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Ezekiel 40-48 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The New Temple

40 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month in the fourteenth year after Jerusalem had been captured, on that very day the Lord’s hand was on me, and He brought me there. In visions of God He took me to the land of Israel and set me down on a very high mountain. On its southern slope was a structure resembling a city. He brought me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand. He was standing by the gate. He spoke to me: “Son of man, look with your eyes, listen with your ears, and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for you have been brought here so that I might show it to you. Report everything you see to the house of Israel.”

The Wall and Outer Gates

Now there was a wall surrounding the outside of the temple. The measuring rod in the man’s hand was six units of 21 inches;[a] each unit was the standard length plus three inches.[b] He measured the thickness of the wall structure; it was about 10 feet,[c] and its height was the same.[d] Then he came to the gate that faced east and climbed its steps. He measured the threshold of the gate; it was 10 feet deep—the first threshold was 10 feet deep. Each recess was about 10 feet[e] long and 10 feet[f] deep, and there was a space of 8¾ feet[g] between the recesses. The inner threshold of the gate on the temple side next to the gate’s portico was about 10 feet.[h] Next he measured the portico of the gate; it[i] was 14 feet,[j] and its pilasters were 3½ feet.[k] The portico of the gate was on the temple side.

10 There were three recesses on each side of the east gate, each with the same measurements, and the pilasters on either side also had the same measurements. 11 Then he measured the width of the gate’s entrance; it was 17½ feet,[l] while the width[m] of the gateway was 22¾ feet.[n] 12 There was a barrier of 21 inches[o] in front of the recesses on both sides, and the recesses on each side were 10½ feet[p] square. 13 Then he measured the gateway from the roof of one recess to the roof of the opposite one; the distance was 43¾ feet.[q] The openings of the recesses faced each other. 14 Next, he measured the pilasters—105 feet.[r] The gate extended around to the pilaster of the court.[s] 15 The distance from the front of the gate at the entrance to the front of the gate’s portico on the inside was 87½ feet.[t] 16 The recesses and their pilasters had beveled windows all around the inside of the gateway. The porticoes also had windows all around on the inside. Each pilaster was decorated with palm trees.

17 Then he brought me into the outer court, and there were chambers and a paved surface laid out all around the court. Thirty chambers faced the pavement, 18 which flanked the gates and corresponded to the length of the gates; this was the lower pavement. 19 Then he measured the distance from the front of the lower gate to the exterior front of the inner court; it was 175 feet.[u] This was the east; next the north is described.

20 He measured the gate of the outer court facing north, both its length and width. 21 Its three recesses on each side, its pilasters, and its portico had the same measurements as the first gate: 87½ feet[v] long and 43¾ feet[w] wide. 22 Its windows, portico, and palm trees had the same measurements as those of the gate that faced east. Seven steps led up to the gate, and its portico was ahead of them. 23 The inner court had a gate facing the north gate, like the one on the east. He measured the distance from gate to gate; it was 175 feet.[x]

24 He brought me to the south side, and there was also a gate on the south. He measured its pilasters and portico; they had the same measurements as the others. 25 Both the gate and its portico had windows all around, like the other windows. It was 87½ feet[y] long and 43¾ feet[z] wide. 26 Its stairway had seven steps, and its portico was ahead of them. It had palm trees on its pilasters, one on each side. 27 The inner court had a gate on the south. He measured from gate to gate on the south; it was 175 feet.[aa]

The Inner Gates

28 Then he brought me to the inner court through the south gate. When he measured the south gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 29 Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87½ feet[ab] long and 43¾ feet[ac] wide. 30 (There were porticoes all around, 43¾ feet long and 8¾ feet[ad] wide.[ae]) 31 Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees. Its stairway had eight steps.

32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side. When he measured the gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 33 Its recesses, pilasters, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87½ feet[af] long and 43¾ feet[ag] wide. 34 Its portico faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

35 Then he brought me to the north gate. When he measured it, it had the same measurements as the others, 36 as did its recesses, pilasters, and portico. It also had windows all around. It was 87½ feet[ah] long and 43¾ feet[ai] wide. 37 Its portico[aj] faced the outer court, and its pilasters were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

Rooms for Preparing Sacrifices

38 There was a chamber whose door opened into the portico of the gate.[ak] The burnt offering was to be washed there. 39 Inside the portico of the gate there were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, sin offering, and restitution offering. 40 Outside, as one approaches the entrance of the north gate, there were two tables on one side and two more tables on the other side of the gate’s portico. 41 So there were four tables inside the gate and four outside, eight tables in all on which the slaughtering was to be done. 42 There were also four tables of cut stone for the burnt offering, each 31½ inches[al] long, 31½ inches wide, and 21 inches[am] high. The utensils used to slaughter the burnt offerings and other sacrifices were placed on them. 43 There were three-inch[an] hooks[ao] fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be laid on the tables.

Rooms for Singers and Priests

44 Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, there were chambers for the singers:[ap] one[aq] beside the north gate, facing south, and another beside the south[ar] gate, facing north. 45 Then the man said to me: “This chamber that faces south is for the priests who keep charge of the temple. 46 The chamber that faces north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Zadok, the ones from the sons of Levi who may approach the Lord to serve Him.” 47 Next he measured the court. It was square, 175 feet[as] long and 175 feet wide. The altar was in front of the temple.

48 Then he brought me to the portico of the temple and measured the pilasters of the portico; they were 8¾ feet[at] thick on each side. The width of the gateway was 24½ feet,[au] and the side walls of the gate were[av] 5¼ feet[aw] wide on each side. 49 The portico was 35 feet[ax] across and 21[ay] feet[az] deep, and 10 steps led[ba] up to it. There were pillars by the pilasters, one on each side.

