Egypt’s Doom

30 The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, prophesy and say, ‘This is what the Lord God says:

Wail,(A) “Woe because of that day!”
For a day is near;
a day belonging to the Lord is near.(B)
It will be a day of clouds,(C)
a time of doom[a] for the nations.
A sword will come against Egypt,
and there will be anguish in Cush
when the slain fall in Egypt,
and its wealth is taken away,
and its foundations are demolished.
Cush, Put, and Lud,(D)
and all the various foreign troops,[b]
plus Libya[c] and the men of the covenant land
will fall by the sword along with them.
This is what the Lord says:
Those who support Egypt will fall,
and its proud strength will collapse.
From Migdol to Syene
they will fall within it by the sword.
This is the declaration of the Lord God.
They will be desolate
among[d] desolate lands,
and their cities will lie
among ruined[e] cities.(E)
They will know that I am the Lord
when I set fire to Egypt(F)
and all its allies are shattered.

On that day, messengers will go out from me in ships(G) to terrify confident Cush. Anguish will come over them on the day of Egypt’s doom.[f] For indeed it is coming.

10 “‘This is what the Lord God says:

I will put an end to the hordes[g] of Egypt
by the hand of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
11 He along with his people,
ruthless men from the nations,
will be brought in to destroy the land.
They will draw their swords against Egypt
and fill the land with the slain.(H)
12 I will make the streams dry
and sell the land to evil men.(I)
I will bring desolation
on the land and everything in it
by the hands of foreigners.
I, the Lord, have spoken.

13 “‘This is what the Lord God says:

I will destroy the idols and put an end
to the false gods in Memphis.(J)
There will no longer be
a prince from the land of Egypt.
And I will instill fear in that land.
14 I will make Pathros(K) desolate,
set fire to Zoan,
and execute judgments on Thebes.
15 I will pour out my wrath on Pelusium,
the stronghold of Egypt,
and will wipe out the hordes of Thebes.
16 I will set fire to Egypt;
Pelusium will writhe in anguish,
Thebes will be breached,
and Memphis will face foes in broad daylight.[h]
17 The young men of On[i] and Pi-beseth
will fall by the sword,
and those cities[j] will go into captivity.
18 The day will be dark[k] in Tehaphnehes,
when I break the yoke of Egypt there
and its proud strength
comes to an end in the city.
A cloud(L) will cover Tehaphnehes,[l]
and its surrounding villages will go into captivity.
19 So I will execute judgments against Egypt,
and they will know that I am the Lord.’”

Pharaoh’s Power Broken

20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 21 “Son of man, I have broken the arm(M) of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Look, it has not been bandaged—no medicine has been applied and no splint put on to bandage it so that it can grow strong enough to handle a sword. 22 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: Look! I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt. I will break his arms, both the strong one and the one already broken, and will make the sword fall from his hand. 23 I will disperse the Egyptians among the nations and scatter them among the countries.(N) 24 I will strengthen the arms of Babylon’s king and place my sword(O) in his hand. But I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he will groan before him as a mortally wounded man. 25 I will strengthen the arms of Babylon’s king, but Pharaoh’s arms will fall. They will know that I am the Lord when I place my sword in the hand of Babylon’s king and he wields it against the land of Egypt. 26 When I disperse the Egyptians among the nations and scatter them among the countries, they will know that I am the Lord.”

Downfall of Egypt and Assyria

31 In the eleventh year,(P) in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes,

‘Who are you like in your greatness?
Think of Assyria, a cedar in Lebanon,(Q)
with beautiful branches and shady foliage
and of lofty height.
Its top was among the clouds.[m]
The waters caused it to grow;
the underground springs made it tall,
directing their rivers all around
the place where the tree was planted
and sending their channels
to all the trees of the field.
Therefore the cedar became greater in height
than all the trees of the field.(R)
Its branches multiplied,
and its boughs grew long
as it spread them out
because of the abundant water.(S)
All the birds of the sky
nested in its branches,(T)
and all the animals of the field
gave birth beneath its boughs;
all the great nations lived in its shade.
It was beautiful in its size,
in the length of its limbs,
for its roots extended to abundant water.
The cedars in God’s garden could not eclipse it;(U)
the pine trees couldn’t compare with its branches,
nor could the plane trees match its boughs.
No tree in the garden of God
could compare with it in beauty.

I made it beautiful with its many limbs,
and all the trees of Eden,
which were in God’s garden, envied it.

10 “‘Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: Since it[n] towered high in stature and set its top among the clouds, and it[o] grew proud(V) on account of its height, 11 I determined to hand it over to a ruler of nations;(W) he would surely deal with it. I banished it because of its wickedness. 12 Foreigners, ruthless men from the nations,(X) cut it down and left it lying. Its limbs fell on the mountains and in every valley; its boughs lay broken in all the earth’s ravines. All the peoples of the earth left its shade and abandoned it. 13 All the birds of the sky nested on its fallen trunk, and all the animals of the field were among its boughs. 14 This happened so that no trees planted beside water would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and so that no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the underworld, among the people[p] who descend to the Pit.(Y)

15 “‘This is what the Lord God says: I caused grieving on the day the cedar went down to Sheol.(Z) I closed off the underground deep because of it:[q] I held back the rivers of the deep, and its abundant water was restrained. I made Lebanon mourn on account of it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. 16 I made the nations quake at the sound of its downfall, when I threw it down to Sheol to be with those who descend to the Pit. Then all the trees of Eden,(AA) the choice and best of Lebanon, all the well-watered trees, were comforted(AB) in the underworld. 17 They too descended with it to Sheol, to those slain by the sword. As its allies[r][s] they had lived in its shade among the nations.

18 “‘Who then are you like in glory and greatness among Eden’s trees? You also will be brought down to the underworld to be with the trees of Eden. You will lie among the uncircumcised with those slain by the sword.(AC) This is Pharaoh and all his hordes. This is the declaration of the Lord God.’”

Footnotes

  1. 30:3 of doom supplied for clarity
  2. 30:5 Or all Arabia
  3. 30:5 Lit Cub; Hb obscure
  4. 30:7 Or be the most desolate of
  5. 30:7 Or will be the most ruined of
  6. 30:9 Lit of Egypt
  7. 30:10 Or pomp, or wealth, also in v. 15
  8. 30:16 Or foes daily
  9. 30:17 LXX, Vg; MT reads iniquity
  10. 30:17 Or and the women; lit and they
  11. 30:18 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg; other Hb mss read will withhold
  12. 30:18 Or Egypt
  13. 31:3 Or thick foliage, also in vv. 10,14
  14. 31:10 Syr, Vg; MT, LXX read you
  15. 31:10 Lit its heart
  16. 31:14 Or the descendants of Adam
  17. 31:15 Or I covered it with the underground deep
  18. 31:17 LXX, Syr read offspring
  19. 31:17 Lit arm

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