New American Standard Bible
Evil Rulers to Be Judged
11 Now the (A)Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the Lord’s house which faced eastward. And behold, there were twenty-five men at the entrance of the gate, and among them I saw Jaazaniah son of Azzur and (B)Pelatiah son of Benaiah, leaders of the people. 2 Then He said to me, “Son of man, these are the men who devise wrongdoing and (C)give evil advice in this city, 3 who say, ‘The time is not near to build houses. [a]This (D)city is the pot and we are the meat.’ 4 Therefore, (E)prophesy against them, prophesy, son of man!”
5 Then the Spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and He said to me, “Say, ‘This is what the Lord says: “This is how you think, house of Israel, for (F)I know [b]your (G)thoughts. 6 You have (H)multiplied your slain in this city, and filled its streets with [c]them.” 7 Therefore, this is what the Lord [d]God says: “Your (I)slain whom you have laid in the midst of [e]the city are the meat and this city is the pot; but [f]I will (J)bring you out of it. 8 You have (K)feared a sword; so I will (L)bring a sword upon you,” the Lord God declares. 9 “And I will bring you out of the midst of [g]the city, and hand you over to (M)strangers, and (N)execute judgments against you. 10 You will (O)fall by the sword. I will judge you to the (P)border of Israel; so you shall know that I am the Lord. 11 This city will (Q)not be a pot for you, nor will you be meat in the midst of it; I will judge you to the border of Israel. 12 So you will know that I am the Lord; for you have not walked in My statutes, nor have you (R)executed My ordinances, but you have acted in accordance with the ordinances of the (S)nations around you.”’”
13 Now it came about, as I prophesied, that (T)Pelatiah son of Benaiah died. Then I fell on my face and cried out with a loud voice, and said, “(U)Oh, Lord God! Will You bring the remnant of Israel to a complete destruction?”
Promise of Restoration
14 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 15 “Son of man, your brothers, your relatives, [h]your fellow exiles, and the entire house of Israel, all of them, are those to whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said, ‘Keep far from the Lord; this land has been given (V)to us as a possession.’ 16 Therefore say, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “Though I had removed them far away among the nations, and though I had scattered them among the countries, yet I was a (W)sanctuary for them for a little while in the countries where they had gone.”’ 17 Therefore say, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “I will (X)gather you from the peoples and assemble you from the countries among which you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.”’ 18 When they come there, they will (Y)remove all its (Z)detestable things and all its abominations from it. 19 And I will (AA)give them one heart, and put a new spirit within [i]them. And I will remove the (AB)heart of stone from their flesh and give them a (AC)heart of flesh, 20 so that they may (AD)walk in My statutes, and keep My ordinances and do them. Then they will be (AE)My people, and I shall be their God. 21 [j]But as for those whose hearts go after their (AF)detestable things and abominations, I will [k](AG)bring their conduct down on their heads,” declares the Lord God.
22 Then the cherubim (AH)lifted up their wings with the wheels beside them, and (AI)the glory of the God of Israel [l]hovered over them. 23 The (AJ)glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city and (AK)stood over the mountain which is east of the city. 24 And the (AL)Spirit lifted me up and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God to [m]Chaldea, to the exiles. Then the vision that I had seen [n](AM)left me. 25 And I (AN)told the exiles all the things that the Lord had shown me.
Ezekiel Prepares for Exile
12 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, you live in the (AO)midst of the (AP)rebellious house, who (AQ)have eyes to see but do not see, ears to hear but do not hear; for they are a rebellious house. 3 So as for you, son of man, prepare for yourself baggage for exile and go into exile by day in their sight; that is, go into exile from your place to another place in their sight. (AR)Perhaps they will [o]understand, though they are a rebellious house. 4 Bring your baggage out by day in their sight, as baggage for exile. Then you shall go out (AS)at evening in their sight, as those who are going into exile. 5 Dig a hole through the wall in their sight and [p]go out through it. 6 Load the baggage on your shoulder in their sight and carry it out in the dark. You shall (AT)cover your face so that you cannot see the land, for I have set you as a (AU)sign to the house of Israel.”
7 Then I (AV)did so, just as I had been commanded. By day I (AW)brought out my baggage like the baggage of an exile. Then in the evening I dug through the wall with my hands; I went out in the dark and carried the baggage on my shoulder in their sight.
8 And in the morning the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 9 “Son of man, has the house of Israel, the (AX)rebellious house, not said to you, ‘(AY)What are you doing?’ 10 Say to them, ‘This is what the Lord [q]God says: “This (AZ)pronouncement concerns the prince in Jerusalem as well as all the house of Israel who are [r]in it.”’ 11 Say, ‘I am [s]a (BA)sign to you. Just as I have done, so it will be done to them; they will (BB)go into exile, into captivity.’ 12 The (BC)prince who is among them will load his baggage on his shoulder in the dark and go out. [t]They will dig a hole through the wall to bring it out through it. He will cover his face so that he cannot see the land with his eyes. 13 I will also spread My (BD)net over him, and he will be caught in My net. And I will bring him to Babylon in the land of the Chaldeans; yet he will (BE)not see it, though he will die there. 14 And I will (BF)scatter to every wind all who are around him, his helpers and all his troops; and I will draw out a sword after them. 15 So they will (BG)know that I am the Lord, when I disperse them among the nations and scatter them among the countries. 16 But I will [u]spare a few of them from the (BH)sword, the famine, and plague so that they may tell of all their abominations among the nations where they go, and [v]may (BI)know that I am the Lord.”
17 Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 18 “Son of man, (BJ)eat your bread with trembling, and drink your water with quivering and anxiety. 19 Then say to the people of the land, ‘This is what the Lord God says concerning the inhabitants of Jerusalem in the land of Israel: “They will eat their bread with anxiety and drink their water with horror, because [w]their land will be [x](BK)stripped of its fullness on account of the violence of all who live in it. 20 The inhabited (BL)cities will be in ruins, and the (BM)land will be a desolation. So you will know that I am the Lord.”’”
