The Priests’ Chambers

42 Then the man led me out by way of the north gate into the outer court.(A) He brought me to the group of chambers opposite the temple yard and opposite the building(B) to the north. Along the length of the chambers, which was 175 feet,[a](C) there was an entrance on the north; the width was 87½ feet.[b] Opposite the 35 foot space[c] belonging to the inner court and opposite the paved surface(D) belonging to the outer court, the structure rose gallery by gallery(E) in three tiers. In front of the chambers was a walkway toward the inside,(F) 17½ feet[d] wide and 175 feet long,[e] and their entrances were on the north. The upper chambers were narrower because the galleries took away more space from them than from the lower and middle stories of the building. For they were arranged in three stories and had no pillars like the pillars of the courts;(G) therefore the upper chambers were set back from the ground more than the lower and middle stories. A wall on the outside ran in front of the chambers, parallel to them, toward the outer court; it was 87½ feet long. For the chambers on the outer court were 87½ feet long, while those facing the great hall were 175 feet long.(H) At the base of these chambers there was an entryway on the east side as one enters them from the outer court.(I)

10 In the thickness of the wall of the court toward the south,[f] there were chambers facing the temple yard(J) and the western building, 11 with a passageway in front of them, just like the chambers that faced north.(K) Their length and width, as well as all their exits, measurements, and entrances, were identical. 12 The entrance at the beginning of the passageway, the way in front of the corresponding[g] wall as one enters on the east side, was similar to the entrances of the chambers that were on the south side.

13 Then the man said to me, “The northern and southern chambers that face the courtyard are the holy chambers where the priests who approach the Lord will eat(L) the most holy offerings.(M) There they will deposit the most holy offerings—the grain offerings, sin offerings, and guilt offerings—for the place is holy.(N) 14 Once the priests have entered, they are not to go out from the holy area to the outer court until they have removed the clothes they minister in, for these are holy.(O) They are to put on other clothes before they approach the public area.”(P)

Outside Dimensions of the Temple Complex

15 When he finished measuring inside the temple complex, he led me out by way of the gate that faced east and measured all around the complex.(Q)

16 He measured the east side with a measuring rod;

it was 875 feet[h] by the measuring rod.[i]

17 He[j] measured the north side;

it was 875 feet by the measuring rod.

18 He[k] measured the south side;

it was 875 feet by the measuring rod.

19 Then he turned to the west side

and measured 875 feet by the measuring rod.

20 He measured the temple complex on all four sides. It had a wall all around it,(R) 875 feet long and 875 feet(S) wide, to separate the holy from the common.(T)

Return of the Lord’s Glory

43 He led me to the gate,(U) the one that faces east, and I saw the glory of the God of Israel(V) coming from the east.(W) His voice sounded like the roar of a huge torrent,(X) and the earth shone with his glory.(Y) The vision I saw(Z) was like the one I had seen when he[l] came to destroy the city,(AA) and like the ones I had seen by the Chebar Canal.(AB) I fell facedown.(AC) The glory of the Lord entered the temple by way of the gate that faced east.(AD) Then the Spirit lifted me up(AE) and brought me to the inner court, and the glory of the Lord filled the temple.(AF)

While the man was standing beside me, I heard someone speaking to me from the temple.(AG) He said to me: “Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place for the soles of my feet,(AH) where I will dwell among the Israelites forever.(AI) The house of Israel and their kings will no longer defile my holy name by their religious prostitution and by the corpses[m](AJ) of their kings at their high places.[n](AK) Whenever they placed their threshold next to my threshold and their doorposts beside my doorposts, with only a wall between me and them, they were defiling my holy name by the detestable acts they committed.(AL) So I destroyed them in my anger. Now let them remove their prostitution and the corpses(AM) of their kings far from me, and I will dwell among them forever.(AN)

10 “As for you, son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel,(AO) so that they may be ashamed of their iniquities.(AP) Let them measure its pattern,(AQ) 11 and they will be ashamed of all that they have done. Reveal[o] the design of the temple to them—its layout with its exits and entrances(AR)—its complete design along with all its statutes, design specifications, and laws. Write it down in their sight(AS) so that they may observe its complete design and all its statutes and may carry them out.(AT) 12 This is the law of the temple: All its surrounding territory on top of the mountain(AU) will be especially holy. Yes, this is the law of the temple.

