New International Version
The One Who Sins Will Die
18 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel:
“‘The parents eat sour grapes,
and the children’s teeth are set on edge’?(A)
3 “As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, you will no longer quote this proverb(B) in Israel. 4 For everyone belongs to me, the parent as well as the child—both alike belong to me. The one who sins(C) is the one who will die.(D)
5 “Suppose there is a righteous man
who does what is just and right.
6 He does not eat at the mountain(E) shrines
or look to the idols(F) of Israel.
He does not defile his neighbor’s wife
or have sexual relations with a woman during her period.(G)
7 He does not oppress(H) anyone,
but returns what he took in pledge(I) for a loan.
He does not commit robbery(J)
but gives his food to the hungry(K)
and provides clothing for the naked.(L)
8 He does not lend to them at interest
or take a profit from them.(M)
He withholds his hand from doing wrong
and judges fairly(N) between two parties.
9 He follows my decrees(O)
and faithfully keeps my laws.
That man is righteous;(P)
he will surely live,(Q)
declares the Sovereign Lord.
“He eats at the mountain shrines.(S)
He defiles his neighbor’s wife.
12 He oppresses the poor(T) and needy.
He commits robbery.
He does not return what he took in pledge.(U)
He looks to the idols.
He does detestable things.(V)
13 He lends at interest and takes a profit.(W)
Will such a man live? He will not! Because he has done all these detestable things, he is to be put to death; his blood will be on his own head.(X)
14 “But suppose this son has a son who sees all the sins his father commits, and though he sees them, he does not do such things:(Y)
15 “He does not eat at the mountain shrines(Z)
or look to the idols(AA) of Israel.
He does not defile his neighbor’s wife.
16 He does not oppress anyone
or require a pledge for a loan.
He does not commit robbery
but gives his food to the hungry(AB)
and provides clothing for the naked.(AC)
17 He withholds his hand from mistreating the poor
and takes no interest or profit from them.
He keeps my laws(AD) and follows my decrees.
He will not die for his father’s sin; he will surely live. 18 But his father will die for his own sin, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was wrong among his people.
19 “Yet you ask, ‘Why does the son not share the guilt of his father?’ Since the son has done what is just and right and has been careful to keep all my decrees, he will surely live.(AE) 20 The one who sins is the one who will die.(AF) The child will not share the guilt of the parent, nor will the parent share the guilt of the child. The righteousness of the righteous will be credited to them, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against them.(AG)
21 “But if(AH) a wicked person turns away from all the sins they have committed and keeps all my decrees(AI) and does what is just and right, that person will surely live; they will not die.(AJ) 22 None of the offenses they have committed will be remembered against them. Because of the righteous things they have done, they will live.(AK) 23 Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked? declares the Sovereign Lord. Rather, am I not pleased(AL) when they turn from their ways and live?(AM)
24 “But if a righteous person turns(AN) from their righteousness and commits sin and does the same detestable things the wicked person does, will they live? None of the righteous things that person has done will be remembered. Because of the unfaithfulness(AO) they are guilty of and because of the sins they have committed, they will die.(AP)
25 “Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.’(AQ) Hear, you Israelites: Is my way unjust?(AR) Is it not your ways that are unjust? 26 If a righteous person turns from their righteousness and commits sin, they will die for it; because of the sin they have committed they will die. 27 But if a wicked person turns away from the wickedness they have committed and does what is just and right, they will save their life.(AS) 28 Because they consider all the offenses they have committed and turn away from them, that person will surely live; they will not die.(AT) 29 Yet the Israelites say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.’ Are my ways unjust, people of Israel? Is it not your ways that are unjust?
30 “Therefore, you Israelites, I will judge each of you according to your own ways, declares the Sovereign Lord. Repent!(AU) Turn away from all your offenses; then sin will not be your downfall.(AV) 31 Rid(AW) yourselves of all the offenses you have committed, and get a new heart(AX) and a new spirit. Why(AY) will you die, people of Israel?(AZ) 32 For I take no pleasure in the death of anyone, declares the Sovereign Lord. Repent(BA) and live!(BB)
A Lament Over Israel’s Princes
“‘What a lioness(BE) was your mother
among the lions!
She lay down among them
and reared her cubs.(BF)
3 She brought up one of her cubs,
and he became a strong lion.
He learned to tear the prey
and he became a man-eater.
4 The nations heard about him,
and he was trapped in their pit.