21 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 22 “Son of man, what is this (BN)proverb you people have about the land of Israel, saying, ‘The (BO)days are long, and every (BP)vision fails’? 23 Therefore say to them, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “I will put an end to this proverb so that they will no longer use it as a proverb in Israel.” But tell them, “(BQ)The days are approaching as well as the [y]fulfillment of every vision. 24 For there will no longer be any [z](BR)false vision or deceptive divination within the house of Israel. 25 For I the Lord will speak whatever (BS)word I speak, and it will be performed. It will no longer be delayed, for in (BT)your days, you (BU)rebellious house, I will speak the word and perform it,” declares the Lord God.’”
26 Furthermore, the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 27 “Son of man, behold, the house of Israel is saying, ‘The vision that he sees is for (BV)many [aa]years from now, and he prophesies of times far off.’ 28 Therefore say to them, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “None of My words will be delayed any longer. Whatever word I speak will be performed,”’” declares the Lord God.
False Prophets Condemned
13 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, prophesy against the (BW)prophets of Israel who prophesy, and say to those who prophesy from their own [ab]inspiration, ‘(BX)Listen to the word of the Lord! 3 This is what the Lord [ac]God says: “Woe to the (BY)foolish prophets who are following their own spirit and have (BZ)seen nothing! 4 Israel, your prophets have been like jackals among ruins. 5 You have not (CA)gone up into the (CB)breaches, nor did you build up a stone wall around the house of Israel to stand in the battle on the (CC)day of the Lord. 6 They see (CD)deceit and lying divination, those who are saying, ‘The Lord declares,’ when the Lord has not sent them; (CE)yet they wait for the fulfillment of their word! 7 (CF)Did you not see a false vision and tell a lying divination when you said, ‘The Lord declares,’ but it is not I who have spoken?”’”
8 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: “Because you have spoken deceit and have seen a lie, therefore behold, (CG)I am against you,” declares the Lord God. 9 “So My hand will be against the (CH)prophets who see false visions and utter lying divinations. They will [ad]have no place in the council of My people, (CI)nor will they be written down in the register of the house of Israel, nor will they enter the land of Israel, [ae]so that you may know that I am the Lord God. 10 It is definitely because they have (CJ)misled My people by saying, ‘(CK)Peace!’ when there is (CL)no peace. And when anyone builds a wall, behold, they plaster it over with whitewash; 11 so tell those who plaster it over with whitewash, that it will fall. A (CM)flooding rain will come, and you, hailstones, will fall, and a violent wind will break out. 12 Behold, when the wall has fallen, will you not be asked, ‘Where is the plaster with which you plastered it?’” 13 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: “I will make a violent wind break out in My wrath. There will also be in My anger a flooding rain and (CN)hailstones to consume it in wrath. 14 So I will tear down the wall which you plastered over with whitewash and hurl it down to the ground, so that its (CO)foundation is exposed; and when it falls, you will (CP)perish in its midst. And you will (CQ)know that I am the Lord. 15 So I will expend My wrath on the wall and on those who have plastered it over with whitewash; and I will say to you, ‘The wall [af]is gone and those who plastered it are gone, 16 along with the prophets of Israel who prophesy to Jerusalem, and who (CR)see a vision of peace for her when there is (CS)no peace,’ declares the Lord God.
17 “Now you, son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people who are (CT)talking like prophets (CU)from their own [ag]imagination. Prophesy against them 18 and say, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “Woe to the women who sew magic bands on [ah]all wrists and make veils for the heads of persons of every stature to (CV)capture souls! Will you capture the souls of My people, but keep the souls of others alive for yourselves? 19 (CW)For handfuls of barley and pieces of bread, you have profaned Me to My people, to put to death [ai]some who should not die, and to (CX)keep [aj]others alive who should not live, by your lying to My people who listen to lies.”’”
20 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: “Behold, I am against your magic bands by which you capture souls there as [ak]birds, and I will tear them from your arms; and I will let [al]them go, those souls whom you capture as [am]birds. 21 I will also tear off your veils and (CY)save My people from your hands, and they will no longer be in your hands as prey; and you will know that I am the Lord. 22 Because you (CZ)disheartened the righteous with falsehood when I did not cause him pain, but you have [an](DA)encouraged the wicked not to (DB)turn from his wicked way to keep him alive, 23 therefore you women will no longer see (DC)deceitful visions or practice divination, and I will (DD)save My people from your hands. So you will (DE)know that I am the Lord.”
Idolatrous Elders Condemned
14 Then some (DF)elders of Israel came to me and (DG)sat down before me. 2 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 3 “Son of man, these men have (DH)set up their idols in their hearts and have (DI)put in front of their faces the stumbling block of their wrongdoing. Should I let Myself be (DJ)consulted by them at all? 4 Therefore speak to them and tell them, ‘This is what the Lord [ao]God says: “Anyone of the house of Israel who sets up his idols in his heart, puts in front of his face the stumbling block of his wrongdoing, and then comes to the prophet, I the Lord will let Myself answer him in [ap]the matter in view of the (DK)multitude of his idols, 5 in order to take hold of [aq](DL)the hearts of the house of Israel who have [ar](DM)turned away from Me due to all their idols.”’
6 “Therefore say to the house of Israel, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “(DN)Repent and turn away from your idols, and turn your faces away from all your (DO)abominations. 7 For anyone of the house of Israel, or of the (DP)strangers who reside in Israel, who deserts Me, sets up his idols in his heart, puts in front of his face the stumbling block of his wrongdoing, and then comes to the prophet to request something of Me for himself, (DQ)I the Lord will let Myself answer him Myself. 8 I will (DR)set My face against that person and make him a (DS)sign and [as]a proverb, and I will eliminate him from among My people. So you will know that I am the Lord.
9 “But if the prophet is persuaded so that he speaks a word, it is I, the Lord, who have persuaded that prophet; and I will stretch out My hand against him and (DT)eliminate him from among My people Israel. 10 And they will bear the punishment for their wrongdoing; as the wrongdoing of the inquirer is, so the wrongdoing of the prophet will be, 11 in order that the house of Israel may no longer (DU)stray from Me and no longer (DV)defile themselves with all their offenses. So they will be (DW)My people, and I shall be their God,”’ declares the Lord God.”
