20 2 The Commandments of the first Table. 13 The Commandments of the second. 18 The people afraid are comforted by Moses. 23 Gods of silver and gold are again forbidden. 24 Of what sort the altar ought to be.

Then God [a]spake all these words, saying,

(A)I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of [b]bondage.

Thou shalt have none other gods [c]before me.

(B)Thou shalt make thee no graven image, neither any similitude of things that are in heaven above, neither that are in the earth beneath, nor that are in the waters under the earth.

Thou shalt not [d]bow down to them, neither serve them: for I am the Lord thy God, a [e]jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, upon the third generation and upon the fourth of them that hate me:

And showing mercy unto [f]thousands to them that love me, and keep my commandments.

(C)Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord thy God in [g]vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his Name in vain.

Remember the Sabbath day, [h]to keep it holy.

(D)Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work,

10 But the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maid, nor thy beast, nor thy stranger that is within thy [i]gates.

11 (E)For in six days the Lord made the heaven and the earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it.

12 (F)Honor thy [j]father and thy mother, that thy days may be prolonged upon the land, which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

13 (G)Thou shalt not [k]kill.

14 Thou shalt not [l]commit adultery.

15 Thou shalt not [m]steal.

16 Thou shalt not bear false [n]witness against thy neighbor.

17 (H)Thou shalt not [o]covet thy neighbor’s house, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maid, nor his ox, nor his ass, neither anything that is thy neighbor’s.

18 ¶ And all the people [p]saw the thunders: and the [q]lightnings, and the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking, and when the people saw it, they fled and stood afar off,

19 And said unto Moses, (I)Talk thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God talk with us, lest we die.

20 Then Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to [r]prove you, and that his fear may be before you, that ye sin not.

21 So the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near unto the darkness where God was.

22 ¶ And the Lord said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.

23 Ye shall not make therefore with me gods of silver, nor gods of gold: you shall make you none.

24 (J)An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and thereon shalt offer thy burnt offerings, and thy (K)peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places, where I shall put the remembrance of my Name, I will come unto thee, and bless thee.

25 (L)But if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones: for if thou lift up thy tool upon them, thou hast polluted [s]them.

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy [t]filthiness be not discovered thereon.


  1. Exodus 20:1 When Moses and Aaron were gone up, or had passed the bounds of the people, God spake thus out of the mount Horeb, that all the people heard.
  2. Exodus 20:2 Or, servants.
  3. Exodus 20:3 To whose eyes all things are open.
  4. Exodus 20:5 By this outward gesture, all kinds of service and worship to idols is forbidden.
  5. Exodus 20:5 And will be revenged on the contemners of mine honor.
  6. Exodus 20:6 So ready is he rather to show mercy than to punish.
  7. Exodus 20:7 Either by swearing falsely or rashly by his Name, or by contemning it.
  8. Exodus 20:8 Which is by meditating the spiritual rest, by hearing God’s word, and resting from worldly travails.
  9. Exodus 20:10 Or, city.
  10. Exodus 20:12 By the parents also is meant all that have authority over us.
  11. Exodus 20:13 But love and preserve thy brother’s life.
  12. Exodus 20:14 But be pure in heart, word and deed.
  13. Exodus 20:15 But study to save his goods.
  14. Exodus 20:16 But further his good name, and speak truth.
  15. Exodus 20:17 Thou mayst not so much as wish his hinderance in anything.
  16. Exodus 20:18 Or, heard.
  17. Exodus 20:18 Hebrew, fire brands.
  18. Exodus 20:20 Whether you will obey his precepts as you promised, Exod. 19:8.
  19. Exodus 20:25 Hebrew, it, that is, the stone.
  20. Exodus 20:26 Which might be by his stooping or flying abroad of his clothes.

The Ten Commandments(A)

20 And God spoke(B) all these words:(C)

“I am the Lord your God,(D) who brought you out(E) of Egypt,(F) out of the land of slavery.(G)

“You shall have no other gods before[a] me.(H)

“You shall not make for yourself an image(I) in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship(J) them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,(K) punishing the children for the sin of the parents(L) to the third and fourth generation(M) of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand(N) generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

“You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.(O)

“Remember the Sabbath(P) day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work,(Q) 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath(R) to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth,(S) the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested(T) on the seventh day.(U) Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

12 “Honor your father and your mother,(V) so that you may live long(W) in the land(X) the Lord your God is giving you.

13 “You shall not murder.(Y)

14 “You shall not commit adultery.(Z)

15 “You shall not steal.(AA)

16 “You shall not give false testimony(AB) against your neighbor.(AC)

17 “You shall not covet(AD) your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

18 When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet(AE) and saw the mountain in smoke,(AF) they trembled with fear.(AG) They stayed at a distance 19 and said to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But do not have God speak(AH) to us or we will die.”(AI)

20 Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid.(AJ) God has come to test(AK) you, so that the fear(AL) of God will be with you to keep you from sinning.”(AM)

21 The people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick darkness(AN) where God was.

Idols and Altars

22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell the Israelites this: ‘You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven:(AO) 23 Do not make any gods to be alongside me;(AP) do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold.(AQ)

24 “‘Make an altar(AR) of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings(AS) and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name(AT) to be honored, I will come to you and bless(AU) you. 25 If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool(AV) on it. 26 And do not go up to my altar on steps, or your private parts(AW) may be exposed.’


  1. Exodus 20:3 Or besides

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