They led him with hooks(BG)
to the land of Egypt.(BH)
5 “‘When she saw her hope unfulfilled,
her expectation gone,
she took another of her cubs(BI)
and made him a strong lion.(BJ)
6 He prowled among the lions,
for he was now a strong lion.
He learned to tear the prey
and he became a man-eater.(BK)
7 He broke down[b] their strongholds
and devastated(BL) their towns.
The land and all who were in it
were terrified by his roaring.
8 Then the nations(BM) came against him,
those from regions round about.
They spread their net(BN) for him,
and he was trapped in their pit.(BO)
9 With hooks(BP) they pulled him into a cage
and brought him to the king of Babylon.(BQ)
They put him in prison,
so his roar(BR) was heard no longer
on the mountains of Israel.(BS)
10 “‘Your mother was like a vine in your vineyard[c](BT)
planted by the water;(BU)
it was fruitful and full of branches
because of abundant water.(BV)
11 Its branches were strong,
fit for a ruler’s scepter.
It towered high
above the thick foliage,
conspicuous for its height
and for its many branches.(BW)
12 But it was uprooted(BX) in fury
and thrown to the ground.
The east wind(BY) made it shrivel,
it was stripped of its fruit;
its strong branches withered
and fire consumed them.(BZ)
13 Now it is planted in the desert,(CA)
in a dry and thirsty land.(CB)
14 Fire spread from one of its main[d] branches
and consumed(CC) its fruit.
No strong branch is left on it
fit for a ruler’s scepter.’(CD)
“This is a lament(CE) and is to be used as a lament.”
Rebellious Israel Purged
2 Then the word of the Lord came to me: 3 “Son of man, speak to the elders(CH) of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Have you come to inquire(CI) of me? As surely as I live, I will not let you inquire of me, declares the Sovereign Lord.(CJ)’
4 “Will you judge them? Will you judge them, son of man? Then confront them with the detestable practices of their ancestors(CK) 5 and say to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: On the day I chose(CL) Israel, I swore with uplifted hand(CM) to the descendants of Jacob and revealed myself to them in Egypt. With uplifted hand I said to them, “I am the Lord your God.(CN)” 6 On that day I swore(CO) to them that I would bring them out of Egypt into a land I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey,(CP) the most beautiful of all lands.(CQ) 7 And I said to them, “Each of you, get rid of the vile images(CR) you have set your eyes on, and do not defile yourselves with the idols(CS) of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.(CT)”
8 “‘But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me;(CU) they did not get rid of the vile images they had set their eyes on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt.(CV) So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in Egypt.(CW) 9 But for the sake of my name, I brought them out of Egypt.(CX) I did it to keep my name from being profaned(CY) in the eyes of the nations among whom they lived and in whose sight I had revealed myself to the Israelites. 10 Therefore I led them out of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness.(CZ) 11 I gave them my decrees and made known to them my laws, by which the person who obeys them will live.(DA) 12 Also I gave them my Sabbaths(DB) as a sign(DC) between us,(DD) so they would know that I the Lord made them holy.(DE)
13 “‘Yet the people of Israel rebelled(DF) against me in the wilderness. They did not follow my decrees but rejected my laws(DG)—by which the person who obeys them will live—and they utterly desecrated my Sabbaths.(DH) So I said I would pour out my wrath(DI) on them and destroy(DJ) them in the wilderness.(DK) 14 But for the sake of my name I did what would keep it from being profaned(DL) in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out.(DM) 15 Also with uplifted hand I swore(DN) to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land I had given them—a land flowing with milk and honey, the most beautiful of all lands(DO)— 16 because they rejected my laws(DP) and did not follow my decrees and desecrated my Sabbaths. For their hearts(DQ) were devoted to their idols.(DR) 17 Yet I looked on them with pity and did not destroy(DS) them or put an end to them in the wilderness. 18 I said to their children in the wilderness, “Do not follow the statutes of your parents(DT) or keep their laws or defile yourselves(DU) with their idols. 19 I am the Lord your God;(DV) follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.(DW) 20 Keep my Sabbaths(DX) holy, that they may be a sign(DY) between us. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.(DZ)”
21 “‘But the children rebelled against me: They did not follow my decrees, they were not careful to keep my laws,(EA) of which I said, “The person who obeys them will live by them,” and they desecrated my Sabbaths. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger(EB) against them in the wilderness.(EC) 22 But I withheld(ED) my hand, and for the sake of my name(EE) I did what would keep it from being profaned in the eyes of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 23 Also with uplifted hand I swore to them in the wilderness that I would disperse them among the nations and scatter(EF) them through the countries, 24 because they had not obeyed my laws but had rejected my decrees(EG) and desecrated my Sabbaths,(EH) and their eyes lusted after(EI) their parents’ idols.(EJ) 25 So I gave(EK) them other statutes that were not good and laws through which they could not live;(EL) 26 I defiled them through their gifts—the sacrifice(EM) of every firstborn—that I might fill them with horror so they would know that I am the Lord.(EN)’
27 “Therefore, son of man, speak to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: In this also your ancestors(EO) blasphemed(EP) me by being unfaithful to me:(EQ) 28 When I brought them into the land(ER) I had sworn to give them and they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices, made offerings that aroused my anger, presented their fragrant incense and poured out their drink offerings.(ES) 29 Then I said to them: What is this high place(ET) you go to?’” (It is called Bamah[e] to this day.)