Inside the Temple

41 Next he brought me into the great hall and measured the pilasters; on each side the width of the pilaster was 10½ feet.[bb][bc] The width of the entrance was 17½ feet,[bd] and the side walls of the entrance were 8¾ feet[be] wide on each side. He also measured the length of the great hall, 70 feet,[bf] and the width, 35 feet.[bg] He went inside the next room and measured the pilasters at the entrance; they were 3½ feet[bh] wide. The entrance was 10½ feet[bi] wide, and the width of the entrance’s side walls on each side[bj] was 12¼ feet.[bk] He then measured the length of the room adjacent to the great hall, 35 feet,[bl] and the width, 35 feet. And he said to me, “This is the most holy place.”

Outside the Temple

Then he measured the wall of the temple; it was 10½ feet[bm] thick. The width of the side rooms all around the temple was seven feet.[bn] The side rooms were arranged one above another in three stories of 30 rooms each.[bo] There were ledges on the wall of the temple all around to serve as supports for the side rooms, so that the supports would not be in the temple wall itself. The side rooms surrounding the temple widened at each successive story, for the structure surrounding the temple went up by stages. This was the reason for the temple’s broadness as it rose. And so, one would go up from the lowest story to the highest by means of the middle one.[bp]

I saw that the temple had a raised platform surrounding it; this foundation for the side rooms was 10½ feet high.[bq] The thickness of the outer wall of the side rooms was 8¾ feet.[br] The free space between the side rooms of the temple 10 and the outer chambers was 35 feet[bs] wide all around the temple. 11 The side rooms opened into the free space, one entrance toward the north and another to the south. The area of free space was 8¾ feet[bt] wide all around.

12 Now the building that faced the temple yard toward the west was 122½ feet[bu] wide. The wall of the building was 8¾ feet[bv] thick on all sides, and the building’s length was 157½ feet.[bw]

13 Then the man measured the temple; it was 175 feet[bx] long. In addition, the temple yard and the building, including its walls, were 175 feet long. 14 The width of the front of the temple along with the temple yard to the east was 175 feet. 15 Next he measured the length of the building facing the temple yard to the west, with its galleries[by] on each side; it was 175 feet.

Interior Wooden Structures

The interior of the great hall and the porticoes of the court— 16 the thresholds, the beveled windows, and the balconies all around with their three levels opposite the threshold—were overlaid with wood on all sides. They were paneled from the ground to the windows (but the windows were covered), 17 reaching to the top of the entrance, and as far as the inner temple and on the outside. On every wall all around, on the inside and outside, was a pattern 18 carved with cherubim and palm trees. There was a palm tree between each pair of cherubim. Each cherub had two faces: 19 a human face turned toward the palm tree on one side, and a lion’s face turned toward it on the other. They were carved throughout the temple on all sides. 20 Cherubim and palm trees were carved from the ground to the top of the entrance and on the wall of the great hall.

21 The doorposts of the great hall were square, and the front of the sanctuary had the same appearance. 22 The altar was[bz] made of wood, 5¼ feet[ca] high and 3½ feet[cb] long.[cc] It had corners, and its length[cd] and sides were of wood. The man told me, “This is the table that stands before the Lord.”

23 The great hall and the sanctuary each had a double door, 24 and each of the doors had two swinging panels. There were two panels for one door and two for the other. 25 Cherubim and palm trees were carved on the doors of the great hall like those carved on the walls. There was a wooden canopy[ce] outside, in front of the portico. 26 There were beveled windows and palm trees on both sides, on the side walls of the portico, the side rooms of the temple, and the canopies.[cf]

The Priests’ Chambers

42 Then the man led me out by way of the north gate into the outer court. He brought me to the group of chambers opposite the temple yard and opposite the building to the north. Along the length of the chambers, which was 175 feet,[cg] there was an entrance on the north; the width was 87½ feet.[ch] Opposite the 35 foot space[ci] belonging to the inner court and opposite the paved surface belonging to the outer court, the structure rose gallery by gallery in three tiers. In front of the chambers was a walkway toward the inside, 17½ feet[cj] wide and 175 feet[ck] long,[cl] and their entrances were on the north. The upper chambers were narrower because the galleries took away more space from them than from the lower and middle stories of the building. For they were arranged in three stories and had no pillars like the pillars of the courts; therefore the upper chambers were set back from the ground more than the lower and middle stories. A wall on the outside ran in front of the chambers, parallel to them, toward the outer court; it was 87½ feet[cm] long. For the chambers on the outer court were 87½ feet long, while those facing the great hall were 175 feet[cn] long. At the base of these chambers there was an entryway on the east side as one enters them from the outer court.

10 In the thickness of the wall of the court toward the south,[co] there were chambers facing the temple yard and the western building, 11 with a passageway in front of them, just like the chambers that faced north. Their length and width, as well as all their exits, measurements, and entrances, were identical. 12 The entrance at the beginning of the passageway, the way in front of the corresponding[cp] wall as one enters on the east side, was similar to the entrances of the chambers that were on the south side.

13 Then the man said to me, “The northern and southern chambers that face the temple yard are the holy chambers where the priests who approach the Lord will eat the most holy offerings. There they will deposit the most holy offerings—the grain offerings, sin offerings, and restitution offerings—for the place is holy. 14 Once the priests have entered, they must not go out from the holy area to the outer court until they have removed the clothes they minister in, for these are holy. They are to put on other clothes before they approach the public area.”

Outside Dimensions of the Temple Complex

15 When he finished measuring inside the temple complex, he led me out by way of the gate that faced east and measured all around the complex.

16 He measured the east side with a measuring rod;
it was 875 feet[cq] by the measuring rod.[cr]
17 He[cs] measured the north side;
it was 875 feet[ct] by the measuring rod.[cu]
18 He[cv] measured the south side;
it was 875 feet[cw] by the measuring rod.[cx]
19 Then he turned to the west side
and measured 875 feet[cy] by the measuring rod.[cz]

20 He measured the temple complex on all four sides. It had a wall all around it, 875 feet long and 875 feet wide, to separate the holy from the common.

Return of the Lord’s Glory

43 He led me to the gate, the one that faces east, and I saw the glory of the God of Israel coming from the east. His voice sounded like the roar of mighty waters, and the earth shone with His glory. The vision I saw was like the one I had seen when He[da] came to destroy the city, and like the ones I had seen by the Chebar Canal. I fell facedown. The glory of the Lord entered the temple by way of the gate that faced east. Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the inner court, and the glory of the Lord filled the temple.