The Altar

13 “These are the measurements of the altar(AV) in units of length (each unit being the standard length plus three inches):[p](AW) The gutter is 21 inches[q] deep and 21 inches wide, with a rim of nine inches[r] around its edge. This is the base[s] of the altar. 14 The distance from the gutter on the ground to the lower ledge is 3½ feet,[t] and the width of the ledge is 21 inches. There are 7 feet[u] from the small ledge to the large ledge, whose width is also 21 inches. 15 The altar hearth[v] is 7 feet high, and four horns(AX) project upward from the hearth. 16 The hearth is square, 21 feet[w] long by 21 feet wide.(AY) 17 The ledge is 24½ feet[x] long by 24½ feet wide, with four equal sides.(AZ) The rim all around it is 10½ inches,[y] and its gutter is 21 inches all around it. The altar’s steps face east.”(BA)

18 Then he said to me: “Son of man,(BB) this is what the Lord God says: These are the statutes for the altar on the day it is constructed, so that burnt offerings(BC) may be sacrificed on it and blood may be splattered on it:(BD) 19 You are to give a bull from the herd(BE) as a sin offering(BF) to the Levitical priests who are from the offspring of Zadok,(BG) who approach me in order to serve me.”(BH) This is the declaration of the Lord God. 20 “You are to take some of its blood and apply it to the four horns(BI) of the altar, the four corners of the ledge, and all around the rim. In this way you will purify the altar and make atonement for it.(BJ) 21 Then you are to take away the bull for the sin offering, and it must be burned outside the sanctuary in the place appointed for the temple.(BK)

22 “On the second day you are to present an unblemished male goat as a sin offering. They will purify the altar just as they did with the bull. 23 When you have finished the purification, you are to present a young, unblemished bull(BL) and an unblemished ram from the flock.(BM) 24 You are to present them before the Lord; the priests will throw salt on them and sacrifice them as a burnt offering to the Lord.(BN) 25 You will offer a goat for a sin offering each day for seven days.(BO) A young bull and a ram from the flock, both unblemished, are also to be offered. 26 For seven days the priests are to make atonement for the altar and cleanse it. In this way they will consecrate it[z] 27 and complete the days of purification. Then on the eighth day(BP) and afterward, the priests will offer your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings on the altar, and I will accept you.”(BQ) This is the declaration of the Lord God.

Footnotes

  1. 42:2 Lit 100 cubits, also in vv. 4,8
  2. 42:2 Lit 50 cubits, also in v. 7
  3. 42:3 Lit 20 cubits
  4. 42:4 Lit 10 cubits
  5. 42:4 LXX, Syr; MT reads wide, a way of one cubit
  6. 42:10 LXX; MT reads east
  7. 42:12 Or protective; Hb obscure
  8. 42:16 Lit 500 in rods, also in vv. 17,18,19
  9. 42:16 Lit rod all around, also in vv. 17,18,19
  10. 42:17 LXX reads Then he turned to the north and
  11. 42:18 LXX reads Then he turned to the south and
  12. 43:3 Some Hb mss, Theod, Vg; other Hb mss, LXX, Syr read I
  13. 43:7 Or monuments, also in v. 9
  14. 43:7 Some Hb mss, Theod, Tg read their death
  15. 43:10-11 LXX, Vg; MT reads pattern. 11 And if they are ashamed... done, reveal
  16. 43:13 Lit in cubits (a cubit being a cubit plus a handbreadth)
  17. 43:13 Lit one cubit, also in vv. 14,17
  18. 43:13 Lit one span
  19. 43:13 LXX reads height
  20. 43:14 Lit two cubits
  21. 43:14 Lit four cubits, also in v. 15
  22. 43:15 Hb obscure
  23. 43:16 Lit 12 cubits
  24. 43:17 Lit 14 cubits
  25. 43:17 Lit one-half cubit
  26. 43:26 Lit will fill its hands

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