When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled,(A) Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds(B) about them and said, “What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!” So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him. He took six hundred of the best chariots,(C) along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them. The Lord hardened the heart(D) of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.(E) The Egyptians—all Pharaoh’s horses(F) and chariots, horsemen[a] and troops(G)—pursued the Israelites and overtook(H) them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.(I)

10 As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried(J) out to the Lord. 11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die?(K) What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Didn’t we say to you in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians’? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!”(L)

13 Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid.(M) Stand firm and you will see(N) the deliverance the Lord will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see(O) again. 14 The Lord will fight(P) for you; you need only to be still.”(Q)

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me?(R) Tell the Israelites to move on. 16 Raise your staff(S) and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water(T) so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. 17 I will harden the hearts(U) of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them.(V) And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen. 18 The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord(W) when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.”

19 Then the angel of God,(X) who had been traveling in front of Israel’s army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud(Y) also moved from in front and stood behind(Z) them, 20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness(AA) to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand(AB) over the sea,(AC) and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind(AD) and turned it into dry land.(AE) The waters were divided,(AF) 22 and the Israelites went through the sea(AG) on dry ground,(AH) with a wall(AI) of water on their right and on their left.

23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen(AJ) followed them into the sea. 24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud(AK) at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.(AL) 25 He jammed[b] the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let’s get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting(AM) for them against Egypt.”(AN)

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place.(AO) The Egyptians were fleeing toward[c] it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.(AP) 28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea.(AQ) Not one of them survived.(AR)

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,(AS) with a wall(AT) of water on their right and on their left. 30 That day the Lord saved(AU) Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore. 31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty hand(AV) of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared(AW) the Lord and put their trust(AX) in him and in Moses his servant.

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 14:9 Or charioteers; also in verses 17, 18, 23, 26 and 28
  2. Exodus 14:25 See Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text removed
  3. Exodus 14:27 Or from

Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and (A)the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, “Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?” So he [a]made ready his chariot and took his people with him. Also, he took (B)six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them. And the Lord (C)hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and (D)the children of Israel went out with boldness. So the (E)Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.

10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel (F)cried out to the Lord. 11 (G)Then they said to Moses, “Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt? 12 (H)Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness.”

13 And Moses said to the people, (I)“Do not be afraid. (J)Stand still, and see the (K)salvation[b] of the Lord, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall (L)see again no more forever. 14 (M)The Lord will fight for you, and you shall (N)hold[c] your peace.”

15 And the Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward. 16 But (O)lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 17 And I indeed will (P)harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will (Q)gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen. 18 Then the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

19 And the Angel of God, (R)who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and (S)made the sea into dry land, and the waters were (T)divided. 22 So (U)the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were (V)a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 Now it came to pass, in the morning (W)watch, that (X)the Lord looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He [d]troubled the army of the Egyptians. 25 And He [e]took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the Lord (Y)fights for them against the Egyptians.”

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.” 27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea (Z)returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the Lord (AA)overthrew[f] the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28 Then (AB)the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. 29 But (AC)the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.

30 So the Lord (AD)saved[g] Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel (AE)saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Thus Israel saw the great [h]work which the Lord had done in Egypt; so the people feared the Lord, and (AF)believed the Lord and His servant Moses.

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 14:6 harnessed
  2. Exodus 14:13 deliverance
  3. Exodus 14:14 Lit. be quiet
  4. Exodus 14:24 confused
  5. Exodus 14:25 Sam., LXX, Syr. bound
  6. Exodus 14:27 Lit. shook off
  7. Exodus 14:30 delivered
  8. Exodus 14:31 Lit. hand with which the Lord worked

When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the minds of Pharaoh and his officials were changed toward the people, and they said, “What have we done, letting Israel leave our service?” So he had his chariot made ready, and took his army with him; he took six hundred picked chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them. The Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt and he pursued the Israelites, who were going out boldly. The Egyptians pursued them, all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots, his chariot drivers and his army; they overtook them camped by the sea, by Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

10 As Pharaoh drew near, the Israelites looked back, and there were the Egyptians advancing on them. In great fear the Israelites cried out to the Lord. 11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us, bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Is this not the very thing we told you in Egypt, ‘Let us alone and let us serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness.” 13 But Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid, stand firm, and see the deliverance that the Lord will accomplish for you today; for the Egyptians whom you see today you shall never see again. 14 The Lord will fight for you, and you have only to keep still.”

15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to go forward. 16 But you lift up your staff, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, that the Israelites may go into the sea on dry ground. 17 Then I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them; and so I will gain glory for myself over Pharaoh and all his army, his chariots, and his chariot drivers. 18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I have gained glory for myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his chariot drivers.”

19 The angel of God who was going before the Israelite army moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from in front of them and took its place behind them. 20 It came between the army of Egypt and the army of Israel. And so the cloud was there with the darkness, and it lit up the night; one did not come near the other all night.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea. The Lord drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night, and turned the sea into dry land; and the waters were divided. 22 The Israelites went into the sea on dry ground, the waters forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 23 The Egyptians pursued, and went into the sea after them, all of Pharaoh’s horses, chariots, and chariot drivers. 24 At the morning watch the Lord in the pillar of fire and cloud looked down upon the Egyptian army, and threw the Egyptian army into panic. 25 He clogged[a] their chariot wheels so that they turned with difficulty. The Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the Israelites, for the Lord is fighting for them against Egypt.”

The Pursuers Drowned

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, so that the water may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots and chariot drivers.” 27 So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at dawn the sea returned to its normal depth. As the Egyptians fled before it, the Lord tossed the Egyptians into the sea. 28 The waters returned and covered the chariots and the chariot drivers, the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed them into the sea; not one of them remained. 29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground through the sea, the waters forming a wall for them on their right and on their left.

30 Thus the Lord saved Israel that day from the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Israel saw the great work that the Lord did against the Egyptians. So the people feared the Lord and believed in the Lord and in his servant Moses.

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 14:25 Sam Gk Syr: MT removed