While the man was standing beside me, I heard someone speaking to me from the temple. He said to me: “Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place for the soles of My feet, where I will dwell among the Israelites forever. The house of Israel and their kings will no longer defile My holy name by their religious prostitution and by the corpses[db] of their kings at their high places.[dc] Whenever they placed their threshold next to My threshold and their doorposts beside My doorposts, with only a wall between Me and them, they were defiling My holy name by the detestable acts they committed. So I destroyed them in My anger. Now let them remove their prostitution and the corpses[dd] of their kings far from Me, and I will dwell among them forever.

10 “As for you, son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel, so that they may be ashamed of their iniquities. Let them measure its pattern, 11 and they will be ashamed of all that they have done. Reveal[de] the design of the temple to them—its layout with its exits and entrances—its complete design along with all its statutes, design specifications, and laws. Write it down in their sight so that they may observe its complete design and all its statutes and may carry them out. 12 This is the law of the temple: all its surrounding territory on top of the mountain will be especially holy. Yes, this is the law of the temple.

The Altar

13 “These are the measurements of the altar in units of length (each unit being the standard length plus three inches):[df] the gutter is 21 inches[dg] deep and 21 inches wide, with a rim of nine inches[dh] around its edge. This is the base[di] of the altar. 14 The distance from the gutter on the ground to the lower ledge is 3½ feet,[dj] and the width of the ledge is 21 inches.[dk] There are seven feet[dl] from the small ledge to the large ledge, whose width is also 21 inches. 15 The altar hearth[dm] is seven feet[dn] high, and four horns project upward from the hearth. 16 The hearth is square, 21 feet[do] long by 21 feet wide. 17 The ledge is 24½ feet[dp] long by 24½ feet wide, with four equal sides. The rim all around it is 10½ inches,[dq] and its gutter is 21 inches[dr] all around it. The altar’s steps face east.”

18 Then He said to me: “Son of man, this is what the Lord God says: These are the statutes for the altar on the day it is constructed, so that burnt offerings may be sacrificed on it and blood may be sprinkled on it: 19 You are to give a bull from the herd as a sin offering to the Levitical priests who are from the offspring of Zadok, who approach Me in order to serve Me.” This is the declaration of the Lord God. 20 “You must take some of its blood and apply it to the four horns of the altar, the four corners of the ledge, and all around the rim. In this way you will purify the altar and make atonement for it. 21 Then you must take away the bull for the sin offering, and it must be burned outside the sanctuary in the place appointed for the temple.

22 “On the second day you are to present an unblemished male goat as a sin offering. They will purify the altar just as they did with the bull. 23 When you have finished the purification, you are to present a young, unblemished bull and an unblemished ram from the flock. 24 You must present them before the Lord; the priests will throw salt on them and sacrifice them as a burnt offering to the Lord. 25 You will offer a goat for a sin offering each day for seven days. A young bull and a ram from the flock, both unblemished, must also be offered. 26 For seven days the priests are to make atonement for the altar and cleanse it. In this way they will consecrate it[ds] 27 and complete the days of purification. Then on the eighth day and afterward, the priests will offer your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings on the altar, and I will accept you.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.

The Prince’s Privilege

44 The man then brought me back toward the sanctuary’s outer gate that faced east, and it was closed. The Lord said to me: “This gate will remain closed. It will not be opened, and no one will enter through it, because the Lord, the God of Israel, has entered through it. Therefore it will remain closed. The prince himself will sit in the gateway to eat a meal before the Lord. He must enter by way of the portico of the gate and go out the same way.”

Then the man brought me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple. I looked, and the glory of the Lord filled His temple. And I fell facedown. The Lord said to me: “Son of man, pay attention; look with your eyes and listen with your ears to everything I tell you about all the statutes and laws of the Lord’s temple. Take careful note of the entrance of the temple along with all the exits of the sanctuary.

The Levites’ Duties and Privileges

“Say to the rebellious people, the house of Israel: This is what the Lord God says: I have had enough of all your detestable practices, house of Israel. When you brought in foreigners, uncircumcised in both heart and flesh, to occupy My sanctuary, you defiled My temple while you offered My food—the fat and the blood. You[dt] broke My covenant by all your detestable practices. You have not kept charge of My holy things but have appointed others to keep charge of My sanctuary for you.

“This is what the Lord God says: No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, may enter My sanctuary, not even a foreigner who is among the Israelites. 10 Surely the Levites who wandered away from Me when Israel went astray, and who strayed from Me after their idols, will bear the consequences of their sin. 11 Yet they will occupy My sanctuary, serving as guards at the temple gates and ministering at the temple. They will slaughter the burnt offerings and other sacrifices for the people and will stand before them to serve them. 12 Because they ministered to the house of Israel before their idols and became a sinful stumbling block to them, therefore I swore an oath[du] against them”—this is the declaration of the Lord God—“that they would bear the consequences of their sin. 13 They must not approach Me to serve Me as priests or come near any of My holy things or the most holy things. They will bear their disgrace and the consequences of the detestable acts they committed. 14 Yet I will make them responsible for the duties of the temple—for all its work and everything done in it.

The Priests’ Duties and Privileges

15 “But the Levitical priests descended from Zadok, who kept charge of My sanctuary when the Israelites went astray from Me, will approach Me to serve Me. They will stand before Me to offer Me fat and blood.” This is the declaration of the Lord God. 16 “They are the ones who may enter My sanctuary and draw near to My table to serve Me. They will keep My mandate. 17 When they enter the gates of the inner court they must wear linen garments; they must not have on them anything made of wool when they minister at the gates of the inner court and within it. 18 They must wear linen turbans on their heads and linen undergarments around their waists. They are not to put on anything that makes them sweat. 19 Before they go out to the outer court,[dv] to the people, they must take off the clothes they have been ministering in, leave them in the holy chambers, and dress in other clothes so that they do not transmit holiness to the people through their clothes.

