15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me?(A) Tell the Israelites to move on. 16 Raise your staff(B) and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water(C) so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. 17 I will harden the hearts(D) of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them.(E) And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen. 18 The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord(F) when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.”

19 Then the angel of God,(G) who had been traveling in front of Israel’s army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud(H) also moved from in front and stood behind(I) them, 20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness(J) to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand(K) over the sea,(L) and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind(M) and turned it into dry land.(N) The waters were divided,(O) 22 and the Israelites went through the sea(P) on dry ground,(Q) with a wall(R) of water on their right and on their left.

23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen(S) followed them into the sea. 24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud(T) at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.(U) 25 He jammed[a] the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let’s get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting(V) for them against Egypt.”(W)

26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” 27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place.(X) The Egyptians were fleeing toward[b] it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.(Y) 28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea.(Z) Not one of them survived.(AA)

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,(AB) with a wall(AC) of water on their right and on their left. 30 That day the Lord saved(AD) Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore. 31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty hand(AE) of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared(AF) the Lord and put their trust(AG) in him and in Moses his servant.

The Song of Moses and Miriam

15 Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song(AH) to the Lord:

“I will sing(AI) to the Lord,
    for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver(AJ)
    he has hurled into the sea.(AK)

“The Lord is my strength(AL) and my defense[c];
    he has become my salvation.(AM)
He is my God,(AN) and I will praise him,
    my father’s God, and I will exalt(AO) him.
The Lord is a warrior;(AP)
    the Lord is his name.(AQ)
Pharaoh’s chariots and his army(AR)
    he has hurled into the sea.
The best of Pharaoh’s officers
    are drowned in the Red Sea.[d]
The deep waters(AS) have covered them;
    they sank to the depths like a stone.(AT)
Your right hand,(AU) Lord,
    was majestic in power.
Your right hand,(AV) Lord,
    shattered(AW) the enemy.

“In the greatness of your majesty(AX)
    you threw down those who opposed you.
You unleashed your burning anger;(AY)
    it consumed(AZ) them like stubble.
By the blast of your nostrils(BA)
    the waters piled up.(BB)
The surging waters stood up like a wall;(BC)
    the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.(BD)
The enemy boasted,
    ‘I will pursue,(BE) I will overtake them.
I will divide the spoils;(BF)
    I will gorge myself on them.
I will draw my sword
    and my hand will destroy them.’
10 But you blew with your breath,(BG)
    and the sea covered them.
They sank like lead
    in the mighty waters.(BH)
11 Who among the gods
    is like you,(BI) Lord?
Who is like you—
    majestic in holiness,(BJ)
awesome in glory,(BK)
    working wonders?(BL)

12 “You stretch out(BM) your right hand,
    and the earth swallows your enemies.(BN)
13 In your unfailing love you will lead(BO)
    the people you have redeemed.(BP)
In your strength you will guide them
    to your holy dwelling.(BQ)
14 The nations will hear and tremble;(BR)
    anguish(BS) will grip the people of Philistia.(BT)
15 The chiefs(BU) of Edom(BV) will be terrified,
    the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling,(BW)
the people[e] of Canaan will melt(BX) away;
16     terror(BY) and dread will fall on them.
By the power of your arm
    they will be as still as a stone(BZ)
until your people pass by, Lord,
    until the people you bought[f](CA) pass by.(CB)
17 You will bring(CC) them in and plant(CD) them
    on the mountain(CE) of your inheritance—
the place, Lord, you made for your dwelling,(CF)
    the sanctuary,(CG) Lord, your hands established.

18 “The Lord reigns
    for ever and ever.”(CH)

19 When Pharaoh’s horses, chariots and horsemen[g] went into the sea,(CI) the Lord brought the waters of the sea back over them, but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground.(CJ) 20 Then Miriam(CK) the prophet,(CL) Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels(CM) and dancing.(CN) 21 Miriam sang(CO) to them:

“Sing to the Lord,
    for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver(CP)
    he has hurled into the sea.”(CQ)

The Waters of Marah and Elim

22 Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the Desert(CR) of Shur.(CS) For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water.(CT) 23 When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah.[h](CU)) 24 So the people grumbled(CV) against Moses, saying, “What are we to drink?”(CW)

25 Then Moses cried out(CX) to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. He threw(CY) it into the water, and the water became fit to drink.

There the Lord issued a ruling and instruction for them and put them to the test.(CZ) 26 He said, “If you listen carefully to the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep(DA) all his decrees,(DB) I will not bring on you any of the diseases(DC) I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, who heals(DD) you.”

27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and they camped(DE) there near the water.


  1. Exodus 14:25 See Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint and Syriac; Masoretic Text removed
  2. Exodus 14:27 Or from
  3. Exodus 15:2 Or song
  4. Exodus 15:4 Or the Sea of Reeds; also in verse 22
  5. Exodus 15:15 Or rulers
  6. Exodus 15:16 Or created
  7. Exodus 15:19 Or charioteers
  8. Exodus 15:23 Marah means bitter.

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