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13 By your loyal love you will lead[a] the people whom[b] you have redeemed;
you will guide[c] them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.
14 The nations will hear[d] and tremble;
anguish[e] will seize[f] the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified,[g]
trembling will seize[h] the leaders of Moab,
and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

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  1. Exodus 15:13 tn The verbs in the next two verses are perfect tenses, but can be interpreted as a prophetic perfect, looking to the future.
  2. Exodus 15:13 tn The particle זוּ (zu) is a relative pronoun, subordinating the next verb to the preceding.
  3. Exodus 15:13 tn This verb seems to mean “to guide to a watering-place” (See Ps 23:2).
  4. Exodus 15:14 tn This verb is a prophetic perfect, assuming that the text means what it said and this song was sung at the Sea. So all these countries were yet to hear of the victory.
  5. Exodus 15:14 tn The word properly refers to “pangs” of childbirth. When the nations hear, they will be terrified.
  6. Exodus 15:14 tn The verb is again a prophetic perfect.
  7. Exodus 15:15 tn This is a prophetic perfect.
  8. Exodus 15:15 tn This verb is imperfect tense.