The City Will Not Be Spared
12 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 13 “Son of man, if a country sins against Me by (DX)being unfaithful, and I stretch out My hand against it, [at]destroy its (DY)supply of bread, send famine against it, and eliminate from it both human and animal life, 14 even (DZ)though these three men, (EA)Noah, (EB)Daniel, and (EC)Job were in its midst, by their own righteousness they could only save (ED)themselves,” declares the Lord God. 15 “If I were to cause (EE)vicious animals to pass through the land and they [au]depopulated it, and it became desolate so that no one would pass through it because of the animals, 16 though these three men were in its midst, as I live,” declares the Lord God, “they could not save either their sons or their daughters. (EF)They alone would be saved, but the country would be desolate. 17 Or if I were to (EG)bring a sword on that country and say, ‘A sword is to pass through the country,’ and I (EH)eliminated human and animal life from it, 18 even though these three men were in its midst, as I live,” declares the Lord God, “they could not save either their sons or their daughters, but they alone would be saved. 19 Or if I were to send a (EI)plague against that country and pour out My wrath on it in blood to eliminate man and animal from it, 20 even though Noah, Daniel, and Job were in its midst, as I live,” declares the Lord God, “they could not save either their son or their daughter. They would save only themselves by their righteousness.”
21 For this is what the Lord God says: “How much more when (EJ)I send My four [av]severe judgments against Jerusalem: sword, famine, vicious animals, and plague to eliminate human and animal life from it! 22 Yet, behold, [aw]survivors will be left in it who will be brought out, both sons and daughters. Behold, they are going to come out to you, and you will (EK)see their conduct and actions; then you will be (EL)comforted for the disaster which I have brought against Jerusalem for everything which I have brought upon it. 23 Then they will comfort you when you see their conduct and actions, for you will know that I have not done (EM)without reason whatever I did [ax]to it,” declares the Lord God.
Jerusalem like a Useless Vine
15 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, [ay]how is the wood of the (EN)vine better than any wood of a branch which is among the trees of the forest? 3 Can wood be taken from it to make [az]anything, or can even a peg be taken from it on which to hang any utensil? 4 If it has been put into the (EO)fire for fuel, and the fire has consumed both of its ends and its middle part has been charred, is it then good for [ba]anything? 5 Behold, while it is intact, it is not made into [bb]anything. How much less, when the fire has consumed it and it is charred, can it still be made into [bc]anything! 6 Therefore, this is what the Lord [bd]God says: ‘As the wood of the vine among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so have I given up the inhabitants of Jerusalem; 7 and I (EP)set My face against them. Though they have (EQ)come out of the fire, yet the fire will consume them. Then you will know that I am the Lord, when I set My face against them. 8 So I will make the land desolate, because they have (ER)acted unfaithfully,’” declares the Lord God.
God’s Grace to Unfaithful Jerusalem
16 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, (ES)make known to Jerusalem her abominations, 3 and say, ‘This is what the Lord [be]God says to Jerusalem: “Your origin and your birth are from the land of the Canaanite; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite. 4 As for your birth, (ET)on the day you were born your navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water for cleansing; you were not rubbed with salt or even wrapped in cloths. 5 No eye looked with pity on you to do any of these things for you, to have compassion on you. Rather you were thrown out into the [bf](EU)open field, [bg]for you were abhorred on the day you were born.
6 “When I passed by you and saw you squirming in your blood, I said to you while you were in your blood, ‘Live!’ Yes, I said to you while you were in your blood, ‘Live!’ 7 I (EV)made you [bh]very numerous, like plants of the field. Then you grew up, became tall and reached the age for fine jewelry; your breasts were formed and your hair had grown. Yet you were naked and bare.
8 “Then I passed by you and saw you, and behold, [bi]you were at the time for love; so I (EW)spread My [bj]garment over you and covered your nakedness. I also (EX)swore an oath to you and (EY)entered into a covenant with you so that you (EZ)became Mine,” declares the Lord God. 9 “Then I bathed you with water, washed off your blood from you, and (FA)anointed you with oil. 10 I also clothed you with (FB)colorfully woven cloth and put sandals of [bk]fine leather on your feet; and I wrapped you with fine linen and covered you with silk. 11 I adorned you with jewelry, put (FC)bracelets on your wrists, and a (FD)necklace around your neck. 12 I also put a (FE)ring in your nose, earrings in your ears, and a (FF)beautiful crown on your head. 13 So you were adorned with (FG)gold and silver, and your dress was of fine linen, silk, and colorfully woven cloth. You ate fine flour, honey, and oil; so you were exceedingly beautiful and advanced to (FH)royalty. 14 Then your (FI)fame spread among the nations on account of your beauty, for it was (FJ)perfect because of My splendor which I bestowed on you,” declares the Lord God.
15 “But you (FK)trusted in your beauty and (FL)became unfaithful because of your fame, and you poured out your [bl]obscene practices on every passer-by to whom it might be tempting. 16 You took some of your clothes, made for yourself [bm]high places of various colors, and committed prostitution on them, which should not come about nor happen. 17 You also took your beautiful [bn](FM)jewels made of My gold and of My silver, which I had given you, and made for yourself male images so that you might commit prostitution with them. 18 Then you took your colorfully woven cloth and covered them, and offered My oil and My incense before them. 19 Also (FN)My bread which I gave you, fine flour, oil, and honey with which I fed you, [bo]you would offer before them for a soothing aroma; so it happened,” declares the Lord God. 20 “Furthermore, you took your sons and daughters whom you had borne to (FO)Me and (FP)sacrificed them to [bp]idols to be devoured. Were your obscene practices a trivial matter? 21 You slaughtered (FQ)My children and offered them to [bq]idols by (FR)making them pass through the fire. 22 And besides all your abominations and obscene practices, you did not remember the days of (FS)your youth, when you were naked and bare and squirming in your blood.
23 “Then it came about after all your wickedness (‘Woe, woe to you!’ declares the Lord God), 24 that you built yourself a (FT)shrine and made yourself a (FU)high place in every public square. 25 You built yourself a high place at the beginning of (FV)every street and made your beauty abominable, and you spread your legs to every passer-by and multiplied your obscene practice. 26 You also committed prostitution with the Egyptians, your [br]lustful neighbors, and multiplied your obscene practice to (FW)provoke Me to anger. 27 So behold, I have stretched out My hand against you and cut back your rations. And I turned you over to the desire of those who hate you, the (FX)daughters of the Philistines, who are ashamed of your outrageous conduct. 28 Moreover, you committed prostitution with the (FY)Assyrians because you were not satisfied; you committed prostitution with them and still were not satisfied. 29 You also multiplied your obscene practice with the land of merchants, Chaldea; yet even with this you were not satisfied.”’”