20 “They may not shave their heads or let their hair grow long, but must carefully trim their hair. 21 No priest may drink wine before he enters the inner court. 22 He is not to marry a widow or a divorced woman, but must marry a virgin from the offspring of the house of Israel, or a widow who is the widow of a priest. 23 They must teach My people the difference between the holy and the common, and explain to them the difference between the clean and the unclean.

24 “In a dispute, they will officiate as judges and decide the case according to My ordinances. They must observe My laws and statutes regarding all My appointed festivals, and keep My Sabbaths holy. 25 A priest may not come near a dead person so that he becomes defiled. However, he may defile himself for a father, a mother, a son, a daughter, a brother, or an unmarried sister. 26 After he is cleansed, he is to count off seven days for himself. 27 On the day he goes into the sanctuary, into the inner court to minister in the sanctuary, he must present his sin offering.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.

28 “This will be their inheritance: I am their inheritance. You are to give them no possession in Israel: I am their possession. 29 They will eat the grain offering, the sin offering, and the restitution offering. Everything in Israel that is permanently dedicated to the Lord will belong to them. 30 The best of all the firstfruits of every kind and contribution of every kind from all your gifts will belong to the priests. You are to give your first batch of dough to the priest so that a blessing may rest on your homes. 31 The priests may not eat any bird or animal that died naturally or was mauled by wild beasts.

The Sacred Portion of the Land

45 “When you divide the land by lot as an inheritance, you must set aside a donation to the Lord, a holy portion of the land, 8⅓ miles[dw] long and 6⅔ miles[dx] wide. This entire tract of land will be holy. In this area there will be a square section[dy] for the sanctuary, 875 by 875 feet,[dz] with 87½ feet[ea] of open space all around it. From this holy portion,[eb] you will measure off an area 8⅓ miles[ec] long and 3⅓ miles[ed] wide, in which the sanctuary, the most holy place, will stand.[ee] It will be a holy area of the land to be used by the priests who minister in the sanctuary, who draw near to serve the Lord. It will be a place for their houses, as well as a holy area for the sanctuary. There will be another area 8⅓ miles[ef] long and 3⅓ miles[eg] wide for the Levites who minister in the temple; it will be their possession for towns to live in.[eh]

“As the property of the city, you must set aside an area 1⅔ of a mile[ei] wide and 8⅓ miles[ej] long, adjacent to the holy donation of land. It will be for the whole house of Israel. And the prince will have the area on each side of the holy donation of land and the city’s property, adjacent to the holy donation and the city’s property, stretching to the west on the west side and to the east on the east side. Its length will correspond to one of the tribal portions from the western boundary to the eastern boundary. This will be his land as a possession in Israel. My princes will no longer oppress My people but give the rest of the land to the house of Israel according to their tribes.

“This is what the Lord God says: You have gone too far,[ek] princes of Israel! Put away violence and oppression and do what is just and right. Put an end to your evictions of My people.” This is the declaration of the Lord God. 10 “You must have honest scales, an honest dry measure,[el] and an honest liquid measure.[em] 11 The dry measure[en] and the liquid measure[eo] will be uniform, with the liquid measure containing 5½ gallons[ep] and the dry measure holding half a bushel.[eq] Their measurement will be a tenth of the standard larger capacity measure.[er] 12 The shekel will weigh 20 gerahs. Your mina will equal 60 shekels.

The People’s Contribution to the Sacrifices

13 “This is the contribution you are to offer: Three quarts[es] from five bushels[et] of wheat and[eu] three quarts from five bushels of barley. 14 The quota of oil in liquid measures[ev] will be one percent of every[ew] cor. The cor equals 10 liquid measures or one standard larger capacity measure,[ex] since 10 liquid measures equal one standard larger capacity measure. 15 And the quota from the flock is one animal out of every 200 from the well-watered pastures of Israel. These are for the grain offerings, burnt offerings, and fellowship offerings, to make atonement for the people.” This is the declaration of the Lord God. 16 “All the people of the land must take part in this contribution for the prince in Israel. 17 Then the burnt offerings, grain offerings, and drink offerings for the festivals, New Moons, and Sabbaths—for all the appointed times of the house of Israel—will be the prince’s responsibility. He will provide the sin offerings, grain offerings, burnt offerings, and fellowship offerings to make atonement on behalf of the house of Israel.

18 “This is what the Lord God says: In the first month, on the first day of the month, you are to take a young, unblemished bull and purify the sanctuary. 19 The priest must take some of the blood from the sin offering and apply it to the temple doorposts, the four corners of the altar’s ledge, and the doorposts of the gate to the inner court. 20 You must do the same thing on the seventh day of the month for everyone who sins unintentionally or through ignorance. In this way you will make atonement for the temple.

21 “In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you are to celebrate the Passover, a festival of seven days during which unleavened bread will be eaten. 22 On that day the prince will provide a bull as a sin offering on behalf of himself and all the people of the land. 23 During the seven days of the festival, he will provide seven bulls and seven rams without blemish as a burnt offering to the Lord on each of the seven days, along with a male goat each day for a sin offering. 24 He will also provide a grain offering of half a bushel[ey] per bull and half a bushel per ram, along with a gallon[ez] of oil for every half bushel. 25 At the festival that begins on the fifteenth day of the seventh month,[fa] he will provide the same things for seven days—the same sin offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings, and oil.

Sacrifices at Appointed Times

46 “This is what the Lord God says: The gate of the inner court that faces east must be closed during the six days of work, but it will be opened on the Sabbath day and opened on the day of the New Moon. The prince should enter from the outside by way of the gate’s portico and stand at the doorpost of the gate while the priests sacrifice his burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. He will bow in worship at the threshold of the gate and then depart, but the gate must not be closed until evening. The people of the land will also bow in worship before the Lord at the entrance of that gate on the Sabbaths and New Moons.