Rebellious Israel Renewed
30 “Therefore say to the Israelites: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Will you defile yourselves(EU) the way your ancestors did and lust after their vile images?(EV) 31 When you offer your gifts—the sacrifice of your children(EW) in the fire—you continue to defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. Am I to let you inquire of me, you Israelites? As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, I will not let you inquire of me.(EX)
32 “‘You say, “We want to be like the nations, like the peoples of the world, who serve wood and stone.” But what you have in mind will never happen. 33 As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign Lord, I will reign over you with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm(EY) and with outpoured wrath.(EZ) 34 I will bring you from the nations(FA) and gather(FB) you from the countries where you have been scattered—with a mighty hand(FC) and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath.(FD) 35 I will bring you into the wilderness(FE) of the nations and there, face to face, I will execute judgment(FF) upon you. 36 As I judged your ancestors in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will judge you, declares the Sovereign Lord.(FG) 37 I will take note of you as you pass under my rod,(FH) and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant.(FI) 38 I will purge(FJ) you of those who revolt and rebel against me. Although I will bring them out of the land where they are living, yet they will not enter the land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the Lord.(FK)
39 “‘As for you, people of Israel, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Go and serve your idols,(FL) every one of you! But afterward you will surely listen to me and no longer profane my holy name(FM) with your gifts and idols.(FN) 40 For on my holy mountain, the high mountain of Israel,(FO) declares the Sovereign Lord, there in the land all the people of Israel will serve me, and there I will accept them. There I will require your offerings(FP) and your choice gifts,[f] along with all your holy sacrifices.(FQ) 41 I will accept you as fragrant incense(FR) when I bring you out from the nations and gather(FS) you from the countries where you have been scattered, and I will be proved holy(FT) through you in the sight of the nations.(FU) 42 Then you will know that I am the Lord,(FV) when I bring you into the land of Israel,(FW) the land I had sworn with uplifted hand to give to your ancestors.(FX) 43 There you will remember your conduct(FY) and all the actions by which you have defiled yourselves, and you will loathe yourselves(FZ) for all the evil you have done.(GA) 44 You will know that I am the Lord, when I deal with you for my name’s sake(GB) and not according to your evil ways and your corrupt practices, you people of Israel, declares the Sovereign Lord.(GC)’”
Prophecy Against the South
45 The word of the Lord came to me: 46 “Son of man, set your face toward(GD) the south; preach against the south and prophesy against(GE) the forest of the southland.(GF) 47 Say to the southern forest:(GG) ‘Hear the word of the Lord. This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am about to set fire to you, and it will consume(GH) all your trees, both green and dry. The blazing flame will not be quenched, and every face from south to north(GI) will be scorched by it.(GJ) 48 Everyone will see that I the Lord have kindled it; it will not be quenched.(GK)’”
- Ezekiel 18:10 Or things to a brother
- Ezekiel 19:7 Targum (see Septuagint); Hebrew He knew
- Ezekiel 19:10 Two Hebrew manuscripts; most Hebrew manuscripts your blood
- Ezekiel 19:14 Or from under its
- Ezekiel 20:29 Bamah means high place.
- Ezekiel 20:40 Or and the gifts of your firstfruits
- Ezekiel 20:49 In Hebrew texts 20:45-49 is numbered 21:1-5.