30 “How (FZ)feverish is your heart,” declares the Lord God, “while you do all these things, the action of a [bs](GA)bold prostitute! 31 When you built your shrine at the beginning of every street and made your high place in every public square, in (GB)spurning a prostitute’s fee, you were not like a prostitute. 32 You adulteress wife, who takes strangers instead of her husband! 33 Men give gifts to all prostitutes, but you (GC)give your gifts to all your lovers and lavish favors on them so that they will come to you from every direction for your obscene practices. 34 So it is the opposite for you from those women in your obscene practices, in that you are not approached for prostitution, and in the fact that you pay a prostitute’s fee, and no fee is paid to you; so you are the opposite.”
35 Therefore, you prostitute, hear the word of the Lord. 36 This is what the Lord God says: “Because your lewdness was poured out and your nakedness uncovered through your obscene practices with your lovers and with all your detestable (GD)idols, and because of the blood of your sons that you gave to [bt]idols, 37 therefore, behold, I am going to (GE)gather all your lovers whom you pleased, all those whom you loved as well as all those whom you (GF)hated. So I will gather them against you from every direction and (GG)expose your nakedness to them so that they may see all your nakedness. 38 So I will (GH)judge you as women who commit adultery or shed blood are judged; and I will bring on you the blood of (GI)wrath and jealousy. 39 I will also hand you over to [bu]your lovers, and they will tear down your shrines, demolish your high places, (GJ)strip you of your clothing, take away your [bv]jewels, and will leave you naked and bare. 40 They will [bw]incite a (GK)crowd against you, and they will stone you and cut you to pieces with their swords. 41 And they will (GL)burn your houses with fire and execute judgments against you in the sight of many women. Then I will (GM)put an end to your prostitution, and you will also no longer pay [bx]your lovers. 42 So I (GN)will satisfy My fury against you and My jealousy will leave you, and I will be pacified and (GO)no longer be angry. 43 Since you have (GP)not remembered the days of your youth but [by]have (GQ)caused Me unrest by all these things, behold, I in turn will (GR)bring your conduct down on your own head,” declares the Lord God, “so that you will not commit this outrageous sin in addition to all your other abominations.
44 “Behold, everyone who quotes (GS)proverbs will quote this proverb about you, saying, ‘Like [bz]mother, like daughter.’ 45 You are the daughter of your mother, who loathed her husband and children. You are also the (GT)sister of your sisters, who (GU)loathed their husbands and children. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite. 46 Now your (GV)older sister is Samaria, who lives [ca]north of you with her [cb]daughters; and your younger sister, who lives [cc]south of you, is (GW)Sodom with her [cd]daughters. 47 Yet you have not merely walked in their ways and [ce]committed their abominations; but, as if that were (GX)too little, you also acted (GY)more corruptly in all your conduct than they. 48 As I live,” declares the Lord God, “Sodom, your sister and her daughters have (GZ)not done as you and your daughters have done! 49 Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had (HA)arrogance, (HB)plenty of food, and (HC)carefree ease, but she did not [cf]help the (HD)poor and needy. 50 So they were haughty and committed (HE)abominations before Me. Therefore I (HF)removed them [cg]when I saw it. 51 Furthermore, Samaria did not commit half of your sins, for you have multiplied your abominations more than they. So you have made your sisters appear (HG)innocent by all your abominations which you have committed. 52 Also, bear your disgrace in that you have [ch]made judgment favorable for your sisters. Because of your sins in which you acted (HH)more abominably than they, they are more in the right than you. Yes, be also ashamed and bear your disgrace, in that you made your sisters appear innocent.
53 “Nevertheless, I will restore their fortunes, the fortunes of Sodom and her daughters, the fortunes of Samaria and her daughters, and [ci]along with them your own fortunes, 54 so that you will bear your disgrace and feel (HI)ashamed for all that you have done when you become (HJ)a consolation to them. 55 Your sisters, Sodom with her daughters and Samaria with her daughters, [cj]will return to their former state, and you with your daughters will also return to your former state. 56 As the name of your sister Sodom was not heard from your lips in your day of pride, 57 before your (HK)wickedness was uncovered, [ck]so now you have become the (HL)disgrace of the daughters of [cl]Edom and of all who are around her, of the daughters of the Philistines—those surrounding you who despise you. 58 You have (HM)suffered the penalty of your outrageous sin and abominations,” the Lord declares. 59 For this is what the Lord God says: “I will also do with you as you have done, you who have (HN)despised the oath by breaking the covenant.
The Covenant Remembered
60 “Nevertheless, I will remember My covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish an (HO)everlasting covenant with you. 61 Then you will (HP)remember your ways and be ashamed when you receive your sisters, both your older and your younger; and I will give them to you as daughters, but not because of your covenant. 62 So I will (HQ)establish My covenant with you, and you shall (HR)know that I am the Lord, 63 so that you may (HS)remember and be ashamed, and (HT)not open your mouth again because of your disgrace, when I have [cm](HU)forgiven you for all that you have done,” the Lord God declares.
Parable of Two Eagles and a Vine
17 Now the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, ask a riddle and present a (HV)parable to the house of Israel, 3 [cn]saying, ‘This is what the Lord [co]God says: “A great [cp](HW)eagle with (HX)great wings, long pinions, and a full plumage of many colors came to [cq](HY)Lebanon and took away the top of the [cr]cedar. 4 He broke off the [cs]topmost of its young twigs and brought it to a land of merchants; he set it in a [ct]city of traders. 5 He also took [cu]from the seed of the land and planted [cv]it in [cw](HZ)fertile soil, a [cx]meadow beside abundant waters; he set it like a (IA)willow. 6 Then it sprouted and became a low, spreading vine with its branches turned toward him, but its roots remained under it. So it became a vine and produced shoots and sent out branches.
