself. 15 Where then is [bb]that sense of blessing you had? For I testify about you that, if possible, you would have torn out your eyes and given them to me. 16 So have I become your enemy (BT)by [bc]telling you the truth? 17 They eagerly seek you, not [bd]in a commendable way, but they want to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought [be]in a commendable way, and (BU)not only when I am present with you. 19 (BV)My children, with whom (BW)I am again in labor until (BX)Christ is formed in you— 20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone of voice, for (BY)I am at a loss about you!

Slave and Free

21 Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not (BZ)listen to the Law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, (CA)one by the slave woman and (CB)one by the free woman. 23 But (CC)the son by the slave woman [bf]was born according to the flesh, and (CD)the son by the free woman through the promise. 24 [bg](CE)This is speaking allegorically, for these women are two covenants: one coming from (CF)Mount Sinai giving birth to children [bh]who are to be (CG)slaves; [bi]she is Hagar. 25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is enslaved with her children. 26 But (CH)the Jerusalem above is free; [bj]she is our mother. 27 For it is written:

(CI)Rejoice, infertile one, you who do not give birth;
Break forth and shout, you who are not in labor;
For the children of the desolate one are more numerous
Than those of the one who has a husband.”

28 And you, brothers and sisters, (CJ)like Isaac, are (CK)children of promise. 29 But as at that time (CL)the son who was born according to the flesh (CM)persecuted the one who was born according to the Spirit, (CN)so it is even now. 30 But what does the Scripture say?

(CO)Drive out the slave woman and her son,
For (CP)the son of the slave woman shall not be an heir with the son of the free woman.”

31 So then, brothers and sisters, we are not children of a slave woman, but of the free woman.

Follow the Spirit

(CQ)It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore (CR)keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a (CS)yoke of slavery.

Look! I, (CT)Paul, tell you that if you have yourselves (CU)circumcised, Christ will be of no benefit to you. And I (CV)testify again to every man who has himself (CW)circumcised, that he is obligated to (CX)keep the whole Law. You have been severed from Christ, you who [bk]are seeking to be justified by the [bl]Law; you have (CY)fallen from grace. For we, [bm]through the Spirit, [bn]by faith, are (CZ)waiting for the hope of righteousness. For in (DA)Christ Jesus (DB)neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but (DC)faith working through love.

You were (DD)running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? This persuasion did not come from (DE)Him who calls you. (DF)A little [bo]leaven leavens the whole lump of dough. 10 (DG)I have confidence [bp]in you in the Lord, that you (DH)will adopt no other view; but the one who is (DI)disturbing you will bear the punishment, whoever he is. 11 But as for me, brothers and sisters, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still (DJ)persecuted? Then (DK)the stumbling block of the cross has been eliminated. 12 I wish that (DL)those who are troubling you would even [bq](DM)emasculate themselves.

13 For you were called to (DN)freedom, brothers and sisters; (DO)only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but (DP)serve one another through love. 14 For (DQ)the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, “(DR)You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 15 But if you (DS)bite and devour one another, take care that you are not consumed by one another.

16 But I say, (DT)walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out (DU)the desire of the flesh. 17 For (DV)the desire of the flesh is against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, (DW)in order to keep you from doing whatever you want. 18 But if you are (DX)led by the Spirit, (DY)you are not under the Law. 19 Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: (DZ)sexual immorality, impurity, indecent behavior, 20 idolatry, (EA)witchcraft, hostilities, (EB)strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, (EC)selfish ambition, dissensions, (ED)factions, 21 envy, (EE)drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not (EF)inherit the kingdom of God. 22 But (EG)the fruit of the Spirit is (EH)love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, (EI)self-control; against such things (EJ)there is no law. 24 Now those who [br]belong to (EK)Christ Jesus (EL)crucified the flesh with its passions and (EM)desires.

25 If we live by the Spirit, let’s follow (EN)the Spirit as well. 26 Let’s not become (EO)boastful, challenging one another, envying one another.

Bear One Another’s Burdens

(EP)Brothers and sisters, even if a person is caught in any wrongdoing, you who are (EQ)spiritual are to (ER)restore such a person (ES)in a spirit of gentleness; each one looking to yourself, so that you are not tempted as well. (ET)Bear one another’s burdens, and thereby fulfill (EU)the law of Christ. For (EV)if anyone thinks that he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. But each one must (EW)examine his own work, and then he will have reason for (EX)boasting, but [bs]to himself alone, and not [bt]to another. For (EY)each one will bear his own load.

(EZ)The one who is taught (FA)the word is to share all good things with the one who teaches him. (FB)Do not be deceived, (FC)God is not mocked; for (FD)whatever a person sows, this he will also reap. (FE)For the one who sows to his own flesh will reap (FF)destruction from the flesh, but (FG)the one who sows to the Spirit will reap eternal life from the Spirit. (FH)Let’s not become discouraged in doing good, for in due time we will reap, if we (FI)do not become weary. 10 So then, [bu](FJ)while we have opportunity, let’s do good to all people, and especially to those who are of the (FK)household of (FL)the faith.