“The burnt offering that the prince presents to the Lord on the Sabbath day is to be six unblemished lambs and an unblemished ram. The grain offering will be half a bushel[fb] with the ram, and the grain offering with the lambs will be whatever he wants to give, as well as a gallon[fc] of oil for every half bushel. On the day of the New Moon, the burnt offering is to be a young, unblemished bull, as well as six lambs and a ram without blemish. He will provide a grain offering of half a bushel[fd] with the bull, half a bushel with the ram, and whatever he can afford with the lambs, together with a gallon[fe] of oil for every half bushel. When the prince enters, he must go in by way of the gate’s portico and go out the same way.

“When the people of the land come before the Lord at the appointed times,[ff] whoever enters by way of the north gate to worship must go out by way of the south gate, and whoever enters by way of the south gate must go out by way of the north gate. No one must return through the gate by which he entered, but must go out by the opposite gate. 10 When the people enter, the prince will enter with them, and when they leave, he will leave. 11 At the festivals and appointed times, the grain offering will be half a bushel[fg] with the bull, half a bushel with the ram, and whatever he wants to give with the lambs, along with a gallon[fh] of oil for every half bushel.

12 “When the prince makes a freewill offering, whether a burnt offering or a fellowship offering as a freewill offering to the Lord, the gate that faces east must be opened for him. He is to offer his burnt offering or fellowship offering just as he does on the Sabbath day. Then he will go out, and the gate must be closed after he leaves.

13 “You must offer an unblemished year-old male lamb as a daily burnt offering to the Lord; you will offer it every morning. 14 You must also prepare a grain offering every morning along with it: three quarts,[fi] with one-third of a gallon[fj] of oil to moisten the fine flour—a grain offering to the Lord. This is a permanent statute to be observed regularly. 15 They will offer the lamb, the grain offering, and the oil every morning as a regular burnt offering.

Transfer of Royal Lands

16 “This is what the Lord God says: If the prince gives a gift to each of his sons as their inheritance, it will belong to his sons. It will become their property by inheritance. 17 But if he gives a gift from his inheritance to one of his servants, it will belong to that servant until the year of freedom, when it will revert to the prince. His inheritance belongs only to his sons; it is theirs. 18 The prince must not take any of the people’s inheritance, evicting them from their property. He is to provide an inheritance for his sons from his own property, so that none of My people will be displaced from his own property.”

The Temple Kitchens

19 Then he brought me through the entrance that was at the side of the gate, into the priests’ holy chambers, which faced north. I saw a place there at the far western end. 20 He said to me, “This is the place where the priests will boil the restitution offering and the sin offering, and where they will bake the grain offering, so that they do not bring them into the outer court and transmit holiness to the people.” 21 Next he brought me into the outer court and led me past its four corners. There was a separate court in each of its corners. 22 In the four corners of the outer court there were enclosed[fk] courts, 70 feet[fl] long by 52½ feet[fm] wide. All four corner areas had the same dimensions. 23 There was a stone wall[fn] around the inside of them, around the four of them, with ovens built at the base of the walls on all sides. 24 He said to me: “These are the kitchens where those who minister at the temple will cook the people’s sacrifices.”

The Life-Giving River

47 Then he brought me back to the entrance of the temple and there was water flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the temple faced east. The water was coming down from under the south side of the threshold of the temple, south of the altar. Next he brought me out by way of the north gate and led me around the outside to the outer gate that faced east; there the water was trickling from the south side. As the man went out east with a measuring line in his hand, he measured off a third of a mile[fo] and led me through the water. It came up to my ankles. Then he measured off a third of a mile[fp] and led me through the water. It came up to my knees. He measured off another third of a mile[fq] and led me through the water. It came up to my waist. Again he measured off a third of a mile[fr], and it was a river that I could not cross on foot. For the water had risen; it was deep enough to swim in, a river that could not be crossed on foot.

He asked me, “Do you see this, son of man?” Then he led me back to the bank of the river. When I had returned, I saw a very large number of trees along both sides of the riverbank. He said to me, “This water flows out to the eastern region and goes down to the Arabah. When it enters the sea, the sea of foul water,[fs][ft] the water of the sea becomes fresh. Every kind of living creature that swarms will live wherever the river flows,[fu] and there will be a huge number of fish because this water goes there. Since the water will become fresh, there will be life everywhere the river goes. 10 Fishermen will stand beside it from En-gedi to En-eglaim.[fv] These will become places where nets are spread out to dry. Their fish will consist of many different kinds, like the fish of the Mediterranean Sea. 11 Yet its swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be left for salt. 12 All kinds of trees providing food will grow along both banks of the river. Their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will not fail. Each month they will bear fresh fruit because the water comes from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be used for food and their leaves for medicine.”

The Borders of the Land

13 This is what the Lord God says: “This is[fw] the border you will use to divide the land as an inheritance for the 12 tribes of Israel. Joseph will receive two shares. 14 You will inherit it in equal portions, since I swore[fx] to give it to your ancestors. So this land will fall to you as an inheritance.

15 “This is to be the border of the land:

On the north side it will extend from the Mediterranean Sea by way of Hethlon and Lebo-hamath to Zedad,[fy] 16 Berothah, and Sibraim (which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath), as far as Hazer-hatticon, which is on the border of Hauran. 17 So the border will run from the sea to Hazar-enon at the border of Damascus, with the territory of Hamath to the north. This will be the northern side.

18 On the east side it will run between Hauran and Damascus, along the Jordan between Gilead and the land of Israel; you will measure from the northern border to the eastern sea.[fz] This will be the eastern side.

19 On the south side it will run from Tamar to the waters of Meribath-kadesh,[ga] and on to the Brook of Egypt as far as the Mediterranean Sea. This will be the southern side.

20 On the west side the Mediterranean Sea will be the border, from the southern border up to a point opposite Lebo-hamath. This will be the western side.

21 “You are to divide this land among yourselves according to the tribes of Israel. 22 You will allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the foreigners living among you, who have fathered children among you. You will treat them[gb] like native-born Israelites; along with you, they will be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel. 23 In whatever tribe the foreigner lives, you will assign his inheritance there.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.

