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Exodus 23:30-32 Evangelical Heritage Version (EHV)

30 As you advance, I will drive them out little by little, until you have grown in number and taken possession of the land.

31 I will establish your border from the Red Sea[a] all the way to the Mediterranean Sea,[b] and from the Wilderness[c] to the River.[d] So I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you. 32 You shall not make a treaty[e] with them or with their gods.


  1. Exodus 23:31 The Hebrew Yam Suf (Sea of Reeds) here refers to the Gulf of Aqaba, also called the Gulf of Elat.
  2. Exodus 23:31 Hebrew the Sea of the Philistines
  3. Exodus 23:31 The Hebrew word midbar, usually translated wilderness, refers to arid and semi-arid regions where agriculture is not possible but herding is. The word midbar is wider than the English word desert and narrower than the English word wilderness, which includes forested areas. Here it refers to the arid wilderness south of Israel.
  4. Exodus 23:31 That is, from the Gulf of Aqaba to the Mediterranean Sea, and from the Sinai Peninsula to the Euphrates River
  5. Exodus 23:32 Literally cut a treaty. See Genesis 15 to see why Israelites referred to cutting a treaty.
Evangelical Heritage Version (EHV)

The Holy Bible, Evangelical Heritage Version®, EHV®, © 2019 Wartburg Project, Inc. All rights reserved.


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