11 See with what large letters I have written to you (FM)with my own hand! 12 All who want (FN)to make a good showing in the flesh try to (FO)compel you to be circumcised, simply so that they (FP)will not be persecuted for the cross of Christ. 13 For those who [bv]are circumcised do not even (FQ)keep [bw]the Law themselves, but they want to have you circumcised so that they may (FR)boast in your flesh. 14 But (FS)[bx]far be it from me to boast, (FT)except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, (FU)through [by]which the world has been crucified to me, and (FV)I to the world. 15 For (FW)neither is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a (FX)new [bz]creation. 16 And all who will follow this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the (FY)Israel of God.

17 From now on let no one cause trouble for me, for I bear on my body the [ca](FZ)marks of Jesus.

18 (GA)The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be (GB)with your spirit, (GC)brothers and sisters. Amen.


  1. Galatians 3:1 Lit O
  2. Galatians 3:2 Or law
  3. Galatians 3:2 Lit of faith
  4. Galatians 3:3 Or with
  5. Galatians 3:3 Or ending with
  6. Galatians 3:4 Or experience
  7. Galatians 3:5 Or works of power
  8. Galatians 3:5 Or law
  9. Galatians 3:5 Lit of faith
  10. Galatians 3:8 Lit justifies
  11. Galatians 3:8 Lit nations
  12. Galatians 3:9 Lit the believing Abraham
  13. Galatians 3:10 Or law
  14. Galatians 3:11 Or in
  15. Galatians 3:11 Or law
  16. Galatians 3:11 Or the one who is righteous by faith will live
  17. Galatians 3:12 Or And
  18. Galatians 3:12 Or based on
  19. Galatians 3:12 I.e., the statutes of the Law
  20. Galatians 3:12 I.e., the statutes of the Law
  21. Galatians 3:13 Or cross; lit wood; see Deut 21:23
  22. Galatians 3:15 Lit according to man
  23. Galatians 3:15 Or will; or testament
  24. Galatians 3:15 Or a codicil
  25. Galatians 3:18 Lit out of, from
  26. Galatians 3:18 Lit out of, from
  27. Galatians 3:19 I.e., of God’s commands
  28. Galatians 3:19 I.e., Moses
  29. Galatians 3:20 Lit of one
  30. Galatians 3:21 Lit May it never happen!
  31. Galatians 3:21 Or would indeed be
  32. Galatians 3:21 Lit out of, from
  33. Galatians 3:22 Lit all things
  34. Galatians 3:23 I.e., the Jews
  35. Galatians 3:24 I.e., children’s escort and supervisor
  36. Galatians 3:25 See note v 24
  37. Galatians 3:28 Lit not male and female
  38. Galatians 3:29 Lit are Christ’s
  39. Galatians 3:29 Lit seed
  40. Galatians 4:1 Or minor
  41. Galatians 4:1 Lit lord
  42. Galatians 4:2 Or stewards
  43. Galatians 4:2 I.e., when the child is no longer a minor
  44. Galatians 4:3 Or rudimentary teachings
  45. Galatians 4:4 Or law
  46. Galatians 4:5 Or law
  47. Galatians 4:6 I.e., Paul’s translation of the Aramaic Abba
  48. Galatians 4:7 I.e., through the gracious act of
  49. Galatians 4:9 Or rudimentary teachings
  50. Galatians 4:11 Or for
  51. Galatians 4:13 Lit weakness of the flesh
  52. Galatians 4:13 Or former
  53. Galatians 4:14 Lit flesh
  54. Galatians 4:15 I.e., considering yourselves fortunate
  55. Galatians 4:16 Or dealing truthfully with you
  56. Galatians 4:17 Or with good intentions
  57. Galatians 4:18 Or with good intentions
  58. Galatians 4:23 Lit has been born
  59. Galatians 4:24 Lit Which
  60. Galatians 4:24 Lit into slavery
  61. Galatians 4:24 Lit which
  62. Galatians 4:26 Lit which
  63. Galatians 5:4 Or would be
  64. Galatians 5:4 Or law
  65. Galatians 5:5 Lit by
  66. Galatians 5:5 Lit out of
  67. Galatians 5:9 I.e., fermented dough
  68. Galatians 5:10 Lit toward
  69. Galatians 5:12 Or cut themselves off
  70. Galatians 5:24 Lit are of Christ Jesus
  71. Galatians 6:4 Or in regard to
  72. Galatians 6:4 Or in regard to
  73. Galatians 6:10 Or as
  74. Galatians 6:13 Two early mss have been
  75. Galatians 6:13 Or law
  76. Galatians 6:14 Lit may it never be for
  77. Galatians 6:14 Or whom
  78. Galatians 6:15 Or creature
  79. Galatians 6:17 I.e., scars and other evidence of persecution

Bible Gateway Recommends