The Tribal Allotments

48 “Now these are the names of the tribes:

From the northern end, along the road of Hethlon, to Lebo-hamath as far as Hazar-enon, at the northern border of Damascus, alongside Hamath and extending from the eastern side to the sea, will be Dan—one portion.
Next to the territory of Dan, from the east side to the west, will be Asher—one portion.
Next to the territory of Asher, from the east side to the west, will be Naphtali—one portion.
Next to the territory of Naphtali, from the east side to the west, will be Manasseh—one portion.
Next to the territory of Manasseh, from the east side to the west, will be Ephraim—one portion.
Next to the territory of Ephraim, from the east side to the west, will be Reuben—one portion.
Next to the territory of Reuben, from the east side to the west, will be Judah—one portion.

“Next to the territory of Judah, from the east side to the west, will be the portion you donate to the Lord, 8⅓ miles[gc] wide, and as long as one of the tribal portions from the east side to the west. The sanctuary will be in the middle of it.

“The special portion you donate to the Lord will be 8⅓ miles[gd] long and 3⅓ miles[ge] wide. 10 This holy donation will be set apart for the priests alone. It will be 8⅓ miles[gf] long on the northern side, 3⅓ miles[gg] wide on the western side, 3⅓ miles[gh] wide on the eastern side, and 8⅓ miles[gi] long on the southern side. The Lord’s sanctuary will be in the middle of it. 11 It is for the consecrated priests, the sons of Zadok, who kept My charge and did not go astray as the Levites did when the Israelites went astray. 12 It will be a special donation for them out of the holy donation of the land, a most holy place adjacent to the territory of the Levites.

13 “Next to the territory of the priests, the Levites will have an area 8⅓ miles[gj] long and 3⅓ miles[gk] wide. The total length will be 8⅓ miles[gl] and the width 3⅓ miles.[gm] 14 They must not sell or exchange any of it, and they must not transfer this choice part of the land, for it is holy to the Lord.

15 “The remaining area, 1⅔ of a mile[gn] wide and 8⅓ miles[go] long, will be for common use by the city, for both residential and open space. The city will be in the middle of it. 16 These are the city’s measurements:

1½ miles[gp] on the north side;
1½ miles[gq] on the south side;
1½ miles[gr] on the east side;
and 1½ miles[gs] on the west side.

17 The city’s open space will extend:

425 feet[gt] to the north,
425 feet[gu] to the south,
425 feet[gv] to the east,
and 425 feet[gw] to the west.

18 “The remainder of the length alongside the holy donation will be 3⅓ miles[gx] to the east and 3⅓ miles[gy] to the west. It will run alongside the holy donation. Its produce will be food for the workers of the city. 19 The city’s workers from all the tribes of Israel will cultivate it. 20 The entire donation will be 8⅓ miles[gz] by 8⅓ miles;[ha] you are to set apart the holy donation along with the city property as a square area.

21 “The remaining area on both sides of the holy donation and the city property will belong to the prince. He will own the land adjacent to the tribal portions, next to the 8⅓ miles[hb] of the donation as far as the eastern border and[hc] next to the 8⅓ miles[hd] of the donation as far as the western border. The holy donation and the sanctuary of the temple will be in the middle of it. 22 Except for the Levitical property and the city property in the middle of the area belonging to the prince, the area between the territory of Judah and that of Benjamin will belong to the prince.

23 “As for the rest of the tribes:

From the east side to the west, will be Benjamin—one portion.
24 Next to the territory of Benjamin, from the east side to the west, will be Simeon—one portion.
25 Next to the territory of Simeon, from the east side to the west, will be Issachar—one portion.
26 Next to the territory of Issachar, from the east side to the west, will be Zebulun—one portion.
27 Next to the territory of Zebulun, from the east side to the west, will be Gad—one portion.

28 Next to the territory of Gad toward the south side, the border will run from Tamar to the waters of Meribath-kadesh, to the Brook of Egypt, and out to the Mediterranean Sea. 29 This is the land you are to allot as an inheritance to Israel’s tribes, and these will be their portions.” This is the declaration of the Lord God.

The New City

30 “These are the exits of the city:

On the north side, which measures 1½ miles,[he] 31 there will be three gates facing north, the gates of the city being named for the tribes of Israel: one, the gate of Reuben; one, the gate of Judah; and one, the gate of Levi.
32 On the east side, which is 1½ miles,[hf] there will be three gates: one, the gate of Joseph; one, the gate of Benjamin; and one, the gate of Dan.
33 On the south side, which measures 1½ miles,[hg] there will be three gates: one, the gate of Simeon; one, the gate of Issachar; and one, the gate of Zebulun.
34 On the west side, which is 1½ miles,[hh] there will be three gates: one, the gate of Gad; one, the gate of Asher; and one, the gate of Naphtali.

35 The perimeter of the city will be six miles,[hi] and the name of the city from that day on will be: Yahweh Is There.”

Footnotes:

  1. Ezekiel 40:5 = a long cubit
  2. Ezekiel 40:5 Lit six cubits by the cubit and a handbreadth
  3. Ezekiel 40:5 Lit was one rod
  4. Ezekiel 40:5 Lit was one rod
  5. Ezekiel 40:7 Lit was one rod
  6. Ezekiel 40:7 Lit and one rod
  7. Ezekiel 40:7 Lit five cubits
  8. Ezekiel 40:7 Lit was one rod
  9. Ezekiel 40:9 Some Hb mss, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read gate facing the temple side; it was one rod. Then he measured the portico of the gate; it
  10. Ezekiel 40:9 Lit eight cubits
  11. Ezekiel 40:9 Lit two cubits
  12. Ezekiel 40:11 Lit 10 cubits
  13. Ezekiel 40:11 Lit length
  14. Ezekiel 40:11 Lit 13 cubits
  15. Ezekiel 40:12 Lit one cubit
  16. Ezekiel 40:12 Lit six cubits
  17. Ezekiel 40:13 Lit 25 cubits
  18. Ezekiel 40:14 Lit 60 cubits
  19. Ezekiel 40:14 Hb obscure
  20. Ezekiel 40:15 Lit 50 cubits
  21. Ezekiel 40:19 Lit 100 cubits
  22. Ezekiel 40:21 Lit 50 cubits
  23. Ezekiel 40:21 Lit 25 cubits
  24. Ezekiel 40:23 Lit 100 cubits
  25. Ezekiel 40:25 Lit 50 cubits
  26. Ezekiel 40:25 Lit 25 cubits
  27. Ezekiel 40:27 Lit 100 cubits
  28. Ezekiel 40:29 Lit 50 cubits
  29. Ezekiel 40:29 Lit 25 cubits
  30. Ezekiel 40:30 Lit five cubits
  31. Ezekiel 40:30 Some Hb mss, LXX omit v. 30
  32. Ezekiel 40:33 Lit 50 cubits
  33. Ezekiel 40:33 Lit 25 cubits
  34. Ezekiel 40:36 Lit 50 cubits
  35. Ezekiel 40:36 Lit 25 cubits
  36. Ezekiel 40:37 LXX; MT reads pilasters
  37. Ezekiel 40:38 Text emended; MT reads door was by the pilasters, at the gates
  38. Ezekiel 40:42 Lit one and a half cubits
  39. Ezekiel 40:42 Lit one cubit
  40. Ezekiel 40:43 Lit one handbreadth
  41. Ezekiel 40:43 Or ledges
  42. Ezekiel 40:44 LXX reads were two chambers
  43. Ezekiel 40:44 LXX; MT reads singers, which was
  44. Ezekiel 40:44 LXX; MT reads east
  45. Ezekiel 40:47 Lit 100 cubits
  46. Ezekiel 40:48 Lit five cubits
  47. Ezekiel 40:48 Lit 14 cubits
  48. Ezekiel 40:48 LXX; MT omits 24½ feet, and the side walls of the gate were
  49. Ezekiel 40:48 Lit three cubits
  50. Ezekiel 40:49 Lit 20 cubits
  51. Ezekiel 40:49 LXX; MT reads 19¼
  52. Ezekiel 40:49 Lit 12 cubits
  53. Ezekiel 40:49 MT reads and it was on steps that they would go
  54. Ezekiel 41:1 LXX; MT reads pilasters; they were 10½ feet wide on each side—the width of the tabernacle
  55. Ezekiel 41:1 Lit six cubits
  56. Ezekiel 41:2 Lit 10 cubits
  57. Ezekiel 41:2 Lit five cubits
  58. Ezekiel 41:2 Lit 40 cubits
  59. Ezekiel 41:2 Lit 20 cubits
  60. Ezekiel 41:3 Lit two cubits
  61. Ezekiel 41:3 Lit six cubits
  62. Ezekiel 41:3 LXX; MT reads width of the entrance
  63. Ezekiel 41:3 Lit seven cubits
  64. Ezekiel 41:4 Lit 20 cubits
  65. Ezekiel 41:5 Lit six cubits
  66. Ezekiel 41:5 Lit four cubits
  67. Ezekiel 41:6 Lit another three and 30 times
  68. Ezekiel 41:7 Hb obscure
  69. Ezekiel 41:8 Lit a full rod of six cubits of a joint; Hb obscure
  70. Ezekiel 41:9 Lit five cubits
  71. Ezekiel 41:10 Lit 20 cubits
  72. Ezekiel 41:11 Lit five cubits
  73. Ezekiel 41:12 Lit 70 cubits
  74. Ezekiel 41:12 Lit five cubits
  75. Ezekiel 41:12 Lit 90 cubits
  76. Ezekiel 41:13 Lit 100 cubits
  77. Ezekiel 41:15 Or ledges
  78. Ezekiel 41:22 Or and in front of the sanctuary was something that looked like 22 an altar
  79. Ezekiel 41:22 Lit three cubits
  80. Ezekiel 41:22 Lit two cubits
  81. Ezekiel 41:22 LXX reads long and 3½ feet wide
  82. Ezekiel 41:22 LXX reads base
  83. Ezekiel 41:25 Hb obscure
  84. Ezekiel 41:26 Hb obscure
  85. Ezekiel 42:2 Lit 100 cubits
  86. Ezekiel 42:2 Lit 50 cubits
  87. Ezekiel 42:3 Lit 20 [cubits]
  88. Ezekiel 42:4 Lit 10 cubits
  89. Ezekiel 42:4 Lit 100 cubits
  90. Ezekiel 42:4 LXX, Syr; MT reads wide, a way of one cubit
  91. Ezekiel 42:7 Lit 50 cubits
  92. Ezekiel 42:8 Lit 100 cubits
  93. Ezekiel 42:10 LXX; MT reads east
  94. Ezekiel 42:12 Or protective; Hb obscure
  95. Ezekiel 42:16 Lit 500 in rods
  96. Ezekiel 42:16 Lit rod all around
  97. Ezekiel 42:17 LXX reads Then he turned to the north and
  98. Ezekiel 42:17 Lit 500 in rods
  99. Ezekiel 42:17 Lit rod all around
  100. Ezekiel 42:18 LXX reads Then he turned to the south and
  101. Ezekiel 42:18 Lit 500 in rods
  102. Ezekiel 42:18 Lit rod all around
  103. Ezekiel 42:19 Lit 500 in rods
  104. Ezekiel 42:19 Lit rod all around
  105. Ezekiel 43:3 Some Hb mss, Theod, Vg; other Hb mss, LXX, Syr read I
  106. Ezekiel 43:7 Or monuments
  107. Ezekiel 43:7 Some Hb mss, Theod, Tg read their death
  108. Ezekiel 43:9 Or monuments
  109. Ezekiel 43:11 LXX, Vg; MT reads pattern. 11 And if they are ashamed . . . done, reveal
  110. Ezekiel 43:13 Lit in cubits (a cubit being a cubit plus a handbreadth)
  111. Ezekiel 43:13 Lit one cubit
  112. Ezekiel 43:13 Lit one span
  113. Ezekiel 43:13 LXX reads height
  114. Ezekiel 43:14 Lit two cubits
  115. Ezekiel 43:14 Lit one cubit
  116. Ezekiel 43:14 Lit four cubits
  117. Ezekiel 43:15 Hb obscure
  118. Ezekiel 43:15 Lit four cubits
  119. Ezekiel 43:16 Lit 12 cubits
  120. Ezekiel 43:17 Lit 14 cubits
  121. Ezekiel 43:17 Lit one-half cubit
  122. Ezekiel 43:17 Lit one cubit