7 “But there was [cy]another great eagle with great wings and much plumage; and behold, this vine turned its roots toward him and sent out its branches toward him from the beds where it was (IB)planted, so that he might water it. 8 It was planted in good [cz]soil beside abundant waters, so that it would produce branches and bear fruit, and become a splendid vine.”’ 9 Say, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “Will it thrive? Will he not pull up its roots and cut off its fruit, so that it withers—so that all its sprouting shoots wither? And neither by great [da]strength nor by many people can it be raised from its roots again. 10 Behold, though it is planted, will it thrive? Will it not (IC)completely wither as soon as the east wind strikes it—wither on the beds where it grew?”’”
11 Moreover, the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 12 “Say now to the (ID)rebellious house, ‘Do you not (IE)know what these things mean?’ Say, ‘Behold, the (IF)king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, took its king and leaders, and brought them to him in Babylon. 13 Then he took one of the royal [db](IG)family and made a covenant with him, [dc]putting him under (IH)oath. He also took away the (II)mighty of the land, 14 so that the kingdom would (IJ)be humbled, not exalting itself, but keeping his covenant so that it might continue. 15 But [dd]he (IK)revolted against [de]him by sending his messengers to Egypt so that they might give him horses and many [df]troops. Will he succeed? Will he who does these things (IL)escape? Can he indeed break the covenant and escape? 16 As I live,’ declares the Lord God, ‘In the [dg]country of the king who [dh]put him on the throne, whose oath he (IM)despised and whose covenant he broke, [di](IN)in Babylon he shall certainly die. 17 (IO)Pharaoh with his mighty army and great contingent will not [dj]help him in the war, when they pile up assault ramps and build siege walls to eliminate many lives. 18 Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he [dk](IP)pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.’” 19 Therefore, this is what the Lord God says: “As I live, My oath which he despised and My covenant which he broke, I will certainly [dl]inflict on his head. 20 And I will spread My (IQ)net over him, and he will be (IR)caught in My net. Then I will bring him to Babylon and (IS)enter into judgment with him there regarding the unfaithful act which he has committed against Me. 21 All the [dm](IT)choice men in all his troops will fall by the sword, and the survivors will be scattered to every wind; and you will know that I, the Lord, have spoken.”
22 This is what the Lord God says: “I will also take a sprig from the lofty top of the cedar and [dn]set it out; I will break off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and I will plant it on a (IU)high and lofty mountain. 23 On the high mountain of Israel I will plant it, so that it may bring forth branches and bear fruit, and become a stately (IV)cedar. And [do]birds of every [dp]kind will [dq]nest under it; they will [dr]nest in the shade of its branches. 24 All the (IW)trees of the field will know that I am the Lord; I bring down the high tree, exalt the low tree, dry up the green tree, and make the dry tree (IX)flourish. I am the Lord; I have spoken, and I will perform it.”
God Deals Justly with Individuals
18 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “(IY)What do you people mean by using this proverb about the land of Israel, saying,
3 As I live,” declares the Lord [dt]God, “you certainly are not going to use this proverb in Israel anymore. 4 Behold, (JA)all [du]souls are Mine; the [dv]soul of the father as well as the [dw]soul of the son is Mine. The [dx]soul who (JB)sins will die.
5 “But if a man is righteous and practices justice and righteousness, 6 if he does not (JC)eat at the mountain shrines or (JD)raise his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or (JE)defile his neighbor’s wife or approach a woman during her menstrual period— 7 and if a man does not oppress anyone, but (JF)restores to the debtor his pledge, (JG)does not commit robbery, but (JH)gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 8 and if he does not [dy]lend money at (JI)interest or take [dz](JJ)interest, if he keeps his hand from injustice and (JK)executes true justice between one person and another, 9 if he walks in (JL)My statutes and keeps My ordinances so as to deal faithfully—(JM)he is righteous and will certainly (JN)live,” declares the Lord God.
10 “However, he may father a violent son who sheds blood, and does any one of these things to a brother 11 (though he himself did not do any of these things), that is, he even eats at the mountain shrines, and (JO)defiles his neighbor’s wife, 12 oppresses the (JP)poor and needy, (JQ)commits robbery, does not restore a pledge, but raises his eyes to the idols and (JR)commits abomination, 13 (JS)lends money at interest and takes [ea]interest; will he live? He will not live! He has committed all these abominations, he shall certainly be put to death; his (JT)blood will be on himself.
14 “Now behold, he has fathered a son who saw all his father’s sins which he committed, but he has (JU)seen them and does not do likewise. 15 He does not eat at the mountain shrines or raise his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel; he has not defiled his neighbor’s wife, 16 nor oppressed anyone, nor retained a pledge, nor committed robbery; instead, he (JV)gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 17 he keeps his hand from [eb]the poor, does not take any kind of interest on loans, but executes My ordinances, and walks in My statutes; (JW)he will not die for his father’s guilt, he will certainly live. 18 As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his guilt.
19 “Yet you say, ‘(JX)Why should the son not suffer the punishment for the father’s guilt?’ When the son has practiced (JY)justice and righteousness and has kept all My statutes and done them, he shall certainly live. 20 The person who (JZ)sins will die. A (KA)son will not suffer the punishment for the father’s guilt, nor will a father suffer the punishment for the son’s guilt; the (KB)righteousness of the righteous will be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself.
21 “But if the (KC)wicked person turns from all his sins which he has committed and keeps all My statutes and practices justice and righteousness, he shall certainly live; he shall not die. 22 (KD)All his offenses which he has committed will not be remembered against him; because of his (KE)righteousness which he has practiced, he will live. 23 (KF)Do I take any pleasure in the death of the wicked,” declares the Lord God, “[ec]rather than that he would (KG)turn from his ways and live?
24 “But when a righteous person (KH)turns away from his righteousness, commits injustice and does according to all the abominations that the wicked person does, will he live? (KI)All his righteous deeds which he has done will not be remembered for his (KJ)treachery which he has committed and his sin which he has committed; for them he will die. 25 Yet you say, ‘(KK)The way of the Lord is not right.’ Hear now, house of Israel! Is (KL)My way not right? Is it not your ways that are not right? 26 When a righteous person turns away from his righteousness, commits injustice and dies because of it, for his injustice which he has committed he dies. 27 But when a wicked person turns away (KM)from his wickedness which he has committed and practices justice and righteousness, he will save his life. 28 Since he understood and turned away from all his offenses which he had committed, he shall certainly live; he shall not die. 29 But the house of Israel says, ‘The way of the Lord is not right.’ Are My ways not right, house of Israel? Is it not your ways that are not right?
