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19 The choicest first fruits of your soil you shall bring to the house of the Lord, your God.

You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.[a]

Reward of Fidelity. 20 See, I am sending an angel(A) before you, to guard you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared. 21 Be attentive to him and obey him. Do not rebel against him, for he will not forgive your sin. My authority is within him.[b]

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  1. 23:19 Boil a young goat in its mother’s milk: this command, repeated in 34:26 and Dt 14:21, is difficult to understand. It may originate from a taboo that forbade killing the young that were still nursing from the mother, or that forbade the mixing of life and death: the slaughtered young goat with the milk that previously had nourished its life. The Jewish dietary custom of keeping meat and dairy products separate is based on this command.
  2. 23:21 My authority is within him: lit., “My name is within him.”

19 “Bring the best of the firstfruits(A) of your soil to the house of the Lord your God.

“Do not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.(B)

God’s Angel to Prepare the Way

20 “See, I am sending an angel(C) ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.(D) 21 Pay attention to him and listen(E) to what he says. Do not rebel against him; he will not forgive(F) your rebellion,(G) since my Name(H) is in him.

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