  123. Ezekiel 43:26 Lit will fill its hands
  124. Ezekiel 44:7 LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads They
  125. Ezekiel 44:12 Lit I lifted My hand
  126. Ezekiel 44:19 Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read court, to the outer court
  127. Ezekiel 45:1 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  128. Ezekiel 45:1 LXX reads 20,000 [cubits]; MT reads 10,000 [cubits]
  129. Ezekiel 45:2 Lit square all around
  130. Ezekiel 45:2 Lit 500 by 500 [cubits]
  131. Ezekiel 45:2 Lit 50 cubits
  132. Ezekiel 45:3 Lit this measured [portion]
  133. Ezekiel 45:3 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  134. Ezekiel 45:3 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  135. Ezekiel 45:3 Lit be
  136. Ezekiel 45:5 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  137. Ezekiel 45:5 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  138. Ezekiel 45:5 LXX; MT, Syr, Tg, Vg read possession—20 chambers
  139. Ezekiel 45:6 Lit 5,000 [cubits]
  140. Ezekiel 45:6 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  141. Ezekiel 45:9 Lit Enough of you
  142. Ezekiel 45:10 Lit an honest ephah
  143. Ezekiel 45:10 Lit and an honest bath
  144. Ezekiel 45:11 Lit the ephah
  145. Ezekiel 45:11 Lit the bath
  146. Ezekiel 45:11 Lit one-tenth of a homer
  147. Ezekiel 45:11 Lit one-tenth of a homer
  148. Ezekiel 45:11 Lit be [based] on the homer
  149. Ezekiel 45:13 Lit One-sixth of an ephah
  150. Ezekiel 45:13 Lit a homer
  151. Ezekiel 45:13 LXX, Vg; MT reads and you are to give
  152. Ezekiel 45:14 Lit oil, the bath, the oil
  153. Ezekiel 45:14 Lit be a tenth of the bath from the
  154. Ezekiel 45:14 Lit 10 baths, a homer
  155. Ezekiel 45:24 Lit an ephah
  156. Ezekiel 45:24 Lit a hin
  157. Ezekiel 45:25 = the Festival of Booths
  158. Ezekiel 46:5 Lit an ephah
  159. Ezekiel 46:5 Lit a hin
  160. Ezekiel 46:7 Lit an ephah
  161. Ezekiel 46:7 Lit a hin
  162. Ezekiel 46:9 Or the festivals
  163. Ezekiel 46:11 Lit an ephah
  164. Ezekiel 46:11 Lit a hin
  165. Ezekiel 46:14 Lit one-sixth of an ephah
  166. Ezekiel 46:14 Lit one-third of a hin
  167. Ezekiel 46:22 Hb obscure
  168. Ezekiel 46:22 Lit 40 [cubits]
  169. Ezekiel 46:22 Lit 30 [cubits]
  170. Ezekiel 46:23 Or a row
  171. Ezekiel 47:3 Lit 1,000 cubits
  172. Ezekiel 47:4 Lit 1,000 cubits
  173. Ezekiel 47:4 Lit 1,000 cubits
  174. Ezekiel 47:5 Lit 1,000 cubits
  175. Ezekiel 47:8 Or enters the sea, being brought out to the sea; Hb obscure
  176. Ezekiel 47:8 = the Dead Sea
  177. Ezekiel 47:9 LXX, Vg; MT reads the two rivers flow
  178. Ezekiel 47:10 Two springs near the Dead Sea
  179. Ezekiel 47:13 Tg, Vg; Syr reads The valley of
  180. Ezekiel 47:14 Lit lifted My hand
  181. Ezekiel 47:15 LXX; MT reads [and] Lebo to Zedad, Hamath; Ezk 48:1
  182. Ezekiel 47:18 = the Dead Sea
  183. Ezekiel 47:19 = Kadesh-barnea
  184. Ezekiel 47:22 Lit They will be to you
  185. Ezekiel 48:8 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  186. Ezekiel 48:9 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  187. Ezekiel 48:9 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  188. Ezekiel 48:10 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  189. Ezekiel 48:10 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  190. Ezekiel 48:10 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  191. Ezekiel 48:10 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  192. Ezekiel 48:13 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  193. Ezekiel 48:13 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  194. Ezekiel 48:13 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  195. Ezekiel 48:13 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  196. Ezekiel 48:15 Lit 5,000 [cubits]
  197. Ezekiel 48:15 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  198. Ezekiel 48:16 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  199. Ezekiel 48:16 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  200. Ezekiel 48:16 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  201. Ezekiel 48:16 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  202. Ezekiel 48:17 Lit 250 [cubits]
  203. Ezekiel 48:17 Lit 250 [cubits]
  204. Ezekiel 48:17 Lit 250 [cubits]
  205. Ezekiel 48:17 Lit 250 [cubits]
  206. Ezekiel 48:18 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  207. Ezekiel 48:18 Lit 10,000 [cubits]
  208. Ezekiel 48:20 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  209. Ezekiel 48:20 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  210. Ezekiel 48:21 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  211. Ezekiel 48:21 Lit border, and to the west,
  212. Ezekiel 48:21 Lit 25,000 [cubits]
  213. Ezekiel 48:30 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  214. Ezekiel 48:32 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  215. Ezekiel 48:33 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  216. Ezekiel 48:34 Lit 4,500 [cubits]
  217. Ezekiel 48:35 Lit 18,000 [cubits]
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