30 “Therefore I will judge you, house of Israel, each according to his conduct,” declares the Lord God. “(KN)Repent and turn away from all your offenses, so that wrongdoing does not become a stumbling block to you. 31 (KO)Hurl away from you all your offenses which you have committed and make yourselves a (KP)new heart and a new spirit! For why should you die, house of Israel? 32 For I take (KQ)no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies,” declares the Lord God. “Therefore, repent and live!”
Song of Mourning for the Leaders of Israel
‘[ed]What was your mother?
A lioness among lions!
She lay down among young lions,
She raised her cubs.
3 When she brought up one of her cubs,
(KT)He became a young lion,
And he learned to tear his prey;
He devoured people.
4 Then nations heard about him;
He was caught in their trap,
And they (KU)brought him with hooks
To the land of Egypt.
5 When she saw, as she waited,
That her hope was lost,
She took [ee]another of her cubs
And made (KV)him a young lion.
6 And he (KW)walked about among the lions,
He became a young lion;
He learned to tear his prey;
He devoured people.
7 He [ef]destroyed their [eg]palaces
And laid waste their cities;
And the land and its fullness were appalled
Because of the sound of his roaring.
8 Then (KX)nations set against him
On every side from their provinces,
And they spread their net over him;
He was caught in their trap.
9 (KY)They put him in a [eh]wooden collar with hooks
And (KZ)brought him to the king of Babylon;
They brought him in hunting nets
So that his voice would no longer be heard
On the mountains of Israel.
10 Your mother was (LA)like a vine in your [ei]vineyard,
Planted by the waters;
It was fruitful and thick with branches
Because of abundant waters.
11 And it had [ej](LB)strong stems fit for scepters of rulers,
And its (LC)height was raised above the clouds
So that it was seen in its height with the mass of its branches.
12 But it was (LD)uprooted in fury;
It was (LE)thrown down to the ground;
And the (LF)east wind dried up its fruit.
[ek]Its (LG)strong stem [el]was torn out
So that [em]it withered;
The fire consumed it.
13 And now it is planted in the (LH)wilderness,
In a dry and thirsty land.
14 And (LI)fire has gone out from its stem;
It has consumed its shoots and fruit,
So that there is no [en]strong stem in it,
A scepter to rule.’”
This is a song of mourning, and has become a song of mourning.
God’s Dealings with Israel Rehearsed
20 Now in the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth of the month, men from the (LJ)elders of Israel came to inquire of the Lord, and they sat before me. 2 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 3 “Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘This is what the Lord [eo]God says: “Do you yourselves come to inquire of Me? As I live,” declares the Lord God, “(LK)I certainly will not be inquired of by you.”’ 4 Will you judge them, will you judge them, son of man? (LL)Make known to them the abominations of their fathers; 5 and say to them, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “On the day when I (LM)chose Israel and [ep]swore to the [eq]descendants of the house of Jacob and made Myself known to them in the land of Egypt, when I [er]swore to them, saying, (LN)I am the Lord your God, 6 on that day I swore to them, (LO)to bring them out from the land of Egypt into a land that I had [es]selected for them, (LP)flowing with milk and honey, which is (LQ)the glory of all the lands. 7 And I said to them, ‘(LR)Throw away, each of you, the detestable things of his eyes, and (LS)do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; (LT)I am the Lord your God.’ 8 But they (LU)rebelled against Me and were not willing to listen to Me; they did not throw away, each of them, the detestable things of their eyes, nor did they abandon the (LV)idols of Egypt.
“Then I [et]resolved to (LW)pour out My wrath on them, to [eu]use up My anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt. 9 But I acted (LX)for the sake of My name, that it would (LY)not be defiled in the sight of the nations among whom they lived, in whose sight I made Myself known to them by bringing them out of the land of Egypt. 10 So I took them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into the (LZ)wilderness. 11 I gave them My (MA)statutes and informed them of My ordinances, (MB)which, if [ev]a person [ew]follows them, then he will live by them. 12 Also I gave them My Sabbaths to be a (MC)sign between Me and them, so that they might know that I am the Lord who sanctifies them. 13 But the house of Israel (MD)rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My statutes and they rejected My ordinances, (ME)which, if [ex]a person [ey]follows them, then he will live by them; and they greatly profaned My (MF)Sabbaths. Then I [ez]resolved to (MG)pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to annihilate them. 14 But I acted for the sake of My name, so that it would not be defiled before the eyes of the nations, before whose eyes I had brought them out. 15 Also (MH)I swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all the lands, 16 because they rejected My ordinances, and as for My statutes, they did not walk in them; they also profaned My Sabbaths, because their (MI)heart continually followed their idols. 17 Yet My eye spared them rather than destroying them, and I did not bring about their (MJ)annihilation in the wilderness.
18 “Instead, I said to their [fa](MK)children in the wilderness, ‘(ML)Do not walk in the statutes of your fathers or keep their ordinances or defile yourselves with their idols. 19 (MM)I am the Lord your God; (MN)walk in My statutes and keep My ordinances and [fb]follow them. 20 (MO)Sanctify My Sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between Me and you, so that you may know that I am the Lord your God.’ 21 But the (MP)children rebelled against Me; they did not walk in My statutes, nor were they careful to [fc]follow My ordinances which, if [fd]a person [fe]follows them, then he will live by them; they profaned My Sabbaths. So I [ff]resolved to pour out My wrath on them, to [fg]use up My anger against them in the wilderness. 22 But I (MQ)withdrew My hand and acted (MR)for the sake of My name, so that it would not be defiled in the sight of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out. 23 Also I swore to them in the wilderness that I would (MS)scatter them among the nations and disperse them among the lands, 24 because they had not [fh]complied with My ordinances, but had rejected My statutes and had profaned My Sabbaths, and (MT)their eyes were [fi]on the idols of their fathers. 25 I also gave them statutes that were (MU)not good, and ordinances by which they could not live; 26 and I pronounced them (MV)unclean because of their gifts, in that they (MW)made all [fj]their firstborn pass through the fire so that I might make them desolate, in order that they might (MX)know that I am the Lord.”’
