15 “‘But the Levitical priests, who are descendants of Zadok(A) and who guarded my sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from me, are to come near to minister before me; they are to stand before me to offer sacrifices of fat(B) and blood, declares the Sovereign Lord.(C) 16 They alone are to enter my sanctuary; they alone are to come near my table(D) to minister before me and serve me as guards.(E)

17 “‘When they enter the gates of the inner court, they are to wear linen clothes;(F) they must not wear any woolen garment while ministering at the gates of the inner court or inside the temple. 18 They are to wear linen turbans(G) on their heads and linen undergarments(H) around their waists. They must not wear anything that makes them perspire.(I) 19 When they go out into the outer court where the people are, they are to take off the clothes they have been ministering in and are to leave them in the sacred rooms, and put on other clothes, so that the people are not consecrated(J) through contact with their garments.(K)

20 “‘They must not shave(L) their heads or let their hair grow long, but they are to keep the hair of their heads trimmed.(M) 21 No priest is to drink wine when he enters the inner court.(N) 22 They must not marry widows or divorced women; they may marry only virgins of Israelite descent or widows of priests.(O) 23 They are to teach my people the difference between the holy and the common(P) and show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean.(Q)

24 “‘In any dispute, the priests are to serve as judges(R) and decide it according to my ordinances. They are to keep my laws and my decrees for all my appointed festivals,(S) and they are to keep my Sabbaths holy.(T)

25 “‘A priest must not defile himself by going near a dead person; however, if the dead person was his father or mother, son or daughter, brother or unmarried sister, then he may defile himself.(U) 26 After he is cleansed, he must wait seven days.(V) 27 On the day he goes into the inner court of the sanctuary(W) to minister in the sanctuary, he is to offer a sin offering[a](X) for himself, declares the Sovereign Lord.

28 “‘I am to be the only inheritance(Y) the priests have. You are to give them no possession in Israel; I will be their possession. 29 They will eat(Z) the grain offerings, the sin offerings and the guilt offerings; and everything in Israel devoted[b] to the Lord(AA) will belong to them.(AB) 30 The best of all the firstfruits(AC) and of all your special gifts will belong to the priests. You are to give them the first portion of your ground meal(AD) so that a blessing(AE) may rest on your household.(AF) 31 The priests must not eat anything, whether bird or animal, found dead(AG) or torn by wild animals.(AH)

Israel Fully Restored

45 “‘When you allot the land as an inheritance,(AI) you are to present to the Lord a portion of the land as a sacred district, 25,000 cubits[c] long and 20,000[d] cubits[e] wide; the entire area will be holy.(AJ) Of this, a section 500 cubits[f] square(AK) is to be for the sanctuary, with 50 cubits[g] around it for open land. In the sacred district, measure off a section 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits[h] wide. In it will be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place. It will be the sacred portion of the land for the priests,(AL) who minister in the sanctuary and who draw near to minister before the Lord. It will be a place for their houses as well as a holy place for the sanctuary.(AM) An area 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits wide will belong to the Levites, who serve in the temple, as their possession for towns to live in.[i](AN)

“‘You are to give the city as its property an area 5,000 cubits[j] wide and 25,000 cubits long, adjoining the sacred portion; it will belong to all Israel.(AO)

“‘The prince will have the land bordering each side of the area formed by the sacred district and the property of the city. It will extend westward from the west side and eastward from the east side, running lengthwise from the western to the eastern border parallel to one of the tribal portions.(AP) This land will be his possession in Israel. And my princes will no longer oppress my people but will allow the people of Israel to possess the land according to their tribes.(AQ)

“‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You have gone far enough, princes of Israel! Give up your violence and oppression(AR) and do what is just and right.(AS) Stop dispossessing my people, declares the Sovereign Lord. 10 You are to use accurate scales,(AT) an accurate ephah[k](AU) and an accurate bath.[l] 11 The ephah(AV) and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing a tenth of a homer and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer is to be the standard measure for both. 12 The shekel[m] is to consist of twenty gerahs.(AW) Twenty shekels plus twenty-five shekels plus fifteen shekels equal one mina.[n]