27 “Therefore (MY)speak to the house of Israel, son of man, and say to them, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “Again, in this your fathers have (MZ)blasphemed Me by (NA)being disloyal to Me. 28 When I had (NB)brought them into the land which I swore to give to them, then they saw every (NC)high hill and every tree thick with branches, and there they offered their sacrifices and there they presented the provocation of their offering. There also they made their soothing aroma and there they poured out their drink offerings. 29 Then I said to them, ‘What is the high place to which you go?’ So its name is called [fk]Bamah to this day.”’ 30 Therefore, say to the house of Israel, ‘This is what the Lord God says: “Will you defile yourselves in the way of your (ND)fathers and adulterously pursue their detestable things? 31 And [fl]when you offer your gifts, when you (NE)make your sons pass through the fire, you are defiling yourselves with all your idols to this day. So shall I be inquired of by you, house of Israel? As I live,” declares the Lord God, “I certainly will not be inquired of by you. 32 And whatever (NF)comes [fm]into your mind certainly will not come about, when you say: ‘We will be like the nations, like the families of the lands, (NG)serving wood and stone.’
God Will Restore Israel to Her Land
33 “As I live,” declares the Lord God, “with a mighty hand and with an (NH)outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I assuredly shall be (NI)king over you. 34 I will (NJ)bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you are scattered, with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with (NK)wrath poured out; 35 and I will bring you into the (NL)wilderness of the peoples, and there I will enter into judgment with you face to face. 36 Just as I (NM)entered into judgment with your fathers in the (NN)wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you,” declares the Lord God. 37 “I will make you (NO)pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant; 38 and I will (NP)purge from you the rebels and those who revolt against Me; I will bring them out of the land where they reside, but they will (NQ)not enter the [fn]land of Israel. So you will know that I am the Lord.
39 “As for you, house of Israel,” this is what the Lord God says: “(NR)Go, serve, everyone of you his idols; [fo]but later you will certainly listen to Me, and My holy name you will no longer (NS)defile with your gifts and your idols. 40 For on My holy mountain, on the high mountain of Israel,” declares the Lord God, “there the entire house of Israel, (NT)all of them, will serve Me in the land; there I will (NU)accept them and there I will demand your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your holy things. 41 [fp]As a soothing aroma I will accept you when I (NV)bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you are scattered; and I will show Myself to be (NW)holy among you in the sight of the nations. 42 And (NX)you will know that I am the Lord, (NY)when I bring you into the land of Israel, into the (NZ)land which I swore to give to your forefathers. 43 And there you will (OA)remember your ways and all your deeds by which you have defiled yourselves; and you will (OB)loathe yourselves in your own [fq]sight for all the evil things that you have done. 44 Then (OC)you will know that I am the Lord, when I have dealt with you (OD)in behalf of My name, not according to your evil ways or according to your corrupt deeds, house of Israel,” declares the Lord God.’”
45 [fr]Now the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 46 “Son of man, set your face toward the south, and speak prophetically against the (OE)south and (OF)prophesy against the (OG)forest [fs]land of the Negev, 47 and say to the forest of the Negev, ‘Hear the word of the Lord: this is what the Lord God says: “Behold, I am going to (OH)kindle a fire in you, and it will consume every [ft]green tree in you, as well as every dry tree; the blazing flame will not go out and [fu](OI)the entire surface from south to north will be scorched by it. 48 And all [fv]mankind will see that I, the Lord, have kindled it; it will (OJ)not go out.”’” 49 Then I said, “Oh, Lord God! They are saying of me, ‘Is he not just speaking in (OK)riddles?’”
- Ezekiel 11:3 Or This is
- Ezekiel 11:5 Lit what comes up in your spirit
- Ezekiel 11:6 Lit the slain
- Ezekiel 11:7 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 11:7 Lit it
- Ezekiel 11:7 As in LXX; MT he will bring you out
- Ezekiel 11:9 Lit it
- Ezekiel 11:15 As in LXX and some ancient versions; MT the men of your redemption
- Ezekiel 11:19 As in LXX and many mss; MT you
- Ezekiel 11:21 Lit And to the heart of their detestable things and their abominations their heart goes
- Ezekiel 11:21 Lit give...conduct on
- Ezekiel 11:22 Lit over them from above
- Ezekiel 11:24 I.e., Babylonia
- Ezekiel 11:24 Lit went up from
- Ezekiel 12:3 Or see that they are
- Ezekiel 12:5 Lit bring it out
- Ezekiel 12:10 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 12:10 Lit in their midst
- Ezekiel 12:11 Lit your sign
- Ezekiel 12:12 I.e., the king’s attendants
- Ezekiel 12:16 Lit leave over men
- Ezekiel 12:16 Or they will know
- Ezekiel 12:19 Lit her
- Ezekiel 12:19 Lit deserted
- Ezekiel 12:23 Lit word
- Ezekiel 12:24 Lit worthless
- Ezekiel 12:27 Lit days
- Ezekiel 13:2 Lit heart
- Ezekiel 13:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 13:9 Lit not be in
- Ezekiel 13:9 Or and you will know
- Ezekiel 13:15 Lit is not...are not
- Ezekiel 13:17 Lit heart
- Ezekiel 13:18 Lit all joints of the hand; MT of my hands
- Ezekiel 13:19 Lit souls
- Ezekiel 13:19 Lit souls
- Ezekiel 13:20 Or flying ones
- Ezekiel 13:20 Or flying ones
- Ezekiel 13:20 Or flying ones
- Ezekiel 13:22 Lit strengthened the hands of
- Ezekiel 14:4 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 14:4 Lit it
- Ezekiel 14:5 Lit their
- Ezekiel 14:5 Or all turned away from Me due to their idols
- Ezekiel 14:8 Lit proverbs
- Ezekiel 14:13 Lit break its staff
- Ezekiel 14:15 Lit bereaved it of children
- Ezekiel 14:21 Lit evil
- Ezekiel 14:22 Lit a survivor
- Ezekiel 14:23 Lit in
- Ezekiel 15:2 Or of all the wood of the branches...what becomes of the wood of the vine
- Ezekiel 15:3 Lit a work
- Ezekiel 15:4 Lit a work
- Ezekiel 15:5 Lit a work
- Ezekiel 15:5 Lit a work
- Ezekiel 15:6 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 16:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 16:5 Lit face of the field
- Ezekiel 16:5 Lit in the loathing of your soul
- Ezekiel 16:7 Lit a myriad
- Ezekiel 16:8 Lit your time was
- Ezekiel 16:8 Lit hem (of a garment)
- Ezekiel 16:10 Meaning of the Heb uncertain
- Ezekiel 16:15 I.e., idolatrous practices with nations
- Ezekiel 16:16 I.e., pagan altars
- Ezekiel 16:17 Lit articles of beauty
- Ezekiel 16:19 Lit and you...offer it
- Ezekiel 16:20 Lit them
- Ezekiel 16:21 Lit them
- Ezekiel 16:26 Lit great of flesh
- Ezekiel 16:30 Lit mighty
- Ezekiel 16:36 Lit them
- Ezekiel 16:39 Lit their hands, and they
- Ezekiel 16:39 Lit articles of beauty
- Ezekiel 16:40 Lit bring up an assembly
- Ezekiel 16:41 Lit a prostitute’s fee
- Ezekiel 16:43 As in ancient versions; MT tremble at
- Ezekiel 16:44 Lit her mother, her daughter
- Ezekiel 16:46 Lit on your left
- Ezekiel 16:46 I.e., surrounding villages; so through v 55
- Ezekiel 16:46 Lit from your right
- Ezekiel 16:46 I.e., surrounding villages; so through v 55
- Ezekiel 16:47 Lit acted in their
- Ezekiel 16:49 Lit grasp the hand of
- Ezekiel 16:50 Some mss and ancient versions as you have seen
- Ezekiel 16:52 Lit mediated for
- Ezekiel 16:53 Lit in their midst
- Ezekiel 16:55 Heb includes will return...state after Sodom also
- Ezekiel 16:57 Lit as at the time of
- Ezekiel 16:57 As in many mss and one ancient version; MT Aram
- Ezekiel 16:63 Or made atonement for
- Ezekiel 17:3 Lit and you shall say
- Ezekiel 17:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 17:3 I.e., Nebuchadnezzar
- Ezekiel 17:3 I.e., Jerusalem
- Ezekiel 17:3 I.e., the line of David
- Ezekiel 17:4 I.e., King Jehoiachin and the leaders
- Ezekiel 17:4 I.e., Babylon
- Ezekiel 17:5 I.e., Zedekiah
- Ezekiel 17:5 I.e., Zedekiah
- Ezekiel 17:5 Lit a field of seed
- Ezekiel 17:5 Or plant
- Ezekiel 17:7 As in several ancient versions; MT one
- Ezekiel 17:8 Lit field
- Ezekiel 17:9 Lit arm
- Ezekiel 17:13 Lit seed
- Ezekiel 17:13 Lit and caused him to enter into an oath
- Ezekiel 17:15 I.e., Zedekiah
- Ezekiel 17:15 I.e., Nebuchadnezzar
- Ezekiel 17:15 Lit people
- Ezekiel 17:16 Lit place
- Ezekiel 17:16 Lit made him king
- Ezekiel 17:16 Lit with him in Babylon
- Ezekiel 17:17 Lit act with
- Ezekiel 17:18 Lit gave his hand
- Ezekiel 17:19 Lit give it
- Ezekiel 17:21 As in many mss and ancient versions; MT refugees
- Ezekiel 17:22 Lit give
- Ezekiel 17:23 Lit every bird
- Ezekiel 17:23 Lit wing
- Ezekiel 17:23 Lit dwell
- Ezekiel 17:23 Lit dwell
- Ezekiel 18:2 Lit I.e., the children suffer for the fathers’ sins
- Ezekiel 18:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 18:4 Or lives
- Ezekiel 18:4 Or life
- Ezekiel 18:4 Or life
- Ezekiel 18:4 Or person
- Ezekiel 18:8 Lit give
- Ezekiel 18:8 Or usury, and so throughout the ch; i.e., on other kinds of loans
- Ezekiel 18:13 I.e., on other kinds of loans
- Ezekiel 18:17 As in MT; LXX injustice
- Ezekiel 18:23 Lit is it not
- Ezekiel 19:2 Or Why did your mother, a lioness, lie down among lions; among young lions rear her cubs?
- Ezekiel 19:5 Lit one
- Ezekiel 19:7 As in Targum; MT knew
- Ezekiel 19:7 Or widows
- Ezekiel 19:9 Or iron
- Ezekiel 19:10 As in some mss; MT blood
- Ezekiel 19:11 Lit stems of strength
- Ezekiel 19:12 Lit The stem of her strength
- Ezekiel 19:12 As in LXX; MT were
- Ezekiel 19:12 As in LXX; MT they
- Ezekiel 19:14 Lit stem of strength
- Ezekiel 20:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 20:5 Lit lifted up My hand, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 20:5 Lit seed
- Ezekiel 20:5 Lit lifted up My hand, and so throughout the ch
- Ezekiel 20:6 Lit spied out
- Ezekiel 20:8 Lit said
- Ezekiel 20:8 Or finish
- Ezekiel 20:11 Lit the person
- Ezekiel 20:11 Lit does them
- Ezekiel 20:13 Lit the person
- Ezekiel 20:13 Lit does them
- Ezekiel 20:13 Lit said
- Ezekiel 20:18 Lit sons
- Ezekiel 20:19 Lit do
- Ezekiel 20:21 Lit do My
- Ezekiel 20:21 Lit the person
- Ezekiel 20:21 Lit does them
- Ezekiel 20:21 Lit said
- Ezekiel 20:21 Or finish
- Ezekiel 20:24 Lit done My
- Ezekiel 20:24 Lit after
- Ezekiel 20:26 Lit that which opens the womb
- Ezekiel 20:29 Or High Place
- Ezekiel 20:31 Lit in your lifting up
- Ezekiel 20:32 Lit upon your spirit
- Ezekiel 20:38 Lit ground; or soil
- Ezekiel 20:39 Or and afterward, if you will not listen to Me, but
- Ezekiel 20:41 Lit With
- Ezekiel 20:43 Lit faces
- Ezekiel 20:45 Ch 21:1 in Heb
- Ezekiel 20:46 Lit of the field
- Ezekiel 20:47 Lit moist
- Ezekiel 20:47 Or all the faces
- Ezekiel 20:48 Lit flesh