13 “‘This is the special gift you are to offer: a sixth of an ephah[o] from each homer of wheat and a sixth of an ephah[p] from each homer of barley. 14 The prescribed portion of olive oil, measured by the bath, is a tenth of a bath[q] from each cor (which consists of ten baths or one homer, for ten baths are equivalent to a homer). 15 Also one sheep is to be taken from every flock of two hundred from the well-watered pastures of Israel. These will be used for the grain offerings, burnt offerings(AX) and fellowship offerings to make atonement(AY) for the people, declares the Sovereign Lord. 16 All the people of the land will be required to give this special offering to the prince in Israel. 17 It will be the duty of the prince to provide the burnt offerings, grain offerings and drink offerings at the festivals, the New Moons(AZ) and the Sabbaths(BA)—at all the appointed festivals of Israel. He will provide the sin offerings,[r] grain offerings, burnt offerings and fellowship offerings to make atonement for the Israelites.(BB)

18 “‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: In the first month(BC) on the first day you are to take a young bull without defect(BD) and purify the sanctuary.(BE) 19 The priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the doorposts of the temple, on the four corners of the upper ledge(BF) of the altar(BG) and on the gateposts of the inner court. 20 You are to do the same on the seventh day of the month for anyone who sins unintentionally(BH) or through ignorance; so you are to make atonement for the temple.

21 “‘In the first month on the fourteenth day you are to observe the Passover,(BI) a festival lasting seven days, during which you shall eat bread made without yeast. 22 On that day the prince is to provide a bull as a sin offering for himself and for all the people of the land.(BJ) 23 Every day during the seven days of the festival he is to provide seven bulls and seven rams(BK) without defect as a burnt offering to the Lord, and a male goat for a sin offering.(BL) 24 He is to provide as a grain offering(BM) an ephah for each bull and an ephah for each ram, along with a hin[s] of olive oil for each ephah.(BN)

25 “‘During the seven days of the festival,(BO) which begins in the seventh month on the fifteenth day, he is to make the same provision for sin offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and oil.(BP)

46 “‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: The gate of the inner court(BQ) facing east(BR) is to be shut on the six working days, but on the Sabbath day and on the day of the New Moon(BS) it is to be opened. The prince is to enter from the outside through the portico(BT) of the gateway and stand by the gatepost. The priests are to sacrifice his burnt offering(BU) and his fellowship offerings. He is to bow down in worship at the threshold of the gateway and then go out, but the gate will not be shut until evening.(BV) On the Sabbaths(BW) and New Moons the people of the land are to worship in the presence of the Lord at the entrance of that gateway.(BX) The burnt offering the prince brings to the Lord on the Sabbath day is to be six male lambs and a ram, all without defect. The grain offering given with the ram is to be an ephah,[t] and the grain offering with the lambs is to be as much as he pleases, along with a hin[u] of olive oil for each ephah.(BY) On the day of the New Moon(BZ) he is to offer a young bull, six lambs and a ram, all without defect.(CA) He is to provide as a grain offering one ephah with the bull, one ephah with the ram, and with the lambs as much as he wants to give, along with a hin of oil for each ephah.(CB) When the prince enters, he is to go in through the portico(CC) of the gateway, and he is to come out the same way.(CD)

“‘When the people of the land come before the Lord at the appointed festivals,(CE) whoever enters by the north gate to worship is to go out the south gate; and whoever enters by the south gate is to go out the north gate. No one is to return through the gate by which they entered, but each is to go out the opposite gate. 10 The prince is to be among them, going in when they go in and going out when they go out.(CF) 11 At the feasts and the appointed festivals, the grain offering is to be an ephah with a bull, an ephah with a ram, and with the lambs as much as he pleases, along with a hin of oil for each ephah.(CG)

12 “‘When the prince provides(CH) a freewill offering(CI) to the Lord—whether a burnt offering or fellowship offerings—the gate facing east is to be opened for him. He shall offer his burnt offering or his fellowship offerings as he does on the Sabbath day. Then he shall go out, and after he has gone out, the gate will be shut.(CJ)

13 “‘Every day you are to provide a year-old lamb without defect for a burnt offering to the Lord; morning by morning(CK) you shall provide it.(CL) 14 You are also to provide with it morning by morning a grain offering, consisting of a sixth of an ephah[v] with a third of a hin[w] of oil(CM) to moisten the flour. The presenting of this grain offering to the Lord is a lasting ordinance.(CN) 15 So the lamb and the grain offering and the oil shall be provided morning by morning for a regular(CO) burnt offering.(CP)

16 “‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: If the prince makes a gift from his inheritance to one of his sons, it will also belong to his descendants; it is to be their property by inheritance.(CQ) 17 If, however, he makes a gift from his inheritance to one of his servants, the servant may keep it until the year of freedom;(CR) then it will revert to the prince. His inheritance belongs to his sons only; it is theirs. 18 The prince must not take(CS) any of the inheritance(CT) of the people, driving them off their property. He is to give his sons their inheritance out of his own property, so that not one of my people will be separated from their property.’”

19 Then the man brought me through the entrance(CU) at the side of the gate to the sacred rooms facing north,(CV) which belonged to the priests, and showed me a place at the western end. 20 He said to me, “This is the place where the priests are to cook the guilt offering and the sin offering[x] and bake the grain offering, to avoid bringing them into the outer court and consecrating(CW) the people.”(CX)

21 He then brought me to the outer court and led me around to its four corners, and I saw in each corner another court. 22 In the four corners of the outer court were enclosed[y] courts, forty cubits long and thirty cubits wide;[z] each of the courts in the four corners was the same size. 23 Around the inside of each of the four courts was a ledge of stone, with places for fire built all around under the ledge. 24 He said to me, “These are the kitchens where those who minister at the temple are to cook the sacrifices of the people.”


  1. Ezekiel 44:27 Or purification offering; also in verse 29
  2. Ezekiel 44:29 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord.
  3. Ezekiel 45:1 That is, about 8 miles or about 13 kilometers; also in verses 3, 5 and 6
  4. Ezekiel 45:1 Septuagint (see also verses 3 and 5 and 48:9); Hebrew 10,000
  5. Ezekiel 45:1 That is, about 6 1/2 miles or about 11 kilometers
  6. Ezekiel 45:2 That is, about 875 feet or about 265 meters
  7. Ezekiel 45:2 That is, about 88 feet or about 27 meters
  8. Ezekiel 45:3 That is, about 3 1/3 miles or about 5.3 kilometers; also in verse 5
  9. Ezekiel 45:5 Septuagint; Hebrew temple; they will have as their possession 20 rooms
  10. Ezekiel 45:6 That is, about 1 2/3 miles or about 2.7 kilometers
  11. Ezekiel 45:10 An ephah was a dry measure having the capacity of about 3/5 bushel or about 22 liters.
  12. Ezekiel 45:10 A bath was a liquid measure equaling about 6 gallons or about 22 liters.
  13. Ezekiel 45:12 A shekel weighed about 2/5 ounce or about 12 grams.
  14. Ezekiel 45:12 That is, 60 shekels; the common mina was 50 shekels. Sixty shekels were about 1 1/2 pounds or about 690 grams.
  15. Ezekiel 45:13 That is, probably about 6 pounds or about 2.7 kilograms
  16. Ezekiel 45:13 That is, probably about 5 pounds or about 2.3 kilograms
  17. Ezekiel 45:14 That is, about 2 1/2 quarts or about 2.2 liters
  18. Ezekiel 45:17 Or purification offerings; also in verses 19, 22, 23 and 25
  19. Ezekiel 45:24 That is, about 1 gallon or about 3.8 liters
  20. Ezekiel 46:5 That is, probably about 35 pounds or about 16 kilograms; also in verses 7 and 11
  21. Ezekiel 46:5 That is, about 1 gallon or about 3.8 liters; also in verses 7 and 11
  22. Ezekiel 46:14 That is, probably about 6 pounds or about 2.7 kilograms
  23. Ezekiel 46:14 That is, about 1 1/2 quarts or about 1.3 liters
  24. Ezekiel 46:20 Or purification offering
  25. Ezekiel 46:22 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  26. Ezekiel 46:22 That is, about 70 feet long and 53 feet wide or about 21 meters long and 16 meters wide

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